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George Fox University

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Examining The Help Seeking Experiences Of Youth In Extended Care: A Narrative Ethnography Study, Sarah M. Pennington Jul 2019

Examining The Help Seeking Experiences Of Youth In Extended Care: A Narrative Ethnography Study, Sarah M. Pennington

Doctor of Education (EdD)

This narrative ethnographic study examined the help-seeking experiences of foster youth as they transitioned into adulthood in extended care. The purpose of the study was to understand whether foster youth in extended care report a period of continued support which assisted in the development of their adult roles, relationships, and the knowledge and skills to become productive and satisfied adults. Survivalist Self-Reliance (Samuels & Pryce, 2008) asserts foster youth viewed their adult identities as grounded in independence and standing on their own, or are foster youth influenced by the relationships and the network of support embedded in the extended-care network which aligns to the assumptions of Relational Cultural Theory (Jordan, 2017). Themes identified during the analysis process included: (a) Youth felt responsible for their own development and safety while also disconnecting from the people in their lives; (b) Participant’s lack of trust in others led to difficulty asking for help and balancing life’s challenges; and (c) A lack of growth-fostering relationships. Implications from this study suggested opting into extended care provided the ...


Student Perceptions On A Virtual Credit Recovery Program, Max O. Sigander May 2019

Student Perceptions On A Virtual Credit Recovery Program, Max O. Sigander

Doctor of Education (EdD)

This qualitative study examined the perceptions and lived experiences of four successful online credit recovery students in a rural high school in northwestern Oregon. Each of the students had failed at least one high school course in a traditional face-to-face setting and subsequently enrolled in and passed at least one equivalent course in an online credit recovery environment. Personal interviews were utilized to document the students’ perspectives concerning their sense of community belongingness, motivation, and the effectiveness of their online credit recovery course design and delivery.

The analysis of the data identified five main themes: (a) an in-person teacher/facilitator ...


Exploring High School Seniors' Lived Experience Of Teacher Empathy: A Phenomenological Study, Danielle Bryant May 2019

Exploring High School Seniors' Lived Experience Of Teacher Empathy: A Phenomenological Study, Danielle Bryant

Doctor of Education (EdD)

This qualitative phenomenological study sought to explore the lived experiences of four high school seniors. Through the utilization of personal interviews, students offered their unique perspectives on the phenomenon of empathy and specifically empathy from a teacher. The study used questions inviting a retrospective analysis of students’ K-12 experience, and students’ stories provided rich details on the times they felt empathy from teachers. Three significant themes were identified through content analysis in this study and are known as The Trajectory of Empathy. These three themes were : (a) Creation of Personal Connection: teachers used a combination of humor, initiating conversations, personal ...


Homeless Students In Rural Oregon: A Narrative Ethnographic Study, Sherri Sinicki Apr 2019

Homeless Students In Rural Oregon: A Narrative Ethnographic Study, Sherri Sinicki

Doctor of Education (EdD)

This qualitative study explores the experiences of a little understood marginalized segment of the American population. Using a narrative ethnographic approach, I examined the perceptions and experiences of a small sample of youth ages 18-24 in rural Oregon who experienced high school while homeless. I conducted personal interviews to explore the perceived needs of homeless youth as identified by the participants and document what they consider as the predominant misconceptions surrounding their circumstances. The data analysis documented four prevailing themes common to the participants’ experience with homelessness while high school students: 1) the challenge presented by being a homeless high ...


Art Student Perspectives Of Activist Art: A Phenomenological Study, Charity-Mika Woodard Apr 2019

Art Student Perspectives Of Activist Art: A Phenomenological Study, Charity-Mika Woodard

Doctor of Education (EdD)

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to examine the lived experience of seven undergraduate art students who created an original piece of Activist Art through a class assignment.

The researcher sought to hear participants’ stories and examine the artwork created to give meaning to their experience. The overwhelming response showed that undergraduate students wanted to tell their stories and looked inward to find personally powerful and relevant causes that they wanted to share with their classmates, and, in creating a lasting piece of artwork, with the world. The implications of this work suggest that art programs set up in ...


The Influence Of A School-Based Health Center On Students And Teachers' Classroom Experiences: Stories Teachers Tell, Joseph D. Bridgeman Apr 2019

The Influence Of A School-Based Health Center On Students And Teachers' Classroom Experiences: Stories Teachers Tell, Joseph D. Bridgeman

Doctor of Education (EdD)

This narrative qualitative study endeavored to learn from teachers’ stories regarding the significance of a school-based health center. This study took place at North High School (pseudonym), an urban high school within a large metropolitan school district in the Pacific Northwest. The study used a three-interview series to elicit stories about the school-based health center and students’ experiences with it. Several themes were evident across teachers’ stories: 1) the school-based health center made a notable difference in the typical markers of academic success, 2) students who previously did not have an adult they trusted changed significantly when they got established ...


An Exploration Of Schooling Perceptions Of Dual-Enrollment Students: A Qualitative Research Study, Helen Louise Milliorn-Feller Apr 2019

An Exploration Of Schooling Perceptions Of Dual-Enrollment Students: A Qualitative Research Study, Helen Louise Milliorn-Feller

Doctor of Education (EdD)

This qualitative study sought to discover two Mexican-American students’ perceptions of their experiences as dually-enrolled charter high school students. The study took place in the Central Valley of California at a dual-enrollment high school located on a community college campus. The participants in this study were in the tenth or eleventh grades at the time of the study, and each participant had experienced education in an outlying school district prior to attending the dual-enrollment high school. Additionally, at the time of the study, each of the participants had completed two or three college classes. For this study, the information gathered ...


An Examination Of The Psychometric Properties Of The Mental Health Literacy Scale With K-12 Educators, Cassandra A. Kenney Mar 2019

An Examination Of The Psychometric Properties Of The Mental Health Literacy Scale With K-12 Educators, Cassandra A. Kenney

Doctor of Education (EdD)

The aim of this study was to explore the psychometric properties of the Mental Health Literacy Scale (MHLS) with K-12 educators, including the exploration of an education-modified version of the MHLS, and a between groups comparison of practicing educators. A tool that is reliable and easy to administer could help assess staff mental health literacy needs and guide district professional development. In this study, the MHLS was found to have several strong scales. The disorder recognition scale, information seeking knowledge scale, and the attitudes scale, which demonstrated better reliability and factorability when divided into two sub-scales, all demonstrated good to ...


The Predictive Validity Of Mathematics Curriculum-Based Measurement On Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium Mathematics Scores, Lauren J. Merkel Mar 2019

The Predictive Validity Of Mathematics Curriculum-Based Measurement On Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium Mathematics Scores, Lauren J. Merkel

Doctor of Education (EdD)

The purpose of this study was to examine the predicative validity of computation curriculumbased measurement (CBM) on mathematics Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium scores (SBAC). This study looked at one cohort consisting of 2,741 participants in third, fourth, and fifth grade during the 2017-2018 school year in one school district in Oregon. This study used a hierarchical multiple regression to examine the relationship between CBM and mathematics SBAC. Additionally, this study looked at the extent to which gender, ethnicity, special education status (SPED) and English language learner (ELL) status interacted with CBM scores to predict end-of-year mathematics SBAC scores. The ...


A Microethnographic Study Of Bilingual Teacher Candidates' Appropriation Of Translanguaging, Jessica Dougherty Feb 2019

A Microethnographic Study Of Bilingual Teacher Candidates' Appropriation Of Translanguaging, Jessica Dougherty

Doctor of Education (EdD)

Preparing bilingual teacher candidates is an important task for teacher preparation programs as bilingual education is a growing field. In order to become culturally and linguistically responsive teachers, bilingual teacher candidates need to acquire knowledge and skills of various bilingual approaches. Translanguaging is one approach that equips teacher candidates with a philosophical base and strategy set to meet the needs of bi/multilingual students. Translanguaging is a flexible approach that teacher candidates can incorporate into many ESOL and bilingual program models. This microethnographic study explored how bilingual teacher candidates’ appropriated translanguaging.

This research explored several issues: how bilingual teacher candidates ...


The Impact Of Freshmen On-Track Status, Absenteeism, And Associated Demographic Variables On Four-Year Graduation Attainment Within A Rural Community: A Predictive Validity Study, Joel Hoff Jan 2019

The Impact Of Freshmen On-Track Status, Absenteeism, And Associated Demographic Variables On Four-Year Graduation Attainment Within A Rural Community: A Predictive Validity Study, Joel Hoff

Doctor of Education (EdD)

This study analyzed the predictive validity of key dropout indicators at the freshmen year within a rural school district. Specifically, the study examined the predictive validity of the freshmen on-track indicator and freshmen absenteeism as predictors of four year, on-time graduation attainment. While most of the Early Warning System (EWS) research has taken place in large urban and suburban schools districts, this study used secondary data spanning four years from a small, rural school district. Additionally, the study sought to explore which student academic and behavior metrics had the greatest predictive validity for the rural student sample. Binomial logistic regression ...


Exploring The Associations Among Self-Harm, Anxiety, And Suicidal Ideation, In The American College Health Association National College Health Assessment Ii, Meagan Clark Jan 2019

Exploring The Associations Among Self-Harm, Anxiety, And Suicidal Ideation, In The American College Health Association National College Health Assessment Ii, Meagan Clark

Doctor of Education (EdD)

The focus of this research was to explore self-harm, anxiety, anxiety’s impact on academic performance, and suicidal ideation in university student populations using secondary data from the American College Health Association’s National College Health Assessment II (ACHA NCHA II) survey. This research also explored these variables with the covariates graduate status, gender, sexual orientation, and race/ethnicity. This secondary research included undergraduate and graduate students from 140 universities across the United States with 88,178 total responses. The universities self-selected to administer the ACHA NCHA II and the students in each university were randomly sampled. This study used ...


Planning For Enrichment And Equity In Dual Language Education: A Study Of Eight Program Master Plans, Charles Merritt Nov 2018

Planning For Enrichment And Equity In Dual Language Education: A Study Of Eight Program Master Plans, Charles Merritt

Doctor of Education (EdD)

This qualitative study analyzed eight dual language master plans developed by school districts on the West Coast of the United States. Each of the plans represented one or more dual language programs within each school district. The purpose of the study was to determine how school districts express their priorities for dual language programming. Master plans were analyzed for their structure, rationales, and their intended impact on students and families. Through numerous coding passes, several themes revealed themselves related to proposed benefits to students in language, academics, and social-emotional growth. The findings of this study indicated an informal community of ...


Student Perceptions On The Community Of Spiritual Formation At A Faith-Based University, Jonathan R. Colburn Nov 2018

Student Perceptions On The Community Of Spiritual Formation At A Faith-Based University, Jonathan R. Colburn

Doctor of Education (EdD)

Spiritual formation has always been of utmost importance in Christian education as faithbased institutions strive to educate the whole person; body, mind, and spirit. Because of this, Christian universities work to create programs and provide activities that challenge the minds and hearts of the students in order to promote spiritual growth. This study seeks to answer the following question: What does a phenomenological analysis of the lived experiences of students at a Council for Christian Colleges & Universities (CCCU) institution reveal about their perceptions of the spiritual formation priorities of the institution? Stated another way, what do students report about their ...


The Future Of Undergraduate Biblical Higher Education: Abhe And The Bible College Movement, T. Scott Womble Oct 2018

The Future Of Undergraduate Biblical Higher Education: Abhe And The Bible College Movement, T. Scott Womble

Doctor of Ministry

The Bible college movement can trace its roots to the late nineteenth century and was given greater credibility when the accreditation era began in 1947. Today, the Association for Biblical Higher Education (ABHE) is still the leader of the Bible college movement. But a quick glance at the sixty-three ABHE institutions (64%) with undergraduate enrollment under 250 raises concern. Furthermore, 31 percent have enrollment under 100.

Rising costs and escalating student debt are creating enrollment challenges. The smallness of most Bible colleges makes them particularly vulnerable, especially since many lack endowments. Adding to the problem is the changing landscape of ...


Mathematics Self-Efficacy And The Smarter Balanced Assessment: An Intersection Of Race, Socioeconomic Status And Gender, Angela Freeman Sep 2018

Mathematics Self-Efficacy And The Smarter Balanced Assessment: An Intersection Of Race, Socioeconomic Status And Gender, Angela Freeman

Doctor of Education (EdD)

This quantitative study investigated the relationship between the mathematics self-efficacy of high school seniors and their 11th grade mathematics scores on the Smarter Balanced Assessment (SBAC). This study also examined the interactions of race, gender, and socioeconomic status with mathematics self-efficacy. This study employed survey research using the 8-item, self-efficacy subscale of the Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) created by Pintrich and McKeachie (1993), which was modified to measure mathematics self-efficacy. Seven hundred and fifteen high school seniors were invited to participate in the study and 233 responded, which constituted a response rate of 33 percent. A multiple regression ...


The Relationship Between Core Knowledge Sequence Curriculum And Smarter Balance Assessment English Language Arts Scores, Melissa Meyer Aug 2018

The Relationship Between Core Knowledge Sequence Curriculum And Smarter Balance Assessment English Language Arts Scores, Melissa Meyer

Doctor of Education (EdD)

The purpose of this study was to examine student achievement as measured by the English language arts (ELA) Smarter Balance Assessment (SBAC) between students who were taught the Core Knowledge Sequence curriculum and students taught the Houghton Mifflin Harcourt’s Journeys curriculum. The 11,493 participants were third through sixth grade students in the 2014-2015, 2015-2016, and 2016-2017 school years. The study used a multiple regression model to examine the extent to which the students’ gender, ethnicity, socioeconomic status (SES), disability status, English language learner (ELL) status, and curriculum predicted SBAC ELA scores. The findings of this study suggest that ...


A Phenomenological Study Of The Professional Learning Experiences Of Music Educators, Allison Bonn-Savage Aug 2018

A Phenomenological Study Of The Professional Learning Experiences Of Music Educators, Allison Bonn-Savage

Doctor of Education (EdD)

This qualitative phenomenological study sought to discover the lived experiences of six music educators in their professional learning. Each of the music educators in this study taught in an Oregon public school and had taken on a leadership role in the 2018 Oregon Music Educators Association (OMEA) conference. This study utilized personal interviews to gather rich descriptions of the unique stories and journeys through professional learning these music educators had experienced. Three significant themes were identified in the analysis process in this study: (a) Participants felt confident in knowing their learning needs for professional growth and were apathetic or resistant ...


An Examination Of Special Education Teachers' Self-Efficacy By Certification Status, Credential Type, Age, Gender, Previous Experience In Special Education, And Years Taught, Sarah R. Johnson Apr 2018

An Examination Of Special Education Teachers' Self-Efficacy By Certification Status, Credential Type, Age, Gender, Previous Experience In Special Education, And Years Taught, Sarah R. Johnson

Doctor of Education (EdD)

This study explored differences and relationships between pre-service and in-service special education teachers’ self-efficacy ratings. These educators taught in California on alternate permits, Provisional Intern Permit (PIP), Short-Term Staff Permit (STSP), Intern Credential, valid Preliminary, and Clear credentials along with type of certification (Mild/Moderate, Moderate/Severe, and Early Childhood Special Education). The differences and relationships were examined across several demographic variables (gender, age, previous experience in special education, and number of years teaching special education). The study participants were employed in one of two large school districts as special education teachers on a PIP/STSP, Intern, Preliminary, or Clear ...


An Exploration Of The Impact Of Mentoring Upon Job Satisfaction For New Elementary Principals In Washington State, Sean D. Mcgeeney Apr 2018

An Exploration Of The Impact Of Mentoring Upon Job Satisfaction For New Elementary Principals In Washington State, Sean D. Mcgeeney

Doctor of Education (EdD)

This study sought to examine the mentoring experiences of new principals in Washington State and its impact on their job satisfaction. This quantitative study employed the Principal Induction and Mentoring Survey (PIMS) to 496 Washington State public elementary school principals who were serving in their first five years of their principalship. Using a correlational design, this study explored (1) the impact mentoring had on job satisfaction for elementary school principals, (2) the relationship between job satisfaction and gender, (3) the relationship between job satisfaction and teaching experience, and (4) the underlying structure of the PIMS. Results from this study suggest ...


The Experience Of Middle-School Males In The Ambassadors Of Compassion Mentoring Program: A Phenomenological Study, Ryan Phelan Mar 2018

The Experience Of Middle-School Males In The Ambassadors Of Compassion Mentoring Program: A Phenomenological Study, Ryan Phelan

Doctor of Education (EdD)

More than ever before, students are being raised in families without both sets of parents and are coming to school without the skills needed to be successful. This has led to a high failure rate, and missing a number of school days is causing other students to enter high school underprepared. This phenomenological study will focus on answering the question: “After completing the Ambassadors of Compassion mentoring program, how did mentees describe their experiences?” This phenomenological study looked closely at 5 eighth-grade boys who were involved in a mentoring program. The mentor program, Ambassadors of Compassion, was led by a ...


Cognitive And Academic Effects Of Aversive Stress On Latinx And European American Elementary Students, Annalise M. Manns Mar 2018

Cognitive And Academic Effects Of Aversive Stress On Latinx And European American Elementary Students, Annalise M. Manns

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

This study sought to examine the relationship between perceived stress, social-emotional functioning, cognitive functioning, and statewide academic testing in both European American and Latinx students in third grade classes in two schools in rural Oregon. A total of 47 third grade students participated in the study, including 31 European American students and 13 Latinx students. A non-verbal measure of cognitive ability (The Wechsler Nonverbal Scale of intelligence) was administered individually to each of the 47 students. Additionally, a rating scale of social emotional intelligence (Social Emotional Assets and Resilience Scales Short Form for child and Teacher) was self-reported (SEARS-C) and ...


The Influence Of Age, Employment, And Ethnicity On Associate Degree Nursing Students' Perception Of Instructor Caring, Pamela Fifer Feb 2018

The Influence Of Age, Employment, And Ethnicity On Associate Degree Nursing Students' Perception Of Instructor Caring, Pamela Fifer

Doctor of Education (EdD)

The aim of this study was to explore ADN students’ perceptions of instructor caring, including the relationships between age, employment, and race/ethnicity, utilizing the Nursing Students’ Perception of Instructor Caring (NSPIC) instrument. Understanding some of the unique needs and what behaviors demonstrate caring to students can help nurse educators develop and utilize more of these caring behaviors in various interactions with students. Standard multiple regression, multiple correlations, and one open-ended question were used to analyze the data. Age, employment status, and race were not statistically significant predictors of students’ perceptions of instructor caring for any of the scales. Each ...


The Effect Of Expressive Writing On Second-Grade Math Achievement And Math Anxiety, Hope Walter Feb 2018

The Effect Of Expressive Writing On Second-Grade Math Achievement And Math Anxiety, Hope Walter

Doctor of Education (EdD)

Eighty second-grade students participated in a five day study to assess the potential benefits of utilizing expressive writing as a tool to reduce math anxiety and increase math achievement in highly math-anxious (HMA), primary-age children. This quasi-experimental design used a three-way mixed ANOVA to assess if students with high math anxiety, as measured on the MASYC-R survey, would show decreased levels of math anxiety after expressively writing about mathematical concerns for one week, compared to their peers who wrote expressively about a topic of choice.

At posttest, many students did show an increase in math achievement and a decrease in ...


Leading For Innovation: A Visual Ethnography Of Three Principals That Have Moved Their Schools From Low To High Achievement As Viewed Through Transformational Leadership Theory, Charan Cline Feb 2018

Leading For Innovation: A Visual Ethnography Of Three Principals That Have Moved Their Schools From Low To High Achievement As Viewed Through Transformational Leadership Theory, Charan Cline

Doctor of Education (EdD)

This dissertation describes research where multiple case studies of principals that have successfully implemented innovative practices were conducted and analyzed. The researcher used visual ethnographic techniques to conduct interviews with three principals who have led their schools from Priority or Focus status to a high level of performance. In addition, school improvement coaches were interviewed and school improvement documents were reviewed. The journey of each school is described, and the actions of each principal are analyzed using transformational leadership theory as a framework to establish successful patterns of leadership for implementing innovations. The researcher recommends 18 questions derived from the ...


Long-Term Impact Of Lifelong Fitness: Examining Longitudinal Exercise Behavior In College Students, Garrett Drake Feb 2018

Long-Term Impact Of Lifelong Fitness: Examining Longitudinal Exercise Behavior In College Students, Garrett Drake

Doctor of Psychology (PsyD)

Over time, the United States population has gradually shifted to an increasingly inactive lifestyle, and there has been a decline in health behavior. Only 50% of the population meet the recommended guidelines for weekly physical activity. With this glaring increase of inactive lifestyles, programs designed to increase health behavior change have become crucial. One solution to this problem has been a required Lifelong Fitness class at George Fox University where new college students learn knowledge and skills to implement for healthier lifestyles during this transformative time. A multiple regression model predicting long-term exercise by pre-minutes of exercise, post-minutes of exercise ...


Creating An International Learning Community, Marc D. Andresen Jan 2018

Creating An International Learning Community, Marc D. Andresen

Doctor of Ministry

Thousands of university students travel to the United States every year to engage in higher education, both as undergraduates and as graduate students. This provides a strategically rich opportunity for Christian ministry that has potential for global impact. Part of this potential is to provide ministry leadership training, particularly if students are from countries that allow little freedom for such education. The challenge is to offer culturally appropriate leadership training that is applicable in various cultural contexts and that does not inadvertently cause offense by violating cultural norms of the various students. The desire is to create an educational environment ...


Community College Faculty: Exploring The Process By Which They Determine And Manage Interpersonal Boundaries With Students, Suzanne M. Schmidt Jan 2018

Community College Faculty: Exploring The Process By Which They Determine And Manage Interpersonal Boundaries With Students, Suzanne M. Schmidt

Doctor of Education (EdD)

Higher education instruction is a relational practice that requires skill, reflection, and intentional effort. Faculty-student relationships are critical to learning. Interpersonal boundaries between community college faculty and students are a dimension of the faculty-student relationship that is under-researched and minimally understood.

The purpose of this research was to qualitatively and phenomenologically explore faculty perceptions of their awareness of boundaries between themselves and community college students. Data were collected from seven faculty who work at a large Northwestern community college. Interviews were conducted to explore faculty perceptions of how they become aware of, arrive at, and negotiate change of their interpersonal ...


Examining The Lived Experiences Of Nontraditional Students In A Teacher Education Program, Katy Ann Turpen Jan 2018

Examining The Lived Experiences Of Nontraditional Students In A Teacher Education Program, Katy Ann Turpen

Doctor of Education (EdD)

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to examine the lived experiences of five nontraditional students who graduated from the Elementary Education Program at George Fox University (a degree-completion program targeting adult learners). Each of the participants simultaneously completed a Bachelor of Science Degree and obtained a teaching license during their program. The researcher sought to hear participants’ stories and how they gave meaning to experiences while completing the alternative teaching licensing program. Participants’ status as nontraditional included their age of 23 and older, working part-time, and attending classes in a hybrid part-time format. Participants shared unique stories fraught with ...


Culture And Critical Thinking: Exploring Culturally Informed Reasoning Processes In A Lebanese University Using Think-Aloud Protocols, William Merrifield Jan 2018

Culture And Critical Thinking: Exploring Culturally Informed Reasoning Processes In A Lebanese University Using Think-Aloud Protocols, William Merrifield

Doctor of Education (EdD)

This study examined the role of cultural and contextual factors in the critical thinking processes of bilingual Lebanese undergraduate students. In addition, it investigated whether bilingual students used comparable processes to answer equivalent critical thinking questions in Arabic and English. A purposive sample of 24 upper division undergraduate students enrolled in a Lebanese university completed the Cornell Critical Thinking Test Level Z (CCTT) as well as 10 questions from the Sample Reasoning Mindset Test (SRMT). Participants were divided into two similar procedural groups. Group A completed the CCTT and SRMT in Arabic. Group B completed the assessments in English. A ...