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Science and Mathematics Education

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Faculty And Student Perceptions Of Effective Techniques In Teaching Physiology, Ben Jeter May 2021

Faculty And Student Perceptions Of Effective Techniques In Teaching Physiology, Ben Jeter

School of Education Doctoral Projects

Students enrolling in Human Anatomy & Physiology (A&P) often acknowledge it as being one of the more challenging courses of their college career. Human A&P is a two-semester prerequisite for multiple healthcare-related disciplines. Jackson State Community College (JSCC) is home to multiple healthcare programs including a nursing program and allied health programs that include physical therapy assistants, occupational therapy assistants, radiologic technology, respiratory care, and medical lab technicians. Each of these programs require students to complete at least one of the A&P courses before being granted admission to the program. Therefore, the aim of the study was to ...


The Efficacy Of Accelerating Underprepared Community College Students Using A Corequisite Liberal Arts Mathematics Course, Drew Wilkerson Jan 2021

The Efficacy Of Accelerating Underprepared Community College Students Using A Corequisite Liberal Arts Mathematics Course, Drew Wilkerson

Theses and Dissertations--Educational Policy Studies and Evaluation

Every year, millions of first-time students enroll in community colleges underprepared for college-level work in mathematics. Typically, these students are referred to a sequence of developmental courses designed to remediate their skills and prepare them for college-level work. Recently, educators and policy makers have questioned the efficacy of these courses, especially since most students assigned to remedial courses never complete the sequence and enroll in college-level courses. Calls to reform developmental mathematics have included changes to how institutions determine whether students are college-ready and the elimination of the remedial course sequences themselves. The corequisite model, in which students enroll in ...


Construcción Del Concepto De Experimentación Desde El Proyecto Cocinero Científico, María Del Pilar Ceballos Reyes, Luis Alfredo Fagua Urbano, Leidy Johana Ruiz Moreno Jan 2021

Construcción Del Concepto De Experimentación Desde El Proyecto Cocinero Científico, María Del Pilar Ceballos Reyes, Luis Alfredo Fagua Urbano, Leidy Johana Ruiz Moreno

Maestría en Docencia

La práctica de las ciencias naturales ha cambiado con el tiempo. Implica encontrar nuevas formas de aprender y enseñar donde estudiantes y profesores puedan ser parte activa de la construcción del conocimiento. Este documento se centra en recuperar las experiencias vividas en el proyecto “Cocinero Científico” mostrando cómo trabaja el docente el concepto de experimentación. Se basa en propuestas de autores como Jara (2008) y Cendales & Torres (2007) sobre sistematización de experiencias. La sistematización de las experiencias se realiza mediante una investigación con enfoque cualitativo que incluye: las reflexiones y narraciones del equipo de investigación, la voz de los participantes ...


El Patio De La Escuela: Una Oportunidad Para Innovar En La Enseñanza De Las Ciencias, Lilia Yadira Beltrán Chala, Diana Carolina Medina Rojas, Jenny Marcela Moyano Acevedo Jan 2021

El Patio De La Escuela: Una Oportunidad Para Innovar En La Enseñanza De Las Ciencias, Lilia Yadira Beltrán Chala, Diana Carolina Medina Rojas, Jenny Marcela Moyano Acevedo

Maestría en Docencia

La siguiente investigación presenta el proceso de sistematización de tres experiencias innovadoras en la enseñanza de las ciencias lideradas por tres maestras: El Semillero Ranitomeya, Polinizadores en el CAS y Experimentando con la química. Las cuales tienen como puntos de encuentro la configuración de estrategias de enseñanza a partir de elementos que se desarrollan en la metodología de la Enseñanza de la Ecología desde el Patio de la Escuela (EEPE). La sistematización de experiencias es un proceso autorreflexivo que hacen los sujetos que lideran una experiencia educativa a partir del reconocimiento de los saberes que ya poseen sobre la misma ...


Implementation Of International Society For Technology In Education Standards In Elementary School Teachers’ Pedagogical Science Practices, Rochelle Anne Mccoy Jan 2021

Implementation Of International Society For Technology In Education Standards In Elementary School Teachers’ Pedagogical Science Practices, Rochelle Anne Mccoy

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

This study addressed the problem of whether elementary school teachers are consistently implementing the International Society for Technology in Education (ISTE) standards in their pedagogical practices of teaching science. It was evident that half of all teachers in the United States do not consistently implement technology into their instruction. The purpose of this study was to understand elementary school teachers’ perceptions about how teachers are using the three selected ISTE standards during their pedagogical practices when teaching elementary science in order to maximize learning. The technology acceptance model was the conceptual framework used in this study. The research questions focused ...


Instructional Practices Associated With Science Proficiency Of English Language Learners, Sherly Yadira Soto-Ortiz Jan 2021

Instructional Practices Associated With Science Proficiency Of English Language Learners, Sherly Yadira Soto-Ortiz

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

AbstractThe study addressed the gap in fifth-grade science proficiency between English language learners (ELLs) enrolled in two different science programs in a large school district in the Southeast United States. The Inspire program was implemented in 125 schools, while a combination of Inspire and Promoting Science among English Language Learners (PSELL) developed to facilitate science learning for non-English learners, was implemented in 25 schools. A concurrent mixed-methods case study design was used to examine how instructional practices of each program were (1) aligned with the instructional framework of the Sheltered Instructional Observation Protocol (SIOP), (2) how the two programs supported ...


High School Principals' Perceptions And Instructional Leadership Practices Regarding Algebra I State Scores, Tangia Ann Miller Jan 2021

High School Principals' Perceptions And Instructional Leadership Practices Regarding Algebra I State Scores, Tangia Ann Miller

Walden Dissertations and Doctoral Studies

States are double scheduling algebra classes; using calculators and virtual manipulative-like algebra tiles; and applying interventions such as Response to Interventions, needs assessments, and various computer graphing technology such as Demos. However, during the school year 2018-2019, 12.9 percent of a state public school students failed to meet passing score requirements on the state algebra test and were at risk of not graduating. The purpose of this research was to examine school principal perceptions and instructional leadership practices supporting mathematics teachers to help students to improve their proficiency in Algebra I. A basic qualitative research design, grounded in instructional ...


Comparing Inquiry-Based And Explicit Instruction In High School Geometry, Rodney Sizemore Dec 2020

Comparing Inquiry-Based And Explicit Instruction In High School Geometry, Rodney Sizemore

Doctor of Education in Secondary Education Dissertations

The use of inquiry-based and explicit instructional methods in mathematics has been researched and have found that the most appropriate instructional method depends on many factors including the subject matter being taught, the students’ prior knowledge, and the students’ special education status. However, teachers’ use of these methods has not been investigated in two important topics in high school geometry: arc length/sector area and graphing circles – topics which reveal how several important mathematical concepts connect from elementary and middle school, to geometry, then to pre-calculus. This quasi-experimental study compared the effects of inquiry-based and explicit teaching methods on arc ...


Mathematical Modeling: Helping Middle School Students With Disabilities Understand Functions, Amanda Bartolotta Dec 2020

Mathematical Modeling: Helping Middle School Students With Disabilities Understand Functions, Amanda Bartolotta

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This curriculum project focuses modeling activities for eighth grade students to support the learning of functions. Built upon best practices in modeling, this curriculum challenges students to think about, and apply, mathematical concepts needed to model a viral TikTok video. Student’s interest in their video increases their motivation to learn functions. The curriculum is scaffolded to support understanding of difficult concepts for students with disabilities.


Equasher: The Educational App Designed To Support The Concept Of Equality In Equation Solving, Kyle Ingalls Dec 2020

Equasher: The Educational App Designed To Support The Concept Of Equality In Equation Solving, Kyle Ingalls

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Equation solving is an essential skill that gains complexity as students progress through secondary mathematics. Many students struggle to learn the basic principles of solving equations. Others have difficulties working with specific types of expressions and equations. Equasher, an interactive application that provides real-time feedback to support problem solving, was created to address these challenges. Equasher is a fully functional calculator for solving equations designed to foster conceptual understanding and problem-solving skills. Equasher aims to reduce the user’s cognitive load and eliminate errors in algebraic manipulation so that the user can develop feasible equation solving strategies. Secondary mathematics teachers ...


Using Culturally Responsive Pedagogy To Promote Engagement And Learning Of Addition And Subtraction Of Integers In Middle School Mathematics, Emily Holcomb Dec 2020

Using Culturally Responsive Pedagogy To Promote Engagement And Learning Of Addition And Subtraction Of Integers In Middle School Mathematics, Emily Holcomb

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The culture in which a student lives impacts the way they learn. It is important for mathematics teachers to be knowledgeable about students and their cultures to properly engage them in learning. Every classroom has a diverse set of learners that can benefit from the proper implementation of Culturally Responsive Pedagogy (CRP). Instructional tools that can develop and support CRP are Inquiry Based Learning, Authentic Questions, Modeling, and Hands-on Activities. This curriculum project presents these instructional tools designed around a 7th grade Integers unit to engage learners and develop a deeper understanding of the concepts.


Science In The Garden: A Personal Journey Of National Science Foundation Grant For The Construction And Use Of A Greenhouse And Related Facilities, Mikayla Fowler Dec 2020

Science In The Garden: A Personal Journey Of National Science Foundation Grant For The Construction And Use Of A Greenhouse And Related Facilities, Mikayla Fowler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

While the vast majority of the work involved in this capstone project was actually writing and submitting a national science foundation grant, the project that follows is a description of this process. The genesis of the work began as an idea a coworker of mine had. As a district, Franklin is highly limited in the resources available. Our science classrooms are out of date with technology and there is a disparaging need for more hands-on activities. Throughout our discussions, we dreamed that we could build an outdoor science lab and greenhouse; Somewhere where we would be able to give our ...


Graphing Quadratics: An Inquiry Based Lesson To Support Ell Honors Students In Middle School Algebra, Maggie Hale Dec 2020

Graphing Quadratics: An Inquiry Based Lesson To Support Ell Honors Students In Middle School Algebra, Maggie Hale

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Inquiry Based Learning (IBL) is a method of teaching by posing questions, problems and scenarios to help students learn through their own agency and investigation rather than direct instruction from the teacher. Many students today lack the ability to build arguments, defend their reasoning, and justify their thinking. Since the adoption of the Common Core State Standards there has been a push for students to have a deeper understanding of the mathematical concepts they are being taught. One key factor of mathematical understanding is the ability to justify why a particular mathematical statement is true or where a mathematical rule ...


Rural High School Chemistry Teachers’ Views And Implementation Of Inquiry-Based Laboratory Instruction As Set Forth In The Georgia Standards Of Excellence, Robert D. Bice Jr. Dec 2020

Rural High School Chemistry Teachers’ Views And Implementation Of Inquiry-Based Laboratory Instruction As Set Forth In The Georgia Standards Of Excellence, Robert D. Bice Jr.

Doctor of Education in Secondary Education Dissertations

Inquiry-based instruction within science has been a growing field for decades. The foundation of inquiry is constructivism; that students must do science in order to understand it. Instruction using inquiry is something that has been written into the Next Generation Science Standards along with many state standards, like the Georgia Standards of Excellence (GSE). Teaching inquiry within a rural public high school chemistry setting has its own set of challenges unique to the rural context. Research is needed to give those educators a voice regarding teaching inquiry. This study utilized a mixed-methods design of survey and interviews to allow these ...


The Fear Of Reptiles And How To Change It, Maxwell Lyman Dec 2020

The Fear Of Reptiles And How To Change It, Maxwell Lyman

Honors Projects

Reptile fear is prominent across many cultures. Anti-reptilian attitudes can lead to anti-conservation attitudes towards reptiles. Person-animal interaction has been shown to decrease fear desensitization and increase positive attitudes towards "unpopular" animals. My project demonstrates the effectiveness of live animal presentation in dispelling negative attitudes of reptiles. However, due to the sample size of the project, further research is highly suggested.


Mathematics In A Social Justice World: A Statistical Reasoning Unit Investigating Modern-Day School Segregation, Zoe Alberts Dec 2020

Mathematics In A Social Justice World: A Statistical Reasoning Unit Investigating Modern-Day School Segregation, Zoe Alberts

Honors Projects

It is no secret that our daily lives are full of mathematical concepts and skills. Taking it one step further, many social justice issues are rooted in mathematical research and data. This idea should be the center of the mathematics classroom. According to Crystal Watson, a math teacher from Cincinnati City Schools District, we need to incorporate these social issues into the classroom because the “lack of opportunity to explore, learn, and master mathematical concepts keep out students, families, and communities oppressed (Watson, 2020)”. This is a fully functional, ready to use, digital mini unit over 7th grade statistical reasoning ...


A Comparative Study On Artificial Intelligence Curricula, Li Li Dec 2020

A Comparative Study On Artificial Intelligence Curricula, Li Li

Electronic Thesis and Dissertation Repository

This research is a comparative analysis of four K-12 AI curricula to recognize and interpret their basic elements and pedagogical approaches. Guided by (socio) constructivist and constructionist theories as the theoretical framework, qualitative document analysis is applied as the research methodology. Schwab’s four commonplaces serve as the initial analytical framework. A (socio) constructivism and constructionism lens is also used to compare the curricula. The major findings are 1. The four curricula are different in their coverage of subject matters with the curriculum from the UK covering the widest and most balanced range of subject matters. 2. The four curricula ...


Culturally Responsive Science Education And Teaching: Current Literature, Preservice Elementary Science Teachers And Lesson Planning, Lundon Pinneo Dec 2020

Culturally Responsive Science Education And Teaching: Current Literature, Preservice Elementary Science Teachers And Lesson Planning, Lundon Pinneo

Theses and Dissertations

First, a meta-analysis of Culturally Responsive (CR) science teaching characteristics and practices was conducted. Findings revealed that there are a limited number of CR teaching studies at the elementary science level. When studies conducted at the middle, secondary and postsecondary level were included, six themes which encompassed the characteristics and pedagogical practices of effective CR science teachers and teacher development emerged. These themes were academics, cultural competency, social inequities, CR learning environment, rejection of the deficit lens and pedagogical strategies.

Next, the impact of curriculum and practices designed to reflect these six themes on preservice elementary science teachers was explored ...


Elementary Teachers’ Experiences With Remote Learning And Its Impact On Science Instruction: Multiple Cases From The Early Response To The Covid-19 Pandemic, Beth Pesnell Dec 2020

Elementary Teachers’ Experiences With Remote Learning And Its Impact On Science Instruction: Multiple Cases From The Early Response To The Covid-19 Pandemic, Beth Pesnell

Theses and Dissertations

Teachers across the United States and worldwide found themselves in unprecedented educational situations during the early response period to the COVID-19 pandemic in spring of 2020. Efforts to quarantine and provide social distancing to prevent the spread of the disease brought mandated school closures throughout the United States, and teachers were required to pivot from their traditional, in-person instructional methods and deliver instruction remotely. This phenomenological multiple-case study explored the experiences of 10 elementary teachers with remote learning during the early response period and sought to understand the delivery of science instruction in the remote learning experience. Weekly interviews were ...


Advancing Functional Scientific Literacy To Socioscientific Literacy As A Cross Disciplinary Educational Goal: A Philosophical Analysis, Kory Bennett Nov 2020

Advancing Functional Scientific Literacy To Socioscientific Literacy As A Cross Disciplinary Educational Goal: A Philosophical Analysis, Kory Bennett

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

Educational experiences built upon the Socioscientific Issues (SSI) framework provide opportunities for teachers and students to reflectively and reflexively address ill-defined complex scientific issues that affect human beings around the planet. Through the practice of Socioscientific Reasoning (SSR), while grappling with SSI, students have the potential to develop a SSI functional perspective of scientific literacy (SL); functional scientific literacy (FSL). Due to the multidimensional complexity of many human issues in and out of the science classroom, students are required to develop various skills, dispositions, and problem-solving strategies that expand from and connect with a SSI functional perspective of SL. The ...


A Quantitative Assessment Of The Effectiveness Of A Global Online Professional Development Course To Enhance 21st Century Skills In Stem Instructional Design, Chris Link Nov 2020

A Quantitative Assessment Of The Effectiveness Of A Global Online Professional Development Course To Enhance 21st Century Skills In Stem Instructional Design, Chris Link

Dissertations

Science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) disciplines are becoming increasingly important in the 21st century workforce, but there is currently a shortage of STEM professionals around the world. Even when students graduate with STEM degrees, many lack basic interpersonal skills such as communication and problem solving that would position them for success in the marketplace. The New York Academy of Science developed the STEM Education Framework to help ensure that STEM curricula teach the Essential Skills that students need in order to thrive in the modern workplace. In order for educators to proficiently utilize the STEM Education Framework, they must ...


Successful Novice Teachers’ Conceptualizations And Enactments Of The Collaborating Teacher Role: A Dual Case Study, Kia Sarnoff Nov 2020

Successful Novice Teachers’ Conceptualizations And Enactments Of The Collaborating Teacher Role: A Dual Case Study, Kia Sarnoff

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this descriptive, exploratory, dual case study was to understand the ways two successful novice middle school mathematics teachers serving as first-year collaborating teachers (CTs) for preservice teachers (PSTs) from the same “Grow Your Own” (GYO) educator preparation program (EPP) where they received their initial preparation conceptualized and enacted their CT roles. The CTs’ perceived impact of being alumni of the same middle school mathematics EPP as their PSTs was also explored. Analysis of interview, observation, and document data collected throughout the PSTs’ initial field experience and the CTs’ first-ever mentoring experience resulted in several key assertions including ...


Bellevue-Santa Fe Charter School Scitechatorium Shake Table, Joshua Clemens, Kellen Fujishin, Alysson Loo, Samara Van Blaricom Nov 2020

Bellevue-Santa Fe Charter School Scitechatorium Shake Table, Joshua Clemens, Kellen Fujishin, Alysson Loo, Samara Van Blaricom

Mechanical Engineering

The purpose of this report is to document the Senior Project that has been laid out by Bellevue-Santa Fe Charter School, assigned to Team W45, or “Experiment 626.” The school’s SciTechatorium is a classroom of displays relating to STEM subjects and the challenge presented to the Cal Poly team of mechanical engineers was to design and build a new, exciting exhibit that would be added to the SciTechatorium. The display should be engaging to children, educational in demonstrating a STEM concept, and be durable enough to withstand excessive use by children. The Scope of Work summarized in Sections 1-3 ...


Teacher Certification Pathway And Mathematical Quality Of Instruction, Gail Stewart Oct 2020

Teacher Certification Pathway And Mathematical Quality Of Instruction, Gail Stewart

Graduate Theses and Dissertations

The formal documentation of alternative routes to teacher certification programs in the United States began in 1983 (Ludlow, 2011). According to the former US Secretary of Education’s Annual Report on teacher quality the high demand for teachers in high needs areas, such as mathematics, has caused growth in alternative certification routes for teachers (Paige, 2002). The many factors that influence teaching quality make it difficult to determine what impact, if any, a teacher’s preparation program has on the quality of their instruction. Current research on teacher quality shows varied results, making it hard to reach a conclusion about ...


Perceptions Of The Indonesia National Curriculum In Relation To Integrated Stem Education At The High School Level, Andinisa Rahmaniar Oct 2020

Perceptions Of The Indonesia National Curriculum In Relation To Integrated Stem Education At The High School Level, Andinisa Rahmaniar

Theses and Dissertations

High school students need 21st-century skills to be competitive in the global economy. STEM education, coupled with problem-solving, critical thinking, innovation, and written and oral communication skills are essential for high school students. In Indonesia, STEM education is not as common as in the United States; some teachers in Indonesia use STEM as a learning method, but it is not included as a major component in the Indonesian curriculum. This study aimed to analyze (a) how teachers implement STEM-based lessons, including hands-on activities and project-based learning in relation to the Indonesian National Curriculum and (b) teachers’ prior knowledge about integrating ...


A Case Study Of Science Teachers’ Perceptions Of Self-Efficacy In Teaching The Science And Engineering Practices, Bryanna J. Dennewitz Oct 2020

A Case Study Of Science Teachers’ Perceptions Of Self-Efficacy In Teaching The Science And Engineering Practices, Bryanna J. Dennewitz

Doctor of Education (Ed.D)

This case study examined South Carolina public school science teachers’ perceptions of self-efficacy related to planning and executing STEM-centric lessons. The adoption of the South Carolina Academic Standards and Performance Indicators for Science in 2014 required science teachers to make substantial pedagogical shifts in their instructional practices, which influenced their self-efficacy. The standards included science and engineering practices (SEPs) embedded in the standards. Understanding how science teachers’ perceptions of self-efficacy influence their instructional competence for planning and executing SEP-integrated lessons might guide schools and districts to create focused instructional support for the teachers designed to meet their unique pedagogical needs ...


Stem For Students With Blindness And Visual Impairments: Tenets Of An Inclusive Classroom, Alexa Wandy Oct 2020

Stem For Students With Blindness And Visual Impairments: Tenets Of An Inclusive Classroom, Alexa Wandy

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Science, Mathematics, Engineering, and Technology (STEM) classes are highly visual in nature, which can be a barrier for students with blindness and visual impairments (BVI). Providing teachers and educators with a resource of technologies and adaptions that utilize various senses can assist in creating a more inclusive classroom environment. A multisensory approach to STEM education can improve the academic success for all students, regardless of ability. In addition, allowing students with BVI the opportunity to actively participate in STEM activities, concepts, and experiments can increase engagement and promote the continuation to higher education in the field.


The Relationship Between The Next Generation Content Area Reading Professional Development Program On The Effectiveness Of Teaching Literacy Strategies In High School Biology Classes, Tia Pridgen Brown Sep 2020

The Relationship Between The Next Generation Content Area Reading Professional Development Program On The Effectiveness Of Teaching Literacy Strategies In High School Biology Classes, Tia Pridgen Brown

Dissertations

The need for effective content area reading teachers have continued to increase since the introduction of one public school districts’ Content Area Reading Professional Development (CAR-PD) in 2006. In 2011, modifications were made to improve the program, and it became known as the Next Generation Content Area Reading Professional Development (NGCAR-PD). The purpose of this program evaluation is to investigate the relationship between NGCAR-PD certified Biology teachers and their ability to implement reading strategies with science content effectively. The context of this inquiry is a mid-sized public school district that has implemented the program since 2006 at the middle and ...


Middle School Algebra As A College And Career Readiness Indicator, Carrie M. Renfroe Sep 2020

Middle School Algebra As A College And Career Readiness Indicator, Carrie M. Renfroe

Dissertations

A goal of historic and current educational policy in American public schools has been to increase middle school student completion of Algebra I. The purpose of this study was to investigate equitable strategies for mathematics acceleration of diverse populations of middle school students. The context of this inquiry was a mid-sized school district that offers accelerated mathematics pathways to select middle school students throughout the district. My study demonstrated outcomes that align with current college and career readiness literature and support school-wide implementation of the Advancement Via Individual Determination (AVID) system.


The Construction Of Student Mathematical Identity And Its Relationship To Academic Achievement, Ann Trescott Aug 2020

The Construction Of Student Mathematical Identity And Its Relationship To Academic Achievement, Ann Trescott

Dissertations

The California university and state college systems (UC and CSU) are committed to accepting a diverse student body. Although there has been some growth in the percentage of minority students admitted each year, a low number of minority and socioeconomically disadvantaged students meet minimum entrance requirements. For example, in 2018, only 33% of socioeconomically disadvantaged African American students and 39% Hispanic/Latinx students who graduated from California public high schools met minimum UC/CSU requirements (CDE, 2019).

Explanations for ineligibility include the fact that many high school students have not completed the requisite mathematics classes due in part to the ...