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Full-Text Articles in Education

G88-874 Management Tips For Round Bale Hay Harvesting, Moving, And Storage, John A. Smith, Robert D. Grisso, Kenneth Von Bargen, Bruce Anderson Jan 1988

G88-874 Management Tips For Round Bale Hay Harvesting, Moving, And Storage, John A. Smith, Robert D. Grisso, Kenneth Von Bargen, Bruce Anderson

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses management of hay harvesting with a large round baler. Specific management practices are necessary to maintain hay quality and minimize hay loss during harvest, transportation and storage of large round bales.

Large round bale packaging systems allow one person to harvest, store and feed large quantities of hay for small as well as large acreages. Good management is required to maximize effectiveness. Losses in baling, transportation and storage of large round bales can far exceed the losses of rectangular bales unless the large round bale system is properly managed.


G88-865 Fine Tuning A Sprayer Wih The "Ounce" Calibration Method, Robert Grisso, Robert N. Klein Jan 1988

G88-865 Fine Tuning A Sprayer Wih The "Ounce" Calibration Method, Robert Grisso, Robert N. Klein

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses guidelines to quickly evaluate the performance of a sprayer. Sprayer calibration, nozzle discharge and speed checks are evaluated with minimal calculations. Tractor-mounted, pull-type, pick-up mounted and self-propelled pesticide application equipment are available from numerous sources. pesticide costs, potential crop damage, unsatisfactory control and environmental concerns make correct application important. Proper calibration to ensure accurate application must be a primary management consideration for both farmers and custom applicators. Application equipment users also should know proper application methods, chemical effects on equipment and correct cleaning and storage procedures of liquid sprayers.


G88-876 Ridge Plant Systems: Equipment, Elbert C. Dickey, Paul J. Jasa, Robert N. Klein, Dean E. Eisenhauer, David P. Shelton, Bryn J. Dolesh, John A. Smith Jan 1988

G88-876 Ridge Plant Systems: Equipment, Elbert C. Dickey, Paul J. Jasa, Robert N. Klein, Dean E. Eisenhauer, David P. Shelton, Bryn J. Dolesh, John A. Smith

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Ridge plant systems, ridge cleaning equipment, planter stabilizing attachments, cultivation and ridge management are discussed here. Ridge plant systems are methods of planting crops into a ridge formed during cultivation of the previous crop. Such systems combine tillage and herbicides to control weeds. Weed seed and residue lying on the soil surface are pushed from the ridge to the area between the rows by row-cleaning devices on the planter. Crop seed is planted into the old row in a cleanly tilled strip at an elevation slightly higher than the row middles. A band application of herbicide behind the planter typically ...


G88-884 Ecofarming: Selecting Corn And Grain Sorghum Hybrids, Planting Dates, And Planting Rates In A Winter Wheat--Row Crop--Fallow Rotation, Robert N. Klein, Gail A. Wicks, P. T. Nordquist Jan 1988

G88-884 Ecofarming: Selecting Corn And Grain Sorghum Hybrids, Planting Dates, And Planting Rates In A Winter Wheat--Row Crop--Fallow Rotation, Robert N. Klein, Gail A. Wicks, P. T. Nordquist

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses selecting corn and sorghum hybrids, factors that affect yield, plant populations, and more. Treating winter wheat stubble with herbicides after harvest, and then planting corn or grain sorghum in the untilled stubble the next spring, is a practice used for over 15 years in many parts of the Central Great Plains. The residue protects the soil from wind and water erosion. This method of farming is one of the most effective soil and water conservation practices adapted in this century.


G88-875 Weed Control In Soybeans, Russell S. Moomaw, Robert N. Stougaard, Alex Martin, Fred Roeth, David Mortensen Jan 1988

G88-875 Weed Control In Soybeans, Russell S. Moomaw, Robert N. Stougaard, Alex Martin, Fred Roeth, David Mortensen

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide provides information on mechanical and chemical weed control methods, including herbicides to use for preplant incorporated, preemergence and postemergence. Soybeans are a relatively easy crop to grow. Limited insect and disease problems presently are associated with their production in Nebraska. Weeds, however, are a major production problem. Each 100 pounds of weed growth results in a one bushel loss in soybean yield. Weeds that emerge with the crop and remain in the row are the strongest competitors. Those that emerge later than six weeks after planting have little effect on yield, so it is important to focus on ...


G88-889 How To Apply Fertilizer To Wheat, D.N. Sander Jan 1988

G88-889 How To Apply Fertilizer To Wheat, D.N. Sander

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Application time, forms of fertilizer and methods of application must be considered when applying fertilizer to wheat.

Several different methods can be used to apply fertilizers to wheat, depending on the form of fertilizer material. Producers must consider application time and method as well as the most economical forms of fertilizer and the most efficient methods of application.

Fertilizers are sold in three forms -- liquid, dry and gas. The effectiveness of the forms is essentially the same as long as the same amount of available nutrient is properly applied. The form of fertilizer may dictate the method of application.


Heg88-242 How Much Protein Are You Eating?, Harriet Kohn Jan 1988

Heg88-242 How Much Protein Are You Eating?, Harriet Kohn

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide contains information to help you estimate the protein level of one day's food intake or menu. The content pertains to people throughout life.

Protein:

Helps build and repair tissues

Forms part of enzymes and hormones

Supplies some energy


G88-881 Heating With Wood I. Species Characteristics And Volumes, Mike Kuhns, Tom Schmidt Jan 1988

G88-881 Heating With Wood I. Species Characteristics And Volumes, Mike Kuhns, Tom Schmidt

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Heat content, burning characteristics and overall quality of woods commonly burned in Nebraska, as well as information on buying firewood, are included here.

Wood is a source of heat currently used by many Nebraskans, and more firewood likely will be burned as the cost of other energy sources, such as gas and electricity, rises. In order to use firewood effectively, an understanding of species' characteristics and firewood volumes is needed.


G88-866 Christmas Tree Selection And Care, Mike Kuhns, Rollin Schnieder Jan 1988

G88-866 Christmas Tree Selection And Care, Mike Kuhns, Rollin Schnieder

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This guide discusses types of trees, tree species, cut tree care, offers tips on decorating trees, considers tree disposal and laws governing the display of Christmas trees, and suggests a proper type of tree stand.

Introduction

Christmas trees have been a tradition in the United States since the Revolutionary War, when homesick Hessian soldiers decorated fir trees as was their custom in Germany. Since then the custom has spread. It is now difficult for many people to imagine Christmas without the Christmas tree tradition.

To insure a safe and happy holiday, you need to know a few things about selecting ...


Heg88-231 Carpet Selection: General, Shirley Niemeyer Jan 1988

Heg88-231 Carpet Selection: General, Shirley Niemeyer

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Carpet cost, installation and measuring are discussed here, along with labels and special considerations for carpet buyers.

Carpet can be one of the largest furnishing expenses you have, so carefully examine the possibilities before making a purchasing decision. Considerations in purchasing carpet include cost, installation, measurements, labeling, color, traffic or activity level, acoustics and energy.


G88-869 Daylilies, Debra Schwarze Jan 1988

G88-869 Daylilies, Debra Schwarze

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This guide offers hints on growing daylilies, discusses site selection, varieties, propagation and planting and plant culture.

Daylilies, members of the Liliaceae (lily family), are some of the most tolerant and popular of the garden perennials. Their range in size, color, and use means that there is a daylily for almost everyone.

Like their name Hemerocallis, "beauty for a day", the individual daylily flower lasts only one day. However, a single plant may produce over 50 flowers. This large number of flowers can extend the blooming period of a plant for several weeks. With over 10,000 cultivars available and ...


G88-868 Forcing Flowering Branches, Debra Schwarze Jan 1988

G88-868 Forcing Flowering Branches, Debra Schwarze

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This guide explains the procedure for forcing flowering branches, discusses the use of flowering branches in decorating or display and provides a chart of plant type, color, cutting and forcing times.

Introduction

Branches from flowering trees and shrubs can be forced into bloom easily and inexpensively. Flowering branches can bring the outdoors inside and add color during a long winter. These branches also give the floral designer some unique and inexpensive alternatives.

Trees and shrubs which bloom early in the spring form flower buds the previous fall before dormancy. After at least 8 weeks of cold weather (under 40° F ...


G88-867 Forcing Spring Flowering Bulbs, Debra Schwarze Jan 1988

G88-867 Forcing Spring Flowering Bulbs, Debra Schwarze

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This guide discusses the various aspects of forcing spring flowering bulbs, including planting, cold treatment, forcing, care, and forcing in water.

Introduction

Spring flowers can be a bright addition to any home. With just a little effort, many types of spring flowering bulbs can fill your home with flowers throughout the winter. Tulips, narcissus (daffodils), hyacinths, crocus, grape-hyacinths, scillas and other bulbs can be forced into midwinter bloom.

The term forcing can be a bit misleading. There is little force involved, but rather the bulbs receive their cold treatment early and are allowed to bloom out of season. The term ...


G88-873 Growing Shrubs From Seed, Richard J. Lodes, Mike Kuhns Jan 1988

G88-873 Growing Shrubs From Seed, Richard J. Lodes, Mike Kuhns

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide is about gathering and growing seeds for shrubs.

Growing shrubs from seed is educational and fun. Many shrub species are not available commercially, so gathering seed and growing your own plants may be the only way to get them. Interesting or unusual shrubs from a neighbor's yard or from the wild can be propagated from seed. Shrubs started from seed also may be less expensive than commercially produced seedlings.


G88-886 Growing Sprouts, Debra Schwarze Jan 1988

G88-886 Growing Sprouts, Debra Schwarze

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Ways to grow different sprouts are discussed in this NebGuide.

Sprouts are tasty and delicious, and growing them is a simple process, although it does require a few minutes of your time each day to get quality sprouts.

They can be grown year-round, and provide an opportunity for simple gardening projects for limited spaces and for children. Seeds often used for sprouting include mung bean, soybean, lentil and alfalfa.

When purchasing seeds for sprouting, be sure to get seeds that have not been treated with a fungicide, insecticide or any other material. This type of seed is available at health ...


G88-877 Zoysiagrass Lawn Calendar (Revised April 1999), Robert C. Shearman, Roch E. Gaussoin Jan 1988

G88-877 Zoysiagrass Lawn Calendar (Revised April 1999), Robert C. Shearman, Roch E. Gaussoin

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide is a calendar containing information on mowing, fertilizing, watering, herbicides, insects and disease, thatch removal, aerification, and plugging of your Zoysiagass Lawn.


G88-888 Flow Control Devices For Center Pivot Irrigation Systems, William L. Kranz Jan 1988

G88-888 Flow Control Devices For Center Pivot Irrigation Systems, William L. Kranz

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Several factors contribute to the need for sprinkler flow rate regulators. This NebGuide discusses them.

Many center pivot irrigation systems operate on undulating terrain. Systems operated on undulating terrain experience large pressure differences in the pivot pipeline. Since water distributed by each sprinkler is determined by the pressure in the pipeline, water applied by these systems can be non-uniform.

Pressure regulating devices that equalize the flow of water from individual sprinklers have become more common since uniform water application may save water and increase overall crop production. When installing a sprinkler package on a new system or replacing sprinklers on ...


G88-890 Pythium Blight Of Turfgrass, John E. Watkins, Robert C. Shearman Jan 1988

G88-890 Pythium Blight Of Turfgrass, John E. Watkins, Robert C. Shearman

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Causes, symptoms and treatment for pythium blight are covered here.

Pythium blight, sometimes called "grease spot" or "cottony blight," is no longer a disease of golf courses; it also is a serious problem in home lawns and other turfs. Caused by several species of Pythium fungi, the two most commonly associated with Pythium blight are Pythium aphanidermatum and P. graminicola. These fungi are in a group known as "the water molds," a group that includes Phytophthora and other pathogenic genera. They are referred to as "water molds" because they function best under wet, saturated soil conditions.

The Pythium species that ...


G88-879 Peafowl, Earl W. Gleaves Jan 1988

G88-879 Peafowl, Earl W. Gleaves

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses the care and feeding of the colorful and ornamental peafowl.

The peafowl is an ornamental bird which is often grown to adorn farmsteads, private estates or public parks and zoological gardens. They enjoy living in the open and prefer to roost in trees. The roosting place should be arranged some distance from dwellings because peafowl are inclined to be noisy, especially at night.


Heg88-240 Sewing With Denim, Rose Marie Tondl Jan 1988

Heg88-240 Sewing With Denim, Rose Marie Tondl

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Selecting, preparing, interfacing and lining denim, as well as denim sewing techniques, are covered in this guide.

Denim is popular all over the world. Jeans made of denim are worn by millions of people. The term denim is derived from the French "serge de Nimes," a twilled fabric made in Nimes, France. It was used as "sail" cloth for ships crossing the Atlantic Ocean.


Heg88-237 Sewing With Stripes, Rose Marie Tondl Jan 1988

Heg88-237 Sewing With Stripes, Rose Marie Tondl

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Sewing with stripes is easier when you know what pitfalls to avoid. This Guide covers pattern selection, yardage requirements, stripe strategies and more.

Any way you line them up, stripes make a striking fashion statement. You can be as bold or as subtle as you like with stripes. Nothing gives a garment less appeal than stripes that do not meet and match at seams.


G88-864 Handling Internal Worm Parasitism In Sheep, Dale M. Grotelueschen, Don Ferguson, Ted Doane Jan 1988

G88-864 Handling Internal Worm Parasitism In Sheep, Dale M. Grotelueschen, Don Ferguson, Ted Doane

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This publication acquaints the reader with methods of preventing, controlling, and treating parasitism in sheep.

Introduction

Parasites or worms affecting the digestive system are a severe health problem in sheep production. The economic losses from parasitism can be extensive, ranging from mortality or death loss to weight loss, reduced weight gain, reduced wool production, decreased milk yield resulting in lower lamb weights, poor reproductive performance, and the cost of medications and handling.

Coccidiosis, another costly intestinal parasite, but not caused by worm infestation, will be discussed briefly.


G88-883 Managing Of Disease To Produce Antibiotic/Residue Free Animal Food Products, Duane Rice, R. Gene White Jan 1988

G88-883 Managing Of Disease To Produce Antibiotic/Residue Free Animal Food Products, Duane Rice, R. Gene White

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses the use of antibiotics in animals, approved drugs and extra-label drugs, and ways to test for drug residue. Infectious diseases in livestock are costly, and prevention is the best approach to minimize such losses. Yet despite good management practices and extensive preventive measures, disease outbreaks do occur, and treatments become necessary. To obtain antibiotic residue-free products from food animals, knowledgeable decisions regarding the use of medications are necessary. It is important to realize that antibiotic treatments are used only to eliminate or shorten the duration of existing infections, or to prevent secondary bacterial infections. These infections may ...


G88-878 Management For Disease Prevention In Feedlots, Gene White, Duane Rice, Don Hudson, Dale Grotelueschen Jan 1988

G88-878 Management For Disease Prevention In Feedlots, Gene White, Duane Rice, Don Hudson, Dale Grotelueschen

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

When cattle are put in feedlots, they change diets and environments. This NebGuide discusses ways to minimize possible losses caused by those changes. Cattle are a vital link in the human food chain in the United States. The utilized agricultural area in this country is about 1.06 million acres, of which 64 percent is range (government and private). Grazing is the only practical method of harvesting these valuable resources. Ruminants convert forage produced by the soil nutrients, water and solar energy to a high quality protein source for humans. The feedlot phase of cattle feeding follows the utilization of ...


Ec88-729 Irrigation Pumping Plant Alternatives, Richard T. Clark, Norman L. Klocke Jan 1988

Ec88-729 Irrigation Pumping Plant Alternatives, Richard T. Clark, Norman L. Klocke

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Irrigation pumping costs depend on the requirements of the individual pumping plant. Energy use is the major component of pump operating costs. Pumping efficiency, pumping lift, water pressure and the amount of water delivered all influence the energy required to operate the pumping plant.

This extension circular contains information for irrigators on how to use a computerized spreadsheet developed in 1988 to calculate irrigation pumping costs and savings.


G88-863 Annual Broadleaf Weed Control In Winter Wheat (Revised January 1990), Gail A. Wicks, Robert N. Klein, Alex Martin Jan 1988

G88-863 Annual Broadleaf Weed Control In Winter Wheat (Revised January 1990), Gail A. Wicks, Robert N. Klein, Alex Martin

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses preventive, cultural, and chemical weed control in winter wheat. Best weed control is obtained by using a combination of these three methods. Winter and summer annual broadleaf weeds are economically important pests of Nebraska winter wheat. They reduce grain yields by competing with winter wheat for water, light and nutrients. Weeds are estimated to reduce Nebraska winter wheat yields 10 percent each year.


Ec88-785 Traffic Emergencies ... Prepare For Them!, Rollin D. Schnieder Jan 1988

Ec88-785 Traffic Emergencies ... Prepare For Them!, Rollin D. Schnieder

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

So you're taking a trip. How far? To town, to the fair or to a football game? Perhaps it's a vacation trip of hundreds of miles. Whatever the distance, prepareation is important.

This circular discusses the things that you should know and have for your trip. Your credentials and equipment should be up-to-date at all times so if you have to leave for a long trip on a moment's notice you will be ready.


Ec88-422 Household Cleaning And Laundry Products: Which One For The Job?, Shirley Niemeyer, Kathleen Parrott, Rose Marie Tondl, Anna Marie White, Carol Thayer Jan 1988

Ec88-422 Household Cleaning And Laundry Products: Which One For The Job?, Shirley Niemeyer, Kathleen Parrott, Rose Marie Tondl, Anna Marie White, Carol Thayer

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Nebraskans invest considerable resources in their homes and furnishings, and in clothing. We want these items to be attractive, functional, and to give us good service. A key to protecting our household investment is to give our homes, furnishings, and clothing appropriate care and maintenance. This circular discusses the various options in home cleaning and laundry products, methods and equipment, chemicals to remove soil and stains, and labor and time saving products to make the job of cleaning our homes easier.