Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Theses/Dissertations

Elementary Education

The College at Brockport: State University of New York

Reading comprehension

Articles 1 - 30 of 36

Full-Text Articles in Education

How Students Explain Their Word-Solving Strategies When They Come To A Word They Don’T Know While Reading And How Does That Explanation Change When Students Are Explicitly Taught A Variety Of Reading Strategies, Mary J. Pyszczek Aug 2007

How Students Explain Their Word-Solving Strategies When They Come To A Word They Don’T Know While Reading And How Does That Explanation Change When Students Are Explicitly Taught A Variety Of Reading Strategies, Mary J. Pyszczek

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The researcher wanted to see what strategies fourth grade students say they use when they come to a word they don't know while they are reading. The researcher asked them what they do and then had them read out loud from a text. Notes were taken on the strategies they used to see if what they said matched what they actually did. Three mini-lessons were then given on word-solving strategies that they could use to figure out unknown words. Last, the students read out loud again and were asked what they do to problem-solve a word. The results were ...


How Fluency Is Impacted For Struggling Readers Through Decoding, Rereading, And Word Study, Andrea Michele King Aug 2007

How Fluency Is Impacted For Struggling Readers Through Decoding, Rereading, And Word Study, Andrea Michele King

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate what happens to the fluency of struggling readers when the decoding of new or unfamiliar words were taught during small group reading instruction.

Three females and two male first and second grade students provided usable data for this study. Research was.collected over a three-month period and was taken during small reading groups. The elements of fluency that were addressed in the study were expression, accuracy, rate, and smoothness. Components that were used to increase fluency were the Dolch sight words, rereading, and word study. The students were tested three different times ...


Effectiveness Of Repeated Reading Along With Self-Evaluation On Reading Fluency, Lindsay Rae Strassner Jul 2007

Effectiveness Of Repeated Reading Along With Self-Evaluation On Reading Fluency, Lindsay Rae Strassner

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of immediate repeated reading and self-assessment of short passages, poems, arid phrases on all aspects of oral reading fluency and reading accuracy reading rate. Two male and one female third grade students were selected based on classroom teacher recommendation. The children who were chosen were not considered "at risk" students, they just needed a little extra push to reach and stay at grade level. Repeated read aloud opportunities were created for the children, by the researcher, in regular one-on-one sessions for the duration of two week periods. The children were ...


Using Readers' Theater As A Technique For Strengthening Fluency, Nicole Morris Aug 2006

Using Readers' Theater As A Technique For Strengthening Fluency, Nicole Morris

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted in an urban elementary school in Western New York. The researcher, who was an intern in a fourth grade classroom, was interested jn determining if and how Readers' Theater might affect reading fluency in struggling readers. The students in the study exhibited a range of reading levels, but all struggled with fluency. Before beginning Readers' Theater, the researcher assessed the students for fluency. Specifically, students were tested for automaticity, accuracy and prosody. The researcher then implemented a Readers' Theater program for a total of ten weeks. The students participated in the program three days a week ...


Listening Comprehension And The Development Of Emergent Reading Skills, Andrea Helena Priolette Jun 2005

Listening Comprehension And The Development Of Emergent Reading Skills, Andrea Helena Priolette

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Emergent readers face a difficult task as they begin to build their reading skills. Reading is a process that utilizes various skills, especially in the early stages of reading development. This study was conducted in an urban elementary school to investigate the importance of listening comprehension within a setting of emergent readers, participating in the Success For All: Reading Roots program. Specifically, this research explores the correlation between listening comprehension skills and reading levels in a group of beginning readers. It identifies teachers' beliefs on the value and purpose of read-alouds in the classrooms. Furthermore, it examines the relationship of ...


The Influence Of Visualization On Fifth Grade Students' Comprehension, Pamela Zola Smith Apr 2003

The Influence Of Visualization On Fifth Grade Students' Comprehension, Pamela Zola Smith

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This quantitative research study was conducted to see what effect teaching fifth grade students techniques on how to visualize before they read would have on their comprehension. Twenty fifth-grade students from a heterogeneous elementary class in a suburb of Western New York were part of the study. Each student was given an individual copy of The Lion, The Witch and the Wardrobe in class. During this five-week period, the students independently read the chapters assigned to them. They then received either a standard lesson and cloze test or a visualization lesson and cloze test directly following each chapter.

The data ...


Investigating High And Low Fifth Grade Urban Readers Through Reading Autobiographies, Jeffrey S. Stanley Apr 2003

Investigating High And Low Fifth Grade Urban Readers Through Reading Autobiographies, Jeffrey S. Stanley

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The push for higher standards and increased performance for children in the United States, has led to many different strategies being used to assist teachers in improving their students' scores. The subjects in this study were from five fifth grade classrooms in an urban school district in Western New York. The eighty-four students consisted of fifty-five females and twenty-nine males. The students were given lessons in reading and writing autobiographies for Readers' Workshop. At the end of the week the students were asked to write an autobiography about how they learned to read. The results of the study yielded sixty-four ...


An Investigation Into Computer Technology And Commercial Software: The Effects Of Fourth Grade Reading Comprehension Based On Two Different Modes Of Presentation, Charles Meier Apr 2002

An Investigation Into Computer Technology And Commercial Software: The Effects Of Fourth Grade Reading Comprehension Based On Two Different Modes Of Presentation, Charles Meier

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the potential of commercially produced software. It evaluated the effectiveness of two different treatments and explored the relationship this may have upon increasing students' reading comprehension among fourth grade students. The subjects involved were forty heterogeneously grouped fourth grade students from a rural school setting school. The students were divided into two groups. A total of sixteen stories were read. The first group, Treatment A, utilized the computers, paired with commercially produced software, to complete eight reading passages. The second group, Treatment B, read the same stories but relied on non-computer methods ...


Patterns Of Written Response To Literature Of Average Fifth Grade Readers, Christie Anne Jones May 2000

Patterns Of Written Response To Literature Of Average Fifth Grade Readers, Christie Anne Jones

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the patterns of the written responses of average fifth grade readers who have not received instruction in literature response.

The subjects for this study were eight fifth grade students who read at grade level. The subjects attended a suburban public elementary school. The eight subjects read the novel Number the Stars by Lois Lowry each day in class in a variety of different groupings. After reading, the students were asked to individually respond in their response journals. The only prompt the students received from the teacher each day was "Respond in writing ...


Partner Reading: A Constructivist Based Approach To Developing Reading Skills In The Elementary Grades, Susan Wierzbowski Nov 1999

Partner Reading: A Constructivist Based Approach To Developing Reading Skills In The Elementary Grades, Susan Wierzbowski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine whether partner reading can elicit a high level of comprehension of text while utilizing a style of learning that is natural for young children. A comparison between the partner reading technique and the traditional basal reading method on student comprehension was studied. Twenty-three second grade students from two classrooms were tested on two story selections. A counterbalance design was applied so that each story was presented in both the traditional teacher centered basal method and the partner reading technique. The questions which followed tested literal, interpretive, critical, and creative thinking. The partner ...


Silent And Oral Reading Comprehension Abilities Of Second Grade Students Completing The Second S.T.E.P. Program, Lockley T. Platt May 1999

Silent And Oral Reading Comprehension Abilities Of Second Grade Students Completing The Second S.T.E.P. Program, Lockley T. Platt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study focused on the silent and oral reading abilities of second grade students completing the Second S.T.E.P. Program. There were approximately seven second-grade students that participated. All 7 of the students are presently attending an elementary school located in western New York.

The research questions concentrated on were:

1. Is there a statistically significant difference between the mean score of the pretest and the mean score of the posttest for unprompted memory, unprepared reading?

2. Is there a statistically significant difference between the mean score of the pretest and the mean score of the posttest for ...


Encouraging Reading Outside Of School Through Literature Response, Rebecca J. Berbert May 1998

Encouraging Reading Outside Of School Through Literature Response, Rebecca J. Berbert

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to discover whether time spent in the classroom responding to literature read at home would encourage children to read at home.

This study was based on the past research that states that good readers spend more time reading outside of school than weaker readers. Also, research states that giving a child time to respond to what has been read helps the reader gain better comprehension.

Twenty-four third-grade students from a suburban school district participated in the study. During the first eight weeks, the children brought home a reading log, where time spent reading and ...


Is Phonemic Awareness Directly Related To Reading Achievement In Fourth Grade Students?, Fredericka E. Schaefer May 1998

Is Phonemic Awareness Directly Related To Reading Achievement In Fourth Grade Students?, Fredericka E. Schaefer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study looked at the relationship between phonemic awareness and reading achievement in fourth grade students. The study involved 26 fourth graders from the same class at a suburban school in western New

York State. The question addressed was: Can phonemic awareness be used as a predictor of reading achievement with fourth grade students? The data were collected using the word recognition and passage comprehension sections of the Woodcock Reading Mastery Test and the Yopp-Singer Test of Phoneme Segmentation. The Pearson product-moment coefficient of correlation was calculated to determine to what extent reading ability and phonemic awareness are related. This ...


The Long Term Effects Of The Reading Intervention Program, An Early Intervention Program Similar To Reading Recovery, Wendy Tarbox Watt May 1998

The Long Term Effects Of The Reading Intervention Program, An Early Intervention Program Similar To Reading Recovery, Wendy Tarbox Watt

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

During the 1995-1997 school years, 35 students were identified at Holmes Road School (in Greece, NY) as being in the lowest 20% of their peer group in reading and related skills during first or second grade. These students received 12-16 weeks of individualized, one-on-one, reading instruction in a program similar to Reading Recovery called the Reading Intervention Program (RIP). During this program, students made significant gains. The purpose of this study was to determine if RIP has had a lasting effect on the performance of students who have had the 'treatment" as compared to their peers. Standardized test scores of ...


Assessment Of Growth Of Moral Development In Children Through Literature, Hilary Kretzer Jun 1997

Assessment Of Growth Of Moral Development In Children Through Literature, Hilary Kretzer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of children’s literature on moral growth in 3rd grade students. Twenty-eight 3rd graders from a suburban western New York school were examined, including 11 boys and 17 girls ages 8-9. The researcher uses a student survey to gauge initial student opinions/attitudes about honesty and respect. Students then undergo an 11 day classroom program in which they focus on those values through children’s literature. Results were mixed, with some students expressing confusion over survey questions, however, 31% of subjects showed an increase in their moral development ...


The Effects Of The Replication Of An Experimental Reading And Thinking Strategies Curriculum On The Reading Comprehension And Metacognitive Skills Of Third Grade Students, Barbara A. Dougherty Aug 1996

The Effects Of The Replication Of An Experimental Reading And Thinking Strategies Curriculum On The Reading Comprehension And Metacognitive Skills Of Third Grade Students, Barbara A. Dougherty

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the effectiveness of improving the reading comprehension of third grade students through the direct instruction of metacognitive strategies by teaching an experimental curriculum of Reading and Thinking Strategies (Paris, 1989). Awareness of strategy use was also addressed.

Thirty third-grade students from a rural setting made up the control and experimental groups. The experimental group received twenty weeks of metacognitive strategy instruction taught twice a week. Cloze tests and strategy awareness tests were administered as pre and posttests to determine reading comprehension improvement. Results indicated that students instructed in metacognitive strategies improved their reading comprehension.


Parental Reactions To A Computerized Reading Portfolio, Michele J. Dovan Aug 1996

Parental Reactions To A Computerized Reading Portfolio, Michele J. Dovan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Eighteen second graders participated in an oral reading assessment program that was intended to determine parents' reactions to an electronic reading portfolio. The Grady Profile was used to record and store data and oral reading samples for the children twice over a four month period. At the end of the four months, individual conferences gave parents an opportunity to listen to their child's reading performance and discuss anecdotal notes regarding comprehension, fluency, and general reading skills made by the teacher. At the end of the conference, the parents were asked to fill out a survey which indicated the degree ...


The Correlation Between Fifth Grade Students Reading Comprehension And Writing Attitudes, Tania A. Chwesik Aug 1994

The Correlation Between Fifth Grade Students Reading Comprehension And Writing Attitudes, Tania A. Chwesik

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the nature of the correlation (high, medium, or low) between reading comprehension and writing attitudes of fifth grade students. There were 56 fifth grade students enrolled in an urban, public New York elementary school. The students were in an intense writing program for the school year to prepare them for the Writing PEP Test to be administered at the end of that school year.

The researcher compiled a list of reading comprehension scores obtained from each student's fourth grade Degrees of Reading Power (DRP) Test. During the twentieth week of school ...


A Look At Reader Response Instruction: Effects On Reading Attitudes And Comprehension, Karen Conway-Samatulski May 1994

A Look At Reader Response Instruction: Effects On Reading Attitudes And Comprehension, Karen Conway-Samatulski

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The present study examined the effects of a reader-response instructional program on reading comprehension and reading attitude, with fifth-grade students. It involved a comparison of a reader-response instructional group with n=23 students and a traditional reading instructional group with n=24 students. Each instructional group was subdivided into high, middle, and low level reading ability. Attitude toward reading and reading comprehension were measured before and after a six week instructional period for both groups. The results failed to establish any significant differences between teaching approaches for either reading attitude or reading comprehension. There was a significant increase in attitude ...


The Correlation Of Reading Outside School And Reading Proficiency, Tonya M. Lustumbo Dec 1993

The Correlation Of Reading Outside School And Reading Proficiency, Tonya M. Lustumbo

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between time spent reading outside of school and reading proficiency, as measured by the Reading Comprehension component of the California Achievement Test. The underlying philosophy of this research stressed that the best way to develop reading ability is to provide abundant opportunity for experiencing reading. The research was conducted at a small, rural school in western New York State. As part of the recreational reading program, Book-It!, students were required to record the amount of reading they did outside of school each day for five months. The students' reading proficiency ...


The Effect Of A Junior Kindergarten Program On Reading Comprehension, Kimberly A. Hale Aug 1993

The Effect Of A Junior Kindergarten Program On Reading Comprehension, Kimberly A. Hale

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examined whether there was a statistically significant difference between the reading comprehension of students taught in a junior kindergarten and the reading comprehension of students placed directly into kindergarten at the end of three years of instruction and at the end of first grade.

The researcher compiled a list of students who attended the junior kindergarten program. Another group of students who attended regular kindergarten was randomly selected. The Comprehensive Test of Basic Skills (CTBS) reading comprehension scores were compared between transition students and their counterparts in age who were placed into regular kindergarten programs. CTBS reading comprehension ...


The Relationship Between The Child’S Concept Of Reading And Reading Comprehension Performance, Lynda S. Faulks Apr 1993

The Relationship Between The Child’S Concept Of Reading And Reading Comprehension Performance, Lynda S. Faulks

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this research was to investigate the relationship between the child's concept of reading and reading comprehension performance. The subjects were forty fourth grade students from four different types of schools (parochial, private, public urban, and public suburban) in western New York. The child's concept of reading was studied during an interview procedure. The child's reading comprehension performance was measured by his/her raw score on the New York State Reading Pupil Evaluation Program (PEP) Test.

After testing the null hypothesis at the .05 level of significance, it was found that there was not a ...


An Investigation Of Kindergarten Children’S Concepts Related To Reading In Emergent Literacy, Rhonda Aileen Smith Mannara Aug 1988

An Investigation Of Kindergarten Children’S Concepts Related To Reading In Emergent Literacy, Rhonda Aileen Smith Mannara

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The primary purpose of this study was to investigate the literacy concepts related to reading that children have acquired by the end of kindergarten. A secondary purpose was to examine the relationship between these concepts and reading comprehension ability as indicated by performance on a standardized reading achievement test.

The subjects of this study were twenty kindergarten children randomly selected from six heterogeneous classes totaling 122 students. The students were interviewed individually and administered Clay's (1979) Concepts About Print test (CAP) entitled "Stones." The semi-structured interview was given to each child to determine the child's understanding of the ...


The Effect Of Test Anxiety On Reading Comprehension In Second Grade Students, Sandra L. Eggleston May 1985

The Effect Of Test Anxiety On Reading Comprehension In Second Grade Students, Sandra L. Eggleston

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if there is a correlation between test anxiety and reading comprehension on a standardized test in two heterogeneously grouped second grade classes. Also considered were the relationships of test anxiety and reading comprehension on educationally handicapped subjects and subjects with no handicapping condition and the differential effects of test anxiety on male and female subjects.

Fifty-five second grade students from a small city school district in Western New York served as subjects for the study. Fifteen of the 55 subjects were classified as educationally handicapped.

The Iowa Test of Basic Skills (I ...


The Effect Of Conceptual Tempo On The Standard Cloze And Maze Performance Of Third Grade Children, Judith R. Marolf May 1984

The Effect Of Conceptual Tempo On The Standard Cloze And Maze Performance Of Third Grade Children, Judith R. Marolf

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the effect of the cognitive style dimension of conceptual tempo (reflection/impulsivity) on the standard cloze and maze performance of thirty-one third grade children. In addition the relationships among reading comprehension, scores on a standard cloze passage, and scores on a maze passage were determined.

Each subject was administered the Matching Familiar Figures Test and two types of cloze: a standard cloze passage with every eighth word deleted and replaced by a blank, and a maze passage with every eighth word replaced within the text by two alternate words in addition to the correct word. One-half of ...


A Longitudinal Study Of Visual Selective Attention, Auditory Selective Attention, Iq, And Reading Readiness As Predictors Of Reading Achievement, Naomi F. Garwood May 1984

A Longitudinal Study Of Visual Selective Attention, Auditory Selective Attention, Iq, And Reading Readiness As Predictors Of Reading Achievement, Naomi F. Garwood

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the predictive validity of four factors tested in a kindergarten sample—visual selective attention, auditory selective attention, IQ, and reading readiness. This study was to investigate which of the four factors was the most accurate predictor of reading achievement at the end of first grade and fifth grade, and which of the testing elements form the best combination for accurately predicting reading achievement.

The original studies, investigating the visual and auditory selective attention abilities of children completing a kindergarten program, were conducted by Cuccu and DeChristopher in 1978. The original number of ...


Validity And Reliability Of The Cloze Procedure As A Measure Of Readability And Comprehension For Prelingually, Profoundly Deaf Students, Kathryn A. Knight Aug 1983

Validity And Reliability Of The Cloze Procedure As A Measure Of Readability And Comprehension For Prelingually, Profoundly Deaf Students, Kathryn A. Knight

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the validity and reliability of the cloze procedure as a measure of passage readability and the comprehension of prelingually, profoundly deaf students. Also under investigation was the use of the Fry (1968) and Dale-Chall (1948) readability formulas to determine if the cloze scores reflect relative passage difficulty for deaf students.

Subjects for the study consisted of 18 prelingually, profoundly deaf students between the ages of 14-18 years and 27 hearing students between the ages of 9-10 years. The deaf subjects had attained scores of 4.0-7.6 on the Stanford Achievement Test ...


An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Word Recognition Skills And Children With Visual Perception Limitations, Christine Mccaffery May 1981

An Investigation Of The Relationship Between Word Recognition Skills And Children With Visual Perception Limitations, Christine Mccaffery

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if the visual perception limitations of identified children affected their word recognition skills. Variables included a comparison of children with and without visual perception limitations and response to both abstract and concrete words. The questions explored in this investigation were:

1. Do children with visual perception limitations have more difficulty recognizing abstract words than concrete words?

2. Do children identified as having visual perception limitations have more difficulty recognizing abstract words than children without visual perception limitations?

3. Do children identified as having visual perception limitations have more difficulty recognizing concrete words ...


A Study Of The Effect Of Selected Teaching Strategies On Creative Thinking Ability And Reading Comprehension, Carol Miller Despos Dec 1980

A Study Of The Effect Of Selected Teaching Strategies On Creative Thinking Ability And Reading Comprehension, Carol Miller Despos

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine if the creative thinking skills of third and fourth grade students could be enhanced by the use of selected teaching strategies designed to stimulate fluency, flexibility, originality and elaboration. A second purpose was to investigate the relationship between creative thinking and reading.

The subjects were third and fourth graders who were all members of the same racially integrated, homogeneously grouped classroom in an urban elementary school. A control group and a treatment group were formed. Both groups were found to be statistically equivalent in reading ability and creative thinking ability when pretested ...


Teaching With Cloze: Its Effect On The Reading Comprehension Of Poor Readers, Joann F. Vierthaler Aug 1980

Teaching With Cloze: Its Effect On The Reading Comprehension Of Poor Readers, Joann F. Vierthaler

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the effectiveness of instructing poor readers using the cloze procedure. The primary purpose was to determine whether significant differences in reading comprehension grade equivalent scores occurred between the treatment and control groups on a standardized reading achievement test. Five subskills of comprehension measured by this test were identified and analyzed to determine which subskill areas were affected by the use of cloze. A secondary purpose was to determine whether poor readers increased in ability to comprehend cloze material at their instructional level.

Thirty-one fourth and fifth grade poor readers participated in the study. The treatment and control ...