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Full-Text Articles in Education

Ratios And Benchmarks As Tools For Local Food Hub Decision-Making: A Comparative Case Study, Savanna May Lyons Jan 2016

Ratios And Benchmarks As Tools For Local Food Hub Decision-Making: A Comparative Case Study, Savanna May Lyons

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Food hubs, or local food aggregation and distribution businesses, are triple-bottom-line firms that play an increasingly important role in connecting small and mid-sized farmers to wholesale and retail markets. This paper explores how food hubs can use their financial data to identify and address strengths and challenges in their operations. We propose a “dashboard” of key metrics and benchmarks for food hub managers, and apply it a comparative case study of four food hubs over three years of operations. We compare and contrast the liquidity, cash flow, efficiency, solvency and repayment capacity of the four cases, and analyze cross-cutting themes ...


The Effects Of Graduate-Student Unionization, Tom Schenk Jr. Jan 2007

The Effects Of Graduate-Student Unionization, Tom Schenk Jr.

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Beginning in the 1970s, graduate assistants have organized labor unions. Presently, 36 universities have a graduate-student union. However, the effect graduate-student unions have on wages, wage variance, health benefits, and organizational structure is unknown. This study uses data from the Chronicle of Higher Education and government data to estimate the economic effects of unionization. By using a multilevel model is used to control for intra-university correlation of wages, this study concludes graduate unions are effective at raising stipends, but ineffective at lowering fees, providing health-care coverage, and lowering intra-university wage variance.


Three Essays On Child Labor, Schooling Outcomes And Health, Chanyoung Lee Jan 2007

Three Essays On Child Labor, Schooling Outcomes And Health, Chanyoung Lee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation examines the interrelationships between child labor, schooling and health, using nationally representative data from the United States and from Brazil. In developing countries, child labor can begin at an early age. However, child labor can be found in developed countries as well, particularly in the teenage years. This dissertation examines (1) whether and how much current state child labor legislation affects the employment and schooling decisions of U.S. high school students; (2) whether there is a cumulative effect of teen work on schooling outcomes; and (3) whether adults who worked as children experience increased incidence of illness ...


Four Essays On Technology Adoption And Returns To Skill In The Us , Moohoun Song Jan 2005

Four Essays On Technology Adoption And Returns To Skill In The Us , Moohoun Song

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

We investigate two plausible factors that may have affected changes in wage inequality: returns to higher education and returns to new technologies. The first two chapters examine the role of mathematics and verbal ability in estimating returns to advanced degrees. When average abilities within the major are treated as missing variables, we found that OLS estimates of returns to graduate education are underestimated. When average ability in the major is treated as part of an endogenous decision regarding whether to attend post-graduate degree programs, we find that students in majors with higher average mathematics skills are less likely to progress ...


School Size And Educational Performance: An Analysis Of Itbs Scores Across Iowa School Districts, Ryan Sullivan Jan 2005

School Size And Educational Performance: An Analysis Of Itbs Scores Across Iowa School Districts, Ryan Sullivan

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

There were two main goals this paper set out to accomplish. The first was to set up an econometric model that analyzed and predicted average ITBS test scores for school districts across Iowa. The ITBS test is a test which is mandated by the No Child Left Behind Act. It is used to judge how well schools are performing. The econometric model designed in this study predicted student achievement as a function of daily attendance rates, per pupil expenditures, dropout rates, student-to-teacher ratios, number of pupils per computer, average number of years experience for full-time teachers, average salary for full-time ...


Economies Of Size And Implications For Consolidation: A Case Study Of Iowa School Districts, Brandon James Repp Jan 2004

Economies Of Size And Implications For Consolidation: A Case Study Of Iowa School Districts, Brandon James Repp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The state of Iowa is currently faced with many budget difficulties. Due to the fact that education accounts for nearly half of all state appropriations and property taxes paid in the state, ways of decreasing educational costs may contribute to relieving the current fiscal stress. The aim of this paper is to develop a model from past analyses to test for the presence of economies of scale in Iowa School districts. The results reveal average benefits from a cross section of Iowa school districts that may be realized through administrative consolidation of districts with fewer than 600 students. It is ...


Two Case Studies On Impact Evaluation Of Education Projects , Jooseop Kim Jan 1998

Two Case Studies On Impact Evaluation Of Education Projects , Jooseop Kim

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Primary school enrollment rates in Pakistan are far lower than in countries facing similar economic circumstances. The problem is particularly severe for girls in poor families and rural areas;To address this problem, the Balochistan Education Foundation with technical support from World Bank launched the Urban Girls' Fellowship program in 1994, and the Community Support Program (CSP) in 1992. These programs were instituted in Balochistan Province, the poorest, the least populous, least educated province of Pakistan. The main object of the pilot programs was to increase the enrollment rate for girls;This study evaluates the two programs using experimental and ...


Individual And Aggregate Demand For Higher Education: The Role Of Strategic Scholarships , Darin Ray Wohlgemuth Jan 1997

Individual And Aggregate Demand For Higher Education: The Role Of Strategic Scholarships , Darin Ray Wohlgemuth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Undergraduate enrollment increased over 50 percent nationally from 1973 to 1994. The proportion of high school graduates enrolling in college increased from 46.6 to 61.9 percent. These increases occurred despite increases in real tuition prices since 1985, constant (nominal) levels of federal Pell grants per recipient, and declining numbers of high school graduates. This dissertation examines the admitted applicant's decision to enroll and aggregate (state/county) enrollment at a large public institution;The aggregate enrollment model investigates the extent to which national trends in enrollment can be captured within the context of a model of enrollment demand ...


The Impact Of Intergovernmental Grants-In-Aid On Public School Expenditure Under The Segregated School System , Se-Koo Rhee Jan 1996

The Impact Of Intergovernmental Grants-In-Aid On Public School Expenditure Under The Segregated School System , Se-Koo Rhee

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation investigated the fiscal behavior of local public school districts under the segregated schools system in Maryland with the emphasis on the relative response of school expenditure to intergovernmental grants-in-aid between black and white schools. The median voter model was employed to derive theoretical demand specifications for both no-nonresidential-property-tax-shifting and partial-shifting assumptions. The theoretical model derived here is unique in the sense that inter-racial factors are included to determine the demand for education in black and white schools, since the provision of public education services was decided simultaneously by the median voter who was presumed to be white;A ...


States' Support Of Higher Education: A Theoretical And Empirical Analysis , Janice Mcclung Holtkamp Jan 1994

States' Support Of Higher Education: A Theoretical And Empirical Analysis , Janice Mcclung Holtkamp

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation uses public finance theory and econometrics to examine the variation of expenditures on public higher education among states. The basic theory of public goods and externalities combined with comparative static analysis provides the theoretical framework to examine the effect of possible explanatory variables on optimal subsidy levels for public higher education. Two theoretical models are developed, a one sector model of the higher education market that treats private education as independent of the public market, and a two sector model that recognizes the interdependence of the public and private markets for higher education. Cross-sectional regression techniques are then ...


Empirical Analysis Of The Demand For Higher Education, 1966-1990, Darin Ray Wohlgemuth Jan 1993

Empirical Analysis Of The Demand For Higher Education, 1966-1990, Darin Ray Wohlgemuth

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Segregated Schools, Investment In Education, And Property Values In Maryland School Districts: 1924-1955 , Thomas Tenhoeve Iii Jan 1992

Segregated Schools, Investment In Education, And Property Values In Maryland School Districts: 1924-1955 , Thomas Tenhoeve Iii

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Many theoretical models have been developed which describe the educational investment process. Each presents causal relationships among variables such as birth rates, enrollments or attendance, property values, and per-pupil expenditures. The validity of the relationships among such variables as set forth in these theoretical models is tested in a vector-autoregressive setting using Maryland grade school data during the segregated schooling era. The period covered is from 1924 to 1955. A vector-autoregressive approach is taken because it makes no a priori assumptions about variable relationships. The causal structure of the vector-autoregressive model alone empirically determines the relationships of the relevant variables ...


School District Consolidation In A Club Goods Framework , James J. Knudsen Jan 1989

School District Consolidation In A Club Goods Framework , James J. Knudsen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The provision of school district services has been incorporated into the theoretical framework of a club good model. Within this model it is possible to show the potential for benefit or harm from consolidation;When considering school district consolidation it is important to consider the interaction of quality, expenditures, and preferences to analyze the potential for success. The club good model provides this framework;The model produces an ambiguity, however, and it is resolved by first estimating school quality with a multiple input, multiple cause model and then using ordinary least squares to estimate average expenditure curves for different quality ...


An Analysis Of The Impacts Of Household Size And Composition On Food Expenditure In Haiti , Deepa Majumdar Jan 1988

An Analysis Of The Impacts Of Household Size And Composition On Food Expenditure In Haiti , Deepa Majumdar

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this study, the problem of malnutrition in Haiti is examined from a food expenditure perspective. Using data from the Haiti household consumer expenditure survey, first a tabular analysis is done to describe the food expenditure patterns. Then, the effects of household size and composition, and total expenditure on food expenditures are examined by estimating Engel relationships. Household composition is introduced in the general and specific scales, and household size effects models. Income elasticities and weights for six age-sex categories are calculated from the parameter estimates. The empirical findings are used to describe the impacts of household size and composition ...


Time Use Of Single And Married Women In The Home, Deanna Lee Black Sharpe Jan 1986

Time Use Of Single And Married Women In The Home, Deanna Lee Black Sharpe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


A Conceptual Framework For Analysis Of A Nursing Home Food Service System And Procedures For Measurement Of Selected Variables Related To Labor Time, Nancy Evelyn Brown Jan 1972

A Conceptual Framework For Analysis Of A Nursing Home Food Service System And Procedures For Measurement Of Selected Variables Related To Labor Time, Nancy Evelyn Brown

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Planning For The Optimization Of Resource Allocation In State Aid To Education: An Application To Iowa Public Schools, Norman Howard Starler Jan 1970

Planning For The Optimization Of Resource Allocation In State Aid To Education: An Application To Iowa Public Schools, Norman Howard Starler

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Factors Associated With Adequacy Of Money Incomes Of Disadvantaged Families In Iowa, Shu Yuang Huang Jan 1969

Factors Associated With Adequacy Of Money Incomes Of Disadvantaged Families In Iowa, Shu Yuang Huang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.


Occupational Problems And Vocational Training Needs Of High School Dropouts From Rural Areas In Iowa, Kermit Arno Buntrock Jan 1967

Occupational Problems And Vocational Training Needs Of High School Dropouts From Rural Areas In Iowa, Kermit Arno Buntrock

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

No abstract provided.