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2008 Beef Cattle Report, Dennis R. Brink Jan 2008

2008 Beef Cattle Report, Dennis R. Brink

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

2008 compilation of articles on University of Nebraska–Lincoln beef cattle research in four areas: cow/calf, growing, beef feedlot, beef products and analytical methods.


2007 Nebraska Beef Cattle Report Summaries, Dennis R. Brink Jan 2007

2007 Nebraska Beef Cattle Report Summaries, Dennis R. Brink

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide briefly summarizes recent beef research reported on in the 2007 Beef Cattle Report.


2006 Beef Cattle Report, Dennis R. Brink Jan 2006

2006 Beef Cattle Report, Dennis R. Brink

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This publication was prepared by the Animal Science staff, research technicians, unit managers, and crew involved in research programs at various locations across Nebraska. It deals with the results that were done in cow/calf, growing, beef feedlot (finishing) and beef products research.


Ec05-185 Grazing Winter Wheat In Nebraska, Tom Holman, Drew J. Lyon, David D. Baltensperger, Ivan G. Rush, Ray Weed Jan 2005

Ec05-185 Grazing Winter Wheat In Nebraska, Tom Holman, Drew J. Lyon, David D. Baltensperger, Ivan G. Rush, Ray Weed

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Grazing cattle on winter wheat, often prior to grain harvest, is common throughout the southern Great Plains. Grazing generates about $50 million in income for Texas wheat producers and reduces the risk of growing wheat by providing a substantial income source other than grain. Benefits can be realized by grazing prior to the primary environmental risk period for drought, heat stress, and hail, all of which frequently reduce grain yield while having limited impact on forage production. Cattle also are grazed on winter wheat fields in western Nebraska and the surrounding region. Typically in Nebraska, fall forage would be used ...


G05-425 2005 Beef Report Summaries, James A. Gosey Jan 2005

G05-425 2005 Beef Report Summaries, James A. Gosey

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Reports on recent beef research are briefly summarized.


G05-1573 Meat And Fabrication-Room Temperatures For Food Safety, Alejandro Amezquita, L. Wang, Harshavardhan Thippareddi, Dennis E. Burson, Curtis Weller Jan 2005

G05-1573 Meat And Fabrication-Room Temperatures For Food Safety, Alejandro Amezquita, L. Wang, Harshavardhan Thippareddi, Dennis E. Burson, Curtis Weller

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Within the last 20 years, several meat-borne pathogenic microorganisms have emerged in the United States, causing numerous outbreaks of disease and death, as well as drastic economical losses.

Guidelines in this NebGuide are suggested for controlling temperature of meat and meat products in fabrication rooms so as to prevent detrimental growth of meat-borne pathogens.


Nf04-605 Smoking Meat And Poultry, Julie A. Albrecht Jan 2004

Nf04-605 Smoking Meat And Poultry, Julie A. Albrecht

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Where there's smoke, there's well-flavored meat and poultry. Using a smoker is one method of imparting natural smoke flavor to large cuts of meat, whole poultry and turkey breasts. This slow cooking technique keeps them tender, too.

Smoking is slowly cooking food indirectly in the presence of a fire. This can be done by using a "smoker," which is an outdoor cooker especially designed for this purpose. Use these simple guidelines for smoking food safely.


G03-1527 Annual Forages For The Nebraska Panhandle, Burt A. Weichenthal, David D. Baltensperger, K. P. Vogel, S. D. Masterson, J.M. Blumenthal, J.M. Krall Jan 2003

G03-1527 Annual Forages For The Nebraska Panhandle, Burt A. Weichenthal, David D. Baltensperger, K. P. Vogel, S. D. Masterson, J.M. Blumenthal, J.M. Krall

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Annual forages have value as pasture, green chop, silage, and hay. With adequate soil moisture, these forages grow very rapidly during their appropriate growing seasons. Advantages and disadvantages of various annual forages, results of dryland and irrigated forage trials, tips for achieving quality forage, and issues related to animal health and feeding forages are discussed in this NebGuide.


Ec02-1550 Nebraska Management Guide For Arthropod Pests Of Livestock And Horses, John B. Campbell Jan 2002

Ec02-1550 Nebraska Management Guide For Arthropod Pests Of Livestock And Horses, John B. Campbell

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Understanding the differences in insecticide formulations is important to selecting the right one for the job. This publication discusses the different insecticides and ways of treating your animals. They include: dusts, emulsifiable concentrates, emulsifiable livestock insecticides, flowables (thick fluids mixed with water), soluble powders, wettable powders, and water dispersible liquids. Insecticides listed in this publication are considered safe when used according to label directions.


G1420 Direct Sales Of Beef, Paul Swanson Jan 2001

G1420 Direct Sales Of Beef, Paul Swanson

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide offers producers suggestions for selling beef directly to consumers.

Successful direct selling of beef to consumers requires a different mind-set from our traditional sale of commodity beef to processors, wholesalers and retailers. The much closer relationship of the beef producer to the actual consumer creates many opportunities to provide more income from each individual animal and for the consumer to receive a product which is generally not available in the store. A growing number of consumers are interested in purchasing beef that is produced locally, on small farms or ranches, humanely raised, without implants, without the feeding of ...


G1374 Escherichia Coli: Testing For Process Control Verification,, Mindy Brashears, Dianne Peters Jan 2000

G1374 Escherichia Coli: Testing For Process Control Verification,, Mindy Brashears, Dianne Peters

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide was developed to help processors correctly perform carcass sampling in meat and poultry operations and interpret the results.

In July 1996, the U.S.D.A. published the Final Rule on Pathogen Reduction for meat and poultry processing facilities. Its goal is to reduce the occurrence of food-borne pathogens in meat and poultry products. The rule requires carcass sampling for "generic" E. coli in meat and poultry slaughter operations. The U.S.D.A. has developed guidelines for acceptable, marginal and unacceptable amounts of E. coli to be used by the processor to determine if their process is ...


Ec00-279 Synchronizing Esetrus In Beef Cattle, Richard J. Rasby, Gene H. Deutscher Jan 2000

Ec00-279 Synchronizing Esetrus In Beef Cattle, Richard J. Rasby, Gene H. Deutscher

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Synchronization of estrus (heat) involves manipulating the estrous cycle of beef females in a herd so they can be bred at approximately the same time. There are several traditional protocols available for synchronizing estrus among beef females.

This extension circular discusses the programs and protocols used in synchronizing estrus in the beef cow.


Ec00-281 Body Condition Scoring Beef Cows: A Tool For Managing The Nutrition Program For Beef Herds, Richard J. Rasby, James A. Gosey, Don C. Adams Jan 2000

Ec00-281 Body Condition Scoring Beef Cows: A Tool For Managing The Nutrition Program For Beef Herds, Richard J. Rasby, James A. Gosey, Don C. Adams

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Body condition scores (BCS) describe the relative fatness of a cow through the use of a nine-point scale and is an effective management tool to evaluate nutrition status of the herd.

This extension circular describes the nine-point body condition scoring system, relationship between body condition and productivity of the cow herd, and use of body condition as a management tool to develop and monitor nutritional programs. Incorporation of body condition scoring as a management tool can increase the profit potential of the cow/calf enterprise.


G99-1393 Grazing Alfalfa, Jerry D. Volesky, Bruce Anderson Jan 1999

G99-1393 Grazing Alfalfa, Jerry D. Volesky, Bruce Anderson

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Grazing alfalfa may be a cost efficient means of harvest for some producers. This NebGuide explores alfalfa and alfalfa/grass options, varieties and stand establishment, and grazing and bloat management.

Alfalfa is the most productive and versatile forage legume grown in Nebraska. Cutting for hay or silage has been the traditional method of harvest, but many opportunities and options exist for grazing. With current technology and proper management, beef gain can exceed 1,000 pounds per acre with acceptable stand persistence.


Nf99-401 Nebraska Competitive Livestock Markets Act, J. David Aiken Jan 1999

Nf99-401 Nebraska Competitive Livestock Markets Act, J. David Aiken

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebFact offers the text of the Nebraska Competitive Livestock Markets Act.


Nf99-403 Livestock Waste Management Act (Revised March 2001), J. David Aiken Jan 1999

Nf99-403 Livestock Waste Management Act (Revised March 2001), J. David Aiken

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

The Livestock Waste Management Act requires all livestock operations with 300 animal units or more to be inspected by the Nebraska Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) to determine whether livestock wastes contaminate surface or ground water. This NebFact discusses the following parts of the Livestock Waste Management Act: Act (how cited); Terms (defined); Livestock operation, exemption, livestock waste control facility, permit, restriction; Construction permit or operating permit (when required), livestock waste control facilities, classification, restrictions; Section (how construed); Cold water class A streams (designation); Permit (acknowledgment required); Livestock operation (request inspection, when, fees, department, duties); Permits (duration, modification); Permit (application ...


Mp99-40 The Economics And Control Of Insects Affecting Beef Cattle In Nebraska (Northern Great Plains), John B. Campbell, Gustave D. Thomas Jan 1999

Mp99-40 The Economics And Control Of Insects Affecting Beef Cattle In Nebraska (Northern Great Plains), John B. Campbell, Gustave D. Thomas

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Livestock insect control should be considered an integral part of an efficient beef herd health program.

This extension circular discusses the behavior and control of these major insect parasites of range and pasture cattle in Nebraska: stable fly, horn fly, face fly, cattle grubs, cattle lice, cattle scabies, horse and deer flies, mosquito, black fly, and biting midges (gnats).


G98-1353 Fed Cattle Pricing, Dillon M. Feuz, Ted C. Schroeder, Clement E. Ward Jan 1998

G98-1353 Fed Cattle Pricing, Dillon M. Feuz, Ted C. Schroeder, Clement E. Ward

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses pricing alternatives for fed cattle, including live weight, dressed weight and grid pricing. Pricing fed cattle is becoming more complex, requiring more time to evaluate pricing alternatives and marketing cattle. Is there one best pricing method? How are live weight, dressed weight, and grid or formula prices related? This NebGuide will provide answers to these and other questions about fed cattle pricing.


G98-1374 Escherichia Coli: Testing For Process Control Verification: Beef Carcass Sampling, Mindy Brashears, Dianne Peters Jan 1998

G98-1374 Escherichia Coli: Testing For Process Control Verification: Beef Carcass Sampling, Mindy Brashears, Dianne Peters

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

In July 1996, the U.S.D.A. published the Final Rule on Pathogen Reduction for meat and poultry processing facilities. Its goal is to reduce the occurrence of food-borne pathogens in meat and poultry products. The rule requires carcass sampling for "generic" E. coli in meat and poultry slaughter operations. The U.S.D.A. has developed guidelines for acceptable, marginal and unacceptable amounts of E. coli to be used by the processor to determine if their process is controlling microbial hazards. If E. coli testing indicates that the process is not in control of the microbial hazards, then ...


Ec98-278 Grazing Crop Residues, Richard J. Rasby, Roger Selley, Terry Klopfenstein Jan 1998

Ec98-278 Grazing Crop Residues, Richard J. Rasby, Roger Selley, Terry Klopfenstein

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Nebraska has an abundance of crop residue available for late fall and winter grazing. However, several factors prevent the grazing of many fields, including the location of fields in relation to the cattle, the lack of shelter or appropriate fencing and water availability. Despite these limitations, residue grazing is an important resource to many cattle operations, primarily as either a winter feed resource for maintaining the breeding herd or putting weight on cull cows. Calves weaned in the fall can also be wintered on cornstalks if appropriate supplementation is used.


Nf98-360 Cooking With Bison Meat, Berdine Maginnis, Linda S. Boeckner Jan 1998

Nf98-360 Cooking With Bison Meat, Berdine Maginnis, Linda S. Boeckner

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebFact provides information about bison as an alternate meat source.


G98-1352 Issues To Consider When Selling Cattle On A Grid Or Formula, Dillon M. Feuz Jan 1998

G98-1352 Issues To Consider When Selling Cattle On A Grid Or Formula, Dillon M. Feuz

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses issues and problems associated with matching cattle to the appropriate market.

Recently there has been a much greater emphasis on improving the quality and consistency of beef. Cattle producers, breed associations, feed suppliers and beef packers have initiated value based pricing methods. Grid pricing, formula pricing, and strategic alliances are examples of these new value based pricing methods. While these pricing methods may differ substantially in the carcass and management traits they seek to reward or penalize, they all have one common feature: price is established on each individual animal.

The goals of the new pricing methods ...


G98-1351 Proper Injection Procedures For Cattle, Dicky D. Griffin, David R. Smith, Dale M. Grotelueschen Jan 1998

G98-1351 Proper Injection Procedures For Cattle, Dicky D. Griffin, David R. Smith, Dale M. Grotelueschen

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes methods to maximize the effectiveness of injectable medications for cattle, while minimizing potential risks for the animal, the operator and the consumer. The key elements to giving proper injections are knowing why, when, where and how injectable medications should be used. Medications are commonly given to cattle as part of regular husbandry practices to improve health, control disease or increase productivity. Medications may be given by injection, by mouth (orally) or through the skin as a pour-on (topically). Injections are commonly given into the muscle (intramuscularly, or IM), under the skin (subcutaneously, or SC) or into the ...


G97-1342 Feeding Value Of Alfalfa Hay And Alfalfa Silage, Terry L. Mader, Todd Milton, Ivan G. Rush, Bruce Anderson Jan 1997

G97-1342 Feeding Value Of Alfalfa Hay And Alfalfa Silage, Terry L. Mader, Todd Milton, Ivan G. Rush, Bruce Anderson

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses the feeding value of alfalfa under different harvesting, storage and feeding methods, as compared to other protein sources.

In Nebraska, alfalfa is used primarily as a protein source. However, for cow-calf producers it can sometimes be an economical energy source, depending on the prevailing price of feed grains and other sources of energy.

Alfalfa is generally harvested as dry hay or as silage (65 percent moisture). Ensiling at 45 to 55 percent moisture is also common, particularly if the alfalfa is stored in an upright oxygen-limiting structure. Regardless of harvesting and storage methods, some dry matter and ...


G97-1315 Composting Manure And Other Organic Residues, Bahman Eghball Jan 1997

G97-1315 Composting Manure And Other Organic Residues, Bahman Eghball

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Composting is becoming more common in Nebraska because of the many advantages it offers. This NebGuide provides information on the composting process and its management and related issues.

The Composting Process

Composting is the aerobic decomposition of manure or other organic materials in the thermophilic temperature range (104-149°F). The composted material is odorless, fine-textured, and low-moisture and can be bagged and sold for use in gardens, or nurseries or used as fertilizer on cropland with little odor or fly breeding potential. Composting improves the handling characteristics of any organic residue by reducing its volume and weight. Composting can kill ...


Ec97-277 Minerals And Vitamins For Beef Cows, Richard J. Rasby, Dennis R. Brink, Ivan G. Rush, Don C. Adams Jan 1997

Ec97-277 Minerals And Vitamins For Beef Cows, Richard J. Rasby, Dennis R. Brink, Ivan G. Rush, Don C. Adams

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Introduction

Mineral supplementation programs range from elaborate, cafeteria-style delivery systems to simple white salt blocks put out periodically by producers. The reason for this diversity: little applicable research available for producers to evaluate mineral supplement programs. There is a need of information regarding mineral composition and availability from various feedstuffs (i.e. pasture grasses, hays, by-products, etc.) and the possible interactions between minerals in the digestive system. Also lacking is a data base to establish accurate estimates of mineral requirements for beef cattle.

Assessing the consequence of mineral deficiencies in the cow, calf or stocker animal is difficult because slightly ...


G97-1313 Designing Preventive Health Management Programs For Cattle Producers, Dicky D. Griffin, Louis Perino, Gary Rupp, Eddie Hamilton Jan 1997

G97-1313 Designing Preventive Health Management Programs For Cattle Producers, Dicky D. Griffin, Louis Perino, Gary Rupp, Eddie Hamilton

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

The NebGuide details recommendations for a beef cattle herd immunization program.

This NebGuide presents two flow sheets which detail the recommendations for a beef cattle herd immunization program: the Calf through Weaning Preventive Health Management Flow Sheet and the Heifers, Cows and Bulls Preventive Health Management Flow Sheet. While this NebGuide emphasizes the procedures conducted on cattle at each cattle handling opportunity, it is very important to note the role a high quality nutritional program plays in building a total herd health program. You are encouraged to work with a qualified beef cattle nutritionist and your veterinarian when developing your ...


Nf96-270 Handling Feed Moisture In Ration Formulation And Inventory Control, Richard J. Rasby, Rick Grant Jan 1996

Nf96-270 Handling Feed Moisture In Ration Formulation And Inventory Control, Richard J. Rasby, Rick Grant

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebFact has information on livestock feed moisture.


G96-1293 Feedlot Abandonment Recommended Procedures, Richard K. Koelsch, Gerald R. Bodman Jan 1996

G96-1293 Feedlot Abandonment Recommended Procedures, Richard K. Koelsch, Gerald R. Bodman

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

An abandoned animal feeding facility is a significant threat to the environment. Procedures to minimize the risk are discussed.

Feedlot abandonment occurs for various reasons, including economic and social changes, environmental concerns, consolidation for more cost effective management and operation, and modification of personal goals. Whether a feedlot is abandoned for a short time until some crisis passes, or permanently, steps are necessary to minimize the risk of environmental degradation.

Under both scenarios, an abandoned feedlot poses an immediate threat to surface and groundwater quality. The unused facility is also a potential nuisance and source of health problems for humans ...


Nf95-220 Cull Sow Price Patterns At Omaha, Al Wellman Jan 1995

Nf95-220 Cull Sow Price Patterns At Omaha, Al Wellman

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebFact examines the market values of cull cow slaughter over a twenty-year time span.