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The Effects Of Music Therapy On Social Behaviors Of African American Males With Emotional Behavior Disability In Elementary School, Rebecca Armijo Aug 2016

The Effects Of Music Therapy On Social Behaviors Of African American Males With Emotional Behavior Disability In Elementary School, Rebecca Armijo

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine if music therapy had an effect on behavior of students with emotional behavior disorder during independent work time. In order to prove this hypothesis, suspension/incident referral data, pre and post-surveys, as well as tally and anecdotal behavior collection were discussed and analyzed. Prior to the intervention, the students were regularly showing negative behaviors as supported by the suspension and incident referral data and behavioral data from week one in the intervention. In the suspension and incident referral data, all students decreased their referrals/suspensions post-intervention. Students self-identified their progress with the ...


The Effects Of Phonological Awareness Based Centers To Enhance Literacy Skills In Kindergarten, Nancy P. Burns Jul 2016

The Effects Of Phonological Awareness Based Centers To Enhance Literacy Skills In Kindergarten, Nancy P. Burns

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of using phonological awareness centers to facilitate development of kindergarten students’ phonological awareness skills. The research question asked: How will facilitating phonological awareness centers make kindergarten students better readers? The research design consisted of quantitative pre/post assessments, small group study research design. The findings/results of the action research confirmed my hypothesis which was that the kindergarten students would significantly show growth in reading skills after 7 weeks of using phonological awareness centers. The fact that the students were able to show significant improvements in seven of the eight ...


The Effects Of A Reading Intervention With The Spot-And-Dot Syllabication Strategy In Conjunction With The Vowel Pattern Chart, Peggy C. Block Jul 2016

The Effects Of A Reading Intervention With The Spot-And-Dot Syllabication Strategy In Conjunction With The Vowel Pattern Chart, Peggy C. Block

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

This study investigated the effects of a 14-week reading intervention, which included using the Spot-and-Dot Syllabication Strategy (Cheyney and Cohen, 1999) in conjunction with an adjusted Vowel Pattern Chart (Cheyney and Cohen, 1999) with one student who attended a mid-western metropolitan literacy center. The student received instruction that allowed him to segment multisyllabic words through awareness of the vowel/syllable patterns. Pre- and posttest assessments were administered with the Reading Dr. Seuss Words!!! (Santa & Hoien, 1999) and the Power Pattern Placement Survey (Cheyney and Cohen, 1999). Posttest results showed he had significant improvement of p = 03 on Reading Dr. Seuss ...


The Effects Of Systematic And Explicit Morphologic Instruction Of Prefixes On Vocabulary Acquisition And Comprehension, Cori L. Christian Jun 2016

The Effects Of Systematic And Explicit Morphologic Instruction Of Prefixes On Vocabulary Acquisition And Comprehension, Cori L. Christian

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

This study investigated the effects of a systematic and explicit morphological intervention of prefixes on the vocabulary and comprehension performance of fifteen fourth grade students in an urban primary school in the Midwestern United States. The intervention focused on systematic and explicit instruction, practice, and review of the 20 most commonly used prefixes in the English language (Stahl, 1999). A variety informal vocabulary and comprehension assessments were administered and used to analyze the effects of the intervention. Although the data demonstrated mixed results, the morphologic intervention greatly improved students understanding of the 20 most common prefixes and showed promising students ...


The Effects Of A Taped-Problems Intervention On Multiplication Fact Fluency Of Fourth Grade Title I Math Students, Matthew Stadler Jun 2016

The Effects Of A Taped-Problems Intervention On Multiplication Fact Fluency Of Fourth Grade Title I Math Students, Matthew Stadler

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The purpose of this action research study was to increase multiplication fact fluency for a small class of fourth grade students by implementing an efficient intervention model. The research question was: What are the effects of a Taped-Problems (TP) intervention on multiplication fact fluency of fourth grade Title I math students? This study applied a quantitative, quasiexperimental, one-group pretest-posttest design. To test the effect TP intervention had on student multiplication fact fluency, mean DCM scores on baseline assessment probes were compared to mean DCM scores on maintenance assessment probes with a two-tailed dependent t-test. For two of the three problem ...


The Effects Of Ipad Applications As An Instructional Tool For Mathematical Achievement And Motivation, Anne E. Zabel Jun 2016

The Effects Of Ipad Applications As An Instructional Tool For Mathematical Achievement And Motivation, Anne E. Zabel

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The purpose of this research and intervention was to determine if the use of iPad technology during mathematical instruction would increase student achievement and motivation. During the five-week intervention, the participant was taught strategies for solving double and triple digit addition and subtraction equations. Those strategies were paired with the use of iPad technology. By the end of the five-week intensive intervention, the participant made large gains on the post-test as well as maintaining more consistent scores on the progress monitoring probes throughout the length of the study. Furthermore, the participant’s motivation and excitement of learning mathematics also increased ...


Effects On Reading Comprehension Using A Four Square Vocabulary Design, Renee S. Moldenhauer May 2016

Effects On Reading Comprehension Using A Four Square Vocabulary Design, Renee S. Moldenhauer

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine if utilizing a four square vocabulary box when presented with difficult science text would improve student reading comprehension. Three high school students who receive special education services participated in the eight week study. Participants received explicit instruction from the author on how to use a four square vocabulary box when reading expository text. In addition, participants were presented with an overview of lesson objectives, background knowledge was introduced, comprehension of text was assessed, and vocabulary was reviewed. Pretest and posttests were given to indicate if the use of a four square vocabulary ...


The Effectiveness Of A Structured Note Taking And Written Retell Intervention On Increasing Overall Reading Comprehension, Chase Prochnow May 2016

The Effectiveness Of A Structured Note Taking And Written Retell Intervention On Increasing Overall Reading Comprehension, Chase Prochnow

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

This study was designed to determine the effectiveness of a structured note-taking and written retell intervention on improving reading comprehension in high school age students. The participants for this study were two freshmen, one male and one female, at a high school in a large urban Midwestern city. In order to qualify for the study, participants needed to score at least two levels below their current grade level on the Qualitative Reading Inventory (QRI-5: Caldwell & Leslie, 2011). Reading comprehension growth was measured using the QRI-5 as the pretest and the posttest. One student was chosen at random to participate in ...


The Effectiveness Of Creative Writing On Lowering Mathematics Anxiety And Increasing Standardized Test Scores In Middle School, Brenna Prochnow May 2016

The Effectiveness Of Creative Writing On Lowering Mathematics Anxiety And Increasing Standardized Test Scores In Middle School, Brenna Prochnow

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

This study was designed to determine whether or not creative writing prior to “high-stakes” mathematics examinations was affective in reducing mathematics stress, anxiety, and/or worry. The participants chosen for the study were 26 sixth grade students in a middle school mathematics class. All participants were assigned to either a High Anxiety or Low Anxiety distinction based on an anxiety survey requiring students to rank the level of math anxiety they felt in various mathematics scenarios. Participants were then screened for mathematics ability by scores on standardized and district mathematics exams, and assigned to experimental and control conditions. Results were ...


Hmong American Home Literacy Environments And Parent Participation In A First Grade Classroom, Abigail Jane Beneke Apr 2016

Hmong American Home Literacy Environments And Parent Participation In A First Grade Classroom, Abigail Jane Beneke

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

Research on Hmong American childrens’ Home Literacy Environments (HLEs) is limited. Further, although parent participation is increasingly encouraged in the American school system, Hmong American families may face significant barriers to school participation. This study investigated the Home Literacy Environments (HLEs) of 18 Hmong American first graders in an urban Midwestern city through parent interviews. The relationship between home literacy practices and reading achievement data was analyzed using codes from parent interviews and archival reading achievement data to identify emerging patterns and potential relationships. Further, barriers and supports to parent participation in the classroom were explored using parent responses and ...


The Effects Of Explicit Morphology Instruction On Vocabulary Skills In Four Struggling Middle School Readers, Lauren S. Wiley Dec 2015

The Effects Of Explicit Morphology Instruction On Vocabulary Skills In Four Struggling Middle School Readers, Lauren S. Wiley

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The intervention program created for this case study was centered on teaching four middle school students, from an urban, public school in the Midwest. Three of the participating students were identified as students with specific learning disabilities. One student was identified as having a health impairment. The Upper Level Spelling Inventory assessment from the Words Their Way program (Flanigan, Hayes, Templeton, Bear, Invernizzi & Johnston, 2011) and a teacher created spelling test was used as a pretest and posttest. The intervention group met over the course of six weeks, for thirty minutes, twice a week. The students who participated in this ...


How Expository Text Structure Instruction Effects Reading Comprehension, Jamie Utecht Dec 2015

How Expository Text Structure Instruction Effects Reading Comprehension, Jamie Utecht

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of compare/contrast and cause/effect text structure instruction on fifth grade readers’ comprehension of expository text. Three fifth grade students participated in this eight-week study. During the study, the participants met with the researcher thirty minutes a day, five times a week for eight weeks. The focus of the intervention was the compare and contrast and cause and effect text structures. The students learned about the specific text structures by reading leveled passages, identifying target words, and completing a graphic organizer. The results suggested that the participants’ demonstrated growth ...


The Effects Of Songs In English Language Acquisition To English Language Learners, Judi Dinets Dec 2015

The Effects Of Songs In English Language Acquisition To English Language Learners, Judi Dinets

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the efficiency of teaching English language learners in any content area such as science with the help of songs in order to accelerate their acquisition of the material. The study involved four students, ranging in age from seven to eight. Of these participants one student joined the group later on in the study. The study, which lasted for six weeks, consisted of science classes, based on the theme of weather. Five science lessons were taught with the help of songs, while the other four were taught without the help of songs. The ...


The Effects Of Blending And Segmenting Decoding Strategies On Reading, Kristin Hall Dec 2015

The Effects Of Blending And Segmenting Decoding Strategies On Reading, Kristin Hall

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

This study investigated the effects of a reading intervention that integrated blending and segmenting decoding strategies on the word recognition performance of five first grade students who were considered below grade level expectations set by the school district. The intervention evaluated students’ abilities to decode short vowel closed syllable words with digraphs through blending and segmenting phonemes. Six assessments were used to analyze the effects of the decoding performance of the five students. All students demonstrated significant gains in their ability to decode short vowels and digraphs, and segment phonemes. Students also increased their accuracy when reading words in isolation ...


The Effects Of Reading App Usage On Reading Comprehension, Ashley Yang Dec 2015

The Effects Of Reading App Usage On Reading Comprehension, Ashley Yang

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

This research study was carried out to explore the relationship between reading app use and the reading comprehension of kindergarteners. There were three participants in this study who were all kindergarteners in my classroom. Their ages ranged from five to six years old and all were high-level learners. Compared to the other students in the classroom, these three students were among the most advanced readers. A five-week long reading enrichment plan using a reading app for the iPad was conducted to examine how it would affect the three students’ reading comprehension. The reading app, called Booksy, was used in addition ...


The Effects Of Interactive Read-Alouds On Emergent Reader’S Narrative Comprehension, Amy Wabiszewski Dec 2015

The Effects Of Interactive Read-Alouds On Emergent Reader’S Narrative Comprehension, Amy Wabiszewski

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

This action research was conducted with a small group of senior kindergarten students in a public school in the Midwest during the 2015-2016 school year. Throughout the six-week intervention, the researcher investigated the effects of interactive read-alouds on students’ narrative comprehension. The researcher, a Reading Specialist, utilized the Common Core State Standards, Lucy Calkins Reading Units of Study, and on-going collaboration with classroom teachers to determine appropriate expectations. With an exclusive focus on narrative comprehension, the researcher selected four narrative story grammar elements including characters, setting, problem/solution, and beginning, middle, and end. One week of the intervention was devoted ...


Decoding Strategies For Emerging Readers, Isabel Jilk Dec 2015

Decoding Strategies For Emerging Readers, Isabel Jilk

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The effects of using explicit decoding and phonological awareness instruction for struggling readers were studied. Four kindergarten students who were showing no academic gains in reading took part in an intervention program over seven weeks, while a comparison group of four students at a similar reading level continued their business as usual reading program. The students were tested using sections from the Woodcock Reading Mastery and Fountas and Pinnel Reading Level test before and after the study. The results showed support for the hypotheses that an explicit decoding and phonological awareness intervention would improve student reading level.


The Effects Of An Online Learning Program As A Tier Ii Intervention For Phonemic Awareness Development In Kindergarten Students, Cristina Moutinho Dec 2015

The Effects Of An Online Learning Program As A Tier Ii Intervention For Phonemic Awareness Development In Kindergarten Students, Cristina Moutinho

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

Many early elementary students in urban schools are already below grade level in early literacy skills, putting them at risk for reading difficulties later. This study examined the effects of Lexia, a literacy-focused online learning program, as a Tier II intervention for struggling kindergarten learners. In this study, ten students were placed into either the experimental group which used Lexia for twenty minutes a day for eight weeks, or into the control group that was instead exposed to a math-based online learning program. Results showed greater growth among students in the intervention group on all dependent measures as compared to ...


Personalized Blended Learning Strategy To Influence Reading Comprehension, Marissa Wilkening Nov 2015

Personalized Blended Learning Strategy To Influence Reading Comprehension, Marissa Wilkening

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

As the literacy demands for college and career-oriented programs increases, the need to prepare students to meet these demands becomes a salient matter for discussion. This task can be especially difficult for special educators working with students with special needs, whose reading levels vary greatly. Technology is a promising approach, however, for educators who need to target students at a range of reading levels. The study examined the effects of personalized blended learning strategy on reading comprehension for high incidence special education students at the 11th grade level. The strategy incorporated the use of a computer software program called ThinkCERCA ...


Perceived Advantages And Disadvantages Of Inclusion Versus Self-Contained Classes For Students With Moderate To Severe Cognitive Disabilities In High School, Chris Millner Nov 2015

Perceived Advantages And Disadvantages Of Inclusion Versus Self-Contained Classes For Students With Moderate To Severe Cognitive Disabilities In High School, Chris Millner

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The way that students with cognitive disabilities have been supported has evolved in this country over time. Schools and other service facilities that support these students have changed. In the past, students with disabilities were not allowed the same opportunities to learn as students without disabilities. These students were placed in alternative schools or self-contained classrooms. Today, the placement of students in schools varies, as students are either in self-contained classrooms, or placed in inclusive classes with their non-disabled peers for all or part of the school day. The shift towards a more inclusive classroom setting for students with special ...


The Effects Of Parental Involvement On Vocabulary Acquisition Of Male, Middle School Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Katie Schoenung Aug 2015

The Effects Of Parental Involvement On Vocabulary Acquisition Of Male, Middle School Students With Autism Spectrum Disorder, Katie Schoenung

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The study investigated the impact of parental involvement on vocabulary acquisition of male, middle school students with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Five participants engaged in vocabulary acquisition strategies in class and at home with parents for eight weeks. Researchers hypothesized that parental involvement would increase vocabulary acquisition. Parental involvement was the independent variable, and vocabulary assessments were the dependent variable. Two research questions were: (a) What vocabulary instructional strategy used by parents increased performance on weekly vocabulary assessments? and (b) What classroom instructional vocabulary strategy improved vocabulary acquisition of male, middle school students with ASD? Results indicated participants’ vocabulary acquisition ...


Singing With Sight Words: Using Music And Movement To Aid In The Acquisition Of Common Sight Words, Elena Pepe Aug 2015

Singing With Sight Words: Using Music And Movement To Aid In The Acquisition Of Common Sight Words, Elena Pepe

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The following study compared two strategies for teaching at-risk kindergarteners how to read and write grade-level high-frequency words: an experimental strategy using songs and movements and a traditional strategy using flashcards. The researcher hypothesized that the singing strategy would be more effective because the songs provided an additional cue for memorization and that students would be more motivated to learn in the singing condition. Ten students with below-grade-level literacy skills from one urban kindergarten classroom were randomly sorted into the conditions. Performance was measured using a Sight Word Reading Test, a Spelling Assessment, and a survey measuring attitudes towards literacy ...


Improving The Mathematics Word-Problem Skills Of An Early Middle School Student, Crystal L. Brown Jun 2015

Improving The Mathematics Word-Problem Skills Of An Early Middle School Student, Crystal L. Brown

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

In this study, a middle school student deemed struggling with reading comprehension and fluency participated in a one-to-one individualized intervention. A reading comprehension intervention was designed for the student because of her demonstrated need in this area. Chapter One describes the student participant and relevant background information. The chapter concludes with the intervention's relevancy to the Common Core Standards.


Improving Student Decoding Through Code-Based Interventions, Michael G. Gotsch May 2015

Improving Student Decoding Through Code-Based Interventions, Michael G. Gotsch

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

This project was designed to evaluate and improve the decoding and sight word recognition of a first grade student through the use of code-based interventions. The student who participated in this project was a first grade student in a Charter School in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Following a pre-project assessment, the researcher engaged in multi-week interactive sessions with the student using a variety of research-based intervention strategies. The student was assessed after each session and at the conclusion of the project. With specifically tailored reading interventions, the student’s decoding ability improved. While the negative Matthew Effect was not reversed, it was ...


The Socratic Seminar's Effect On Reading Comprehension, Michael Dietrich May 2015

The Socratic Seminar's Effect On Reading Comprehension, Michael Dietrich

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

In today’s modern educational community, teachers, paraprofessionals, and administrators alike have consistently been exposed to Bloom’s Taxonomy (1956) of Higher Order Thinking. These six levels of intellectual thinking are used as a model for effective teacher practice, learning objectives and outcomes, as well as a standard for students to practice and achieve higher-level critical thinking skills. The six original levels are as follows: Knowledge, Comprehension, Application, Analysis, Evaluating, and Creating. These domains are ordered from the least intuitive to the most advanced level of thinking skills, working from the ground up. When professionals in the field refer to ...


Effective Vocabulary Instruction Using The Four Domains Of Language, Cheri A. Woelfl May 2015

Effective Vocabulary Instruction Using The Four Domains Of Language, Cheri A. Woelfl

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The purpose of this action research study was to determine whether using the four domains of language (listening, speaking, reading, and writing) during vocabulary instruction in reading and math would impact students’ vocabulary knowledge. The sample population consisted of high school students who were receiving Title I services in both reading and math. In total, 14 African-American students participated. These 14 participants were taught weekly target words in both reading and math during an eight-week period. The study was divided into a four-week nonintervention period and a four-week intervention period. During the nonintervention period, students utilized listening and speaking to ...


The Effects Of Phonological Awareness Intervention On A First Grade Student’S Writing Skills, Paige M. Patterson May 2015

The Effects Of Phonological Awareness Intervention On A First Grade Student’S Writing Skills, Paige M. Patterson

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

This thesis is a case study of a first grade student in Milwaukee, Wisconsin who struggled with his writing skills. The researcher developed and carried out an intervention for the student, with a foundation of literature from expert researchers. This researcher met with the student three times per week over the course of eight weeks, for between fifteen and thirty minutes per session when the researcher employed the use of strategic phonological awareness teaching methods with the student. In each intervention session, the researcher employed an array of specific phonological teaching methods and asked the student to create a writing ...


Word Families And Decoding By Analogy For Word Recognition, Jerilyn A. Hagensick Apr 2015

Word Families And Decoding By Analogy For Word Recognition, Jerilyn A. Hagensick

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The purpose of this study was to determine if utilizing decoding by analogy through phonograms will increase second grade students’ word identification skills. Six second-grade students participate in the seven-week quantitative study. The six students received explicit instruction in phonogram study through decoding by analogy as a method of word attack to read an unknown word. In addition to the explicit instruction, the students had application time during the instruction to write and read the words in the context of literature. A pre-test post-test design helped determine student achievement in recognizing words in isolation with common phonogram patterns. The results ...


The Effects Of Explicitly Teaching A Component Of Self-Regulated Strategy Development On Bilingual Kindergartners, Ashley K. Lobo Apr 2015

The Effects Of Explicitly Teaching A Component Of Self-Regulated Strategy Development On Bilingual Kindergartners, Ashley K. Lobo

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a modified version of a self-regulated strategy development model on the writing of bilingual kindergarten students. This was an important study because kindergarten bilingual children are falling behind in writing as they try to master two languages. The procedures for this study involved choosing eight students to take part in the study. The eight students were separated into an intervention group and a non-intervention group. The intervention group received small group instruction using a modified version of the self-regulated strategy development model. Data was collected by giving the eight ...


The Effects Of Explicit Instruction In Metacognitive Reading Strategies Using Graphic Organizers On The Comprehension Of Intermediate Elementary Students, Jody V. Folkedahl Eppolito Apr 2015

The Effects Of Explicit Instruction In Metacognitive Reading Strategies Using Graphic Organizers On The Comprehension Of Intermediate Elementary Students, Jody V. Folkedahl Eppolito

Master's Theses, Capstones, and Projects

This study documents the effects of explicitly taught metacognitive reading strategies using graphic organizers and the effect on two intermediate elementary students. Students met with the researcher for individualized instruction focusing on comprehension and use of metacognition and self-monitoring while reading. The study gathered data from multiple sources including pre and post-testing from the Qualitative Reading Inventory 5 (Leslie & Caldwell, 2011), and researcher-created data records. Both of the subjects made significant gains in retell, vocabulary and comprehension, leading to an increased reading level. The use of graphic organizers to support metacognitive reading practice is a promising practice and has many ...