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G13-425 2013 Nebraska Beef Report Summaries, Richard J. Rasby, Karla Jenkins, Galen Erickson Jan 2013

G13-425 2013 Nebraska Beef Report Summaries, Richard J. Rasby, Karla Jenkins, Galen Erickson

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Brief synopsis of recent UNL beef research. Each year the UNL Department of Animal Science reports its current beef cattle research. This 2013 NebGuide discusses the research topics of Cow/Calf, Growing, Finishing and Beef Products.


G12-425 Nebraska Beef Report Summaries 2012, Richard J. Rasby, Dennis Brink, Galen E. Erickson Jan 2012

G12-425 Nebraska Beef Report Summaries 2012, Richard J. Rasby, Dennis Brink, Galen E. Erickson

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Brief synopsis of recent UNL beef research. Each year the UNL Department of Animal Science reports its current beef cattle research. This 2012 NebGuide discusses the research topics of Cow/Calf, Growing, Finishing and Beef Products.


G12-2175 Animal Care Resource Guide For 4-H And Ffa Members: Knowing The Livestock Lingo, Lindsay M. Chichester, Karna J. Dam, Dennis E. Bauer Jan 2012

G12-2175 Animal Care Resource Guide For 4-H And Ffa Members: Knowing The Livestock Lingo, Lindsay M. Chichester, Karna J. Dam, Dennis E. Bauer

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

There are many terms associated with livestock production that may be unfamiliar to youth. This 2012 NebGuide lists and defines terms common between species and specific to certain species.


G09-1975 Nebraska - An Opportunity For Dairy Expansion And Relocation, Jeffrey F. Keown Jan 2009

G09-1975 Nebraska - An Opportunity For Dairy Expansion And Relocation, Jeffrey F. Keown

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This 2009 NebGuide discusses why dairy producers might choose Nebraska in order to expand and/or relocate their dairy. It looks at several areas important to dairy producers, and emphasizes the availability of feed and other natural resources of utmost importance to the dairy industry. While this NebGuide is not expansive and does not list feed prices, utility rates, etc., it does list the reasons why Nebraska is a good place to look at for a dairy operation.


G09-1856 Commercially Available Dna Tests For Genetic Improvement Of Beef Cattle, Matthew L. Spangler Jan 2009

G09-1856 Commercially Available Dna Tests For Genetic Improvement Of Beef Cattle, Matthew L. Spangler

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Misinterpreting DNA tests can cost beef cattle producers time and money. This 2009 NebGuide discusses how to interpret commercial DNA marker tests.


G08-1847 Economic Indexes For Beef Sire Selection, Matthew L. Spangler Jan 2008

G08-1847 Economic Indexes For Beef Sire Selection, Matthew L. Spangler

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Selecting a beef sire can be made easier with economic indexes. This 2008 NebGuide illustrates the various beef sire selection indexes available.


Ec07-281 Body Condition Scoring Beef Cows: A Tool For Managing The Nutrition Program For Beef Herds, Richard J. Rasby, Leslie Aaron Stalker, Richard N. Funston Jan 2007

Ec07-281 Body Condition Scoring Beef Cows: A Tool For Managing The Nutrition Program For Beef Herds, Richard J. Rasby, Leslie Aaron Stalker, Richard N. Funston

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This 2007 Extension Circular describes the nine-point body condition scoring system, relationship between body condition and the productivity of the cow herd, and the use of body condition as a management tool to develop and monitor nutritional programs. Using body condition scoring as a management tool can increase the profit potential of the cow/calf enterprise.


Ec05-185 Grazing Winter Wheat In Nebraska, Tom Holman, Drew J. Lyon, David D. Baltensperger, Ivan G. Rush, Ray Weed Jan 2005

Ec05-185 Grazing Winter Wheat In Nebraska, Tom Holman, Drew J. Lyon, David D. Baltensperger, Ivan G. Rush, Ray Weed

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Grazing cattle on winter wheat, often prior to grain harvest, is common throughout the southern Great Plains. Grazing generates about $50 million in income for Texas wheat producers and reduces the risk of growing wheat by providing a substantial income source other than grain. Benefits can be realized by grazing prior to the primary environmental risk period for drought, heat stress, and hail, all of which frequently reduce grain yield while having limited impact on forage production. Cattle also are grazed on winter wheat fields in western Nebraska and the surrounding region. Typically in Nebraska, fall forage would be used ...


Rp 357 Quality And Yield Grades For Beef Carcasses, Dennis E. Burson Jan 2005

Rp 357 Quality And Yield Grades For Beef Carcasses, Dennis E. Burson

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

There are two types of beef grades in the United States--quality grades and yield grades. Beef carcasses may carry a quality grade, a yield grade or both a quality and yield grade.

Quality grades indicate expected palatability or eating satisfaction of the meat; yield grades are estimates of the percentage of boneless, closely trimmed retail cuts from the round, Join, rib and chuck.

Federal meat grading is a voluntary service packers request and pay for on an hourly fee basis. Meat grading should not be confused with meat inspection, which is mandatory and ensures the safety and wholesomeness of our ...


G05-1587 Understandng Effective Fiber In Rations For Dairy Cattle, Paul J. Kononoff Jan 2005

G05-1587 Understandng Effective Fiber In Rations For Dairy Cattle, Paul J. Kononoff

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Fiber type, quality and length are key to herd health and production.

Fiber is a key component in dairy rations. When nutritionists are faced with herd challenges such as low milkfat tests, foot problems, or low feed conversions, ration fiber often is evaluated. Effective fiber depends on the type and amount of forages and nonforage fiber sources being fed, the particle size of those forages and the amount of available nonfiberous carbohydrates included in the diet.


Mp03-81 The 2003 Nebraska Poultry Report, Sheila Scheideler, Mary M. Beck, Curtis L. Novak, Leanne Labrash, Danilo J. Franco, Mohammad A. Jalal, David Monsalve, Trish Weber Jan 2003

Mp03-81 The 2003 Nebraska Poultry Report, Sheila Scheideler, Mary M. Beck, Curtis L. Novak, Leanne Labrash, Danilo J. Franco, Mohammad A. Jalal, David Monsalve, Trish Weber

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

The Nebraska Poultry Report is produced every two years by the Animal Science Department's poultry faculty with contributions from others in the University of Nebraska who work with avian species. The purpose of the report is to make our activities known to the poultry industries in Nebraska. The majority of articles are based on on-going research but are written in a relaxed style for ease of reading.


Mp82 2003-2004 Nebraska Dairy Report Jan 2003

Mp82 2003-2004 Nebraska Dairy Report

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Annual Report of University of Nebraska-Lincoln Dairy Research for 2003-2004. Topics include:

Lactation Curves for Milk, Fat and Protein Yields and Somatic Cell Scores of Holstein Cows Treated with Bovine Somatotropin;

The Economic Impacts of Various Public Policy Scenarios for Methane Recovery on Dairy Farms;

Dairy Research Herd Report;

Modeling Genetic and Environmental Effects of Test Day Records by Autoregressive Convariance Structures;

Effect of Human Chorionic Gonadotropin on Reproductive Performance of Lactating Dairy Cows;

A Corn Hybrid with High Cell Wall Content and Digestibility and Lactational Performance of Holstein Cows;

Comparison of Brown Midrib-6 and 18 Forage Sorghum with Conventional ...


G03-1520 Current Issues Affecting Youth Swine Shows, Rosie Nold Jan 2003

G03-1520 Current Issues Affecting Youth Swine Shows, Rosie Nold

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

The original purpose of youth livestock shows was two-fold: 1) to provide an educational experience where young people could learn animal management practices, as well as personal/character development; and 2) to recognize the best animals in the industry.

This NebGuide addresses practices which have developed to enhance the appearance of a pig that is to be exhibited, but which may be detrimental to the commercial pork industry.


Mp00-75 The 2000-2001 Nebraska Poultry Report, Mary M. Beck, Mindy M. Brashears, Necmettin Ceylan, Shelly R. Mckee, Lisa Nolan, Sheila Scheideler, Eva Wallner-Pendleton, Kimberly K. Franzen, Uaichai Puthpongsiriporn, Mohammad A. Jalal, Jodi Ash, Elizabeth Marsh, Haitham Yakout, Curtis Novak, D.J. Jordan, Ryan Mass, Ramiro Lucena, Mohammed Alomad, Samar Elnagar, Jennifer Bridger, Marcos X. Sanchez, Wade M. Fluckey Jan 2000

Mp00-75 The 2000-2001 Nebraska Poultry Report, Mary M. Beck, Mindy M. Brashears, Necmettin Ceylan, Shelly R. Mckee, Lisa Nolan, Sheila Scheideler, Eva Wallner-Pendleton, Kimberly K. Franzen, Uaichai Puthpongsiriporn, Mohammad A. Jalal, Jodi Ash, Elizabeth Marsh, Haitham Yakout, Curtis Novak, D.J. Jordan, Ryan Mass, Ramiro Lucena, Mohammed Alomad, Samar Elnagar, Jennifer Bridger, Marcos X. Sanchez, Wade M. Fluckey

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

The Nebraska Poultry Report is produced every two years by the Animal Science Department's poultry faculty with contributions from others in the University of Nebraska who work with avian species. The purpose of the report is to make our activities known to the poultry industries in Nebraska. The majority of articles are based on on-going research but are written in a relaxed style for ease of reading.


Ec00-280 Hiring Dairy Personnel: Making The Process Easier, Jeffrey F. Keown Jan 2000

Ec00-280 Hiring Dairy Personnel: Making The Process Easier, Jeffrey F. Keown

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Position descriptions are essential. A detailed position, or job, description can help you as an employer identify and eliminate applicants who will not perform well on the job and gives you justifiable grounds for terminating an employee who does not perform the job satisfactorily.

On most dairy farms, employees can be grouped into three categories: herd managers, feeders or outdoor workers, and milkers. This extension circular discusses the description for each category, how to start the hiring process, and questions that may be asked during interviewing and after hiring for a position on the dairy farm.


Ec00-279 Synchronizing Esetrus In Beef Cattle, Richard J. Rasby, Gene H. Deutscher Jan 2000

Ec00-279 Synchronizing Esetrus In Beef Cattle, Richard J. Rasby, Gene H. Deutscher

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Synchronization of estrus (heat) involves manipulating the estrous cycle of beef females in a herd so they can be bred at approximately the same time. There are several traditional protocols available for synchronizing estrus among beef females.

This extension circular discusses the programs and protocols used in synchronizing estrus in the beef cow.


Mp74 1999-2000 Nebraska Dairy Report Jan 1999

Mp74 1999-2000 Nebraska Dairy Report

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Annual Report of University of Nebraska-Lincoln Dairy Research for 1997-1998. Topics include:

Effect of Soyhull:Soy Lecithin:Soapstock Mixture on Reproduction in Early Lactation Dairy Cows

Brown Midrib Forage Sorghum for Dairy Cows: Short-Term Responses

Brown Midrib Forage Sorghum Improves Fiber Digestibility and Milk Production in Dairy Cows

Maximal Replacement of Dietary Concentrate and Forage with a New Wet Corn Milling Feed Product

Corn versus Sorghum Distillers Grains for Lactating Dairy Cows

Longer Particle Length Alfalfa Improves Use of Wet Corn Gluten Feed by Dairy Cows

Genetics Research

Dairy Technician Certification

Land Requirements for Managing Manure Nutrients on Dairy Operations ...


G98-1350 Basics Of Feeding Horses: What To Feed And Why, Kathleen P. Anderson Jan 1998

G98-1350 Basics Of Feeding Horses: What To Feed And Why, Kathleen P. Anderson

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses the horse's digestive system and appropriate feeding procedures.

Because of the horse's eating habits and digestive system, feeding practices common to other species of livestock often result in severe digestive dysfunction or even death for the horse. In fact, several anatomical peculiarities of the horse's digestive tract predispose horses to digestive disorders such as colic and laminitis even under the best management. Under poor feeding management, the onset of these disorders is almost assured. The objective of feeding management is to provide a ration with balanced nutrition that both maximizes nutrient utilization while minimizing ...


Mp68 1996-98 Dairy Report Jan 1997

Mp68 1996-98 Dairy Report

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Annual Report of University of Nebraska-Lincoln Dairy Research for 1997-1998. Topics include:

Time of Initiating Dietary Fat Supplementaion on Lactation and Reproduction

A Soyhull:Soy Lecithin Soapstock Mixture for Early Lactation Dairy Cows

Nonenzymatically Browned Soybeans for Dairy Cattle

Feather and Blood Meal Combination for Lactating Dairy Cows

Impact of Nonfiber Carbohydrate Concentration on Forage Fiber Digestion

Sulfite Liquor-Treated Meat and Bone Meal for Dairy Cows

The OTHER Causes of Infectious Diseases

Test Day Genetic Evaluations

Income and Herdlife

Maternal Genetic and Cytoplasmic Effects in Dairy Cattle

Financial and Management Survey of Nebraska Dairy Producers

Free-Stall Design and Maintenance

Horizontal ...


Ec97-276 Management Strategies For Pen-Mating Female Pigs, Donald G. Levis Jan 1997

Ec97-276 Management Strategies For Pen-Mating Female Pigs, Donald G. Levis

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

The master control switch of a pork production enterprise is weaning day. Pork production managers have little or no control concerning when a weaned female will cycle or how long she will be in estrus after weaning. When females are pen-mated, the producer needs to use management procedures to prevent an excessive number of estrous females from expressing the standing response at the same time, try to manage estrous females so that they are bred at the proper time, try to manage boars so they maintain an adequate level of fertility, evaluate boars for level of sexual behavior before and ...


Ec97-275 Effect Of Lactation Length On Sow Reproductive Performance, Donald G. Levis Jan 1997

Ec97-275 Effect Of Lactation Length On Sow Reproductive Performance, Donald G. Levis

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

As lactation length decreases there is an increase in the weaning-to-estrus interval, a decrease in farrowing rate, a decrease in subsequent litter size and an increase in pigs weaned per sow per year. Because of herd-to-herd differences in the influence of lactation length on reproductive performance, each farm should conduct a preliminary study to evaluate the effect of the lactation length being considered before implementing the “new” weaning age of piglets.


Ec97-274 Management Of Replacement Gilts For Efficient Reproduction, Donald G. Levis Jan 1997

Ec97-274 Management Of Replacement Gilts For Efficient Reproduction, Donald G. Levis

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Successfully introducing replacement gilts into the breeding herd is an important aspect of breeding herd efficiency. To attain herd efficiency, females must ovulate adequate numbers of viable ova, express estrus, show willingness to mate and conceive in a regular manner. If these qualities are properly developed, pregnancy rate and litter size will be maximized. A gilt development and management program needs to be designed for gilts from birth to farrowing their first litter.


Nf97-317 Managing Dairy Cows To Avoid Abomasal Displacement, Rick Grant Jan 1997

Nf97-317 Managing Dairy Cows To Avoid Abomasal Displacement, Rick Grant

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebFact discusses feeding strategies to reduce the incidence of displaced abomasum in your dairy herd.


G97-1324 Beef Cattle Implant Update, Dicky D. Griffin, Terry L. Mader Jan 1997

G97-1324 Beef Cattle Implant Update, Dicky D. Griffin, Terry L. Mader

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses the mechanism of action and use strategies for growth promoting implants, including expected responses and cost analysis.

Introduction

Growth promoting implants have been used extensively in beef production for over 30 years. Significant changes in implants and implanting strategies have occurred. Prior to 1987, available implants were estrogenic agents which metabolically enhanced nutrient use to enhance growth. These products improved feed efficiency 5-10 percent and daily gains from 5-15 percent. In 1987, the androgenic (tissue building) agent, trenbolone acetate, was approved for use in growth promoting implants. This compound had an additive effect with existing estrogenic implants ...


G97-1314 Medication Withdrawal In Beef Cattle, Dicky D. Griffin, Dale Grotelueschen Jan 1997

G97-1314 Medication Withdrawal In Beef Cattle, Dicky D. Griffin, Dale Grotelueschen

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide lists the current withdrawal times for medications used in beef cattle.

Using proper livestock medications is very important. Proper use not only ensures maximal benefits from the medication but minimizes the chances of an unwanted residue. The National Cattlemen's Beef Association has worked hard to develop a premiere quality assurance program. In conjunction with other national and state beef and veterinary associations, the Beef Quality Assurance program now extends to almost every state in the nation. As a result, the safety and quality of beef has never been better. The outstanding record includes having an extremely low ...


G97-1320 Feeding To Maximize Milk Solids, Rick J. Grant Jan 1997

G97-1320 Feeding To Maximize Milk Solids, Rick J. Grant

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes feeding guidelines to increase production of solids-corrected milk.

Proper feeding management of the dairy herd can improve the economy of production and provide for a healthier cow. Feeding to increase production of milk with maximum levels of milk fat and protein is essential for achieving these benefits.

Milk solid components include fat, protein, lactose, and minerals. Normal values for milk fat range from 3.7 percent (Holstein) to 4.9 percent (Jersey); milk protein ranges from 3.1 percent (Holstein) to 3.8 percent (Jersey). Lactose is usually 4.6 to 4.8 percent for all breeds ...


G97-1325 What Management Practices Are High Producing Dairy Herds Using?, Jeffrey F. Keown Jan 1997

G97-1325 What Management Practices Are High Producing Dairy Herds Using?, Jeffrey F. Keown

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide outlines management practices used in high-producing dairy operations.

In 1996, a national dairy survey was undertaken by the National Health Monitoring System. This survey of management practices was sent to 2,500 herds in 20 states representing 83.1 percent of all dairy cows in the United States. The states included in the survey were California, Florida, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Washington and Wisconsin. The survey asked 13 questions ranging from computer use, ration balancing, BST use and veterinarian usage to various calf rearing procedures ...


G96-1306 Feeding Dairy Cows To Reduce Nitrogen, Phosphorus, And Potassium Excretion Into The Environment, Rick J. Grant Jan 1996

G96-1306 Feeding Dairy Cows To Reduce Nitrogen, Phosphorus, And Potassium Excretion Into The Environment, Rick J. Grant

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses feeding strategies to optimize dairy cow performance while minimizing negative environmental impacts.

Reducing N, P and K Excretion--The Challenge

Increasingly, our society demands livestock production systems that not only produce economic, high-quality food products, but also minimize negative environmental impacts. Feeding management has improved continuously and helps explain increases in milk production averages. The future challenge for dairy producers and nutritionists will be to properly formulate rations for high production levels while simultaneously minimizing the environmental impact of excessive N, P and K excretion in the urine and manure. A realistic approach will be to keep formulation ...


Ec96-824 Dairy Economics In Nebraska: An Analysis Of Costs And Returns And Comparisons With Other States, H. Douglas Jose, Richard J. Grant Jan 1996

Ec96-824 Dairy Economics In Nebraska: An Analysis Of Costs And Returns And Comparisons With Other States, H. Douglas Jose, Richard J. Grant

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Dairy Economics in Nebraska

The dairy sector is undergoing major structural changes and economic adjustments. The industry is also becoming more market oriented as government price supports decline. Increased competitiveness has kept milk prices relatively stable, but increased grain and other input costs in 1995-96 have put increased pressure on profit margins which were already narrow.

This publication is a compilation of data related to the current economics of dairy farming. The objective is to provide data to help dairy farmers make adjustments in their operations, such as expanding their herds, and to provide basic data for operators setting up ...


Ec95-273 Swine Nutrition Guide, Duane Reese, Robert C. Thaler, Mike Brumm, Austin J. Lewis, Philip S. Miller, George W. Libal Jan 1995

Ec95-273 Swine Nutrition Guide, Duane Reese, Robert C. Thaler, Mike Brumm, Austin J. Lewis, Philip S. Miller, George W. Libal

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This publication is a revision of the previous swine nutrition publication prepared by the Universityof Nebraska and South DakotaState University. The focus of the publication continues to be on nutrient recommendations for swine. Specific factors (nutritional, environmental and managerial) that affect nutrient recommendations have been considered and discussed. We believe that the identification and description of the factors provide the framework for the nutrient recommendations presented inTables 11 to 16. Industry advisors representing various facets of the pork industry were recruited to review and challenge the concepts incorporated in this publication. Also, in situations where “gray areas” existed, these industry ...