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G90-980 Rose Mosaic And Rose Rosette Diseases, John E. Watkins Jan 1990

G90-980 Rose Mosaic And Rose Rosette Diseases, John E. Watkins

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

The rose mosaic and rose rosette diseases may cause a variety of symptoms, including reduced plant vigor and flower quality. Early detection is essential to control.

Roses have been cultivated as an ornamental for 4,000 to 5,000 years and now are distributed worldwide. Rose virus and virus-like diseases occur wherever roses are grown. Since roses are vegetatively-propagated through budding or grafting, these pathogenic agents are easily spread during propagation. Infection by virus or virus-like agents may cause a wide variety of symptoms. These can range from latent, symptomless infections to mosaic leaf patterns and distortions, severely distorted canes ...


G90-986 Strengthening The Couple Relationship, Herbert G. Lingren Jan 1990

G90-986 Strengthening The Couple Relationship, Herbert G. Lingren

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

After a couple has been married for a number of years, there seems to be a lack of individual artistry and creativity in the relationship. Each person becomes involved in a routine of relating to the other in a certain way. Patterns develop because of living in the same house and responding to children's needs. Couples develop certain habitual work patterns, see the same people socially, etc. The same ways of relating and behaving may persist, unchallenged and unchanged, for years. The behavior will continue long after it has ceased to produce delight, zest or growth. Therefore, the most ...


Nf90-277 Setting Up Your Own Business: Planning Your Insurance Coverage, Cheryl Burkhart-Kriesel, Paul H. Gessaman Jan 1990

Nf90-277 Setting Up Your Own Business: Planning Your Insurance Coverage, Cheryl Burkhart-Kriesel, Paul H. Gessaman

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Among the important business decisions you will make each year are your decisions about insurance. Both the type(s) of insurance you decide to carry and the level of coverage provided through each type of insurance are important. In event of a serious mistake by yourself or your employee, an accident, a natural or man-made disaster, or other similar event, it's likely your insurance coverage is all that will stand between you and a major loss - possibly all that's between you and a bankruptcy.


G90-968 Nebraska's Forest Resources: Acreages And Ownership, Thomas L. Schmidt, Michael R. Kuhns Jan 1990

G90-968 Nebraska's Forest Resources: Acreages And Ownership, Thomas L. Schmidt, Michael R. Kuhns

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This guide describes the forest types found in Nebraska and lists acreages by ownerships.

Nebraska's forest resources are very diverse and represent a unique combination of eastern hardwood, western coniferous, and northern boreal forests. Species in Nebraska hardwood forests include bur oak, red oak, silver maple, green ash, cottonwood, black willow, hackberry, black walnut, American basswood, boxelder, American elm, honeylocust, hickories and mulberry. In addition, eastern redcedar (a conifer) is found throughout the eastern hardwood forests. Conifer forests primarily contain ponderosa pine and Rocky Mountain juniper. The boreal forests contain a mixture of several of the above species and ...


G90-994 Full-Fat Soybeans For Pigs (Revised July 1992), Duane Reese Jan 1990

G90-994 Full-Fat Soybeans For Pigs (Revised July 1992), Duane Reese

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Several factors should be considered when feeding full-fat soybeans to swine, including nutrient composition, performance, economic considerations and diet formulations.

Soybean meal is the most common supplemental protein source used in pig diets. It is widely available, and often produces the most economical gains when compared with other protein sources. For various reasons, feeding full-fat soybeans to pigs, instead of soybean meal, may be an attractive alternative.


Ec90-732 Sugarbeet Population And Spacing Calculator Jan 1990

Ec90-732 Sugarbeet Population And Spacing Calculator

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This extension circular is a slide rule used to help a producer calculate the row spacing, seed population, and estimated percentage of emergence of sugarbeet. A producer can also use this slide rule to find the plant population from plants/100 feet of row at 22" and 30" row spacings.


G90-983 Equipment Adjustments For Herbicide Incorporation, Robert Grisso, Elbert C. Dickey, Alex Martin Jan 1990

G90-983 Equipment Adjustments For Herbicide Incorporation, Robert Grisso, Elbert C. Dickey, Alex Martin

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses how to operate liquid herbicide application equipment on tillage implements.

Heightened concerns for energy and soil conservation have caused producers to reduce the number of secondary tillage operations while trying to maintain satisfactory incorporation of herbicides. Many herbicides are carried into the soil by rainfall or sprinkler irrigation and do not require mechanical incorporation. However, some soil-applied herbicides require mechanical incorporation to reduce volatility and photodecomposition losses. These are Eradicane, Sutan+ and Treflan.


G90-964 How Soil Holds Water, Norman L. Klocke, Gary W. Hergert Jan 1990

G90-964 How Soil Holds Water, Norman L. Klocke, Gary W. Hergert

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes the physical characteristics that influence how soil holds water.

Dryland and irrigationd agriculture depend on the management of two basic natural resources, soil and water. Soil is the supporting structure of plant life and water is essential to sustain plant life. The wise use of these resources requires a basic understanding of soil and water as well as the crop.

The available water capacity and characteristics of soils are critical to water management planning for irrigationd and dryland crops. The management decisions of what crops to plant, plant populations, when to irrigation, how much to irrigation, when ...


G90-963 Narrow-Row Soybeans, Roger Wesley Elmore, Russell S. Moomaw, Roger Selley Jan 1990

G90-963 Narrow-Row Soybeans, Roger Wesley Elmore, Russell S. Moomaw, Roger Selley

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Narrow-row spacing of soybeans may be a profitable practice with modern herbicides and new lodging-resistant varieties. This NebGuide describes considerations for producing narrow-row soybeans. Early in this century crop row spacing was determined by the breadth of the animals used to work the fields. Spacing had an impact on methods of weed control and the varieties of soybeans developed. Even a decade ago row spacing was determined by tractor tire size since cultivation was required. Also, the tall varieties of soybeans lodged severely in narrow-row systems. However, the broad spectrum of herbicides now available and lodging-resistant soybean varieties have made ...


G90-1008 Making The Most Of Your Food Dollars (Revised March 1996), Linda S. Boeckner Jan 1990

G90-1008 Making The Most Of Your Food Dollars (Revised March 1996), Linda S. Boeckner

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes strategies for providing good nutrition economically.

Are you spending more of your family budget on food these days? Want to find ways to make your food dollar go further yet provide enjoyable meals? One way is to educate family members in making wise decisions about menu planning, food buying and cooking.

A varied diet of colorful, wholesome foods that you and your family will eat and like is important. There is no need to leave out all favorite foods to cut costs. Use the best buying practices to get the type of food you need. If including ...


G90-962 Introducing Solid Foods To Babies, Darlene Martin Jan 1990

G90-962 Introducing Solid Foods To Babies, Darlene Martin

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide explains when and how to add solid foods to your baby's diet.

Good nutrition is the cornerstone of a baby's growth and development. The American Academy of Pediatrics strongly recommends breast-feeding for most full-term infants. No formula can replace the immunological protection a baby receives from colostrum -- the breast milk produced the first few days after birth. It's important to breast-feed for at least the first few weeks, even if it can't be continued for a long time. If breast-feeding is not your choice, or if it is discontinued before the baby's first ...


G90-966 Choosing And Using Cheese, Scottie Misner Jan 1990

G90-966 Choosing And Using Cheese, Scottie Misner

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This guide discusses kinds of cheese, food values found in cheese, uses for cheese, how to cook with and buy cheese, and the care and storage of cheese. A cheese lover's guide and recipe are included.

Cheese has been an important food for centuries and is still widely used in various parts of the world. Many varieties have been developed, each with its own special flavor. The wide range in price, excellent food value and good keeping quality make it easy to use cheese often in planning nutritious meals.


Ec90-437 Let's Preserve: Tomatoes And Tomato Products, Julie A. Albrecht Jan 1990

Ec90-437 Let's Preserve: Tomatoes And Tomato Products, Julie A. Albrecht

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Several tomato plants can yield lots of fruit. Preserving tomatoes in various ways to serve throughout the year is an excellent way to use your harvest.

This publication provides procedures to safely process a variety of tomato products. The publication Let’s Preserve: Canning Basics: (EC90-434) gives information on boiling water and pressure canners, jar and lid selection, and preparation.


Ec90-436 Let's Preserve: Fruit And Fruit Products, Julie A. Albrecht Jan 1990

Ec90-436 Let's Preserve: Fruit And Fruit Products, Julie A. Albrecht

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Home canned fruits can he a delightful addition to family meals through the year. Canning fruits also may be an economical way to preserve quality foods at home.

Fruits can be safely preserved at home using a boiling-water canner. Pressure canners also are acceptable. This publication includes processing times for both procedures.

Refer to the publication Let’s Preserve: Canning Basics (EC90-434) for procedures for using a boiling-water and for information on canner or pressure canner selecting, preparing and filling jars.


Ec90-435 Let's Preserve: Vegetables And Vegetable Products, Julie A. Albrecht Jan 1990

Ec90-435 Let's Preserve: Vegetables And Vegetable Products, Julie A. Albrecht

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

High quality home canned vegetables can add nutrients and variety to your meals throughout the year. Canning favorite and special products can be a rewarding experience and a source of pride for many people. Vegetables can be safely preserved at home by following the procedures in this publication.

Pressure canning is the only recommended method for canning low-acid vegetables.


Ec90-434 Let's Preserve: Canning Basis, Julie A. Albrecht Jan 1990

Ec90-434 Let's Preserve: Canning Basis, Julie A. Albrecht

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Canning can be a safe and economical way to preserve quality food at home. Home preserved foods can provide a variety of nutritious food for your family all year long.

How Canning Preserves Foods

The high water content of most fresh foods makes them very perishable. Foods spoil or lose their quality for several reasons:

growth of undesirable microorganisms - bacteria,molds, and yeasts

activity of food enzymes

reactions with oxygen

moisture loss


G90-990 Explosion Venting And Suppression Of Bucket Elevator Legs, David Jones Jan 1990

G90-990 Explosion Venting And Suppression Of Bucket Elevator Legs, David Jones

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Explosion vents and explosion suppression devices limit the danger and damage associated with grain dust explosions. This NebGuide discusses these devices and design guidelines for application on bucket elevator legs.

The bucket elevator leg has been identified as a major source of grain dust explosions. As a bucket elevator leg conveys grain, the elements necessary for a grain dust explosion are possible. Fuel (grain dust in suspension above the minimum explosive concentration), oxygen and confinement are inherent inside a functioning bucket elevator leg. Introduction of an ignition source will initiate a grain dust explosion.


G90-975 Health Insurance For Older People (Revised February 1991), Kathleen Prochaska-Cue Jan 1990

G90-975 Health Insurance For Older People (Revised February 1991), Kathleen Prochaska-Cue

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This guide discusses basic Medicare benefits on private health insurance, commonly called Medigap insurance, available to supplement Medicare.

Medicare

What are the two parts of Medicare?

Medicare Part A -- Hospital Benefits. This pays for your care while you are in the hospital, and for related health services after you leave the hospital, including necessary care in a Medicare approved nursing home.

Medicare Part B -- Medical Insurance. This helps pay doctor bills and hospital out-patient expenses.


G90-1004 Growing Radishes And Table Beets, Susan D. Schoneweis Jan 1990

G90-1004 Growing Radishes And Table Beets, Susan D. Schoneweis

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Radishes and beets are easy to grow. Little space is required for them, and small successive plantings can yield an abundance of produce.

The radish, Raphanus sativus, is thought to have originated in East Asia, but the exact location is unknown. Radishes are one of the fastest growing vegetables, ready to harvest in 22 to 60 days. They prefer cool growing temperatures, and quickly become pungent (hot) when the weather gets too warm. Varieties (cultivars) may have round, long tapered, or oblong roots. Colors include crimson, hot pink, pink, white, bicolored and black.

Quick maturing radishes (30 days or less ...


G90-993 Basic Cultural Practices For Commercial Production Of Green (Snap) Beans, Laurie Hodges Jan 1990

G90-993 Basic Cultural Practices For Commercial Production Of Green (Snap) Beans, Laurie Hodges

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses cultivar selection, production, pest management and packing of commercial green beans.

Cultivars

Selection of cultivars depends on intended use or market. "Processor" cultivars are low in fiber and are best for home garden and roadside markets as well as processing. These include the various Bush Blue Lake selections (BBL 47, BBL 92, BBL 274) and others such as Early Gallatin, Eagle, Slenderwhite, Labrador, Flo, and Peak. The "fresh market" or "shipping" beans have high fiber to maintain quality during long distance shipping. These include Strike, Podsquad, Blazer, Triumph, Atlantic, Gatorgreen, Greencrop, Sprite, and many others. Cultivars with ...


G90-945 A Gardener's Guide For Soil And Nutrient Management In Growing Vegetables, E.J. Penas, Dale T. Lindgren Jan 1990

G90-945 A Gardener's Guide For Soil And Nutrient Management In Growing Vegetables, E.J. Penas, Dale T. Lindgren

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

How to manage soil and nutrients when growing vegetables is discussed here, as is soil testing, soil pH, organic matter, and the use of commercial fertilizers.

Using fertilizers as nutrient sources in growing vegetables is one cultural practice that can improve production if done correctly. This means using the right fertilizer material, applying it at the correct rate and time, and using the proper method of application.

Fertilizer needs for vegetables depend on the kind of vegetable grown, chemical properties of the soil, previous cropping history, and adequate water for plant growth. Guidelines here are based on soil chemical properties ...


G90-1005 Fruit Tree Cultivars For Nebraska (Revised September 1997), William A. Gustafson Jan 1990

G90-1005 Fruit Tree Cultivars For Nebraska (Revised September 1997), William A. Gustafson

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Proper fruit cultivar (variety) selection is important for successful and satisfying results from the home gardener's efforts. Selection should be based on family preferences, available space and intended use of the fruits. Harvest can be spread over several weeks if cultivars with different periods of maturity are planted.

It is important that homeowners select the kinds of fruit plants or cultivars that are best adapted for cultivation in their area of the state. They must have adequate hardiness to survive the winter, heat and drought tolerance to thrive in the summer, and the ability to survive spring frosts.


G90-974 The Beaf Leaf Beetle In Soybeans (Revised September 1994), Thomas E. Hunt, J. F. Witkowski, Robert J. Wright, Keith J. Jarvi Jan 1990

G90-974 The Beaf Leaf Beetle In Soybeans (Revised September 1994), Thomas E. Hunt, J. F. Witkowski, Robert J. Wright, Keith J. Jarvi

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

The identification and life cycle of the bean leaf beetle are discussed along with scouting techniques, economic thresholds, and cultural control tactics.

The bean leaf beetle is a common insect found in Nebraska soybean fields. The insect also feeds on peas, snap beans, and dry beans. Although present in alfalfa and sweet clover in the early spring before soybean emerges, the insect is not known to damage either legume.

Use integrated pest management (IPM) when planning how to reduce bean leaf beetle damage. Integrated pest management is a sustainable approach to managing pests by combining biological, cultural, physical, and chemical ...


G90-958 House Fly Control Guide, John B. Campbell Jan 1990

G90-958 House Fly Control Guide, John B. Campbell

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Control and background of house flies are discussed here.

Description

The adult house fly is dull gray, 1/4 inch long, with four distinct stripes behind the head. The abdomen is pale. The underside of the male is yellowish. The larvae are typical whitish fly maggots. The pupae are dark brown and 1/3 inch long.


G90-992 Evapotranspiration (Et) Or Crop Water Use, Norman L. Klocke, Kenneth Hubbard, William L. Kranz, Darrell G. Watts Jan 1990

G90-992 Evapotranspiration (Et) Or Crop Water Use, Norman L. Klocke, Kenneth Hubbard, William L. Kranz, Darrell G. Watts

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

What must irrigators consider in the most efficient use of water? Read on.

Irrigators in the Great Plains have two major challenges in the years ahead:

1. Maintain groundwater quality by adjusting management to minimize the leaching of agri-chemicals from the crop root zone;

2. Continue profitable production in the face of a less abundant and increasingly costly water supply.

Irrigators must learn to convert water to grain the most efficient manner possible. Applying only enough water to meet full evapotranspiration (ET) of the crop is one key to efficient water use (ET is also called crop water use.)


Cc90-352 Team Building: Developing A Productive Team, Arnold J. Bateman Jan 1990

Cc90-352 Team Building: Developing A Productive Team, Arnold J. Bateman

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Team building is an effort in which a team studies its own process of working together and acts to create a climate that encourages and values the contributions of team members. Their energies are directed toward problem solving, task effectiveness, and maximizing the use of all members' resources to achieve the team's purpose. Sound team building recognizes that it is not possible to fully separate one's performance from those of others.


Cc90-351 Team Building: Organizing A Team, Arnold J. Bateman Jan 1990

Cc90-351 Team Building: Organizing A Team, Arnold J. Bateman

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Most managers and organizational leaders recognize the interdependence of employees or other group members and the need for cooperation to accomplish the work. A team that is communicating and functioning well has synergy; that is why people working as a team can achieve better results than individuals working alone. That does not mean, however, that productivity will automatically go up by putting a group of good performers together.


G90-1007 Pesticide Management And Safety On Home Grounds, John C. Fech, Larry D. Schulze Jan 1990

G90-1007 Pesticide Management And Safety On Home Grounds, John C. Fech, Larry D. Schulze

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Pesticides can be valuable tools in controlling lawn and garden pests. They must be used according to the label, with regard for the safety of people and animals.

Pest infestations often develop in lawns or gardens, damage lawns and ornamentals, and reduce the attractiveness of the home setting. When an infestation occurs, gardeners can reach a decision in pest management by answering the following questions: What is the pest? Is the pest causing unacceptable damage? Are controls needed? What pest control method(s) should be used?

There are several methods of pest control. The main methods of pest control and ...


G90-1001 Spray Drift Of Pesticides, Larry D. Schulze, Robert Grisso, Robert Stougaard Jan 1990

G90-1001 Spray Drift Of Pesticides, Larry D. Schulze, Robert Grisso, Robert Stougaard

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses conditions that cause particle drift, and methods private and commercial applicators may employ to reduce drift potential from pesticide spray applications.

Spray drift of pesticides away from the target is an important and costly problem facing both commercial and private applicators. Drift causes many problems including:

1. damage to susceptible off target sites,

2. a lower rate than intended which can reduce the effectiveness of the pesticide, wasting pesticide and money, and

3. environmental contamination, such as water pollution and illegal pesticide residues.

Drift occurs by two methods; vapor drift and particle drift. This NebGuide focuses mainly ...


G90-979 Powdery Mildew Of Roses, John E. Watkins Jan 1990

G90-979 Powdery Mildew Of Roses, John E. Watkins

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Cause, symptoms of and conditions for powdery mildew are covered, as well as ways to control the disease.

The rose is one of the most popular flowering ornamentals in the world. It is thought to have first been cultivated 4,000 to 5,000 years ago in northern Africa. Today it is a favorite ornamental for landscapes, as well as the most important commercial cut flower.