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Full-Text Articles in Education

Effective Ways Of Teaching Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder In Inclusive Physical Education Setting, Ruben Arroyo Aug 2019

Effective Ways Of Teaching Children With Autism Spectrum Disorder In Inclusive Physical Education Setting, Ruben Arroyo

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis is to provide effective teaching strategies for inclusion of students with autism in adapted physical education settings. To that end, a literature review produced a critical mass of 16 relevant articles identifying strategies such as prompting, video modeling, variable intensity prompting (i.e., flexible and most-to-least), antecedent-based intervention, peer tutoring and self-management. These strategies are further discussed to provide practical ways physical educators can use to include students with autism to general or adapted physical education settings. Based on gathered data, there is strong evidence supporting the benefits of variable intensity prompting strategies like most-to-least ...


Behavioral Problems And Solutions For Children With Intellectual Disabilities In Physical Activity Settings - A Review Of The Literature, Robyn Owens Aug 2019

Behavioral Problems And Solutions For Children With Intellectual Disabilities In Physical Activity Settings - A Review Of The Literature, Robyn Owens

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to review common behavior issues in children with intellectual disability, explore barriers and facilitators of participation in physical activity, and to find intervention strategies so children can participate successfully in physical activity. Of eighteen articles that were reviewed, thirteen articles were used to answer the research questions: one) what are the physical activity levels and motor skills of children with intellectual disabilities? two) what are the most common behavioral issues in children with intellectual disabilities? three) what are the facilitators and barriers to physical activity for children with intellectual disabilities? and four) what are ...


What Is The Impact Of Stretching On Injury Prevention During Physical Activity?, Sabrina Debellis Aug 2019

What Is The Impact Of Stretching On Injury Prevention During Physical Activity?, Sabrina Debellis

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the impact that stretching has on injury prevention during physical activity. The studies reviewed in the critical mass reviewed the different types of stretching methods: static, dynamic, and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation. The studies in the articles provided showed that neither stretching method had any huge impact on the prevention of injury. Some findings did show conflicts between stretching and muscle strength as well as stretching and muscle performance. More research is needed to study the impact that stretching has on injury prevention during physical activity as well as the impact it has ...


The Achievement Gap Between African American Athletes And Their White Counterparts In Higher Education, Hamed Shamseldin Aug 2019

The Achievement Gap Between African American Athletes And Their White Counterparts In Higher Education, Hamed Shamseldin

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The achievement gap between African American athletes and their white counterparts is plaguing the United States. There are many reasons for the achievement gap. This synthesis will highlight the reasons while also discussing the solutions. To examine this matter to the fullest extent, there were 14 peer-reviewed articles chosen that talk about the reasons for the achievement gap. Several topics included in the articles were lack of role models and social supports, racial stereotypes, obsessive pursuit of sport goals, and the background of African American athletes. This synthesis will also discuss solutions to the achievement gap in collegiate athletics. These ...


How Impactful Are Recreation Center Offerings On Youth Development?, Dillon Thompson Aug 2019

How Impactful Are Recreation Center Offerings On Youth Development?, Dillon Thompson

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Research indicates that recreational facilities impact youth development through programming and employee-patron interaction. The purpose of this synthesis project is to review the literature regarding quality programming within recreational facilities and the impact these programs have on youth development. Results indicate that quality facility offerings have an overall impact on youth development.


Should College Athletes Receive Compensation?, Abdoulaye Sow Aug 2019

Should College Athletes Receive Compensation?, Abdoulaye Sow

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis is to examine the ethical considerations of providing compensation for collegiate athletes. There are several peer-reviewed articles that examine all aspects of this argument. This argument is not clear-cut with a definitive answer, but a deep look into what society deems ethical in comparison to the current system of the NCAA can be very useful for the future success of the organization. Some of the areas I will examine include: how much money is being generated by college athletics; what role does amateurism play in this debate; and what role race plays in this debate ...


The Impact Of Increased Physical Activity On Academic Achievement, John Conner Aug 2019

The Impact Of Increased Physical Activity On Academic Achievement, John Conner

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the existing body of knowledge regarding the impact of physical activity on academic achievement. Previous research identified several factors that contribute to the increased academic achievement in school aged students as a result of fitness level and physical activity. The studies reviewed within the critical mass yielded themes that contributed to the understanding of how physical activity (PA) impacts academics. The types of PA interventions, who was impacted, and how they were impacted were noted as factors which affected academic achievement (AA). PA is being drastically undervalued in schools. It is important ...


The Impact Of Increased Physical Activity On Academic Achievement, John Conner Aug 2019

The Impact Of Increased Physical Activity On Academic Achievement, John Conner

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the existing body of knowledge regarding the impact of physical activity on academic achievement. Previous research identified several factors that contribute to the increased academic achievement in school aged students as a result of fitness level and physical activity. The studies reviewed within the critical mass yielded themes that contributed to the understanding of how physical activity (PA) impacts academics. The types of PA interventions, who was impacted, and how they were impacted were noted as factors which affected academic achievement (AA). PA is being drastically undervalued in schools. It is important ...


Effects Of High-Carbohydrate Versus Mixed-Macronutrient Meals On Soccer Physiology And Performance, Jaison Lee Wynne Jul 2019

Effects Of High-Carbohydrate Versus Mixed-Macronutrient Meals On Soccer Physiology And Performance, Jaison Lee Wynne

Human Movement Sciences Theses & Dissertations

The purpose of the study was to measure the effects of an acute pre-competition high-carbohydrate (HCHO) meal versus a mixed-macronutrient (MM) meal on physiology, perceptual responses, and performance in 15 division I female collegiate soccer players. Being there are conjectural advantages to pre-exercise meals higher in fiber, fat, and protein, this study was conducted to evaluate the physiological and perceptual effects of pre-competition MM meals. This study used a randomized, investigator-blinded, crossover design involving two dietary interventions – HCHO and MM meals – that were consumed four hours prior to two separate intra-squad soccer scrimmages. Assessments included running metrics via global positioning ...


The Benefit Of Using Peer Buddies In Adaptive Physical Education, Julie Anne Cairone Jun 2019

The Benefit Of Using Peer Buddies In Adaptive Physical Education, Julie Anne Cairone

Theses and Dissertations

The purpose of this study was to observe the participation levels of students with disabilities in an adaptive physical education class with the addition of typically developing students in the class as Peer Buddies. The goal was to observe the students' participation levels prior to the introduction of the Peer Buddies then again after the introduction of the Peer Buddies. There were thirteen typically developing students who were the peer buddies and fourteen students with disabilities in the adaptive physical education class. The thirteen peer buddies took a survey before being introduced to the adaptive physical education class and a ...


Intramural Sports Leadership: Exploring The Impact Of Being An Intramural Sports Official On Leadership Skills, Shan Yu Paracka May 2019

Intramural Sports Leadership: Exploring The Impact Of Being An Intramural Sports Official On Leadership Skills, Shan Yu Paracka

Theses and Dissertations

This study focuses on the leadership development of intramural sports student officials at a med-sized public institution in the northeastern United States. Twenty-six total intramural student officials participated in the study that were evenly mixed between veteran officials and first time officials. The data shows that while there is a change in the scores from the pre-test and the post-test, there is a high probability of this being a random occurrence.


Character Development In Youth Sports, Nicholas Stenzel May 2019

Character Development In Youth Sports, Nicholas Stenzel

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis project was to review the literature on factors that influence character development of youth sport athletes. An extensive review of literature was conducted in order to analysis and character development and the leading factors to its development among youth athletes. There are many positives that come along with youth sport participation, and participating in sports has been known to help in the development of character and life skills. This synthesis will review the literature on participation of youth athletes in sports and the role coaches, parents and teachers play in the impact of character development.


The Effects Socioeconomic Status, Nutrition, And Physical Activity Have On The Youth, Felix Morales May 2019

The Effects Socioeconomic Status, Nutrition, And Physical Activity Have On The Youth, Felix Morales

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to identify the effects socioeconomic status (SES), Physical activity (PA), and nutrition have on the youth. Despite the known benefits of being physically active and eating healthier food options, fewer than half of the U.S. school aged children meet national recommendations of 60 minutes of daily PA and one third fewer meet recommendations for fruit and vegetable consumption (Donnelly & Springer, 2015). This synthesis examined literature and articles which primarily focused on how low SES youth are effected by their communities differently than youth who reside in high SES communities. The following four questions ...


The Effect Of Classwide Peer Tutoring On The Skill Performance And Fitness Levels Of Students With Disabilities In An Elementary Physical Education Inclusion Class, Christopher Farrell May 2019

The Effect Of Classwide Peer Tutoring On The Skill Performance And Fitness Levels Of Students With Disabilities In An Elementary Physical Education Inclusion Class, Christopher Farrell

Theses and Dissertations

This single subject study used an ABAB research design to investigate the effect of classwide peer tutoring (CWPT) on the skill performance and fitness levels of students with disabilities. Data was collected from nine students with disabilities who are members of a fourth grade physical education inclusion class. During the baseline phases of this study, students received instruction through whole-class direct instruction provided by the physical education teacher. During the intervention phases of this study, students participated in CWPT sessions. Skill performance in this study was determined through students demonstrating skill cues while shooting towards a target. Fitness levels were ...


Comparison Of National Assessment Of Educational Progress (Naep) Reports And State Physical Education Mandates, Erick Alfonso May 2019

Comparison Of National Assessment Of Educational Progress (Naep) Reports And State Physical Education Mandates, Erick Alfonso

Seton Hall University Dissertations and Theses (ETDs)

There have been several studies that analyzed the relationship between physical education and academic achievement at a local level, but a longitudinal analysis across the United States has not been done. An understanding of the relationship between physical education policies across the United States and academic achievement at the state level may provide insight into best practices to ensure that comprehensive physical education policies are adopted in all states. Using data from the Society of Health and Physical Educators and The National Assessment of Educational Progress, I investigated the relationship between physical education policies and academic achievement. Minor relationships with ...


Stress Management: A Group Curriculum For Female Adolescents, Taylor Schaible May 2019

Stress Management: A Group Curriculum For Female Adolescents, Taylor Schaible

Dissertations, Theses, and Projects

In recent years, research has found that adolescents are experiencing stress at an astounding rate, even compared to adults. With a thorough review of the literature, it has been found that schools in the United States are experiencing an adolescent stress epidemic. Furthermore, students are experiencing stress in ways beyond an academic arena. With that being said, there seems to be a connection between stress leading to anxiety, as well as stress having a profound affect for students who have experienced traumatic experiences. Additionally, the research has shown that there are structural differences within a developing brain that may cause ...


Examining The Effects Of Service-Learning On Students' Perceptions Of The Ches Responsibilities– A Pilot Study, Victoria M. Surratt May 2019

Examining The Effects Of Service-Learning On Students' Perceptions Of The Ches Responsibilities– A Pilot Study, Victoria M. Surratt

MSU Graduate Theses

Purpose: To evaluate the effectiveness of a service-learning project on students' willingness, confidence, and perceived importance to incorporate the Certified Health Education Specialist, Areas of Responsibility (CHES-AOR), into their profession. It was hypothesized that students participation in a service-learning project in an undergraduate health and wellness course would be more willing, confident, and perceive it as more important to apply the CHES-AOR within their chosen health profession. Methods: Missouri State University students registered in the fall 2018, undergraduate Health and Wellness service-learning course (KIN-350-001), completed an online survey at the beginning and the end of the semester. Seven questions were ...


Enhancing Nutrition Education For School Aged Children; A Preventive Health Measure And Quality Improvement Project, Fanny M. Powell May 2019

Enhancing Nutrition Education For School Aged Children; A Preventive Health Measure And Quality Improvement Project, Fanny M. Powell

Doctor of Nursing Practice (DNP) Projects

Objective: The purpose of the DNP project was to improve nutritional knowledge of the adolescents at Kings Canyon Unified School District while also improving their perceived ability to choose healthy food. This project was enveloped in a larger community outreach mission utilizing a free school-based clinic for the purposes of providing sports physicals to students and health screening and physicals to the community. Additionally, nurse practitioner students engaged in a cultural immersion experience through clinical rotations in Central Valley.

Methods: Adolescent students who registered for the clinic watched a nine-minute nutrition video, created by the DNP student, while waiting for ...


The Effect Of Media Coverage Of Female Athletes And The Impact On How These Athletes View Their Body, Hannah Rehbaum May 2019

The Effect Of Media Coverage Of Female Athletes And The Impact On How These Athletes View Their Body, Hannah Rehbaum

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Research indicates that in today’s society media has a powerful effect on the body image of female athletes. The purpose of this synthesis was to review the literature on the effect of media coverage of female athletes and the impact on how these athletes view their body. Results indicate that there is an overall detrimental relationship between the influences of media and the way female athletes view their bodies.


Is Sport Specialization Worth The Risk? Myths Vs. Reality, Justin Dueppengiesser May 2019

Is Sport Specialization Worth The Risk? Myths Vs. Reality, Justin Dueppengiesser

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis project was to explore whether sport specialization is worth the potential risks. Another purpose was to explore the myths and realities of sport specialization. A comprehensive literature review took place that included 17 data based peer-reviewed articles published between 2003-2019. Results indicated that sport sampling is the best way to achieve future success in sport, not sport early specialization (Hastie, 2015). Athletes who specialize in one sport are more likely to have a lower extremity injury occur compared to athletes who sport sample (McGuine, Post, Hetzel, Brooks, Trigsted & Bell, 2017). Another factor to consider is ...


Does Sports Build Positive Youth Development?, Mark Federico May 2019

Does Sports Build Positive Youth Development?, Mark Federico

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

Youth sports are as popular as they have ever been and their popularity is increasing. According to The National Council on Youth Sports (NCYS) “over 44 million youth participated in organized sports in 2008, and more recent estimations suggest an estimated 45 million youth participate in organized sports” (Hodge, Kanters, Forneris, Bocarro, & Sayre, 2017, p. 35). The purpose of this synthesis was to discover two different things. The first purpose was to identify whether sports builds positive youth development and to explore how to best encourage positive youth development in a sport setting.

After synthesizing the literature, results indicated that sports does indeed develop positive youth development. However, it was found that playing youth sports does not automatically develop positive youth development; an intentionally designed program has to be in place in order for positive youth development (PYD) to occur. Autonomy-supportive environments that focused on the well-being of the athlete were major influences on whether PYD occurred in a program. Future research should be done with larger sample sizes and ...


Factors To Consider In Preparing Adapted Physical Education Teachers To Teach In Urban Settings, Joanessa Fequiere May 2019

Factors To Consider In Preparing Adapted Physical Education Teachers To Teach In Urban Settings, Joanessa Fequiere

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to identify the various factors to consider in preparing adapted physical education teachers to teach in urban settings. The literature examined twelve articles that were chosen to be included in the critical mass. The following five research questions were answered: (a) what are the contextual factors and challenges that influence teaching in an urban setting? , (b) what are the unique concerns and challenges of adapted physical education teachers? (c) What are the teachers’ perspective regarding the challenges of teaching physical education in urban settings?, (d) what are the teachers’ attitudes and perspective on teaching ...


How Does Pressure To Be Perfect Impact Pre-Collegiate Gymnasts?, Caitlin J. Elsadek May 2019

How Does Pressure To Be Perfect Impact Pre-Collegiate Gymnasts?, Caitlin J. Elsadek

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

This synthesis highlights the available research of how pressure to be perfect impacts pre-collegiate gymnasts. With recent accusations of sexual assault from USA Gymnastics doctor, Larry Nassar and the idealism of looking aesthetically pleasing for success, this research was imperative.

The literature review examined evidence-based research in areas of body image and disordered eating issues, and pressure on young gymnasts. Specifically, this literature review used peer-reviews and scholarly articles to explore what kinds of pressure pre-collegiate gymnast encounter, from whom the pressure comes from, and the gymnast deals with the pressure.

Results showed that coaches, parents, teammates, and the gymnast ...


The Effects Of A Non-Traditional High School Physical Education Curriculum On The Development Of Lifelong Engagement In Physical Activity, Meghan Trimer May 2019

The Effects Of A Non-Traditional High School Physical Education Curriculum On The Development Of Lifelong Engagement In Physical Activity, Meghan Trimer

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis is to examine the effects of a non-traditional high school physical education curriculum on the development of lifelong engagement in physical activity. Additionally, a purpose of this synthesis is to give insight into the impact that physical education teachers have on student motivation to live an active lifestyle. The main goal of a physical educator is to promote lifetime participation in physical activity (Baldwin et al., 2002). The way in which a student perceives their physical education teacher and curriculum can have a long-lasting effect on their desire to live an active lifestyle. What are ...


Strategies To Retain High School Athletic Coaches, Kevon London-Hill May 2019

Strategies To Retain High School Athletic Coaches, Kevon London-Hill

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

This is a review of literature aims to find what factors impact retention for high school sport coaches and what strategies can help increase retention. Coaches at the high school level are leaving the profession for a variety of reason that include job satisfaction, relationships with students and staff along with lacking support from administrators. The selection of literature utilized for this review was found using keywords: retention, coaches, and high school. Other articles were found through viewing selected studies references that are relevant to coaching and retention. Gathering data from the studies allowed findings that are relevant to impacting ...


Does Physical Activity Improve Cognitive Functioning? A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Nathan Klos May 2019

Does Physical Activity Improve Cognitive Functioning? A Synthesis Of The Research Literature, Nathan Klos

Kinesiology, Sport Studies, and Physical Education Synthesis Projects

The purpose of this synthesis was to examine the effects of physical activity on cognitive function. A comprehensive literature review was conducted to study the effects of physical activity on cognitive function in adolescents and adults, what types of physical activity impact cognitive function, as well as to determine the effects that physical activity has on people with Parkinson’s disease.

Scholarly peer-reviewed articles were found completely online through the SUNY Brockport Drake Memorial Library Research Guides. Key words were selected to find pertinent articles related to the research questions.

Past and current research suggests that physical activity could be ...


Enduring Resilience: An Exploration Of Puerto Rican Colonization, Hurricane Maria, And Ongoing Healing Through Cultural Rituals, Jasmin Isabel Torrejón May 2019

Enduring Resilience: An Exploration Of Puerto Rican Colonization, Hurricane Maria, And Ongoing Healing Through Cultural Rituals, Jasmin Isabel Torrejón

Expressive Therapies Capstone Theses

This thesis seeks to illuminate the economic, cultural and social subjugation of Puerto Rico, and its people, through the stripping of personal and political self-determination imposed by U.S. colonization. This research explores historic examples of Puerto Rican perseverance and analyzes psychologically protective factors supporting survivorship and resilience, such as familism and ontological security. The effects of Hurricane Maria on mental health are highlighted in the research, as is the correlation between a lack of electrical power and adverse health/wellness outcomes. Models for collective liberation and social justice are discussed and exemplified through the case study of a march ...


“Get Tough!”: A Case Study On The Development Of The Sport Ethic In Youth Lacrosse, Ross Budziszewski May 2019

“Get Tough!”: A Case Study On The Development Of The Sport Ethic In Youth Lacrosse, Ross Budziszewski

All Graduate Plan B and other Reports

While participation in youth sport is often linked with positive psychosocial and physical outcomes (Holt et al., 2017), this context can also cultivate ideals that lead to the development of unethical beliefs as well as unsafe sport practices (Al-Yaarbi & Kavussanu, 2017). The sport ethic is described as the deviant overconformity by an athlete to fit societal expectations of a sport’s high-performance culture (Hughes & Coakley, 1991). Strong beliefs in the sport ethic can lead to moral disengagement, antisocial behavior, and viewing sport like warfare (Shields, Funk, & Bredemeier, 2015). Although the sport ethic has been examined in competitive adult sport (Coakley ...


An Initial Development Of A Hardiness Scale For Elementary School Students, Stephen Ferrara May 2019

An Initial Development Of A Hardiness Scale For Elementary School Students, Stephen Ferrara

Educational Specialist

There are limited studies that have investigated levels of hardiness in children. There is even less information on finding hardiness scales that have been normed on children in elementary school. The purpose of this study was to test the validity and reliability of the Hardiness Scale for Children (HSC), which assesses the three subscales of hardiness: Challenge, Control, and Commitment. 121 elementary school students (2nd-5th grade) were selected to complete the HSC. Their parents were also asked to complete a three-item scale to measure their child’s hardiness. The results indicated that older children tended to give ...


Increasing Awareness Of Romantic Behaviors In Former Foster Youth, Kimberly Beardshear May 2019

Increasing Awareness Of Romantic Behaviors In Former Foster Youth, Kimberly Beardshear

Capstone Projects and Master's Theses

Because of their inexperience, emerging adults often have a difficult time navigating healthy romantic relationships. For many, the skills necessary for quality relationships are usually learned through parents, friends, or mentors. Foster youth, in particular, may struggle more in developing and sustaining romantic relationships due to the lack of or inconsistent parental guidance or mentoring. To address this, I have created a two-hour lesson for emerging adult foster youth attending Hartnell College in Salinas, California. The content will be comprised of the characteristics of a healthy relationship, role-play scenarios, identifying unhealthy relationship behaviors, and how to use healthy relationship behaviors.