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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Comparative Study Of Two Process Approaches To The Teaching Of Writing To Third Grade Students, Anita J. Clark Aug 1985

A Comparative Study Of Two Process Approaches To The Teaching Of Writing To Third Grade Students, Anita J. Clark

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if the quality of writing of third grade students instructed in a structured method of writing would vary from that of a similar group instructed in an unstructured method. The element of learning style that denoted a preference for structure or lack of preference for structure was considered to determine any significant relationship with writing achievement.

This study was conducted over a ten-week period with twenty-four third-grade students. Pre-treatment and post-treatment writing samples were collected. One group of students, (Group I) was instructed using a structured approach to writing. The other group ...


An Investigation Into The Practical Applications Of Psycholinguistic Theory, Michael Pugliese Aug 1985

An Investigation Into The Practical Applications Of Psycholinguistic Theory, Michael Pugliese

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to explore the practical applications of psycholinguistic theory. Meaning-emphasis programs are not widely used in schools and are difficult to quantify. A case study format was designed to examine the effectiveness of this approach through in-depth observation. Data was compiled in the form of anecdotal records and student notebooks. Diagnostic tests developed by Clay (1979b ) were also used as measures of growth. Materials and procedures were described in terms of their psycholinguistic focus. The student was successful in the program and used meaning as the preferred strategy for word attack. Writing and oral expressive ...


The Effect Of Creative Thinking Instruction On Seventh And Eighth Graders And The Relationship Of Creative Thinking To Iq And Reading Achievement, Judith A. Brooks Aug 1985

The Effect Of Creative Thinking Instruction On Seventh And Eighth Graders And The Relationship Of Creative Thinking To Iq And Reading Achievement, Judith A. Brooks

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if the creative thinking skills of seventh and eighth grade students could be strengthened through classroom activities designed to stimulate fluency, flexibility, and originality. Also sought were the correlations between creativity scores and IQ, and between creativity scores and reading comprehension.

This study can be considered a replication of Hicks's 1979 research, though applied to older children.

The subjects were seventh and eighth graders attending an urban fringe parochial school. They composed a racially integrated reading class grouped according to reading level and content area teachers' recommendations, rather than according to ...


The Development Of A Diagnostic Test For Screening Regents Chemistry Students, Ellen K. Linger Aug 1985

The Development Of A Diagnostic Test For Screening Regents Chemistry Students, Ellen K. Linger

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this project has been to develop a test that can be used to identify those students whose levels of abstract reasoning and mathematical skills are significantly below those necessary for success in Regents chemistry. A measure of the association between the pilot test scores Regents examination scores was obtained by degree and of the computing the sample coefficient of determination. The problems on the test were patterned after Dr. Anton Lawson's test and the Toledo Chemistry Placement Examination Math Skills subset. Due to the limited amount of time that a chemistry instructor can devote to such ...


Field Dependence/Independence And The Effect Of A Multi-Level Reading Guide On The Content Area Comprehension Of Eighth Grade Social Studies Students, Linda K. Logan Aug 1985

Field Dependence/Independence And The Effect Of A Multi-Level Reading Guide On The Content Area Comprehension Of Eighth Grade Social Studies Students, Linda K. Logan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the relationship between field dependence/independence and IQ, field dependence/independence and reading achievement, and field dependence/independence and the effect of a multi-level reading guide on reading comprehension. A sample population of forty-nine eighth grade students was given the Group Embedded Figures Test (GEFT), a measure of field dependence/independence. Scores from the Otis-Lennon Intelligence Test and the Stanford Achievement Test which had been administered prior to the study were obtained from the students' records. The students had been identified as below average in social studies and were members of four classes, all taught by the ...


Reading Comprehension: The Effects Of A Language Experience Organizer And A Teacher Structured Vocabulary Organizer As Prereading Activities, Cindy Harkness Jul 1985

Reading Comprehension: The Effects Of A Language Experience Organizer And A Teacher Structured Vocabulary Organizer As Prereading Activities, Cindy Harkness

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Below level tenth grade language arts students were given both a posttest and a delayed posttest to measure their comprehension of five selected reading passages. The students were divided into two groups. One group received a language experience advance organizer prior to reading the passages. The other group received a teacher structured vocabulary organizer prior to reading the passages. No significant difference was found between the language experience advance organizer group and the teacher structured vocabulary group in comprehension as measured by a posttest and a delayed posttest. Although the language experience advance organizer group achieved a higher mean on ...


Using The Whole Brain In Teaching Economics, Gregory D. Russell Jun 1985

Using The Whole Brain In Teaching Economics, Gregory D. Russell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Whenever anyone sets out to construct lesson plans of any kind, there is a risk that no one will ever take the time to use them. Knowing this, and willing to change that it will be only me that uses them, I nonetheless make them available for any person interested.

I have written five (5) lesson plans on the teaching of economics. Within each lesson, two major themes arise. Firstly, each lesson contains material to enhance learning by using both the right and the left hemispheres of the brain—the whole brain. A good deal of research has indicated that ...


An Investigation Into The Relationship Between Mobility And Reading Comprehension Of Junior High Pupils, Joan Ring Markis May 1985

An Investigation Into The Relationship Between Mobility And Reading Comprehension Of Junior High Pupils, Joan Ring Markis

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the relationship between mobility and achievement in reading comprehension. The cumulative records of 78 junior high students were reviewed to obtain the data needed.

Intelligence test scores for the Otis-Lennon School Ability Test and the achievement subtest score in reading comprehension for the Stanford Achievement Test were obtained from those student records. The cumulative records yielded additional information regarding the types of schools attended (parochial versus public), the grade level at which the transfer occurred (grades 1-3 versus grades 4-8), and sex.

A significant difference was found between the reading comprehension scores of mobile and non-mobile students ...


A Study Of Children’S Perceptions About Reading In Relation To Various Reading Instructional Programs, Elaine Widay May 1985

A Study Of Children’S Perceptions About Reading In Relation To Various Reading Instructional Programs, Elaine Widay

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explored the relationship between cognitive clarity of reading and various reading instructional programs with 72 first and third grade students. The programs included: language experience, analytic phonics, and synthetic phonics.

A semi-structured interview, an aural task, and two visual tasks were given to each child. The interview consisted of nine questions about the nature of reading and the vocabulary used in reading instruction. The interview was measured by a response that suggested either cognitive confusion or cognitive clarity. The aural and visual tasks were given to assess the child's ability to segment words in a written context ...


The Effect Of Test Anxiety On Reading Comprehension In Second Grade Students, Sandra L. Eggleston May 1985

The Effect Of Test Anxiety On Reading Comprehension In Second Grade Students, Sandra L. Eggleston

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a correlation between test anxiety and reading comprehension on a standardized test in two heterogeneously grouped second grade classes. Also considered were the relationships of test anxiety and reading comprehension on educationally handicapped subjects and subjects with no handicapping condition and the differential effects of test anxiety on male and female subjects.

Fifty-five second grade students from a small city school district in Western New York served as subjects for the study. Fifteen of the 55 subjects were classified as educationally handicapped.

The Iowa Test of Basic Skills (I ...