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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effects Of Prekindergarten Programs On Later Academic And Social Achievement, Johanna Jennifer Soule Aug 2004

The Effects Of Prekindergarten Programs On Later Academic And Social Achievement, Johanna Jennifer Soule

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated how prekindergarten affects students' language arts and social achievement. It targeted one first grade classroom as a case study in an urban elementary school in Western New York. In this classroom, the researcher collected writing samples, observed social skills, and collected Reading Excellence Act Scores. The scores of students that attended prekindergarten were compared to those students that attended preschool and Head Start. Also, kindergarten and first grade teachers were surveyed to determine the teachers' perceptions of prekindergarten. An informal interview was done with the current prekindergarten teacher in the urban elementary school as well. Overall, the ...


Factors Affecting Retention Of Students In Grades K-2, Amy Katherine Pace Jun 2004

Factors Affecting Retention Of Students In Grades K-2, Amy Katherine Pace

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study looked to investigate two things regarding student retention in grade. The first being the factors that influence retention and the second being the effectiveness of the practice. First, the researcher looked to see what factors influence student retention between kindergarten and third grade. This was investigated by using the cumulative folders of students currently in grades three and four. Their cumulative folders were used in order to find out if the student was retained and the reasons that were indicated for the retention. This data was compiled and put into a questionnaire to be completed by the first ...


Factors Affecting The Academic Performance Of Learning Disabled Students In Science, Kathleen Marie Parsons Jun 2004

Factors Affecting The Academic Performance Of Learning Disabled Students In Science, Kathleen Marie Parsons

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the factors that influence the academic performance of learning disabled students in an urban science classroom. The research focused on a group of six learning disabled sixth grade students. Student self-perceptions, levels of motivation, and locus of control served as the primary concentrations of the research study. Data was collected using an Academic Performance Questionnaire, weekly performance reflections, Studying Reflections, weekly observations, and student interviews. Findings indicate that LD students maintain a high overall self-concept despite inconsistent perceptions of their performance from week to week. LD students display less motivation than their unclassified peers, as evidenced by ...


Teachers' Attitudes On How Medication Affects Students' Success, Anna Kogan May 2004

Teachers' Attitudes On How Medication Affects Students' Success, Anna Kogan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

A study was conducted to find out if elementary students in inclusive classrooms associated with disabilities and students with problems in learning, processing and communicating information that receive medication are as academically and socially successful as students who do not receive medication. All subjects (N = 34) that participated in the study were students and teachers in a suburban elementary school, grades kindergarten through second. Data was collected using an anonymous, unpublished questionnaire, as well as from published comments on report cards from spring of 2003. All the questions asked addressed teachers' opinions and knowledge about academic and social performance, as ...


Successful Collaborative And Inclusive Practices, Jessica Schaaf May 2004

Successful Collaborative And Inclusive Practices, Jessica Schaaf

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

As teachers, it is our job to educate each and every one of our students. It is important to take into consideration the composition of your classroom when teaching your students. Teachers need to be aware of individual needs and teach accordingly. Some teachers might find this difficult because they do not know how to teach in an inclusive environment. What are successful collaborative and inclusive practices for both general and special educators to use in a general education inclusive classroom with primary and intermediate age students? This is the question that will be partially answered in this paper. Two ...


A Teacher Created Approach To Spelling Vs. A Textbook Approach To Spelling, Bridget Fichera-Aina May 2003

A Teacher Created Approach To Spelling Vs. A Textbook Approach To Spelling, Bridget Fichera-Aina

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of two different approaches to spelling reinforcement. The first approach used solely textbook activities and the second approach used teacher directed activities. The study included 19 students from a suburban upstate New York school district. The subjects were second grade students consisting of twelve girls and seven boys. The study took approximately 12 weeks to complete. The first ten, weeks consisted of a pretest at the beginning of each week containing 15-18 second grade spelling words. Each week the pretest was followed by either textbook reinforcement activities or teacher created ...


The Relationship Between Parental Involvement And The Academic Success Of Fifth Grade Students, Scott S. Kingsbury May 2003

The Relationship Between Parental Involvement And The Academic Success Of Fifth Grade Students, Scott S. Kingsbury

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a statistically significant relationship between the level of parental involvement of fifth grade students and the scores that these students achieved on their fourth grade New York State Math and ELA Tests. Surveys were returned from the parents of fifty-eight students. The students were divided into two groups—high and low achievers based on their scores on the NYS Math and ELA tests. High achievement was defined as a score of 3 or 4 and low achievement was defined as a score of 1 or 2. Surveys were sent ...


Graphic Organizers: What Are The Effects Of Writing, Attitudes Towards, And Usage Of Graphic Organizers In A Fourth Grade Classroom, Wendy Rusin Apr 2003

Graphic Organizers: What Are The Effects Of Writing, Attitudes Towards, And Usage Of Graphic Organizers In A Fourth Grade Classroom, Wendy Rusin

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examined the effects of a graphic organizer, the Venn Diagram, on fourth graders' writing projects. The students' views and attitudes towards the effectiveness of the graphic organizer were considered and were determined by a student survey. This information was used to determine if the students felt the organizer improved their writing compared to a previously written essay that was created without, the organizer. Students received direct instruction on several different types of graphic organizers. In February, the students took the New York State English Language Arts exam where the students wrote an essay based on two stories. There ...


The Influence Of Visualization On Fifth Grade Students' Comprehension, Pamela Zola Smith Apr 2003

The Influence Of Visualization On Fifth Grade Students' Comprehension, Pamela Zola Smith

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This quantitative research study was conducted to see what effect teaching fifth grade students techniques on how to visualize before they read would have on their comprehension. Twenty fifth-grade students from a heterogeneous elementary class in a suburb of Western New York were part of the study. Each student was given an individual copy of The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe in class. During this five-week period, the students independently read the chapters assigned to them. They then received either a standard lesson and cloze test or a visualization lesson and cloze test directly following each chapter.

The data ...


Investigating High And Low Fifth Grade Urban Readers Through Reading Autobiographies, Jeffrey S. Stanley Apr 2003

Investigating High And Low Fifth Grade Urban Readers Through Reading Autobiographies, Jeffrey S. Stanley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The push for higher standards and increased performance for children in the United States, has led to many different strategies being used to assist teachers in improving their students' scores. The subjects in this study were from five fifth grade classrooms in an urban school district in Western New York. The eighty-four students consisted of fifty-five females and twenty-nine males. The students were given lessons in reading and writing autobiographies for Readers' Workshop. At the end of the week the students were asked to write an autobiography about how they learned to read. The results of the study yielded sixty-four ...


The Power Of Discussion On Students' Comprehension, Jennifer A. Brock Apr 2003

The Power Of Discussion On Students' Comprehension, Jennifer A. Brock

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Through listening to one another we establish "a foundation for all aspects of language and cognitive development" (Hyslop,1988). As teachers we need to establish the need for discussion and encourage the discussion aspect of learning. This needs to be done within the classroom and at home. Parents are the first people that children talk with and learn to discuss issues with. Therefore, it is necessary that discussion be carried on throughout a child's education.

In the thesis, I will research that by discussing stories with their children, parents will increase the comprehension of their children. Through the use ...


The Effect Of Reading And Social Studies Integration On Content Knowledge And Vocabulary, Jessica P. Schultz Apr 2003

The Effect Of Reading And Social Studies Integration On Content Knowledge And Vocabulary, Jessica P. Schultz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if the integration of reading in the content area would improve students' vocabulary and content knowledge test scores. The belief of content area literacy is that students learn with text, not from them. An interaction with text provides opportunities for students to enhance their own mental models of the material. This research report reveals the positive effects of teaching reading skills in all curricular areas, and it emphasizes the benefits of immersing students with literature in science, social studies and math, as well as language arts. The researcher compared two fifth grade ...


Guided Reading: Its Effects On Reading Achievement And Attitudes, Colleen Vinciquerra Dec 2002

Guided Reading: Its Effects On Reading Achievement And Attitudes, Colleen Vinciquerra

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to analyze the effect of guided reading on second graders reading achievement. This study also examined the effect guided reading had on students' attitude towards reading.

The subjects included forty-two second graders from a rural school in western New York. There were two second grade classes who participated in the study. The experimental group received guided reading. The control group did not.

The researcher used Running Reading Records as the tool to determine the students' reading level. The students Running Reading Records were taken at the beginning of the study and again at the end of ...


The Effects Of A Kindergarten Home Reading Program, Patricia Siracusa Jun 2002

The Effects Of A Kindergarten Home Reading Program, Patricia Siracusa

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a kindergarten home reading program with parents reading books to their children. The program required parents to read stories to their children and to discuss the stories afterwards. Subjects included 46 kindergarten students and their parents. The families came from an upstate New York suburban school district. The students participated in a half-day kindergarten program. Students participated in a home reading program that started in January and continued through March. Children (with parents' assistance) were asked to read a minimum of 26 books during the program, one for each ...


Is Reading Aloud To Students A Magical Experience?, Kristine Brakoniecki May 2002

Is Reading Aloud To Students A Magical Experience?, Kristine Brakoniecki

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the practice of teachers reading aloud to students has perceived value. Surveys of teachers attitudes/behaviors and student attitudes/experiences concerning reading aloud to students were created to gather data. The data were analyzed qualitatively.

Thirty-six teachers and 106 students responded to questionnaires designed to elicit their opinions on the value of the read aloud process. The responses were recorded, tallied and categorized according to similarities and frequency.

The findings revealed that both teachers and students value the read aloud process. Specific examples from students help illustrate the role that being ...


The Effects Of Summer Vacation On Learning: A Look At Interrupted Instruction, Jennifer Hagen May 2002

The Effects Of Summer Vacation On Learning: A Look At Interrupted Instruction, Jennifer Hagen

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of interrupted instruction, in the form of summer vacation, on reading achievement of high, middle, and low achieving students. The researcher determined the loss or gain by using Running Reading Records (RRR) from the ending of first grade moving to the beginning of second grade. A discussion of the relevance of year-round education (YRE) is included as well.

This study revealed that 15 of the 62 students lost according to RRR levels while 47 of the 62 either maintained or gained levels. It was determined that interrupted instruction did not ...


Sight Vocabulary And Computers: The Effect Of Stories Written In The Program Powerpoint On The Acquisition Of Sight Vocabulary In First Grade Students, Christopher J. Pratt May 2002

Sight Vocabulary And Computers: The Effect Of Stories Written In The Program Powerpoint On The Acquisition Of Sight Vocabulary In First Grade Students, Christopher J. Pratt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of using fifth grade students' stories presented in a PowerPoint format as a tool for developing sight vocabulary for first graders.

The subjects were two heterogeneously grouped classes, a first grade and fifth grade class, from a suburban upstate school district in New York. There were twenty first graders who served as both treatment group A and treatment group B. The fifth grade students served as the cross-aged tutors that helped the first graders as they read.

Pretests of sight words were administered before the first grade students read the ...


Spelling Tests: Teacher-Chosen Words Vs. Student-Chosen Words, Paulette T. Reddick May 2002

Spelling Tests: Teacher-Chosen Words Vs. Student-Chosen Words, Paulette T. Reddick

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated student-selected spelling words and teacher-selected spelling words. The subjects consisted of 14 urban second graders. Each week students took a spelling test of five teacher-selected words and five student-selected words. The scores on these tests were used to determine which type of spelling words the students performed better on. This study lasted four months. The data was analyzed using a t-test with dependent means. A descriptive analysis of the types of words selected was also performed.

The data from this study indicated that there is a statistically significant difference between the scores of the teacher-selected words and ...


A Description And Analysis Of Fifth Graders Response Journals, Diana Pratt May 2002

A Description And Analysis Of Fifth Graders Response Journals, Diana Pratt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of critical thinking being achieved by students given free choice over response entry type.

A class of fifth-grade students from a rural school district was instructed in the five types of journal entries. The entry types were directly instructed, modeled, and assessed for mastery. After the journal entries were mastered the study began. Once a week the whole class was given DEAR time that could also be used for writing journal entries. Each student was to choose and write one entry per week for ten weeks. Each week the entry ...


The Degree To Which Student Self-Selection Of Literature From A Variety Of Genres Is Influenced By Teacher-Led Book Talks, Shawn L. Ranney May 2002

The Degree To Which Student Self-Selection Of Literature From A Variety Of Genres Is Influenced By Teacher-Led Book Talks, Shawn L. Ranney

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of teacher-led book talks in positively influencing students to select literature from a variety of genres. The subjects of this study consisted of twenty-four fifth grade students from a suburban elementary school in western New York who were exposed to teacher-led book talks designed to present a variety of literary genres.

Within a weekly cycle, participants were exposed daily to teacher-led book talks, a whole class brainstorming session, and a journal prompt intended to guide their reflections on a particular genre. The teacher-led book talks were comprised of oral readings ...


Is There A Difference Between The Degree To Which African-Americans Are Studied In Represented Rural, Suburban, And Urban School Districts?, Patricia Chatman May 2002

Is There A Difference Between The Degree To Which African-Americans Are Studied In Represented Rural, Suburban, And Urban School Districts?, Patricia Chatman

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the study was to examine the extent to which African-American history is presented in a variety of elementary, middle, and high schools. Ninety surveys were distributed in urban, suburban, and rural school districts in western New York. The subjects were classroom teachers who responded to the surveys. The survey was designed to find out how teachers are representing African-Americans in their classroom. An analysis of the data from the surveys indicates all the subjects in the study are representing African-Americans in their classrooms. However, teachers in urban schools have a greater representation of presenting African-Americans than teachers ...


An Investigation Into Computer Technology And Commercial Software: The Effects Of Fourth Grade Reading Comprehension Based On Two Different Modes Of Presentation, Charles Meier Apr 2002

An Investigation Into Computer Technology And Commercial Software: The Effects Of Fourth Grade Reading Comprehension Based On Two Different Modes Of Presentation, Charles Meier

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of commercially produced software. It evaluated the effectiveness of two different treatments and explored the relationship this may have upon increasing students' reading comprehension among fourth grade students. The subjects involved were forty heterogeneously grouped fourth grade students from a rural school setting school. The students were divided into two groups. A total of sixteen stories were read. The first group, Treatment A, utilized the computers, paired with commercially produced software, to complete eight reading passages. The second group, Treatment B, read the same stories but relied on non-computer methods ...


Health Knowledge And Health Teaching Self-Efficacy Among Preservice Elementary School Teachers, Amy Hellenschmidt-Preston May 2001

Health Knowledge And Health Teaching Self-Efficacy Among Preservice Elementary School Teachers, Amy Hellenschmidt-Preston

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Although implementation of health curriculum in elementary schools is generally the responsibility of classroom teachers, many elementary school teachers have had little to no health education training. This lack of training is significant because components of teacher preparation, such as teaching self-efficacy and curriculum content knowledge, have been linked with student educational outcomes and time spent implementing curriculum. This study examined the health knowledge and health teaching self-efficacy of preservice elementary school teachers who did not major in health science (non-health education majors), by comparing them to preservice elementary school teachers who did major in health, along with professional majors ...


The Effects Of Using The Modified Neurological Impress Method To Improve The Fluency Of Second And Third-Grade Low Achieving Readers, Denise T. Sprout May 2001

The Effects Of Using The Modified Neurological Impress Method To Improve The Fluency Of Second And Third-Grade Low Achieving Readers, Denise T. Sprout

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of using the modified neurological impress method to improve the reading fluency of five low achieving second and third grade students. All of the subjects attended a rural public elementary school in western New York. Students in the study received remedial reading support in addition to the modified NIM sessions. The study was conducted over an eight-week period. The researcher trained four parent volunteers and a classroom monitor to implement the modified NIM and recording procedures. Parent volunteers met with students four times a week for approximately 10 to 15 ...


An Investigation Of The Effects Of Using Literature To Promote The Understanding Of Mathematical Concepts In Children With Learning Disabilities, Stephanie Miller May 2001

An Investigation Of The Effects Of Using Literature To Promote The Understanding Of Mathematical Concepts In Children With Learning Disabilities, Stephanie Miller

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was designed to test the hypothesis that including children's literature in the mathematics curriculum improves understanding of math concepts for children with learning disabilities. The subjects included 47 third grade students from a suburban school district outside of Rochester, New York. The children were divided into experimental and control groups. The control group received their regular mathematics curriculum, while the experimental group received the addition of children's literature to the regular curriculum. No statistical significance was noted quantitatively, while qualitatively, improvements were noted in children's attitudes and involvement with the curriculum.


The Effects Of A Balanced Reading Program On Second Grade Reading Achievement, Theron Mong May 2001

The Effects Of A Balanced Reading Program On Second Grade Reading Achievement, Theron Mong

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of the thesis was to examine the positive effects a well-balanced reading program had on second graders reading achievement. There are many components that go into a well-balanced reading program. This study defined how some of the components were implemented, and in turn how the students benefited from a program that has the essential components students need to become successful independent readers.

The subjects in this study were ten second-grade students from an urban elementary school. Each of the subjects was in the same first and second grade classroom with the same teacher. The students looped with the ...


Use Of Conventions In Second Grade Students’ Journals, Cheryl A. Papponetti May 2001

Use Of Conventions In Second Grade Students’ Journals, Cheryl A. Papponetti

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between consistent journal writing in a natural environment and students' use of conventions. The subjects of this study included five, second-grade students from a rural elementary school. They were chosen randomly from a class of fifteen. Approximately three times a week students were asked to write their thoughts, feelings and experiences in a journal. Spelling, punctuation and grammar was done to the best of their ability. The teacher collected the journals weekly and responded based upon students' content and effort. No corrections were made on students' use of conventions rather ...


Kindergarten Readiness: Teacher And Parent Expectations, Debra M. Ramsey May 2001

Kindergarten Readiness: Teacher And Parent Expectations, Debra M. Ramsey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to compare the expectations of kindergarten teachers and parents of pre-school-aged children on school readiness. Clarifying expectations can provide guidance and direction for parents in order to prepare their children in ways that meet teachers expectations.

The subjects of this study were parents of pre-school-aged children and kindergarten teachers from the Rochester area. A survey was distributed to determine which readiness skills both parents and teachers found as critical for entrance into kindergarten.

The data from the survey reveal that teachers and parents in the Rochester area have similar expectations when it comes to ...


The Influence Of Word Building Strategies On A Delayed Reader, Carolyn A. D'Angelo May 2001

The Influence Of Word Building Strategies On A Delayed Reader, Carolyn A. D'Angelo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This case study of one child was conducted during the school year when the child was a third grader. His reading ability was below grade level. He was unable to read fluently although he was able to speak fluently and articulate his thoughts. This study showed that, through word building using onset and rime patterns and analogies along with reading leveled and series books, reading ability could be improved. Metacognition played an important role in this study. The child was able to understand the need to think as he was reading and writing. This was probably the most significant aspect ...


An Investigation Of The Effects Of Repeated Reading And Listening While Reading On Third Grade Students With Reading Problems, Felicia Lawson May 2001

An Investigation Of The Effects Of Repeated Reading And Listening While Reading On Third Grade Students With Reading Problems, Felicia Lawson

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Repeated reading and listening while reading are both effective strategies used to improve reading fluency. There is a great deal of research showing that both strategies when used appropriately will help children to read faster and with better accuracy. However, there is only limited research that takes a look at both strategies to see if one approach is more effective or has better results than the other.

The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of repeated reading and listening while reading on reading fluency. Fifteen third-grade students from an urban elementary school were selected to participate in ...