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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Brafferton Estate: Harvard, William And Mary, And Religion In The Early Modern English Atlantic World, Mark Mulligan Jan 2015

The Brafferton Estate: Harvard, William And Mary, And Religion In The Early Modern English Atlantic World, Mark Mulligan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Women In The Trenches: Barriers To Female Staff's Advancement In Higher Education, Carla A. Costello Jan 2015

Women In The Trenches: Barriers To Female Staff's Advancement In Higher Education, Carla A. Costello

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This qualitative phenomenological case study examined the intersection of organizational structures and gender, as well as perceptions of climate, and their collective impact on professional advancement opportunities of women working in lower-level positions in higher education, namely classified and professional staff (Acker, 1990; Allan, 2011; Kanter, 1977). Kanter's (1977) theory of the role of structure in organizations posits that position in the organizational hierarchy and work role influence the amount of access an employee has to information, resources, promotional opportunities, and support. In gendered organizations (Acker, 1990, 2006), women face barriers in advancement. While Kanter (1977) argued that structure ...


Race, Childhood, And Native American Boarding Schools: A Case Study Of The Hampton Normal And Agricultural Institute, Tyler Norris Jan 2014

Race, Childhood, And Native American Boarding Schools: A Case Study Of The Hampton Normal And Agricultural Institute, Tyler Norris

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Behind The Scenes At William And Mary: Front Stage History And Backstage Archaeology, Tiffany Olivia Little Jan 2014

Behind The Scenes At William And Mary: Front Stage History And Backstage Archaeology, Tiffany Olivia Little

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Integrating "The Star City Of The South": Roanoke School Desegregation And The Politics Of Delay, Peter Carr Jones Jan 2013

Integrating "The Star City Of The South": Roanoke School Desegregation And The Politics Of Delay, Peter Carr Jones

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Dispositions And Practices That Promote Teacher-Student Relationships With African-American Male Elementary Students, Karyn Mitchell Yeldell Jan 2013

Dispositions And Practices That Promote Teacher-Student Relationships With African-American Male Elementary Students, Karyn Mitchell Yeldell

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This research study was focused on teacher dispositions and practices that create positive teacher-student relationships with African-American elementary male students. Robert Pianta's work on relationships between teachers and students, over the past decade, provided a conceptual framework for this specific study. A review of the literature on this topic evidenced practices that positively and negatively impact teacher-student relationships. Through classroom observations and interviews, the perceptions of elementary teachers were examined on how they actually create teacher-student relationships with their African-American male students. These perceptions were insightful and often supported in the research literature. Effective teachers understand the need for ...


Factors That Contribute To The Academic Success Of African American Males: Perceptions Of African American Male High School Students, Alexis C. Swanson Jan 2013

Factors That Contribute To The Academic Success Of African American Males: Perceptions Of African American Male High School Students, Alexis C. Swanson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Much of the literature dedicated to the academic achievement of African American males focuses on failure, obstacles, negative influences and explanations of factors that negatively impact their academic success. This qualitative research study provided an opportunity for African American male students at the high school level to articulate their experiences and speak to the factors that they perceived as contributing to their academic success. The constructs of identity and cultural capital were offered by this researcher as a conceptual framework into the insight of factors that impacted the academic achievement of this student group.;Through interviews, a classroom observation and ...


A Union Of Church And State: The Freedmen's Bureau And The Education Of African Americans In Virginia From 1865--1871, Aaron Jason Butler Jan 2013

A Union Of Church And State: The Freedmen's Bureau And The Education Of African Americans In Virginia From 1865--1871, Aaron Jason Butler

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

In 2003, the Virginia Department of Education authorized a committee of 11 teachers to write a report detailing Virginia's public education history. The committee drafted a document that provided a chronological account of the major developments in public education in Virginia from 1607 to 2003. The document provided minimal coverage of the history of Virginia's African American population, specifically during the Antebellum (1830s-1860s) and Reconstruction (1865-1871) eras. The history of public education for Virginia's African American population, 1865-1870, was completely omitted from the document. The post-Civil-War era was a critical time period in both United States and ...


The Changing Girl: Sex Education And Prescriptions Of White Girlhood, Laura M. Ansley Jan 2012

The Changing Girl: Sex Education And Prescriptions Of White Girlhood, Laura M. Ansley

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


A Bold Promise: Black Readjusters And The Founding Of Virginia State University, Leigh Alexandra Soares Jan 2012

A Bold Promise: Black Readjusters And The Founding Of Virginia State University, Leigh Alexandra Soares

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Particular And Purposeful Visions: How The Richmond School Of Social Work Engaged The Nation And World From 1917 To 1939, Kelly Finefrock-Creed Jan 2011

Particular And Purposeful Visions: How The Richmond School Of Social Work Engaged The Nation And World From 1917 To 1939, Kelly Finefrock-Creed

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


To Seek The Good, The True, And Beautiful: White, Greek-Letter Sororities In The U.S. South And The Shaping Of American 'Ladyhood,' 1915--1975, Margaret Lynn Freeman Jan 2011

To Seek The Good, The True, And Beautiful: White, Greek-Letter Sororities In The U.S. South And The Shaping Of American 'Ladyhood,' 1915--1975, Margaret Lynn Freeman

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation examines the role of white, Greek-letter sororities in the creation and enforcement of standards for white women's behavior during the twentieth century. While sororities at white, southern universities first served as supportive networks for the few female students on newly coeducational university campuses, I argue that they transformed into spaces that promoted "heterosocial" activities and enforced members' heteronormativity through "lessons of 'ladyhood" and required attendance at fraternity parties and participation in heterosexual dating. as a means to guarantee their popularity among students on their respective campuses, sorority chapters sought the attention of the campuses' fraternity elite. This ...


Keep On Keeping On: The Naacp And The Implementation Of Brown V. Board Of Education In Virginia, Brian James Daugherity Jan 2010

Keep On Keeping On: The Naacp And The Implementation Of Brown V. Board Of Education In Virginia, Brian James Daugherity

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

On May 17, 1954, the United States Supreme Court handed down one of its most important decisions in the twentieth century. Brown v. Board of Education ordered twenty-one U.S. states, including Virginia, to end racial segregation in their public schools.

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), a nationally-known African American civil rights organization, had led the legal campaign to bring about the Brown decision. After its victory, the organization focused on how to bring about the implementation of the decision in the South in order to effectuate school desegregation. In the later 1950s, the NAACP ...


The Professional Learning Community And Its Effect On African American Students' Achievement, Anthony Eugene Copeland Jan 2010

The Professional Learning Community And Its Effect On African American Students' Achievement, Anthony Eugene Copeland

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this correlational study was to quantify the degree to which teachers believe their school adheres to professional learning community (PLC) practices and determine to what extent PLC practices are related to student achievement. The study also attempted to determine to what extent PLCs were related to African American students' achievement and closing the achievement gap.;Schools were the unit of analysis and participants were elementary school teachers from 25 schools in a large diverse school district located in the mid-Atlantic region. They were administered Hord's School Professional Staff as Learning Community survey to compute their school ...


"--All United Like Sisters--": Education, Friendship, And The Bonds Of Womanhood At Litchfield Female Academy, 1782--1833, Amy E. Whelan Jan 2009

"--All United Like Sisters--": Education, Friendship, And The Bonds Of Womanhood At Litchfield Female Academy, 1782--1833, Amy E. Whelan

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Recipe For Citizenship: Professionalization And Power In World War I Dietetics, Kathleen Marie Scott Jan 2009

Recipe For Citizenship: Professionalization And Power In World War I Dietetics, Kathleen Marie Scott

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This dissertation is an analysis of the professionalization tactics of white, native-born, Protestant, middle-class women who served with the U.S. armed forces as dietitians during World War I. Through the overlapping rubrics of maternalism, citizenship, and professionalism, I examine the ways in which dominant race, class, and gender ideologies inflected their quest for professionalization. I specifically examine the way hospital dietitians infused their expertise with rhetoric of race betterment and national security to acquire distinct status and authority in relation to other female medical/health practitioners. In this study, I locate the ideological origins of Public Law 36, 80 ...


The Power Of African American Parent Perceptions On Student Achievement, Melody Luretha Camm Jan 2009

The Power Of African American Parent Perceptions On Student Achievement, Melody Luretha Camm

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

With the implementation of No Child Left Behind, schools have been challenged to maintain Annual Yearly Progress (AYP) for low achieving subpopulations. Current research supported by historical data suggests that African American parent involvement could possibly be the missing link to African American student achievement. This study explores the possible connection between African American parent perceptions of their school involvement and student achievement. It surveyed 738 fourth grade parents from five Title I and five Non-Title I schools to see if there was a significant difference between the parent involvement perceptions of African American Parents and Non-African American Parents, as ...


The Impact Of Organizational Culture On The Academic Success Of Historically Black College And University Athletes: A Case Study, Ralph Charlton Jan 2009

The Impact Of Organizational Culture On The Academic Success Of Historically Black College And University Athletes: A Case Study, Ralph Charlton

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Increasing the graduation rates of student athletes is one of the more visible NCAA academic goals. Overall student-athlete graduation rates have improved significantly among many institutional members. However, Historically Black College and University (HBCU) student-athlete graduation rates lag considerably behind. Although the NCAA claims that a causal relationship exists between lack of economic resources and lower student-athlete graduation rate for HBCUs, analysis within Division I HBCUs indicates no relationship between per student academic spending and the student-athlete graduation rates. Seeking an additional explanation for graduation rates, this case study examined the organizational culture of an HBCU athletic department with an ...


An Exploratory Study Of Experiences Of Gifted/Sexual Minority Students, Rebecca M. Walter Jan 2008

An Exploratory Study Of Experiences Of Gifted/Sexual Minority Students, Rebecca M. Walter

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


An Exploratory Study Of Factors That Relate To Academic Success Among High-Achieving African American Males, Kianga Rhea Thomas Jan 2008

An Exploratory Study Of Factors That Relate To Academic Success Among High-Achieving African American Males, Kianga Rhea Thomas

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

This exploratory study explored three factors -- self-efficacy, resiliency, and leadership -- that relate to academic success in African American male freshman college students. The study explored how self-efficacy, resiliency, and leadership interrelate, how a pilot group and study group differ in respect to self-efficacy, resiliency, and leadership, and how African American freshman males differ on these factors in respect to key demographic variables.;The study utilized the Student Academic Success Scale (SASS), which was an instrument developed by the researcher in a graduate course. The instrument was administered to 104 participants. Descriptive statistics, correlation coefficients, and a one-way analysis of variance ...


An Investigation Of Practices To Address The Disproportionate Representation Of African American Students In Special Education Programs In Virginia, Stacia M. Barreau Jan 2008

An Investigation Of Practices To Address The Disproportionate Representation Of African American Students In Special Education Programs In Virginia, Stacia M. Barreau

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which practices to address disproportionality suggested by the professional literature are being implemented in Virginia public schools. It also sought to understand the perceptions of special education directors regarding the effectiveness of these practices in addressing disproportionality. Mixed methods were employed through the use of a survey instrument which was developed for this study and a content analysis of school division action plans.;There were two overarching research focus questions as well as six corresponding sub-questions investigated in this study. This study included 111 directors of special education who ...


A Critical Examination Of Practices And Perceptions Of Current Performance Evaluation Models For Theatre Arts Teachers In Virginia, Shelley L. Nowacek Jan 2008

A Critical Examination Of Practices And Perceptions Of Current Performance Evaluation Models For Theatre Arts Teachers In Virginia, Shelley L. Nowacek

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

Methods and models used to evaluate the teaching performance of theatre arts teachers appear to have limited applicability due to the specialized nature of theatre in the classroom. Instructional leaders whose responsibilities include observation and evaluation may find additional challenges when charged with evaluating theatre arts teachers using general educational evaluation models. This qualitative study explored the nature of the practices and perceptions of theatre arts teachers and the administrators charged with evaluating them through the backdrop of Joint Committee Standards of Educational Evaluation.;Though the Joint Committee outlined specific measures to ensure that teacher performance evaluation models and methods ...


An Exploration Of The Impact Of Family On The Achievement Of African American Gifted Learners Originating From Low -Income Environments, Joy L. Davis Jan 2007

An Exploration Of The Impact Of Family On The Achievement Of African American Gifted Learners Originating From Low -Income Environments, Joy L. Davis

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine what, if any, impact families have on the academic achievement of African American gifted learners from low income environments. This grounded theory study was designed to explore family and student perceptions of a complex set of variables related to families and home environments. The variables explored were based on a conceptual framework developed from previous research related to social capital and its uses within families with limited economic resources. Study participants were junior and senior level high school students and their parents.;Instruments included a demographic questionnaire with open-ended questions, a researcher-developed ...


Pleasure And Peril: Shaping Children's Reading In The Early Twentieth Century, Wendy Korwin Jan 2006

Pleasure And Peril: Shaping Children's Reading In The Early Twentieth Century, Wendy Korwin

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Our Great Physicist: Professor Joseph Henry Of Princeton And The Rise Of Science In The Antebellum College, Sarah Swords Jan 2006

Our Great Physicist: Professor Joseph Henry Of Princeton And The Rise Of Science In The Antebellum College, Sarah Swords

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Navigating The Academy: The Career Advancement Of Black And White Women Full-Time Faculty, Wandalyn Fanchon Glover Jan 2006

Navigating The Academy: The Career Advancement Of Black And White Women Full-Time Faculty, Wandalyn Fanchon Glover

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

The recruitment, retention, and promotion of Black women in the academy continue to be a challenge even after numerous policies and programs to rectify historical and social injustices in American society. This study utilized a womanist lens as a framework to conceptualize the interlocking impact of race and gender on the experiences of Black women in higher education. Utilizing a quantitative design, the primary source for the study included data gathered from the National Study of Postsecondary Faculty conducted by the National Center of Education Statistics (NCES) in survey cycles of 1993, 1999, and 2004. The researcher examined the pace ...


A Schoolhouse Behind Every Cannon: Freedpeople's Education And Reconstruction In Virginia, 1864-1876, Justin Andrew Pariseau Jan 2005

A Schoolhouse Behind Every Cannon: Freedpeople's Education And Reconstruction In Virginia, 1864-1876, Justin Andrew Pariseau

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Postbellum Education Of African Americans: Race, Economy, Power, And The Pursuit Of A System Of Schooling In The Rural Virginia Counties Of Surry And Gloucester, Benjamin Andrew Swenson Jan 2004

Postbellum Education Of African Americans: Race, Economy, Power, And The Pursuit Of A System Of Schooling In The Rural Virginia Counties Of Surry And Gloucester, Benjamin Andrew Swenson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


Porcupines And Potsherds: Archaeology And Education For Students In A Museum Setting: A Critical Approach, Emily Catherine Anderson Jan 2004

Porcupines And Potsherds: Archaeology And Education For Students In A Museum Setting: A Critical Approach, Emily Catherine Anderson

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

No abstract provided.


A Study Exploring The Educational Needs Of African-American Pastors' Wives Within Baptist Congregations, Jocelyn Georgette Henry-Whitehead Jan 2004

A Study Exploring The Educational Needs Of African-American Pastors' Wives Within Baptist Congregations, Jocelyn Georgette Henry-Whitehead

Dissertations, Theses, and Masters Projects

For many years, the role of the pastor's wife has been an emerging role in American religious history (Sweet, 1983). While on their journey in building and nurturing their relationship with God, supporting their husbands, families, congregations, and communities, pastors' wives have experienced joys and blessings as well as challenges and issues. A tremendous joy for some pastors' wives has been the privilege, the opportunity, and the honor to serve, minister to, assist and care for others. However, one major challenge for many pastors' wives has been preparedness, or the lack of preparedness, knowledge, and instruction (Obleton, 1996). Wives ...