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“Developing All These Petals”: A Narrative Study Of The Strategies And Networks African American Women At Historically White Institutions Access, Create, And Employ To Succeed, Davida L. Anderson Aug 2019

“Developing All These Petals”: A Narrative Study Of The Strategies And Networks African American Women At Historically White Institutions Access, Create, And Employ To Succeed, Davida L. Anderson

Theses and Dissertations

African American women continue to enroll at historically White institutions (HWIs) to pursue their bachelor’s degrees (Miller, 2017). African American women continue to experience exclusion (Zamani, 2003) and hostile environments (Evans, 2007; Patton & Croom, 2017; Zamani, 2003) that demean African American women. Nevertheless, African American women persist and succeed in higher education. Although access in the United States has increased for non-white populations, decades of research on discriminatory environments at historically white colleges and universities creating campus climates that are unwelcoming towards African American women. Intersectionality (Crenshaw, 1991) focuses on how African American women’s lives cannot be explored without consideration ...


Engaging With The Other: Black College Students' Perceptions Of Perspective Taking At Historically White Colleges And Universities, Laila Ilham Mccloud Aug 2019

Engaging With The Other: Black College Students' Perceptions Of Perspective Taking At Historically White Colleges And Universities, Laila Ilham Mccloud

Theses and Dissertations

This study examines Black students’ perceptions of their campus climate for perspective taking and how their perceptions influence their participation in high impact practices. Using ordinary least squares regression, I analyzed how the psychological climate, behavioral climate, and institutional structural diversity predict Black students’ perceptions and engagement in comparison to their Asian American, Hawaiian, Latinx, Multiracial, Native American, and White peers.

Results from this study revealed that Black students have a positive perception of their campus climate for perspective taking. For the most part, Black students’ perceptions of campus climate were not significantly associated with participating in high-impact practices. However ...


The Language And Rhetoric Of Affirmative Action: A Structural Topic Model Analysis Of Supreme Court Amicus Briefs, Ryan Lewis Young Aug 2019

The Language And Rhetoric Of Affirmative Action: A Structural Topic Model Analysis Of Supreme Court Amicus Briefs, Ryan Lewis Young

Theses and Dissertations

Using a structural topic model text analysis approach in a mixed methods framework, these studies seek to better understand the language, rhetoric, and rationales amici curiae employ to defend or deride affirmative action in cases before the Supreme Court. Through a better understanding of the content and framing of these briefs, the next time an affirmative action case is before the court a larger, more articulate, and more united network of advocates from the higher education sector and beyond will be better position to have their voices heard.


Representations Of Diversity And Inclusion: Unpacking The Language Of Community Engagement In Higher Education Using Critical Discourse Analysis, Kira Pasquesi May 2019

Representations Of Diversity And Inclusion: Unpacking The Language Of Community Engagement In Higher Education Using Critical Discourse Analysis, Kira Pasquesi

Theses and Dissertations

Colleges and universities use language (i.e., talk and text) to represent diversity and inclusion in community engagement. Diversity refers to individual and social or group differences (e.g., race, ethnicity, national origin, social class, gender identity and expression, sexual orientation, ability), while inclusion is the intentional and ongoing engagement with difference. Community engagement involves collaborations between institutions of higher education and their local, regional, national, and global communities. The language used to describe diversity and inclusion in community engagement is socially constructed and situated in complex power relations.

The purpose of the study was to describe how three universities ...


Asian American Students’ Academic Achievement: Reassessing Early Childhood And College, Sanga Kim Aug 2018

Asian American Students’ Academic Achievement: Reassessing Early Childhood And College, Sanga Kim

Theses and Dissertations

Between 2000 and 2010, the Asian population within the U.S. increased more than four times faster than the total U.S. population. Accordingly, school-aged immigrant children from Asia constitute a sizeable portion of the U.S.’s student population. The percentage of students enrolled in elementary and secondary public schools who are Asian/Pacific Islander is projected to increase from 2.6 to 3.1 million between 2014 and 2025, and will account for 6 percent of total enrollment by 2025. Asian American youth have shown distinct characteristics among other racial minority groups in the U.S. Compared to ...


The Transition From School To Jobs: The Stage Of Mismatch And Inequality, Dong Hoon Shin May 2018

The Transition From School To Jobs: The Stage Of Mismatch And Inequality, Dong Hoon Shin

Theses and Dissertations

Workers whose credentials and skills do not meet or exceed the required competencies for their jobs have been of interest to scholars investigating the transition from school to jobs. To understand how such mismatch arises in the transitional period, some scholars emphasize that the labor market cannot keep up with the pace of educational expansion. Thus, many highly educated workers do not find jobs that fit their schooling and skill level. Others locate the source of mismatch in the inability of education to produce enough workers with the desired skill levels in the labor market.

By focusing on this mismatch ...


Students’ Perceptions Of The Campus Climate For Academic Integrity And Ethics: A Comparison Of Military Cadets And Civilian-College Students, Jeremy Lloyd Williams May 2018

Students’ Perceptions Of The Campus Climate For Academic Integrity And Ethics: A Comparison Of Military Cadets And Civilian-College Students, Jeremy Lloyd Williams

Theses and Dissertations

This study of perceptions of campus climate for Personal and Social Responsibility (PSR) evaluated the extent to which observable differences existed among campuses that had or did not have military cadets as their primary student population. Specifically, it looked at civilian colleges and universities and collegiate military academies such as the United States Military Academy at West Point (USMA) and the United States Air Force Academy at Colorado Springs (USAFA).

The data sample for this study came from civilian-college students and cadets enrolled in 23 colleges and universities (which included USMA and USAFA) that were chosen by the Association of ...


"Tell Me With Whom You Associate, And I Will Tell You Who You Are": Understanding Organizational Identity Through Peer Groups In The Field Of Higher Education, Graham Nicholas Stuart Miller May 2018

"Tell Me With Whom You Associate, And I Will Tell You Who You Are": Understanding Organizational Identity Through Peer Groups In The Field Of Higher Education, Graham Nicholas Stuart Miller

Theses and Dissertations

The following dissertation comprises three studies that aim to better understand organizational identity in the field of U.S. higher education. Research in this area has focused largely on attributes that emphasize college and university distinctiveness, though a good deal of studies in higher education have found that many postsecondary institutions are very alike in their structure and behavior. On the other hand, qualitative research demonstrates that organizational identity helps to explain differences between colleges and universities. The studies herein conceptualize organizational identity as a series of claims about self that balance both sameness and distinctiveness. These studies analyze how ...


“Maybe All These Random Experiences Form A Cohesive Picture”: Towards A Grounded Theory Of Asexual College Students’ Identity Development, Amanda Lyn Mollet May 2018

“Maybe All These Random Experiences Form A Cohesive Picture”: Towards A Grounded Theory Of Asexual College Students’ Identity Development, Amanda Lyn Mollet

Theses and Dissertations

For many individuals, the college environment provides the context in which one develops sexual identity. To understand students’ sexual identity development, many theories exist including theories on heterosexuality, queer sexual identities, and those broadly covering all sexual identities. One commonality across these theories is the assumption that all people experience sexual attraction. For students who identify with the spectrum of asexual identities, existing theories do not account for their experiences. Moreover, in hyper-sexualized college environments entrenched in hookup culture, asexual students experience harassment and erasure. The purpose of this study is to develop a theory of asexual college students’ identity ...


A Study Of Those Who Made The Jump: Examining The Differences Between Traditional Public School Leadership And Charter School Leadership, Sarah G. Hale Keuseman Aug 2017

A Study Of Those Who Made The Jump: Examining The Differences Between Traditional Public School Leadership And Charter School Leadership, Sarah G. Hale Keuseman

Theses and Dissertations

This interpretive, exploratory qualitative study examines the similarities and differences between charter school leadership and traditional public school leadership. Previous research has examined the differences in school leadership in traditional public schools from large-scale, quantitative data (Cravens, Goldring,& Penaloza, 2012; Goff, Mavrogordato, & Goldring, 2012). Though research exists on specific facets of charter schools such as student achievement, there is little research on the needs of charter school leaders and how well-prepared they are for their unique roles (Huerta, 2009; Hughes & Silva, 2013). The purpose of this study is to contribute to the body of knowledge on school leadership by developing an emic description of the relationship between charter school leadership and traditional public school leadership through a qualitative interpretivist study approach.

School leaders in Minnesota who have been heads of school in both independent charter schools and traditional public schools were surveyed, and four were selected for in-depth follow-up interviews. The guiding research questions are: (1) What are the differences between traditional public school leadership and charter school leadership according to school leaders in Minnesota who have been leaders of both types of schools; (2) How do school leaders in Minnesota who have been leaders of both charter schools and traditional public schools experience instructional leadership in the different school organizations; and (3) How do school leadership preparation programs help prepare educators for leadership in charter schools?

Findings from this study indicate that differences in school leadership in traditional public schools and independent ...


Testimony In Narrative Educational Research: A Qualitative Interview, Narrative Analysis And Epistemological Evaluation, Justin Christopher Aug 2017

Testimony In Narrative Educational Research: A Qualitative Interview, Narrative Analysis And Epistemological Evaluation, Justin Christopher

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study is to assess issues that arise in the context of epistemological claims in narrative educational research by means of narrative analysis and epistemological evaluation. The research questions which guided the study were: 1) To what extent is epistemology considered by narrative educational researchers?; 2) What issues do narrative educational researchers perceive when capturing participant testimony?; 3) What procedures do narrative educational researchers carry out which assure of methodological rigor?; and 4) What additional procedures, either before, during or after a study, can narrative educational researchers carry forth to assure that the research is the most ...


Indonesian Public School Principals' Enactment Of Agency Within The Boundaries Set By Social Systems, Asih Asikin-Garmager May 2017

Indonesian Public School Principals' Enactment Of Agency Within The Boundaries Set By Social Systems, Asih Asikin-Garmager

Theses and Dissertations

Background: Indonesian schools are in the midst of implementing a new reform initiative, the 2013 Curriculum, mandated by the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture. The new curriculum requires a drastic change in instructional practices from the traditionally teacher-centered to student-centered instruction. As school leaders, principals play an important role in the implementation and enactment of the 2013 Curriculum in schools. This research explores the leadership practices of Indonesian school principals in facilitating the implementation of new reform policies and initiatives.

Purpose: The study served two purposes. The first was to examine Indonesian public school principals’ enactment of agency within ...


Homegrown Rural School Leaders, Dorian Dawn Olsen May 2017

Homegrown Rural School Leaders, Dorian Dawn Olsen

Theses and Dissertations

Background: Research on rural educational leadership is often overlooked in educational research, specifically within the context of homegrown leaders, or leaders who have been lifelong residents in the districts where they were students, teachers, and now lead as principal. Rural districts face many challenges that differ from urban districts. Looking at how these homegrown leaders use transformational leadership to overcome these challenges can assist principal preparation programs in preparing administrators to lead in rural districts as well as policymakers as they look at policies and funding that impact rural districts.

Purpose: The purpose of this study is to address the ...


The Lived Experience Of Student Caregivers: A Phenomenological Study, Lisa Polakowski Schumacher May 2017

The Lived Experience Of Student Caregivers: A Phenomenological Study, Lisa Polakowski Schumacher

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation study was to describe how students who provide care for a person with a disability or chronic illness cope with the demands of both roles. The way students cope with stress has a direct impact on overall health, which has an impact on learning, development, and retention. Student caregivers are considered nontraditional students; nontraditional students are more likely to drop out of higher education because of obstacles in their non-academic life. Historically, student affairs professionals have developed programs and services to meet the challenges of underrepresented students in higher education. More than half of family ...


Understanding The Student Success Gap: Building Models For Underrepresented Racial Minority And Non-Traditional Students' College Experience In Community College, Wei-Lin Chen Jan 2017

Understanding The Student Success Gap: Building Models For Underrepresented Racial Minority And Non-Traditional Students' College Experience In Community College, Wei-Lin Chen

Theses and Dissertations

Community colleges are a crucial channel for achieving postsecondary education success, especially for minority and nontraditionally aged students. Nonetheless, community colleges are inadequate to meeting national goals for postsecondary educational attainment. Most notably, the lack of a strong guidance of academic interventions stifles a student’s preparation to transfer to four-year institutions as well as to attain an associate’s degree.

The majority of research concerning community colleges rarely addresses the issues of low degree attainment rates from rigorous guidance of academic interventions by student status difference, including race/ethnicity, age, first-generation status, motivation, and academic preparation. First, few community ...


Stronger Together : The Hull House Woman’S Club And Public Health Activism, Megan Lee Schwalm Dec 2016

Stronger Together : The Hull House Woman’S Club And Public Health Activism, Megan Lee Schwalm

Theses and Dissertations

Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr opened Hull House, Chicago’s first settlement house, in 1889 as a means of confronting poverty, poor housing conditions, disease, discouragement, and other ills that flourished in the predominately immigrant Halstead neighborhood. Because Hull House volunteers lived at the House, in the center of the community, they were well-equipped to respond knowledgeably to the neighborhood conditions. Hull House residents worked for reform in areas such as education, labor, juvenile protection, immigration, welfare, housing, and suffrage and they provided the community with a plethora of activities and services during the Progressive Era. As the community ...


An Epistemological Revolution: Using Quantitative Data To Critically Interrogate High-Impact Educational Practices, Cindy Ann Kilgo Aug 2016

An Epistemological Revolution: Using Quantitative Data To Critically Interrogate High-Impact Educational Practices, Cindy Ann Kilgo

Theses and Dissertations

This three-manuscript formatted dissertation interrogated the effectiveness of high-impact educational practices for marginalized students through the use of critical quantitative inquiry. The first empirical manuscript used data from the Wabash National Study of Liberal Arts education to explore the role of race and class on students’ engagement in and effects from high-impact practices. Findings from this manuscript suggest significant differences in academic motivation change over the first year of college when race and class were examined together, while no differences when just class was examined. The second empirical manuscript used data from the National Study of LGBTQ Student Success to ...


The Role Of Language Background On College Cognitive Growth: A Study Of Non-Native English Speakers, Jiajun Liu Aug 2016

The Role Of Language Background On College Cognitive Growth: A Study Of Non-Native English Speakers, Jiajun Liu

Theses and Dissertations

This study explored the precollege and college level factors that moderate the relationship between language background and college cognitive gains for non-native English speaking (NNES) students. I focused on three college cognitive outcomes, including critical thinking, need for cognition, and positive attitude toward literacy. Because there is limited research on the relationship between language background and college cognitive growth, I first examined the effects of being a NNES student on college cognitive outcomes. Next, I explored the mediating effects of three sets of influences on the relationship between NNES status and college cognitive outcomes, including students’ precollege characteristics and background ...


Considering The Influence Of High School Experiences On Students’ College Aspirations, Teniell Leigh Trolian Aug 2016

Considering The Influence Of High School Experiences On Students’ College Aspirations, Teniell Leigh Trolian

Theses and Dissertations

This study considered whether participation in several out-of-class experiences during high school influenced the odds that a student will aspire to earn at least a Bachelor’s degree. Additionally, this study considered whether these experiences, considered together, had a cumulative effect on the odds that a student will aspire to earn at least a Bachelor’s degree, and whether the influence of these high school experiences on college aspirations was moderated by a student’s race/ethnicity or socioeconomic status. Results of the study revealed that several high school experiences, including participation in science-related school programs, participation in extracurricular activities ...


Challenges To Female Educational Leaders In Kyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, Sumaira Taj Jul 2016

Challenges To Female Educational Leaders In Kyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, Sumaira Taj

Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the challenges that female educational managers face in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Pakistan. The purposes of the study were: to explore the challenges that female educational managers face in maintaining and obtaining their managerial positions, to identify the strategies that they employed in coping with those challenges, and to validate the participant questionnaire in KPK. This is a qualitative case study that was conducted in three phases: exploration, reinforcement, and validation. The data were collected through interviews, observations, and field notes. In the first and second phase, nine female managers from three districts participated, while the third phase ...


Instructional Leadership In Elementary Science : How Are School Leaders Positioned To Lead In A Next Generation Science Standards Era?, Kathleen Mary Winn May 2016

Instructional Leadership In Elementary Science : How Are School Leaders Positioned To Lead In A Next Generation Science Standards Era?, Kathleen Mary Winn

Theses and Dissertations

Background: Science poses a unique challenge to the elementary curriculum landscape, because traditionally elementary teachers report low levels of self-efficacy in this subject. Instructional leadership in elementary science therefore, becomes important for a successful integration of a new science education agenda. The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) are K-12 science content standards available for adoption by states and school districts in the U.S. Principals are important actors during policy implementation since they are charged with assuming the role of an instructional leader for their teachers in all subject areas.

Purpose: This study gathered self-reported survey data from public elementary ...


A Self-Determination Theory-Based Analysis Of The Effects Of Clinical Instructor Behavior On Student Clinical Engagement, Anthony Wayne Knight May 2016

A Self-Determination Theory-Based Analysis Of The Effects Of Clinical Instructor Behavior On Student Clinical Engagement, Anthony Wayne Knight

Theses and Dissertations

Although the link between classroom instructor behavior and student engagement has been well documented, the same cannot be said for instructors and students interacting with one another in clinical settings. Given the relatively close nature of the student-clinical instructor (CI) relationship and the considerable differences between the structured environment of the classroom and the unpredictable and often stressful environment of the healthcare clinic, classroom-based assumptions of what constitutes effective or ineffective teaching behavior may or may not be valid for the clinic. This study applied self-determination theory to investigate the degree to which CI psychological need-supporting/thwarting behaviors affect student ...


The National Minimum Drinking Age Law And Student Alcohol Use : A Case Study Of The University Of Iowa Residence Halls, 1980-1995, Angela Aileen Reams May 2016

The National Minimum Drinking Age Law And Student Alcohol Use : A Case Study Of The University Of Iowa Residence Halls, 1980-1995, Angela Aileen Reams

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this dissertation study was to critically examine college student alcohol use in the context of the microenvironment of residence halls, the transition of the national minimum legal drinking age, and the attitudes and experiences of University of Iowa students who lived on campus from 1980 to 1995. The following research questions guided this study: 1) What were the attitudes and experiences of students living in the University of Iowa residence halls before, during, and after the change in the national minimum legal drinking age? 2) What were the individual experiences of students in the residence halls, in ...


Using A Revised Theory Of Student Departure To Understand Student Athlete Persistence, Scot Hugh Reisinger May 2016

Using A Revised Theory Of Student Departure To Understand Student Athlete Persistence, Scot Hugh Reisinger

Theses and Dissertations

This study examined the relationship between intercollegiate participation and persistence in college. In addition, it explored the different factors that influenced student athletes' persistence patterns as compared to non-student athletes at residential liberal arts schools. Using data from the Wabash National Study of Liberal Arts Education (WNS), I first examined if student athletes were more likely to persist while controlling for background characteristics. Next, using Braxton's revised theory of student departure as a theoretical lens, I examined how eight factors (ability to pay, commitment of the institution to student welfare, communal potential, institutional integrity, proactive social adjustment, psychosocial engagement ...


Re-Conceptualizing Teacher Expertise: Teacher Agency And Expertise Through A Critical Pedagogic Framework, Biljana Samoukovic Dec 2015

Re-Conceptualizing Teacher Expertise: Teacher Agency And Expertise Through A Critical Pedagogic Framework, Biljana Samoukovic

Theses and Dissertations

Public and scholarly debates on what it means to be a successful teacher are characterized by increasingly pronounced differences in how various political, legislative, and professional groups define successful teaching. In response to pressures posed by these polarized discourses, critical pedagogic research on education contrasts contested views on the nature of knowledge and critiques the standardization of knowledge in schools. There is a general consensus in the research that it is necessary for teachers to develop an understanding of a rapidly changing world, and an understanding of students coming from various social milieus who are often unwilling to accept a ...


Exploring The Establishment Of The Office Of The Chief Diversity Officer In Higher Education: A Multisite Case Study, Eugene T. Parker Dec 2015

Exploring The Establishment Of The Office Of The Chief Diversity Officer In Higher Education: A Multisite Case Study, Eugene T. Parker

Theses and Dissertations

Our nation is experiencing a demographic shift. The proportion of racial minorities will significantly increase during the next several decades. Institutions of higher education will have to navigate issues of multiculturalism on campus. Issues of diversity, equity and inclusion are, and continue to be, significant matters for colleges and universities. A significant for the higher education community is who will be responsible for the oversight of diversity and furthering diversity goals at institutions of higher education.

The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the emergence of the chief diversity office, present day conceptions of diversity and the ...


Okay, Seminoles, Take Over From Here: Native American Mascot As Organization Builders At Florida State University, Dong Hyuk Shin Dec 2015

Okay, Seminoles, Take Over From Here: Native American Mascot As Organization Builders At Florida State University, Dong Hyuk Shin

Theses and Dissertations

Intercollegiate athletics is a very important part in American higher education both financially and symbolically. One of the most distinct features of college sports is athletic mascots and nicknames of colleges and universities represent not only the athletic programs but also the whole institutions and communities. As they were deeply ingrained in American culture, some colleges and universities maintained Native-American themed mascots. Scholars and activists criticized the use of these mascots due to offensiveness and racial stereotyping. After the criticisms and the sanctions by the National Collegiate Athletics Association in 2005, many abandoned or modified the mascots in a more ...


Adolescent Friendship Network And College Enrollment : A Longitudinal Network Analysis Of Selection And Influence Processes, Zebing Wu Jul 2015

Adolescent Friendship Network And College Enrollment : A Longitudinal Network Analysis Of Selection And Influence Processes, Zebing Wu

Theses and Dissertations

Using data from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health), I investigate the influence of adolescent friendship network on the likelihood of college enrollment, and whether and how this influence is affected by stratification factors (e.g., gender, race/ethnicity, and socioeconomic status). However, there is a challenge in evaluating this influence process since adolescents usually non-randomly select their friends. A selection process needs to be taken into consideration simultaneously with the influence process of adolescents’ friendship network on their likelihood of college enrollment. Previous research on peer effects has methodological issues and limitations. Traditional methods ...


Philosophy And No Child Left Behind: An Epistemological Analysis Of The Effects Of Educational Policy On Knowledge Development, Gleidson Gouveia Jul 2015

Philosophy And No Child Left Behind: An Epistemological Analysis Of The Effects Of Educational Policy On Knowledge Development, Gleidson Gouveia

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to identify teacher perception regarding the effects of NCLB on the development of knowledge among elementary school students in two school districts in a Midwestern state. I applied a case-study design to address the research questions, with data obtained from interviews with eight experienced school teachers, who reported on the state of the cognitive development of their students. Epistemology, specifically social and virtue epistemology, served as the theoretical framework for the analysis of the data, thus filling a gap in the literature for an epistemological study of the effects of NCLB. The hypothesis for ...


Understanding College Student Leadership Development : A Longitudinal Examination Of The Impact Of Campus-Based Leadership Trainings, Mark Andrew Baccei May 2015

Understanding College Student Leadership Development : A Longitudinal Examination Of The Impact Of Campus-Based Leadership Trainings, Mark Andrew Baccei

Theses and Dissertations

Colleges and universities continually seek to foster the leadership development of undergraduate students through curricular and co-curricular opportunities and experiences. This study examined the effects and potential contributions of participation in campus-based leadership trainings on college students' leadership development with special consideration for gender and racial background. To better understand the relationship between campus-based trainings and leadership development, data from the Wabash National Study of Liberal Arts Education (WNS) was utilized. The WNS was a multi-institutional, longitudinal dataset made up of 47 four-year colleges and universities from 21 states throughout the United States. This study mark's one of the ...