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Articles 1 - 17 of 17

Full-Text Articles in Education

A Tangled Web: Interactions And Structures In University-School Collaborations , Christina Pickerell Ohana Jan 1999

A Tangled Web: Interactions And Structures In University-School Collaborations , Christina Pickerell Ohana

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this volume, I examine some of the structures and beliefs embedded in a university-school partnership. I try to untangle the complex web of interests, ideologies, and information that participants bring to the project. This dissertation includes three research papers. In the first paper, "Integration of Theory with Practice: A Comparison of Two Science Methods Courses," I studied the work of students in two science methods courses. One class was a preservice cohort involved in an experimental program with significant levels of field experiences. Their work was compared to students in the regular program who have a modest field component ...


Theory Into Practice: Social Constructivism And Technology In Instructional Technology And Teacher Education , Muktha B. Jost Jan 1999

Theory Into Practice: Social Constructivism And Technology In Instructional Technology And Teacher Education , Muktha B. Jost

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The discourse around computers in education and social constructivism includes discursive and often divergent ideas on individualized and social instruction, social and standardized construction of curriculum, prior knowledge, competition and cooperation, and situated and decontextualized knowledge. A course on educational computing was designed based on a qualitative framework and constructivist instructional design model with the course instructor as lead designer and researcher. The course was then team-taught to 8 preservice teachers in the spring of 1999. This doctoral dissertation is based on the theory-into-practice research and includes three parts: one conceptual paper on instructional design, one professional practice paper on ...


Black Women Academicians Speak Out: Race, Class, And Gender In Narratives Of Higher Education , Sharon Louise Holmes Jan 1999

Black Women Academicians Speak Out: Race, Class, And Gender In Narratives Of Higher Education , Sharon Louise Holmes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to investigate the academic experiences of selected African American women faculty and administrators employed by two- and four-year predominantly White institutions in the Midwest region of the United States. Particularly attention was given to how the constructs of race, class, and gender shape their academic roles.


Professional Development: South Carolina Family And Consumer Sciences Secondary School Teachers' Experiences, Facilitators, And Opportunities , Ethel Nellie Grant Jones Jan 1999

Professional Development: South Carolina Family And Consumer Sciences Secondary School Teachers' Experiences, Facilitators, And Opportunities , Ethel Nellie Grant Jones

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study used a descriptive and correlational design to examine relationships among selected personal and professional characteristics, professional development experiences, facilitators, and opportunities of South Carolina secondary family and consumer sciences (FCS) secondary school teachers;Two models were developed to suggest various relationships among key variables based on Fullan's (1995) idea about the potential and limits of professional development. One model focused on experiences, the other on opportunities;A population of 496 middle, junior, senior, and occupational school FCS teachers in South Carolina's public schools yielded a sample of 217. A mailed questionnaire was used to collect data ...


A Technique Designed To Enhance First-Year At-Risk Students' Intrinsic Motivation: Its Effect On Quality Of Effort Relative To The Academic Experience , Wanda Earnestine Woods Everage Jan 1999

A Technique Designed To Enhance First-Year At-Risk Students' Intrinsic Motivation: Its Effect On Quality Of Effort Relative To The Academic Experience , Wanda Earnestine Woods Everage

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Student involvement theory provides the framework for examining the effectiveness of the technique Dare to Dream on improving first-year at-risk students' quality of effort relative to their coursework and other academic activities. The researcher of this study developed the technique Dare to Dream with the goal to enhance students' intrinsic motivation by helping them construct connections between the current academic experience and their future career aspirations, thereby increasing their involvement and thus improving their quality of effort. From 1994 to 1998 the researcher, in the role of educator during that time, administered Dare to Dream to over 300 students in ...


Constructivist Learning Environments Inviting Computer Technology For Problem Solving: New Junctures For Female Students , Sally Rapp Beisser Jan 1999

Constructivist Learning Environments Inviting Computer Technology For Problem Solving: New Junctures For Female Students , Sally Rapp Beisser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

While complex problem solving has been traditionally an area in which females have not excelled, there is increased emphasis in the development of problem solving for all learners in the Information Age. Concern exists regarding the gap between male and female competencies in using computer technology. Therefore, the possibility of intervention using computer technology as a tool for learning holds promise for females to develop competencies necessary to become better problem solvers. Interventions assisting female students in using technology to restructure or alter their conceptions of problem solving may prove to be effective in developing of problem-solving skills and computer ...


Korean Female Adolescents' Food Attitudes And Food Intake Relative To The Korean Food Tower , Kyeung-Eun Kim Park Jan 1999

Korean Female Adolescents' Food Attitudes And Food Intake Relative To The Korean Food Tower , Kyeung-Eun Kim Park

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A survey was conducted to examine food intake and food attitudes of 285 Korean female students attending a high school in Seoul. Food intake was assessed using a food frequency based on the Korean Food Tower consisting of five food groups, i.e., grain products, vegetables and fruits, meat, milk, and fats and sweets. The food attitude scale consisted of 22 items that were categorized into five factors with items about conscious choice of food, health concerns, economics and time influence, interest in foods, and foods that energize in regard to each of the five food groups;An analysis of ...


Computers, Critical Literacy, And First-Year Composition: Modestly Re-Thinking Some Comfortable Thoughts , Barbara Blakely Duffelmeyer Jan 1999

Computers, Critical Literacy, And First-Year Composition: Modestly Re-Thinking Some Comfortable Thoughts , Barbara Blakely Duffelmeyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this critical qualitative research project, students in six sections of First-Year Composition at Iowa State University and the researcher attempted to determine how cultural assumptions about computer technology influence their development of critical computer literacy in FY Comp. Beginning with students' baseline perspectives on digital technology, the study examined the formative experiences and patterns of engagement students relate and characteristic expressions they use to talk about technology. The study followed students as they were invited to re-think their previous attitudes about the computer. The study presents and analyzes the distinctive ways that students re-thought (or failed to re-think) these ...


The Effect Of Varying Data Collection Techniques In Evaluating The Impact Of A Social Problem Solving Curriculum , John Frederick Tompkins Jan 1999

The Effect Of Varying Data Collection Techniques In Evaluating The Impact Of A Social Problem Solving Curriculum , John Frederick Tompkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The ability to apply techniques associated with problem solving and decision making has been identified as an area receiving significant emphasis in today's educational programming. Goodman, Gravitt and Kaslow (1995) found that children who had experienced a high impact of negative life events with less effective social problem solving skills reported higher levels of depression compared to children that exhibited more effective social problem solving skills. The following questions are posed as problem statements for this study: (1) Is student performance in social problem solving measured in a one-to-one structured interview enhanced when demonstration or application of skills is ...


Computer Technology Integration In Iowa High Schools: Perceptions Of Teachers , Lynn Kay Manternach-Wigans Jan 1999

Computer Technology Integration In Iowa High Schools: Perceptions Of Teachers , Lynn Kay Manternach-Wigans

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study is based on focus group interviews with nearly 200 teachers at 30 Iowa high schools during the Spring of 1998. During the one-day site visits at each school, data was also collected from students, the principal, and the technology coordinator (where available). During focus group sessions teachers were asked about how they use technology, how they define technology integration, what motivates them to integrate technology, what barriers they face, how technology is changing teaching and learning, and what they believe the future holds for technology in education;Findings indicate that Iowa teachers are progressing well with technology integration ...


Moving In A Man's World: Three Qualitative Case Studies Illustrate How Women Can Survive In Male-Dominated Work Environments , Candace Anne Strawn Jan 1999

Moving In A Man's World: Three Qualitative Case Studies Illustrate How Women Can Survive In Male-Dominated Work Environments , Candace Anne Strawn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors influencing women's decisions to enter male-dominated work environments, specifically the fields of academia, law, and Computer Sciences; In order to encourage more women to pursue nontraditional careers, it is necessary to determine the types of support and environments required for women to succeed in these areas. Therefore, qualitative, interpretive research within a feminist theoretical framework was used to assess the impact of family background, educational opportunities, and cultural expectations on the respondents' career choices. How the respondents negotiated the imaginary line between their personal and private lives, and how ...


A Study Of Professional Development, Research, Practices, And Policies To Prepare Inservice Teachers In New Technologies: Implications For Training Standards In New Technologies , Joyce Ann Pittman Jan 1999

A Study Of Professional Development, Research, Practices, And Policies To Prepare Inservice Teachers In New Technologies: Implications For Training Standards In New Technologies , Joyce Ann Pittman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the efficacy of technology standards, policies and practices driving the Center for Technology in Education's (CTE) training and support efforts provided to inservice educators in the State of Maryland;In 1986, the Maryland State Department of Education (MSDE) partnered with CTE to provide training for teachers in new technologies to achieve educational reform goals, access to professional development and technical support. Five primary factors were examined (1) knowledge and awareness, (2) professional development, (3) technical assistance, (4) information dissemination, and (5) availability of new technology;The research was designed to evaluate the above factors to answer ...


A Study Of The Effectiveness Of The Iowa Communications Network As A Distance Learning System By Comparing Student Achievement At The Originating Site And At Remote Sites , Patrick Howard Payton Jan 1999

A Study Of The Effectiveness Of The Iowa Communications Network As A Distance Learning System By Comparing Student Achievement At The Originating Site And At Remote Sites , Patrick Howard Payton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compares student achievement between studio students and remote students in a course taught over the Iowa Communications Network. The Iowa Communications Network is a two-way full motion fiber optics telecommunications system capable of linking students and instructors anywhere in Iowa;The students in a graduate school law course being taught over the Iowa Communications Network were selected to be the subjects of this study. The instructor was a lawyer who had previously taught the course, but had not taught a course over the Iowa Communications Network. The instructor had no special training and received no special training before ...


Exploring Male Batterer's Experiences In A Batterer Education Program: Implications To Educational Practice , Jill Schafer Godbersen Jan 1999

Exploring Male Batterer's Experiences In A Batterer Education Program: Implications To Educational Practice , Jill Schafer Godbersen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Startling statistics indicate that one in three women will experience at least one physical assault by a partner during adulthood. Violence and abuse between partners have real and significant effects on individuals, families, communities, and society. Despite research on domestic abuse intervention programs, inconclusive results exist regarding how male batterers stop their abuse against their partners;The general purpose of this study was to explore Mezirow's transformative learning theory as a possible explanation for the learning and change batterers experience in stopping their abuse. Secondary purposes were to utilize victim input regarding the batterer's educational experience, and to ...


Predicting College Of Agriculture Professors' Adoption Of Computers And Distance Education Technologies For Self-Education And Teaching At The University Of Guadalajara, Mexico , Ana Ramírez Carr Jan 1999

Predicting College Of Agriculture Professors' Adoption Of Computers And Distance Education Technologies For Self-Education And Teaching At The University Of Guadalajara, Mexico , Ana Ramírez Carr

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This descriptive and associational study investigated whether personal and institutional characteristics of professors in the College of Agriculture in Guadalajara, Mexico, were related to the use of computers for traditional teaching, and for distance learning and teaching. These characteristics included: interest, attitudes, self-efficacy levels, uses, need for support for faculty development opportunities, and availability of equipment and communications. By using multiple regression and discriminant analysis a series of predictors were identified;Among the findings it was identified that, in general, professors were highly interested in the use of technology in teaching, and held a positive attitude toward the use of ...


Social Information Processing In Children: Sequential Relations And Syndrome Specificity , Timi Dee Friederichs Jordison Jan 1999

Social Information Processing In Children: Sequential Relations And Syndrome Specificity , Timi Dee Friederichs Jordison

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined social information processing as a function of level of depression, anxiety, aggression and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children. Multiple informants were used to identify symptoms of depression, anxiety, aggression and ADHD in 141 fifth grade children in an Iowa middle school. 91 of these students were randomly selected to be interviewed with an instrument consisting of six vignettes depicting social situations relevant to this age group. Four stages of social information processing were studied: (a) interpretation of cues, (b) goal clarification (i.e., goal generation and evaluation), (c) response generation and (d) response evaluation. The ...


Perceptions Of The Feasibility Of Total Quality Management Theories And Methodologies In The Vocational Training System Of Taiwan, Republic Of China , Hsi-Kong Chin Wang Jan 1999

Perceptions Of The Feasibility Of Total Quality Management Theories And Methodologies In The Vocational Training System Of Taiwan, Republic Of China , Hsi-Kong Chin Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to design an instrument to measure the feasibility of implementing TQM (Total Quality Management) theories and methodologies in the vocational training system in Taiwan, R.O.C. as perceived by the instructors at the vocational training centers (VTCs) and the leaders of companies which have sent their employees to VTCs. Specifically, the goals of this study were to identify the degree of importance of teaching an established core body of knowledge in TQM concepts and skills to trainees, to find the level of preference for potential learning opportunities to improve instructors' knowledge of ...