Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Theses/Dissertations

Elementary Education

The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Reading instruction

Articles 1 - 10 of 10

Full-Text Articles in Education

Listening Comprehension And The Development Of Emergent Reading Skills, Andrea Helena Priolette Jun 2005

Listening Comprehension And The Development Of Emergent Reading Skills, Andrea Helena Priolette

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Emergent readers face a difficult task as they begin to build their reading skills. Reading is a process that utilizes various skills, especially in the early stages of reading development. This study was conducted in an urban elementary school to investigate the importance of listening comprehension within a setting of emergent readers, participating in the Success For All: Reading Roots program. Specifically, this research explores the correlation between listening comprehension skills and reading levels in a group of beginning readers. It identifies teachers' beliefs on the value and purpose of read-alouds in the classrooms. Furthermore, it examines the relationship of ...


Principles And Practices Of Reading Instruction Provided In Grades K-5 In The Fairport Central Schools, Sheila M. Spiesz May 1998

Principles And Practices Of Reading Instruction Provided In Grades K-5 In The Fairport Central Schools, Sheila M. Spiesz

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to identify the principles and practices currently implemented in providing reading instruction in kindergarten through grade five in the Fairport Central School District. The subjects in this study included 149 elementary classroom teachers and 11 elementary reading teachers from the four elementary school buildings in the Fairport Central School District. Of these 160 teachers, 10 of them were also interviewed. The survey responses were presented quantitatively. All of the answers on the survey questions were compared by percentages of the total number of responses. Both the survey results and the interview responses were analyzed ...


The Long Term Effects Of The Reading Intervention Program, An Early Intervention Program Similar To Reading Recovery, Wendy Tarbox Watt May 1998

The Long Term Effects Of The Reading Intervention Program, An Early Intervention Program Similar To Reading Recovery, Wendy Tarbox Watt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

During the 1995-1997 school years, 35 students were identified at Holmes Road School (in Greece, NY) as being in the lowest 20% of their peer group in reading and related skills during first or second grade. These students received 12-16 weeks of individualized, one-on-one, reading instruction in a program similar to Reading Recovery called the Reading Intervention Program (RIP). During this program, students made significant gains. The purpose of this study was to determine if RIP has had a lasting effect on the performance of students who have had the 'treatment" as compared to their peers. Standardized test scores of ...


Teachers’ Targets For Reading Instruction And What These Suggest, Sharon L. Rakoski May 1993

Teachers’ Targets For Reading Instruction And What These Suggest, Sharon L. Rakoski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Teacher's belief systems and philosophies are formulated through professional development, reading current theory and daily interaction with children and materials. Researchers agree that teachers need an understanding of their belief systems in order to match these beliefs with effective instruction. This study examined teachers' belief systems as well as their targets or goals for reading instruction.

A Likert-type survey was created and answered by approximately 40 randomly selected faculty members from a rural western New York school district, representing a wide range of experience levels in grades K through 6. Teachers were also given the opportunity to freely respond ...


The Relationship Between Comprehension And Literature Based Reading Program, Karen Quaranto Aug 1992

The Relationship Between Comprehension And Literature Based Reading Program, Karen Quaranto

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Previous research indicates that children involved in a literature based reading program are actively involved in the task of reading. Research also indicates that children in literature based programs made significantly higher gains in reading versus their peers in a basal reading program. In the present study three classrooms of third graders, all of which were using a form of literature based reading instruction, were compared to determine the effect of the respective reading program on comprehension. Literature based reading programs used were student selected literature based reading, whole class literature based reading, and teacher pre-grouped literature based reading. The ...


An Investigation Into The Practical Applications Of Psycholinguistic Theory, Michael Pugliese Aug 1985

An Investigation Into The Practical Applications Of Psycholinguistic Theory, Michael Pugliese

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to explore the practical applications of psycholinguistic theory. Meaning-emphasis programs are not widely used in schools and are difficult to quantify. A case study format was designed to examine the effectiveness of this approach through in-depth observation. Data was compiled in the form of anecdotal records and student notebooks. Diagnostic tests developed by Clay (1979b ) were also used as measures of growth. Materials and procedures were described in terms of their psycholinguistic focus. The student was successful in the program and used meaning as the preferred strategy for word attack. Writing and oral expressive ...


Effects Of A Diagnostic-Prescriptive System On The Reading Comprehension Scores Of Fourth And Fifth Grade Students, Mary Ann Grazioplena Aug 1978

Effects Of A Diagnostic-Prescriptive System On The Reading Comprehension Scores Of Fourth And Fifth Grade Students, Mary Ann Grazioplena

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to investigate the effects of a diagnostic-prescriptive teaching system on the total reading comprehension scores of fourth and fifth grade students of varying achievements in reading. The study also examined which achievement level of students benefited the most from exposure to a diagnostic-prescriptive teaching system for reading. Three hypotheses dealing with method of instruction, achievement, and their interactions were tested. A sample, population of 108 (54 males, 54 females) fourth and fifth grade students was used. The control group utilized various basal programs. The experimental group employed various basal programs that were augmented ...


The Relationship Of Auditory Perception And Reading, Marilyn Passmore Shay Jul 1976

The Relationship Of Auditory Perception And Reading, Marilyn Passmore Shay

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Many children struggle to learn to read despite normal intellectual potential and good performance on auditory perception tests. This study compares the difference in performance on auditory perception tasks between successful and unsuccessful 3rd and 4th grade readers with comparable intelligence. Subjects consisted of twenty-two 3rd and 4th grade students in a rural school district in central New York. These students were divided into two groups of eleven, with one group classified as “successful readers” and the other classified as “unsuccessful readers”. Pairs from each of the groups were matched by Otis-Lenon Mental Ability intelligence test scores ...


A Research Review Of Literature On Learning Modalities, Richard G. Longhouse May 1975

A Research Review Of Literature On Learning Modalities, Richard G. Longhouse

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

In this paper, the author examines both the history of learning modalities in reading instruction and contemporary research in using modalities to strengthen learning. He finds that while learning modality is an interesting concept, evidence regarding research questions about correlations between factors (i.e. cross-modal transfer, skill, general intelligence, chronological development, inter-sensory integration) remains indeterminate. As a result, while the research affirms the relevance of modality studies to reading instruction, the author maintains that there is not enough evidence to make them a focus of contemporary reading instruction.


Evaluation Of A Reading Program Tri Valley Central School Grahamsville, New York, Rita Cerato Oct 1959

Evaluation Of A Reading Program Tri Valley Central School Grahamsville, New York, Rita Cerato

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a new modified-Joplin-style reading program for intermediate grade students. Under this program, teachers sorted the children into groups by reading level, rather than by age/grade level. The smallest group consisted of seven members and the largest consisted of thirty. Teachers then engaged students in one hour of reading instruction every school day, with an additional half hour allotted to cultivate free reading habits. The program emphasized reading as a fun, leisure activity and focused on entertaining texts. Results for the program were mixed. The research evaluated the program ...