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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Comparison Of The Effects Of Cooperative And Competitive Methods As Reinforcement Of The Skill Of Answering Inferential Questions In A Fifth Grade Reading Class, Diane L. Arnold Dec 1991

A Comparison Of The Effects Of Cooperative And Competitive Methods As Reinforcement Of The Skill Of Answering Inferential Questions In A Fifth Grade Reading Class, Diane L. Arnold

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated whether a practice session in the previously learned skill of reading a paragraph and answering inferential comprehension questions was more effective when conducted competitively or cooperatively.

One fifth-grade homeroom class of 28 students was randomly divided into two groups: a cooperative group and a competitive group, each containing students from three different reading levels. A researcher-made pretest determined that there was no significant difference between the two groups before the treatment. A practice session was conducted in which the cooperative group worked in units of two or three. Each student in the unit was given an ‘A ...


Birth Order And Self-Concept: Their Relationship To Reading Achievement, Laurie Maryjanowski Penepent Nov 1991

Birth Order And Self-Concept: Their Relationship To Reading Achievement, Laurie Maryjanowski Penepent

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a statistically significant relationship between students’ birth order and reading achievement, self-concept and reading achievement, and their birth order and self-concept. Research has shown that educational achievement was influenced by birth order, and that birth order affected self-concept. A sample population of seventy-two subjects was used for this study. Subjects answered questions about their birth order and completed a self-concept scale. Their reading achievement score was taken from each subject’s permanent folder. The Chi-Square Test of Independence was used to determine if the relationship between each set of ...


Kindergartner’S Oral Responses To Stories Either Told Or Read To Them, Mary Beth Ash-Jones Aug 1991

Kindergartner’S Oral Responses To Stories Either Told Or Read To Them, Mary Beth Ash-Jones

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to determine if there was a statistically significant difference in the quantity of words generated by kindergartners when retelling a story read to them from a book (read aloud) as compared to when a story was told orally, without a book (storytelling). The subjects of this study were 42 kindergarten students attending an urban school district in Western New York. The students listened to a story read aloud from a book. They then retold the story to an adult. The retellings were recorded. The same students listened to another story told orally, by an ...


Readability: A Study Of Three Selected Stories From A Third Grade Whole Language Basal, Susan T. O'Keefe Aug 1991

Readability: A Study Of Three Selected Stories From A Third Grade Whole Language Basal, Susan T. O'Keefe

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the readability levels of three third grade stories, that are found within a reading text, fall below or above the publisher's indicated readability level.

The sample group consisted of 78 third grade children. They were assessed through the means of cloze tests. There were three different tests, each one containing a passage from the story in the text. Over the Mountain from the Impressions series was analyzed. Two readability formulas, the Spache and the Lorge, were utilized in determining the readability levels of the stories independently of the publisher. The ...


A Description Of The Read Aloud Practices Of Elementary School Teachers, Leslie H. Kociuba May 1991

A Description Of The Read Aloud Practices Of Elementary School Teachers, Leslie H. Kociuba

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to examine the read aloud practices of elementary school teachers. It also looked at those practices in regards to the differences exhibited between the different grade levels, and the teachers' different philosophies of reading instruction.

Thirty-one teachers responded to a questionnaire designed to elicit their read aloud behaviors. The responses were recorded, tallied, and categorized according to the frequency and the similarities of the responses. These responses were then descriptively analyzed according to the three questions posed by the researcher.

The findings revealed that many teachers are using the read aloud activity as a part of ...


A Study Of Preschool Children Telling “Book Stories”, Maureen Maas-Feary May 1991

A Study Of Preschool Children Telling “Book Stories”, Maureen Maas-Feary

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the extent of information preschool children who had been exposed to books and stories had internalized about books and stories. Developmental differences regarding knowledge of story elements and book-reading conventions observed between 3- and 5-year-olds were also probed. A wordless picture book was used to prompt the children to produce oral versions of the story depicted.

The subjects were eight 3-year-olds and eight 5-year-olds enrolled in nursery schools in western New

York.

The researcher tape-recorded the children telling or "reading" their stories and also recorded book-reading behaviors exhibited. The stories were then ...


A Comparison Of The Perception Which Third-Grade Students And Sixth-Grade Students Have Of Themselves As Writers, Annette R. Shafer Apr 1991

A Comparison Of The Perception Which Third-Grade Students And Sixth-Grade Students Have Of Themselves As Writers, Annette R. Shafer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Children learn to write at an early age, however, many children do not enjoy writing as an activity. This masters’ thesis investigates students’ opinions about writing, and compares the opinions of elementary students to those of middle school students. The author surveyed seventy-nine students from two 3rd grade classrooms and two 6th grade classrooms in western New York. The survey consisted of seventeen questions about how students felt about writing in the classroom. These surveys were then collected and sorted into three categories: positive, ambivalent, and negative. The researcher found that about 64% of 3rd grade students had ...


A Longitudinal Study Investigating The Brain Spurts Theory, Deborah B. Westcott Apr 1991

A Longitudinal Study Investigating The Brain Spurts Theory, Deborah B. Westcott

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This longitudinal study investigates brain growth periodization, also known as the brain spurts theory. The theory calls for maximum brain growth between the ages 2-4 years, 6-8 years, 10-12 years, and 14-16 years. For several decades researchers have observed fluctuations in the rate of growth for various areas of student achievement. These fluctuations occur in an extreme form from ages 8 - 14. The brain spurts theory asserts that there is also variation during this period in the rate of brain cell development. This researcher utilized a random sample of 50 students in a western New York school district where data ...