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Full-Text Articles in Education

Evidence For Sample Selection Effect And Hawthorne Effect In Behavioural Hiv Prevention Trial Among Young Women In A Rural South African Community, Molly Rosenberg, Audrey Pettifor, Rhian Twine, James Hughes, F Gomez-Olive, Ryan Wagner, Afolabi Sulaimon, Stephen Tollman, Amanda Selin, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Kathleen Kahn Jan 2018

Evidence For Sample Selection Effect And Hawthorne Effect In Behavioural Hiv Prevention Trial Among Young Women In A Rural South African Community, Molly Rosenberg, Audrey Pettifor, Rhian Twine, James Hughes, F Gomez-Olive, Ryan Wagner, Afolabi Sulaimon, Stephen Tollman, Amanda Selin, Catherine L. Mac Phail, Kathleen Kahn

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Objectives We examined the potential influence of both sample selection effects and Hawthorne effects in the behavioural HIV Prevention Trial Network 068 study, designed to examine whether cash transfers conditional on school attendance reduce HIV acquisition in young South African women. We explored whether school enrolment among study participants differed from the underlying population, and whether differences existed at baseline (sample selection effect) or arose during study participation (Hawthorne effect). Methods We constructed a cohort of 3889 young women aged 11-20 years using data from the Agincourt Health and socio-Demographic Surveillance System. We compared school enrolment in 2011 (trial start ...


Schizotypy And Auditory Mismatch Negativity In A Non-Clinical Sample Of Young Adults., Samantha J. Broyd, Patricia Michie, Jason Bruggemann, Hendrika H. Van Hell, Lisa-Marie Greenwood, Rodney J. Croft, Juanita Todd, Rhoshel Lenroot, Nadia Solowij Jan 2016

Schizotypy And Auditory Mismatch Negativity In A Non-Clinical Sample Of Young Adults., Samantha J. Broyd, Patricia Michie, Jason Bruggemann, Hendrika H. Van Hell, Lisa-Marie Greenwood, Rodney J. Croft, Juanita Todd, Rhoshel Lenroot, Nadia Solowij

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Schizophrenia may be conceptualised using a dimensional approach to examine trait-like expression such as schizotypy within non-clinical populations to better understand pathophysiology.


Physical Activity Patterns During Pregnancy In A Sample Of Portuguese Women: A Longitudinal Prospective Study, Paula Clara-Santos, Sandra Abreu, Carla Moreira, Rute Santos, Margarida Ferreira, Odete Alves, Pedro Moreira, Jorge Mota Jan 2016

Physical Activity Patterns During Pregnancy In A Sample Of Portuguese Women: A Longitudinal Prospective Study, Paula Clara-Santos, Sandra Abreu, Carla Moreira, Rute Santos, Margarida Ferreira, Odete Alves, Pedro Moreira, Jorge Mota

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background: Physical activity (PA) patterns during pregnancy have not been explored in depth and most previous studies lack assessment of variables such as type, frequency, duration and intensity of activity. Objectives: This study had two goals: 1) to analyze PA patterns during pregnancy according to weekly time spent on different types of activity; and 2) to determine women's perception about health care providers regarding PA advisement during pregnancy. Patients and Methods: A longitudinal prospective study was carried out with a 118-pregnant women cohort. Participants were evaluated during all trimesters. Self-reported questionnaires were used to collect personal and obstetric data ...


Health Reform And Mortality In China: Multilevel Time-Series Analysis Of Regional And Socioeconomic Inequities In A Sample Of 73 Million, Thomas Astell-Burt, Yunning Liu, Xiaoqi Feng, Peng Yin, Andrew Page, Shiwei Liu, Jiangmei Liu, Lijun Wang, Maigeng Zhou Jan 2015

Health Reform And Mortality In China: Multilevel Time-Series Analysis Of Regional And Socioeconomic Inequities In A Sample Of 73 Million, Thomas Astell-Burt, Yunning Liu, Xiaoqi Feng, Peng Yin, Andrew Page, Shiwei Liu, Jiangmei Liu, Lijun Wang, Maigeng Zhou

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Chinas 2009 expansion of universal health insurance has received global interest, but little empirical investigation. This epidemiological study was a first attempt to assess potential impacts on population health and health equity. Multilevel negative binomial regression was used to analyse all-cause and non-communicable disease (NCD) mortality between 2006 and 2012 from a representative sample including all 31 provinces. The age-standardised ratios (per 100,000) in 2006 were 860.4 and 732.9 for mortality from all-causes and NCDs respectively. These ratios decreased over time to 737.5 (all-causes) and 642.9 (NCD) by 2012. Modelling indicated these trajectories were curvilinear ...


The Use Of Paracetamol (Acetaminophen) Among A Community Sample Of People With Chronic Non‐Cancer Pain Prescribed Opioids, Bianca Hoban, Briony K. Larance, Natasa Gisev, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Raimondo Bruno, Fiona Shand, Nicholas Lintzeris, Wayne Hall, Michael P. Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt Jan 2015

The Use Of Paracetamol (Acetaminophen) Among A Community Sample Of People With Chronic Non‐Cancer Pain Prescribed Opioids, Bianca Hoban, Briony K. Larance, Natasa Gisev, Suzanne Nielsen, Milton Cohen, Raimondo Bruno, Fiona Shand, Nicholas Lintzeris, Wayne Hall, Michael P. Farrell, Louisa Degenhardt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Background

The regular use of simple analgesics in addition to opioids such as paracetamol (or acetaminophen) is recommended for persistent pain to enhance analgesia. Few studies have examined the frequency and doses of paracetamol among people with chronic non‐cancer pain including use above the recommended maximum daily dose.

Aims

To assess (i) the prevalence of paracetamol use among people with chronic non‐cancer pain prescribed opioids, (ii) assess the prevalence of paracetamol use above the recommended maximum daily dose and (iii) assess correlates of people who used paracetamol above the recommended maximum daily dose including: age, gender, income, education ...


Diversion Of Prescribed Opioids By People Living With Chronic Pain: Results From An Australian Community Sample, Jessica Belcher, Suzanne Nielsen, Gabrielle Campbell, Raimondo Bruno, Bianca Hoban, Briony K. Larance, Nicholas Lintzeris, Louisa Degenhardt Jan 2014

Diversion Of Prescribed Opioids By People Living With Chronic Pain: Results From An Australian Community Sample, Jessica Belcher, Suzanne Nielsen, Gabrielle Campbell, Raimondo Bruno, Bianca Hoban, Briony K. Larance, Nicholas Lintzeris, Louisa Degenhardt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction and Aims There has been an increase in prescription of opioids for chronic non‐cancer pain, and concern exists over possible diversion of prescription opioids to the illicit marketplace. Recent media coverage suggests that elderly patients sell their prescribed opioids for additional income. This study investigated the extent to which an Australian community sample of chronic pain patients prescribed opioids reported supplying their prescribed opioids to others. Design and Methods Participants living with chronic non‐cancer pain and prescribed opioids for their pain (n = 952) were recruited across Australia via advertisements at pharmacies. A telephone interview included questions about ...


Correlates Of Pain In An In‐Treatment Sample Of Opioid‐Dependent People, Suzanne Nielsen, Briony K. Larance, Nicholas Lintzeris, Emma Black, Raimondo Bruno, Bridin Murnion, Adrian Dunlop, Louisa Degenhardt Jan 2013

Correlates Of Pain In An In‐Treatment Sample Of Opioid‐Dependent People, Suzanne Nielsen, Briony K. Larance, Nicholas Lintzeris, Emma Black, Raimondo Bruno, Bridin Murnion, Adrian Dunlop, Louisa Degenhardt

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

Introduction and Aims The limited literature on pain in opioid‐treatment samples indicates that it is highly prevalent. Understanding the implications of pain on treatment outcomes is important, particularly in light of ageing opioid‐treatment cohorts. This study explores correlates of pain, including aberrant behaviours related to prescribed opioids. Our hypothesis is that pain may increase aberrant opioid‐related behaviours, including illicit substance use, among opioid‐dependent people. Design and Methods We examined pain in methadone or buprenorphine patients (n = 141) from three treatment services. Measures included basic demographics, Brief Pain Inventory, general mental health, physical health and quality of ...


Prevalence Of Overweight, Obesity, And Abdominal Obesity In A Representative Sample Of Portuguese Adults, Luis B. Sardinha, Diana A. Santos, Analiza M. Silva, Manuel J. Coelho-E-Silva, Armando M. M. Raimundo, Helena Moreira, Rute Santos, Susana Vale, Fatima Baptista, Jorge Mota Jan 2012

Prevalence Of Overweight, Obesity, And Abdominal Obesity In A Representative Sample Of Portuguese Adults, Luis B. Sardinha, Diana A. Santos, Analiza M. Silva, Manuel J. Coelho-E-Silva, Armando M. M. Raimundo, Helena Moreira, Rute Santos, Susana Vale, Fatima Baptista, Jorge Mota

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

This study determined the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and abdominal obesity in the Portuguese adults and examined the relationship between above mentioned prevalences and educational level. Body mass, stature, and waist circumference were measured in a representative sample of the Portuguese population aged 18–103 years (n = 9,447; 18–64 years: n = 6,908; ≥65 years: n = 2,539). Overweight and obesity corresponded to a body mass index ranging between 25–29.9 kg/m2 and ≥30 kg/m2, respectively. Abdominal obesity was assessed as >102 cm for males and >88 cm for females. After adjusting for ...


Movement Skill Mastery In A Clinical Sample Of Overweight And Obese Children, Dylan P. Cliff, Anthony D. Okely, Anthea M. Magarey Jan 2011

Movement Skill Mastery In A Clinical Sample Of Overweight And Obese Children, Dylan P. Cliff, Anthony D. Okely, Anthea M. Magarey

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

No abstract provided.


Sitting Time And Body Mass Index, In A Portuguese Sample Of Men: Results From The Azorean Physical Activity And Health Study (Apahs), Rute Santos, Luisa Soares-Miranda, Susana Vale, Carla Moreira, Ana I. Marques, Jorge Mota Jan 2010

Sitting Time And Body Mass Index, In A Portuguese Sample Of Men: Results From The Azorean Physical Activity And Health Study (Apahs), Rute Santos, Luisa Soares-Miranda, Susana Vale, Carla Moreira, Ana I. Marques, Jorge Mota

Faculty of Social Sciences - Papers

The aim of this study was to verify the relation between body mass index (BMI) and sitting time in a sample of 4,091 Azorean men. BMI was calculated from self-reported weight and height. Total physical activity (PA) time and total sitting time were assessed with the IPAQ (short version). Linear Regression analysis showed that total sitting time (hours/day) was positively associated with BMI (B = 0.078; p < 0.001) after adjustments for age, meal frequency, alcohol and tobacco consumptions, island of residence, education level and total PA time. Although the cross sectional design precludes us from establishing causality, our findings emphasize the importance of reducing sedentary behavior to decrease the risk of obesity.


G03-1515 Sampling And Analyzing Feed For Fungal (Mold) Toxins (Mycotoxins), Michael P. Carlson, Steven M. Ensley Jan 2003

G03-1515 Sampling And Analyzing Feed For Fungal (Mold) Toxins (Mycotoxins), Michael P. Carlson, Steven M. Ensley

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Mycotoxins are chemicals produced by fungi (molds) under certain conditions. They are not essential for fungal growth or reproduction, and are toxic to animals or humans. They are naturally present in feed and cannot always be avoided.

The purposes of this NebGuide are to provide information about sampling feeds to detect the presence of mycotoxins in them and about how feeds may be analyzed for mycotoxins.


G98-1373 Escherichica Coli Testing For Process Control Verification — Pork Carcass Sampling, Mindy Brashears, Dianne Peters Jan 1998

G98-1373 Escherichica Coli Testing For Process Control Verification — Pork Carcass Sampling, Mindy Brashears, Dianne Peters

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

In July 1996, the USDA published the Final Rule on Pathogen Reduction for meat and poultry processing facilities. Its goal is to reduce the occurrence of food-borne pathogens in meat and poultry products. The rule requires carcass sampling for "generic" E. coli in meat and poultry slaughter operations. The USDA has developed guidelines for acceptable, marginal and unacceptable amounts of E. coli to be used by the processor to determine if their process is controlling microbial hazards. If E. coli testing indicates that the process is not in control of the microbial hazards, then the processors may have to make ...


Profile Of The 1995 Freshman Class At Western Washington University: Comparative Trends And Patterns With A National Sample, Joseph E. Trimble, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney Apr 1996

Profile Of The 1995 Freshman Class At Western Washington University: Comparative Trends And Patterns With A National Sample, Joseph E. Trimble, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney

Office of Survey Research

A brief profile of 1995 Western freshmen contrasted to previous classes of Western freshmen, as well as sections that contrast and compare Western freshmen with freshmen nationally.


G95-1263 When To Sample For Alfalfa Weevil, Steven J. Meyer, Robert K.D. Peterson Jan 1995

G95-1263 When To Sample For Alfalfa Weevil, Steven J. Meyer, Robert K.D. Peterson

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Dates for initiating alfalfa weevil scouting are provided, based on 30 years of climatic data used to estimate appropriate degree day accumulations for northern and southern Nebraska. Sampling activities for alfalfa weevil need to be timed properly because it is inefficient to sample when the pest is not active or present. Conversely, delayed sampling is financially risky because economic damage can occur before a management practice is implemented. Integrated pest management programs often use degree day accumulations to initiate activities, while producers often use calendar dates. Calendar scheduling is traditionally based on subjective experience rather than research.


A Profile Of Selected Characteristics Of The 1993 Western Washington University Graduating Class, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Joseph E. Trimble, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker Aug 1994

A Profile Of Selected Characteristics Of The 1993 Western Washington University Graduating Class, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Joseph E. Trimble, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker

Office of Survey Research

Executive Summary: Information for this report was obtained from the Student Tracking System. The report presents findings intended to provide insight into various characteristics of the 2198 graduates who matriculated during the 1992-93 academic year (Fall 1992 through Summer 1993), 58.7% of whom were females and 41.3% males. Natives (students who began their education at Western as first-time frosh) made up 44.2% of the 1993 graduates, and transfers 54.3%. Most graduates were between the ages of twenty-one to twenty-four years old (63.0%). No graduate was younger than twenty-one years old; the oldest graduate was seventy-three ...


G91-1000 Guidelines For Soil Sampling, Richard B. Ferguson, K.D. Frank, Gary W. Hergert, Edwin J. Penas, Richard A. Wiese Jan 1991

G91-1000 Guidelines For Soil Sampling, Richard B. Ferguson, K.D. Frank, Gary W. Hergert, Edwin J. Penas, Richard A. Wiese

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Soil test values are no better than the soil samples you collect. Proper soil sampling procedures must be followed to obtain meaningful test results for fertilizer decisions.

The best guideline for determining fertilizer needs is a reliable analysis of a soil sample that is representative of the field. Proper procedures must be followed to collect representative soil samples.


The Delphi Technique : An Application Of The Delphi Technique As A Method Of Obtaining Staff Opinions On Issues Relating To Teaching Practice At Nedlands College Of Advanced Education, M. Kaplan Jan 1980

The Delphi Technique : An Application Of The Delphi Technique As A Method Of Obtaining Staff Opinions On Issues Relating To Teaching Practice At Nedlands College Of Advanced Education, M. Kaplan

ECU Publications Pre. 2011

As one approach to gathering information required in compiling a report on Teaching Practice, Supervision Advice and Assessment (Published as Research Committee Report Number 12), use was made of the Delphi Technique. (Kaplan, 1980).

Space precluded providing details of this technique in Report Number 12 but since the technique is not often used, it was decided to provide information on its application in the study in this separate report.


G77-334 Timber Sale Contracts, Rick Hamilton Jan 1977

G77-334 Timber Sale Contracts, Rick Hamilton

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

A good contract protects both seller and buyer from legal problems arising from the harvest and sale of standing timber.

A timber sale contract is a legally binding written document governing the terms of a timber sale. A good contract protects both seller and buyer from legal problems arising from the harvest and sale of standing timber.

Timber has historically been sold under gentlemen's agreements. These verbal agreements have caused seller and buyer dissatisfaction and loss of trust. A contract clarifies the obligations of both parties prior to timber harvest.