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Elementary Education

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Mathematical Learning Centers And Their Impact On Students’ Mathematical Learning And Understanding, Erin Miner Lantzer May 2008

Mathematical Learning Centers And Their Impact On Students’ Mathematical Learning And Understanding, Erin Miner Lantzer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students often struggle with mathematical word problems because they often cannot decide what steps they need to take to solve the problem. In this study, the author explores how learning centers impact the learning needs and problem-solving skills of diverse students, as well as how they might create opportunities for student collaboration. The researcher performed a case study focusing on three fourth grade students within her classroom—one higher achieving, one average, and one lower achieving. Learning centers were set up within the classroom for approximately eight weeks, during which the researcher observed students’ behavior. The researcher found that two ...


Using Readers' Theater As A Technique For Strengthening Fluency, Nicole Morris Aug 2006

Using Readers' Theater As A Technique For Strengthening Fluency, Nicole Morris

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted in an urban elementary school in Western New York. The researcher, who was an intern in a fourth grade classroom, was interested jn determining if and how Readers' Theater might affect reading fluency in struggling readers. The students in the study exhibited a range of reading levels, but all struggled with fluency. Before beginning Readers' Theater, the researcher assessed the students for fluency. Specifically, students were tested for automaticity, accuracy and prosody. The researcher then implemented a Readers' Theater program for a total of ten weeks. The students participated in the program three days a week ...


A Comparison Of The Effects Of Cooperative And Competitive Methods As Reinforcement Of The Skill Of Answering Inferential Questions In A Fifth Grade Reading Class, Diane L. Arnold Dec 1991

A Comparison Of The Effects Of Cooperative And Competitive Methods As Reinforcement Of The Skill Of Answering Inferential Questions In A Fifth Grade Reading Class, Diane L. Arnold

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated whether a practice session in the previously learned skill of reading a paragraph and answering inferential comprehension questions was more effective when conducted competitively or cooperatively.

One fifth-grade homeroom class of 28 students was randomly divided into two groups: a cooperative group and a competitive group, each containing students from three different reading levels. A researcher-made pretest determined that there was no significant difference between the two groups before the treatment. A practice session was conducted in which the cooperative group worked in units of two or three. Each student in the unit was given an ‘A ...