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Full-Text Articles in Education

Inner Dialogue Reading Behaviors And Student Comprehension Of Texts, Antonio Madau Dec 2017

Inner Dialogue Reading Behaviors And Student Comprehension Of Texts, Antonio Madau

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examines the use of inner dialogue reading behaviors by third grade students who achieve high scores on commercial reading assessments. The study looks at one class of third grade students in Western New York, and comparatively analyzes their self-reported use of reading behaviors in relation to their achieved scores on the Next Step in Guided Reading (GRA) commercial reading assessment. The researcher collected qualitative data from the participants using results from the administered GRA assessment, structured verbal interviews, and participants’ written responses in their weekly Independent Reading Logs. Conclusions for participants who scored highly on commercial reading assessments ...


How To Support Students In Reading For Meaning, Gabrielle Dzikowicz Miller May 2017

How To Support Students In Reading For Meaning, Gabrielle Dzikowicz Miller

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research explores how to support students in reading for meaning. The purpose of my research was to learn more about how to help students read for meaning and to provide the skills and strategies necessary to support reading for meaning. Further, this research reviews the impact strategies have as a means for comprehension of the text. Data were collected for this study over a four-week period in the form of semi-structured interviews, student artifacts, observations, audio recordings, and field notes. Data were analyzed to determine the most effective ways that students were able to read for meaning.


I Feel Trapped: Motivation, Engagement, And Text Choice With Struggling Readers, Brie Olsen May 2017

I Feel Trapped: Motivation, Engagement, And Text Choice With Struggling Readers, Brie Olsen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this qualitative research study is to explore the role of reading motivation, reading engagement, and text choice when working with a struggling reading in middle school.. By exploring how specific factors influence struggling readers, through this study, teachers will be able to have a better understanding as to the importance that motivation and engagement play in working with struggling readers in middle school.


First Grade Teachers' Literacy Instructional Practices Influence On The Learning Of Elementary School Students In English Language Arts (Ela) And Reading, Carole A. Barkin May 2017

First Grade Teachers' Literacy Instructional Practices Influence On The Learning Of Elementary School Students In English Language Arts (Ela) And Reading, Carole A. Barkin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative case study investigated the literacy educational practices of five general education first grade teachers in a charter school in Western New York. Charter schools typically hire teachers with less experience; therefore, the purpose of this study is to explore how first grade teachers in English Language Arts (ELA) and reading modified their literacy instruction to support all students, including, but not limited to, students with a variety of different disabilities. Through semi-structured interviews and classroom observations, this study focused on how specific literacy instructional tools and teaching methods, such as the arts and/or technology, impacted students’ literacy ...


“Please Turn And Talk”: Mathematical Discussions In Elementary Classrooms, Siobhan M. Tarbell May 2017

“Please Turn And Talk”: Mathematical Discussions In Elementary Classrooms, Siobhan M. Tarbell

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research explores the perceptions of elementary math teachers on mathematical communication. The purpose of this research is to better support all students by understanding the benefits, limitations and strategies that are used to utilize mathematical communication to support higher-level thinking. Data were collected for this study over a period of 4 weeks using the transcribed audio recordings of semi-structured interviews with teachers, and through analysis of a reflective teaching journal. Data were coded through constant comparative analysis to find themes that emerged about the perceptions, benefits and limitations that teachers noted when using mathematical communication, or math-talk, in their ...


An Exploration Of Consultant Teaching: Instructional Methods And Materials To Support Struggling Learners, Karen E. Burdick May 2017

An Exploration Of Consultant Teaching: Instructional Methods And Materials To Support Struggling Learners, Karen E. Burdick

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This qualitative study explores the consultant teaching model, and consultant teacher roles in the classroom. Specifically, this study focuses on consultant teacher’s methods and materials they use to support diverse learners. By meeting with and interviewing consultant teachers, I was able to better understand the factors that drive instructional methods and materials that are used in the classroom.


Improving Reading Comprehension: For Children Living In Poverty In A Tier 3 Response To Intervention Group, Caitlin Merrifield Apr 2017

Improving Reading Comprehension: For Children Living In Poverty In A Tier 3 Response To Intervention Group, Caitlin Merrifield

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research explores the implementation of three different graphic organizers in my tier three, English Language Arts, Response to Intervention group. The purpose of this research is to improve reading comprehension for students raised in poverty. Data were collected for this study over a period of 6 weeks using the students’ graphic organizers, transcribed audio recordings, and observation notes. Data were analyzed for how effective the graphic organizer was along with why or why not. The participants were involved in the analysis portion, making their connection to their learning that much deeper.


The Impact Of Play On Emergent Literacy Development, Ashley Gazza Dec 2016

The Impact Of Play On Emergent Literacy Development, Ashley Gazza

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

With increased standards in today’s school’s teachers are taking away play time and focusing on more specific literacy instruction. The opportunities to learn through play and exploration is a thing of the past. Although research states play is a natural part of a child’s development (Wong, Wang, & Cheng, 2011) the research focused on what reading and writing activities are embedded in play and how play can help develop emergent literacy in young children. A qualitative study was conducted with a 5-year-old male, at the emergent literacy state of development. The current study observed the research participant playing ...


The Effects Of Discrete Trial Teaching On Students With Autism, Kristine Reardon Aug 2012

The Effects Of Discrete Trial Teaching On Students With Autism, Kristine Reardon

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Discrete trial teaching (DTT) is one of the most widely interventions used on children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). It is an intensive and individualized instructional methodology that involves breaking skills into smaller steps and intensely teaching each step until mastered. DTT is known to many as being useful for teaching new forms of behavior and discrimination. The purpose of this study was to investigate if DTT is a useful intervention for increasing communication skills, acquisition, and academic skills in children with ASD, while decreasing their inappropriate behaviors. Data indicated that DTT effectively increased acquisition, academic skills, and communication skills ...


Spelling Instruction And Young Learners' Literacy Development, Amber Gail Taylor Aug 2012

Spelling Instruction And Young Learners' Literacy Development, Amber Gail Taylor

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

For several decades, in schools across the United States, spelling instruction has been and continues to be a fundamental component of the English Language Arts curriculum in the primary and intermediate grades. Many administrators, teachers, and parents support spelling instruction, claiming that it improves student's reading and writing performance. Other interested stakeholders (including administrators, teachers, and parents) agree that spelling instruction has become a staple of the American education system because it encourages a home-school connection. This means that teachers send home weekly spelling study guides and worksheets for parents and/or guardians to help their children with in ...


Individualized Mathematics, Benjermin Giuliano Aug 2012

Individualized Mathematics, Benjermin Giuliano

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Given the high priority mathematics education holds in the United States, with regard to the importance of science, technology, education, and mathematics (STEM) employment, and the continued meager performance of students, a sense of pressure for meaningful reform continues to increase. The study investigates the viability and effectiveness of an individualized math program known as Accelerated Math™ (AM) by Renaissance Learning ™ (RL). The objective was to determine the worthiness and practicality of AM, as a computer-based individualized program, in becoming the centrally featured curriculum for mathematics education. The study focuses on two participants. One was female elementary teacher in the ...


The Impact Of Fountas And Pinnell's Leveled Literacy Intervention (Lli) Program On Student Learning In A Multi-Age, Special Education Classroom, Leigh Anne Shaffer May 2012

The Impact Of Fountas And Pinnell's Leveled Literacy Intervention (Lli) Program On Student Learning In A Multi-Age, Special Education Classroom, Leigh Anne Shaffer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The primary purpose of this research was to investigate the impact Leveled Literacy Intervention (LLI) had on a multi-age, special education classroom. LLI can be used and is appropriate for students with special needs, English Language Learners and/or struggling students in regular education classrooms.

This research study was implemented in a multi-age, special education classroom. The students participating in the study were in grades 3, 4 or 5 during the study. The study lasted six weeks.

The data were collected using a variety of methods. Developmental Reading Assessments (DRA) were used twice in the study. Running records were taken ...


Interest Books And Engagement In Reading, Stephanie Rufina Peckham May 2012

Interest Books And Engagement In Reading, Stephanie Rufina Peckham

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Interest plays an important role in a child's reading development. When a text appeals to a child's interest, that child is motivated to read more. The more children read the better readers they become. Teachers want students to read as often as possible. This will have a positive effect on a child's development. In order for students to be motivated to read, they must have an interest. When students reach preadolescence the desire and motivation to read tends to decrease. Once this occurs students begin to fall behind their classmates. Teachers need to foster the desire to ...


Independent Student Literacy Activities: What Takes Place During Guided Reading, Natalie Joanne Humphrey Dec 2009

Independent Student Literacy Activities: What Takes Place During Guided Reading, Natalie Joanne Humphrey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigates the independent activities teachers assign their students during Guided Reading instruction, as well as their rationale for choosing these activities and determining their efficacy. The research focused on elementary school students from a culturally homogenous rural, Western New York school district. The researcher used a variety of data-collection methods, including a brief survey, semi-structured interviews, and classroom observation. Fifteen teachers participated in this study, with all observations occurring within teachers’ classrooms. The researcher discovered several themes in students’ independent work, including working with a partner/small group, focusing on subjects other than literacy to address lack of ...


Teaching Sight Words Through Games: Impact On Retention And Fluency Levels, Amanda Susan Tibbatts Aug 2008

Teaching Sight Words Through Games: Impact On Retention And Fluency Levels, Amanda Susan Tibbatts

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Sight words or sight vocabulary are defined as easily recognized words may be understood outside of a block of text. Many reading programs in the United States focus on the “drill and kill” method of instruction, often using flash cards to practice identification and spelling in order to increase reading fluency. This study examines the effect of teaching sight words within a gaming environment, as well as its impact on memorization and retention of sight vocabulary. For eight weeks the researcher conducted this research in a 1st grade classroom in an upstate New York urban school district. Subjects consisted ...


Mathematical Learning Centers And Their Impact On Students’ Mathematical Learning And Understanding, Erin Miner Lantzer May 2008

Mathematical Learning Centers And Their Impact On Students’ Mathematical Learning And Understanding, Erin Miner Lantzer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Students often struggle with mathematical word problems because they often cannot decide what steps they need to take to solve the problem. In this study, the author explores how learning centers impact the learning needs and problem-solving skills of diverse students, as well as how they might create opportunities for student collaboration. The researcher performed a case study focusing on three fourth grade students within her classroom—one higher achieving, one average, and one lower achieving. Learning centers were set up within the classroom for approximately eight weeks, during which the researcher observed students’ behavior. The researcher found that two ...


Establishing Effective Consultant Teacher Model Relationships, Kevin Moore Dec 2007

Establishing Effective Consultant Teacher Model Relationships, Kevin Moore

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study explored how co-planning, shared workspace, and grade equivalent content knowledge impacted a co-teaching team (one special education teacher and one regular education teacher in the same room) working in the consultant teacher model (a special education teacher working in a classroom containing both regular and special education students). Participants for the study consisted of seven regular education teachers and three consultant (special education) teachers from a suburban, middle class, elementary school consisting of approximately four hundred students K-5. Data for the research study was collected over a period of seven weeks through pre-study questionnaires, journal entries, field notes ...


How Students Explain Their Word-Solving Strategies When They Come To A Word They Don’T Know While Reading And How Does That Explanation Change When Students Are Explicitly Taught A Variety Of Reading Strategies, Mary J. Pyszczek Aug 2007

How Students Explain Their Word-Solving Strategies When They Come To A Word They Don’T Know While Reading And How Does That Explanation Change When Students Are Explicitly Taught A Variety Of Reading Strategies, Mary J. Pyszczek

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The researcher wanted to see what strategies fourth grade students say they use when they come to a word they don't know while they are reading. The researcher asked them what they do and then had them read out loud from a text. Notes were taken on the strategies they used to see if what they said matched what they actually did. Three mini-lessons were then given on word-solving strategies that they could use to figure out unknown words. Last, the students read out loud again and were asked what they do to problem-solve a word. The results were ...


How Fluency Is Impacted For Struggling Readers Through Decoding, Rereading, And Word Study, Andrea Michele King Aug 2007

How Fluency Is Impacted For Struggling Readers Through Decoding, Rereading, And Word Study, Andrea Michele King

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate what happens to the fluency of struggling readers when the decoding of new or unfamiliar words were taught during small group reading instruction.

Three females and two male first and second grade students provided usable data for this study. Research was.collected over a three-month period and was taken during small reading groups. The elements of fluency that were addressed in the study were expression, accuracy, rate, and smoothness. Components that were used to increase fluency were the Dolch sight words, rereading, and word study. The students were tested three different times ...


Effectiveness Of Repeated Reading Along With Self-Evaluation On Reading Fluency, Lindsay Rae Strassner Jul 2007

Effectiveness Of Repeated Reading Along With Self-Evaluation On Reading Fluency, Lindsay Rae Strassner

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of immediate repeated reading and self-assessment of short passages, poems, arid phrases on all aspects of oral reading fluency and reading accuracy reading rate. Two male and one female third grade students were selected based on classroom teacher recommendation. The children who were chosen were not considered "at risk" students, they just needed a little extra push to reach and stay at grade level. Repeated read aloud opportunities were created for the children, by the researcher, in regular one-on-one sessions for the duration of two week periods. The children were ...


The Impact Of Peer Social Status On Social Interactions And Achievement In Small Learning Groups For Mathematics, Anne M. Stadelman Jun 2007

The Impact Of Peer Social Status On Social Interactions And Achievement In Small Learning Groups For Mathematics, Anne M. Stadelman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research study investigated the impact of peer social status on first graders' social interactions and the construction of mathematical concepts during small group collaboration for mathematics under two conditions: when the groups were composed of students with equal social status and when the groups were composed of students with diverse social status. The research took place in a first grade urban classroom with 16 students in Western New York. The researcher, as an objective observer, studied all students during Investigations activities. In addition, three different focus groups were observed: a high social status group, a low social status group ...


Boys' Writing Genre Choices, Robert E. Stevens May 2007

Boys' Writing Genre Choices, Robert E. Stevens

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teaching students according to their learning styles has become one of the most accepted approaches for effective instruction. The purpose of this action research was to discover what elementary boys do when given the opportunity to choose the genre of their own writing within writing workshop.

More and more boys have resisted writing instruction and have slowly opted not to view themselves as writers. Boys' and girls' brains are structured differently and need different methods of instruction. Choice has been a motivating factor when encouraging boys to engage in any task. This is certainly true of writing. Students should view ...


How Integrating Mathematics-Based Children's Literature Into The Investigations Curriculum Impacts Students' Acquisition Of Mathematical Concepts And Vocabulary In Meaningful Contexts, Wenella Grace-Naomi Reyes May 2007

How Integrating Mathematics-Based Children's Literature Into The Investigations Curriculum Impacts Students' Acquisition Of Mathematical Concepts And Vocabulary In Meaningful Contexts, Wenella Grace-Naomi Reyes

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research attempted to investigate how integrating mathematics-based children's literature into the Investigations curriculum impacts students' acquisition of mathematical concepts and vocabulary in more natural, familiar, and meaningful contexts. The researcher collected data from twelve third-grade students in an urban school to find out how the integration of mathematics-based children's literature affected students' interest in math, understanding of mathematical vocabulary, concepts and content of math literature and curriculum. The researcher used student surveys, pre- and post-tests, Math Literature Center worksheets, teacher journal, and daily choice time logs to collect data. The data was analyzed to find generalizations about ...


The Effects Of A Student-Centered Approach To Spelling Instruction That Incorporates The Multiple Intelligences, Erin Morris Jan 2007

The Effects Of A Student-Centered Approach To Spelling Instruction That Incorporates The Multiple Intelligences, Erin Morris

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influences of a student-centered approach to spelling instruction that incorporated the multiple intelligences. A goal of this study was to identify spelling strategies that students could choose to use independently while participating in everyday writing activities. Five third grade students who were identified as struggling writers provided usable data for this study. The students recognized their individual need to develop and increase their spelling knowledge as they made personal goals to improve their spelling skills. Students were introduced to a number of spelling strategies that they could use independently through small ...


Success In Science: The Power Of Writing On Attitudes And Knowledge Acquisition In Middle School Science, Kelly A. Roberts Jan 2007

Success In Science: The Power Of Writing On Attitudes And Knowledge Acquisition In Middle School Science, Kelly A. Roberts

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This research study looks at the global deficits in science-related industries with regard to scientific literacy and writing to articulate knowledge. This project explores a science curriculum that uses diverse resources like children's literature, poetry, nature journals, and writing prompts to explore learning and attitudes in the middle school science classroom. Researchers anticipated students’ development in content and conceptual knowledge, improvement in critical thinking skills, and increased interest in scientific reading and writing. Active research was conducted at a small suburban/rural parochial school in Western New York where subjects included 65 students in three seventh-grade life-science classes. Literacy ...


Using Readers' Theater As A Technique For Strengthening Fluency, Nicole Morris Aug 2006

Using Readers' Theater As A Technique For Strengthening Fluency, Nicole Morris

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted in an urban elementary school in Western New York. The researcher, who was an intern in a fourth grade classroom, was interested jn determining if and how Readers' Theater might affect reading fluency in struggling readers. The students in the study exhibited a range of reading levels, but all struggled with fluency. Before beginning Readers' Theater, the researcher assessed the students for fluency. Specifically, students were tested for automaticity, accuracy and prosody. The researcher then implemented a Readers' Theater program for a total of ten weeks. The students participated in the program three days a week ...


The Effects Of The Assistive Technology Tool, Picture Sentence Key On The Expressive Language Skills In Children With Disabilities, Mary Catherine Engle May 2006

The Effects Of The Assistive Technology Tool, Picture Sentence Key On The Expressive Language Skills In Children With Disabilities, Mary Catherine Engle

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate if the amount and quality of expressive language in children with disabilities increase or decrease as a result of assistive technology, (focused on hardware and software) that is individualized to the needs of each child. To obtain information about this topic, the researcher reviewed literature and gathered evidence on the language skills of four elementary students with disabilities through pre and post language samples during a play situation. Pre and post language samples were used to assess any increases in the students' expressive language while using the assistive technology software, Picture Sentence ...


Listening Comprehension And The Development Of Emergent Reading Skills, Andrea Helena Priolette Jun 2005

Listening Comprehension And The Development Of Emergent Reading Skills, Andrea Helena Priolette

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Emergent readers face a difficult task as they begin to build their reading skills. Reading is a process that utilizes various skills, especially in the early stages of reading development. This study was conducted in an urban elementary school to investigate the importance of listening comprehension within a setting of emergent readers, participating in the Success For All: Reading Roots program. Specifically, this research explores the correlation between listening comprehension skills and reading levels in a group of beginning readers. It identifies teachers' beliefs on the value and purpose of read-alouds in the classrooms. Furthermore, it examines the relationship of ...


Are Children With Autism In Their Primary Schooling Years Perceived By Their Teachers As More Socially Proficient In Inclusive Settings?, Amy Mallaber May 2005

Are Children With Autism In Their Primary Schooling Years Perceived By Their Teachers As More Socially Proficient In Inclusive Settings?, Amy Mallaber

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teachers may be placing students with autism in inclusive and self-contained settings based on teachers' perceptions and students' social characteristics. The purpose of this study is to investigate whether the biases and experiences of elementary teachers affect the placement of students with autism. All of the subjects in this study are teachers from a small suburban school district in Western New York. According to the findings of this study, negative characteristics of students with autism did not affect the placement of students with autism. However, perceived characteristics of students with autism did significantly impact placement. If teachers are aware of ...


The Effects Of Prekindergarten Programs On Later Academic And Social Achievement, Johanna Jennifer Soule Aug 2004

The Effects Of Prekindergarten Programs On Later Academic And Social Achievement, Johanna Jennifer Soule

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated how prekindergarten affects students' language arts and social achievement. It targeted one first grade classroom as a case study in an urban elementary school in Western New York. In this classroom, the researcher collected writing samples, observed social skills, and collected Reading Excellence Act Scores. The scores of students that attended prekindergarten were compared to those students that attended preschool and Head Start. Also, kindergarten and first grade teachers were surveyed to determine the teachers' perceptions of prekindergarten. An informal interview was done with the current prekindergarten teacher in the urban elementary school as well. Overall, the ...