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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effects Of The Use Of Retellings On The Listening Comprehension Of First Grade Students, Michelle Seider Dec 1996

The Effects Of The Use Of Retellings On The Listening Comprehension Of First Grade Students, Michelle Seider

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study examined the effects of direct teaching of the use of retellings on the listening comprehension of twenty-two first grade students from a public elementary school in Western New York. The examiner administered the listening comprehension portion of The Bader Reading and Language Inventory to determine the students' listening comprehension levels prior to completing the treatment. The students were also asked to do a retelling, which was recorded on audiotape, prior to the treatment.

Each student spent two months participating in the direct instruction of the use of retellings. The procedure was modeled and the students were given many ...


Children's Optimism And Its Correlation With Parents' Perceptions, Carla Giambrone Dec 1996

Children's Optimism And Its Correlation With Parents' Perceptions, Carla Giambrone

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the level of optimism in children ages seven through ten, and whether the parents of these same children could predict their children’s optimism. Children (N=19) in a suburban/rural day-care center were administered the Children's Attributional Style Questionnaire. The questionnaire measured whether or not children globalize events in their lives, whether they see positive and negative events as permanent, and whether they blame themselves or take credit for successes and failures in their lives. The questionnaire was administered to the entire group after school. The parents completed the same questionnaire without discussion with the ...


Deaf Students’ Metacognitive Awareness Of The Reading Process And The Characteristics They Feel Are Inherent In Proficient Readers, Suzanne R. Shafer Sep 1996

Deaf Students’ Metacognitive Awareness Of The Reading Process And The Characteristics They Feel Are Inherent In Proficient Readers, Suzanne R. Shafer

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study was conducted to gain insight into deaf students' awareness of the skills and strategies they utilize during the reading process and those they feel are inherent in proficient readers. The subjects involved in this study included fourteen tenth-grade and thirteen fourth-grade deaf students taking Language Arts/English classes from various residential and nonresidential school districts in Monroe County. The students were given the Index of Reading Awareness (IRA) developed by Jacobs and Paris (1987) in the form of a questionnaire. The questionnaires were completed independently or with the help of an interpreter or teacher of the deaf to ...


The Effects Of The Replication Of An Experimental Reading And Thinking Strategies Curriculum On The Reading Comprehension And Metacognitive Skills Of Third Grade Students, Barbara A. Dougherty Aug 1996

The Effects Of The Replication Of An Experimental Reading And Thinking Strategies Curriculum On The Reading Comprehension And Metacognitive Skills Of Third Grade Students, Barbara A. Dougherty

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

This study investigated the effectiveness of improving the reading comprehension of third grade students through the direct instruction of metacognitive strategies by teaching an experimental curriculum of Reading and Thinking Strategies (Paris, 1989). Awareness of strategy use was also addressed.

Thirty third-grade students from a rural setting made up the control and experimental groups. The experimental group received twenty weeks of metacognitive strategy instruction taught twice a week. Cloze tests and strategy awareness tests were administered as pre and posttests to determine reading comprehension improvement. Results indicated that students instructed in metacognitive strategies improved their reading comprehension.


A Holistic Comparison Of The Writing Abilities Of First-Grade Students Who Attended Either Full-Day Or Half-Day Kindergarten, Kirsten Carey Aug 1996

A Holistic Comparison Of The Writing Abilities Of First-Grade Students Who Attended Either Full-Day Or Half-Day Kindergarten, Kirsten Carey

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Limited research has been conducted to compare full-day and half-day kindergarten programs. Most studies examined reading and math achievement. Standardized tests were generally used to measure achievement. Virtually no studies have been conducted to assess and compare writing proficiency of full-day and half-day students.

The purpose of this study was to determine the difference in the writing scores of first grade students who attended either a full-day or half-day kindergarten program the previous year. Holistic scoring was used in keeping with the need for authentic assessment.

The writings of 65 first-grade students from two rural school districts were examined and ...


Parental Reactions To A Computerized Reading Portfolio, Michele J. Dovan Aug 1996

Parental Reactions To A Computerized Reading Portfolio, Michele J. Dovan

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

Eighteen second graders participated in an oral reading assessment program that was intended to determine parents' reactions to an electronic reading portfolio. The Grady Profile was used to record and store data and oral reading samples for the children twice over a four month period. At the end of the four months, individual conferences gave parents an opportunity to listen to their child's reading performance and discuss anecdotal notes regarding comprehension, fluency, and general reading skills made by the teacher. At the end of the conference, the parents were asked to fill out a survey which indicated the degree ...


The Correlations Between Teacher Assessment Of Second Graders’ Reading Abilities And Their Performance On Subtests Of The Test Of Cognitive Skills, Melissa A. Keck May 1996

The Correlations Between Teacher Assessment Of Second Graders’ Reading Abilities And Their Performance On Subtests Of The Test Of Cognitive Skills, Melissa A. Keck

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to determine the relationships between teacher assessment of students'

reading abilities and the students' performance on the subtests of the Test of Cognitive Skills – Second Edition - Level 1. The need for the study was prompted by the movement of districts to utilize more authentic means of assessing reading ability and explore their consequent validity. It was also to determine if teachers are focusing in a particular cognitive domain when assessing the reading abilities of their students.

Fifty-five heterogeneously grouped third grade students who attend an intermediate school in a western New York suburb served ...


Language Interactions Between Parent And Child During A Shared Reading Storytime, Lynda S. Krens May 1996

Language Interactions Between Parent And Child During A Shared Reading Storytime, Lynda S. Krens

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to examine the language interactions between a parent and child during a shared reading storytime. Children from a Head Start program were videotaped with a parent "reading" a wordless picture book. Transcripts were taken from these videos and the language between the parent and the child was examined. Positive and negative interactions were noted, as well as child initiated and parent initiated interactions. The data were analyzed and implications for further research and classroom practice were discussed.


Study On The Effectiveness Of A Videocassette Program Approach For Parental Involvement In An Urban School, Jose A. Mora Apr 1996

Study On The Effectiveness Of A Videocassette Program Approach For Parental Involvement In An Urban School, Jose A. Mora

Education and Human Development Master's Theses

The purpose of this study was to investigate the initial effectiveness of the program, Staying Connected: Parents in Kindergarten as an additional tool to supplement the efforts of one school in Rochester, NY to promote parental involvement. The subjects were sixty-four respondents to a survey sent to all the families (137) with children in the kindergarten classes for the 1994-1995 school year. The survey was designed to obtain information on parent perceptions about the content and quality of the program as well as their receptiveness to the general idea of using videocassette technology as a tool for parental involvement. A ...