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Full-Text Articles in Education

A Longitudinal Evaluation Of Factors Associated With Retaining Women In Science And Engineering , Christina Marie Osslund Gandhi Jan 1999

A Longitudinal Evaluation Of Factors Associated With Retaining Women In Science And Engineering , Christina Marie Osslund Gandhi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study investigated the longitudinal effects of a Living Learning Center (LLC) on women studying engineering, science, and Mathematics; The intervention was designed to decrease social isolation within women studying traditionally male-dominated career fields. Secondary goals included increasing LLC participants' retention within nontraditional academic majors and enhancing LLC participants' academic performance within nontraditional courses of study. Finally, increasing LLC participants' university retention, overall academic performance, self-efficacy, and college adjustment were tertiary objectives. Based on previous research, it was hypothesized that women participating in the LLC would report less social isolation, greater major and university retention, higher academic performance, and greater ...


Theory Into Practice: Social Constructivism And Technology In Instructional Technology And Teacher Education , Muktha B. Jost Jan 1999

Theory Into Practice: Social Constructivism And Technology In Instructional Technology And Teacher Education , Muktha B. Jost

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The discourse around computers in education and social constructivism includes discursive and often divergent ideas on individualized and social instruction, social and standardized construction of curriculum, prior knowledge, competition and cooperation, and situated and decontextualized knowledge. A course on educational computing was designed based on a qualitative framework and constructivist instructional design model with the course instructor as lead designer and researcher. The course was then team-taught to 8 preservice teachers in the spring of 1999. This doctoral dissertation is based on the theory-into-practice research and includes three parts: one conceptual paper on instructional design, one professional practice paper on ...


Black Women Academicians Speak Out: Race, Class, And Gender In Narratives Of Higher Education , Sharon Louise Holmes Jan 1999

Black Women Academicians Speak Out: Race, Class, And Gender In Narratives Of Higher Education , Sharon Louise Holmes

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study was conducted to investigate the academic experiences of selected African American women faculty and administrators employed by two- and four-year predominantly White institutions in the Midwest region of the United States. Particularly attention was given to how the constructs of race, class, and gender shape their academic roles.


A Freirean Approach To English As A Second Language Literacy, Claudia Cristina Mendes Giesel Jan 1999

A Freirean Approach To English As A Second Language Literacy, Claudia Cristina Mendes Giesel

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This paper discusses the development of an approach to teach English as a Second Language (ESL) literacy to a non-cohesive group of students based on the ideas of the Brazilian educator Paulo Freire. The Freirean approach works with the students' daily reality and it uses literacy as a means of empowering the students politically, socially, economically, and personally. Freire's works in Brazil and Freirean-inspired programs in the United States are outlined, especially in the areas of ESL literacy. Literature dealing with critical pedagogy in the United States is also examined. The curriculum unit as well as what transpired during ...


Constructivist Learning Environments Inviting Computer Technology For Problem Solving: New Junctures For Female Students , Sally Rapp Beisser Jan 1999

Constructivist Learning Environments Inviting Computer Technology For Problem Solving: New Junctures For Female Students , Sally Rapp Beisser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

While complex problem solving has been traditionally an area in which females have not excelled, there is increased emphasis in the development of problem solving for all learners in the Information Age. Concern exists regarding the gap between male and female competencies in using computer technology. Therefore, the possibility of intervention using computer technology as a tool for learning holds promise for females to develop competencies necessary to become better problem solvers. Interventions assisting female students in using technology to restructure or alter their conceptions of problem solving may prove to be effective in developing of problem-solving skills and computer ...


Internet-Based Instruction In College Teaching , Kathleen Flickinger Jan 1999

Internet-Based Instruction In College Teaching , Kathleen Flickinger

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Distance education and Internet instruction are increasingly being used in college science teaching. In an effort to reach more students, Iowa State University's Human Anatomy and Physiology course was offered via Internet as well as via traditional lecture format. To assess the educational ramifications of this offering, three studies were conducted. In the first study, a collective case study approach was utilized to describe the learning environment created by an Internet-based college science course. In this study, three students were followed as they worked their way through the course. Collective case study methodologies were used to provide a rich ...


Eighth-Grade Writers And Meaning-Making: A Study Of Computer-Mediated Conferencing And Publishing , Lois J. Yocum Jan 1999

Eighth-Grade Writers And Meaning-Making: A Study Of Computer-Mediated Conferencing And Publishing , Lois J. Yocum

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

A practitioner research methodology characterizes this investigation and analysis. This study is based on observations, interviews, surveys, and analyses of students' writing, and it is grounded in constructivist theory. The purpose of this study is to determine ways in which eighth graders in creative writing, online journalism, and language arts classes find meaning in three activities: (1) computer-mediated collaborative conferencing with distant audiences, (2) publishing their school newspaper on the Internet, and (3) preparing multimedia projects;This study illustrates the relationships among conducting practitioner research, promoting curriculum change, and encouraging student empowerment through writing for broader audiences. Research in the ...


Computers, Critical Literacy, And First-Year Composition: Modestly Re-Thinking Some Comfortable Thoughts , Barbara Blakely Duffelmeyer Jan 1999

Computers, Critical Literacy, And First-Year Composition: Modestly Re-Thinking Some Comfortable Thoughts , Barbara Blakely Duffelmeyer

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

In this critical qualitative research project, students in six sections of First-Year Composition at Iowa State University and the researcher attempted to determine how cultural assumptions about computer technology influence their development of critical computer literacy in FY Comp. Beginning with students' baseline perspectives on digital technology, the study examined the formative experiences and patterns of engagement students relate and characteristic expressions they use to talk about technology. The study followed students as they were invited to re-think their previous attitudes about the computer. The study presents and analyzes the distinctive ways that students re-thought (or failed to re-think) these ...


The Effect Of Varying Data Collection Techniques In Evaluating The Impact Of A Social Problem Solving Curriculum , John Frederick Tompkins Jan 1999

The Effect Of Varying Data Collection Techniques In Evaluating The Impact Of A Social Problem Solving Curriculum , John Frederick Tompkins

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The ability to apply techniques associated with problem solving and decision making has been identified as an area receiving significant emphasis in today's educational programming. Goodman, Gravitt and Kaslow (1995) found that children who had experienced a high impact of negative life events with less effective social problem solving skills reported higher levels of depression compared to children that exhibited more effective social problem solving skills. The following questions are posed as problem statements for this study: (1) Is student performance in social problem solving measured in a one-to-one structured interview enhanced when demonstration or application of skills is ...


Status Of The Freshmen Learning Community Initiative At Iowa State University, Laura Jo Doering Jan 1999

Status Of The Freshmen Learning Community Initiative At Iowa State University, Laura Jo Doering

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

One type of experience in higher education today that encourages students to get involved in their learning, both in and outside of the classroom, are learning communities. Learning communities are "relatively small groups of students (and faculty) working together to enhance and integrate students' learning and to help students become well-rounded, broad based individuals" (Lenning & Ebbers, 1999, p. 15). Learning communities, when intentionally structured and centered on learning outcomes, enable students, faculty, and student affairs professionals to shape and mold the learning experience, and to do so in an energized environment. Ultimately, learning communities can increase retention, and improve student academic performance. The first purpose of this study was to increase understanding of whether freshmen learning communities at Iowa State University contribute positively to student persistence at the University and to student academic achievement (measured by grade point average).;The second purpose of this study was to explore which characteristics of learning communities at Iowa State University make a difference. This study compares the retention rates and GPA performance of learning community students based on five learning community characteristics: (1) lived together in a ...


Computer Technology Integration In Iowa High Schools: Perceptions Of Teachers , Lynn Kay Manternach-Wigans Jan 1999

Computer Technology Integration In Iowa High Schools: Perceptions Of Teachers , Lynn Kay Manternach-Wigans

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study is based on focus group interviews with nearly 200 teachers at 30 Iowa high schools during the Spring of 1998. During the one-day site visits at each school, data was also collected from students, the principal, and the technology coordinator (where available). During focus group sessions teachers were asked about how they use technology, how they define technology integration, what motivates them to integrate technology, what barriers they face, how technology is changing teaching and learning, and what they believe the future holds for technology in education;Findings indicate that Iowa teachers are progressing well with technology integration ...


Moving In A Man's World: Three Qualitative Case Studies Illustrate How Women Can Survive In Male-Dominated Work Environments , Candace Anne Strawn Jan 1999

Moving In A Man's World: Three Qualitative Case Studies Illustrate How Women Can Survive In Male-Dominated Work Environments , Candace Anne Strawn

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to analyze the factors influencing women's decisions to enter male-dominated work environments, specifically the fields of academia, law, and Computer Sciences; In order to encourage more women to pursue nontraditional careers, it is necessary to determine the types of support and environments required for women to succeed in these areas. Therefore, qualitative, interpretive research within a feminist theoretical framework was used to assess the impact of family background, educational opportunities, and cultural expectations on the respondents' career choices. How the respondents negotiated the imaginary line between their personal and private lives, and how ...


The Association Of Selected Student Characteristics With Student Ratings Of Teachers , Herbert Duane Strasser Jan 1999

The Association Of Selected Student Characteristics With Student Ratings Of Teachers , Herbert Duane Strasser

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to determine if there were significant associations between selected student demographic characteristics and the mean student ratings of teachers in the Lincoln County Wyoming School District. A major goal was to assist teachers in understanding the relationship, if any, between mean student ratings of teachers and the student demographic profiles of teacher classrooms. The selected student demographic characteristics studied included; student gender, special education designation, honor roll status, low socioeconomic status and average class attenDance;;The student demographic characteristics and the student rating of teacher data were collected in the spring of 1996 ...


A Study Of Professional Development, Research, Practices, And Policies To Prepare Inservice Teachers In New Technologies: Implications For Training Standards In New Technologies , Joyce Ann Pittman Jan 1999

A Study Of Professional Development, Research, Practices, And Policies To Prepare Inservice Teachers In New Technologies: Implications For Training Standards In New Technologies , Joyce Ann Pittman

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the efficacy of technology standards, policies and practices driving the Center for Technology in Education's (CTE) training and support efforts provided to inservice educators in the State of Maryland;In 1986, the Maryland State Department of Education (MSDE) partnered with CTE to provide training for teachers in new technologies to achieve educational reform goals, access to professional development and technical support. Five primary factors were examined (1) knowledge and awareness, (2) professional development, (3) technical assistance, (4) information dissemination, and (5) availability of new technology;The research was designed to evaluate the above factors to answer ...


Tool Of Transformation: The Ideological Role Of Computer Technology In Education , Lowell Wayne Monke Jan 1999

Tool Of Transformation: The Ideological Role Of Computer Technology In Education , Lowell Wayne Monke

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Computer technology is usually evaluated according to its effectiveness in aiding learning. What is generally ignored is the impact of the ideology embedded in the computer on the very structure of education. This philosophical dissertation consists of four essays which examine the relationship of this ideology to the learning enterprise. The first essay develops the character of that ideology and its general influence on learning. It is argued that the ideology embodied in the computer is congruent with the ideology of technology that has developed in Western civilization over the last 300 years. As a result, the computer furthers a ...


A Study Of The Effectiveness Of The Iowa Communications Network As A Distance Learning System By Comparing Student Achievement At The Originating Site And At Remote Sites , Patrick Howard Payton Jan 1999

A Study Of The Effectiveness Of The Iowa Communications Network As A Distance Learning System By Comparing Student Achievement At The Originating Site And At Remote Sites , Patrick Howard Payton

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study compares student achievement between studio students and remote students in a course taught over the Iowa Communications Network. The Iowa Communications Network is a two-way full motion fiber optics telecommunications system capable of linking students and instructors anywhere in Iowa;The students in a graduate school law course being taught over the Iowa Communications Network were selected to be the subjects of this study. The instructor was a lawyer who had previously taught the course, but had not taught a course over the Iowa Communications Network. The instructor had no special training and received no special training before ...


Exploring Male Batterer's Experiences In A Batterer Education Program: Implications To Educational Practice , Jill Schafer Godbersen Jan 1999

Exploring Male Batterer's Experiences In A Batterer Education Program: Implications To Educational Practice , Jill Schafer Godbersen

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Startling statistics indicate that one in three women will experience at least one physical assault by a partner during adulthood. Violence and abuse between partners have real and significant effects on individuals, families, communities, and society. Despite research on domestic abuse intervention programs, inconclusive results exist regarding how male batterers stop their abuse against their partners;The general purpose of this study was to explore Mezirow's transformative learning theory as a possible explanation for the learning and change batterers experience in stopping their abuse. Secondary purposes were to utilize victim input regarding the batterer's educational experience, and to ...


Developing, Implementing, And Testing A Parent Feedback Instrument For Public School Boards And Employees , Doyle Francis Scott Jan 1999

Developing, Implementing, And Testing A Parent Feedback Instrument For Public School Boards And Employees , Doyle Francis Scott

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The primary purpose of this study was to identify, implement, and test a parent feedback questionnaire to be used to gain information from parents about the operation of the board of education, the district administration, the programs, policies, and procedures of individual school buildings, the school administration of individual school buildings, the teachers and professional staff of individual school buildings, and the support staffs of individual school buildings. The questionnaire was developed with assistance from a judgment panel;The opportunity sample consisted of two school systems located in the northeastern United States. Custom tailored scanforms were prepared for each district ...


The Gender Dimension In Industrial Technology Faculty , Balasubramanian Kasi Jan 1999

The Gender Dimension In Industrial Technology Faculty , Balasubramanian Kasi

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between sex-role generalizations and characteristics perceived as necessary for faculty success in Industrial Technology tenure-track faculty. This study investigated relationships among the following three profiles generated from responses by male Industrial Technology faculty in the U.S.A.: (1) a successful Industrial Technology (ITECH) faculty who has or will advance through the ranks, (2) men in general, and (3) women in general;To accomplish the purpose, 600 Industrial Technology faculty members were selected and sent the 92-Item Schein Descriptive Index. Mail and electronic data collection methods were used. This study ...


Educational And Occupational Aspirations Of Rural High School Seniors In The Private And Public Schools In Northwest Iowa , Duane Harold Bajema Jan 1999

Educational And Occupational Aspirations Of Rural High School Seniors In The Private And Public Schools In Northwest Iowa , Duane Harold Bajema

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Research has suggested that rural youth have lower educational and occupational aspirations than their nonrural counterparts, and they may experience barriers to educational and occupational attainment. Discrepancies and barriers that may exist have implications for educational policy and educational planning;Seventeen rural high schools in northwest Iowa were examined; thirteen public and four private schools. Rural high school students were studied to examine their perceptions concerning potential educational and occupational barriers. Student characteristics and qualities were examined based on where the student lived and the type of school they attended. Students who had been involved in the agricultural curricula in ...


A Comparison Of The Effects Of Using Interactive Www Simulations Versus Hands-On Activities On The Conceptual Understanding And Attitudes Of Introductory Statistics Students , Barbara Dombroski Barnet Jan 1999

A Comparison Of The Effects Of Using Interactive Www Simulations Versus Hands-On Activities On The Conceptual Understanding And Attitudes Of Introductory Statistics Students , Barbara Dombroski Barnet

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

Researchers have found that students learn better and retain more if the students are engaged in activities that require thinking and processing information, rather than passive learning. With increasingly easy access to computers and with several notable statisticians calling for greater computer use in statistics courses, it makes sense for some of these activities to be computer based. Currently, several World Wide Web (WWW) sites provide Java simulations covering statistical topics, which may be used in statistics courses. The present study investigates whether WWW simulations lead to improved understanding of statistical concepts in comparison to hands-on activities and also what ...


The Development Of A Computerized Version Of Vandenberg's Mental Rotation Test And The Effect Of Visuo-Spatial Working Memory Loading , Shawn Driftmier Strong Jan 1999

The Development Of A Computerized Version Of Vandenberg's Mental Rotation Test And The Effect Of Visuo-Spatial Working Memory Loading , Shawn Driftmier Strong

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This dissertation focused on the generation and evaluation of web-based versions of Vandenberg's Mental Rotation Test. Memory and spatial visualization theory were explored in relation to the addition of a visuo-spatial working memory component;Analysis of the data determined that there was a significant difference between scores on the MRT Computer and MRT Memory test. The addition of a visuo-spatial working memory component did significantly affect results at the .05 alpha level. Reliability and discrimination estimates were higher on the MRT Memory version. The computerization of the paper and pencil version on the MRT did not significantly effect scores ...


Social Information Processing In Children: Sequential Relations And Syndrome Specificity , Timi Dee Friederichs Jordison Jan 1999

Social Information Processing In Children: Sequential Relations And Syndrome Specificity , Timi Dee Friederichs Jordison

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examined social information processing as a function of level of depression, anxiety, aggression and Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in children. Multiple informants were used to identify symptoms of depression, anxiety, aggression and ADHD in 141 fifth grade children in an Iowa middle school. 91 of these students were randomly selected to be interviewed with an instrument consisting of six vignettes depicting social situations relevant to this age group. Four stages of social information processing were studied: (a) interpretation of cues, (b) goal clarification (i.e., goal generation and evaluation), (c) response generation and (d) response evaluation. The ...


Perceptions Of The Feasibility Of Total Quality Management Theories And Methodologies In The Vocational Training System Of Taiwan, Republic Of China , Hsi-Kong Chin Wang Jan 1999

Perceptions Of The Feasibility Of Total Quality Management Theories And Methodologies In The Vocational Training System Of Taiwan, Republic Of China , Hsi-Kong Chin Wang

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

The major purpose of this study was to design an instrument to measure the feasibility of implementing TQM (Total Quality Management) theories and methodologies in the vocational training system in Taiwan, R.O.C. as perceived by the instructors at the vocational training centers (VTCs) and the leaders of companies which have sent their employees to VTCs. Specifically, the goals of this study were to identify the degree of importance of teaching an established core body of knowledge in TQM concepts and skills to trainees, to find the level of preference for potential learning opportunities to improve instructors' knowledge of ...


Vocabulary Size And Gpa For Non-Native Speakers Of English, Dann Eric Nebbe Jan 1999

Vocabulary Size And Gpa For Non-Native Speakers Of English, Dann Eric Nebbe

Retrospective Theses and Dissertations

This study examines the relationship between knowledge of academic vocabulary relevant to an American university setting and academic success as measured by grade point average (GPA) of undergraduates who were non-native speakers of English at an university in the United States. To study this relationship, this study addresses issues in developing a list of vocabulary items relevant to undergraduate study in the United States; developing, administering and scoring an appropriate test of vocabulary size; and interpreting the results of the test. The study also addresses the reliability of a checkbox test, the usefulness of common word families is estimating vocabulary ...