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Grass Tetany, Paul Q. Guyer, Alex Hogg, Gene White Aug 1984

Grass Tetany, Paul Q. Guyer, Alex Hogg, Gene White

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Grass tetany is a nutritional or metabolic disorder in cattle characterized by low blood magnesium, yet it is not just a simple magnesium deficiency. It is also called grass staggers, wheat pasture poisoning and hypomagnesemia. It primarily affects older cows nursing calves under 8 weeks of age, but may also occur in young or dry cows and growing calves. It happens most frequently when cattle are grazing lush, immature grass, but occasionally occurs when cattle are fed dry forages (winter tetany).


G84-732 Property Taxes In Nebraska (Revised September 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick Jan 1984

G84-732 Property Taxes In Nebraska (Revised September 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This is one of a series of NebGuides on financing state and local government. This publication describes how property taxes support local government functions.

The property tax is the primary source of revenue for more than 3,000 units of local government in Nebraska, including school districts, counties and municipalities. In 1991, statewide property tax levies totalled $1.257 billion, a sum that approximated the combined revenues from state income and sales taxes.


G84-702 Root And Soil Analayses For Nematodes In Corn, David S. Wysong, Eric D. Kerr Jan 1984

G84-702 Root And Soil Analayses For Nematodes In Corn, David S. Wysong, Eric D. Kerr

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes how to interpret laboratory results of samples submitted for nematode analysis and discusses ten species that are potentially damaging to corn.

Several kinds of plant parasitic nematodes (small, soil-inhabiting roundworms) are associated with root injury, poor plant color, stunted growth, and reduced grain yields in field corn. Symptoms caused by these pests are often confused with root rot diseases, nutritional deficiencies or climatic stresses. Special laboratory analyses are, therefore, necessary to determine if nematodes are the primary cause of reduced corn performance. Since corn growers may be unfamiliar with nematode diseases, the following discussion of laboratory reports ...


Heg84-198 Short Cut Tailoring Techniques: Under And Uppercollar Units, Rose Marie Tondl Jan 1984

Heg84-198 Short Cut Tailoring Techniques: Under And Uppercollar Units, Rose Marie Tondl

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes methods for shaping and attaching the under and uppercollar units to facilitate achieving a professional tailored look.

Tailoring is the process of using sewing and pressing techniques to mold and build shape into the garment fabric, define the garment edges and reduce bulk. Tailoring no longer means hours of hand sewing and pad stitching. Today, fusible interfacings and the use of the sewing machine can give similar results formerly obtained only through endless patience and determination.

Tailoring is easier today because pattern styles, fashions, fabrics and sewing products have changed all for the better. A source of ...


G84-692 Aeration Of Stored Grain (Revised April 1993), David P. Shelton, Thomas L. Thompson Jan 1984

G84-692 Aeration Of Stored Grain (Revised April 1993), David P. Shelton, Thomas L. Thompson

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses the role of aeration as part of a comprehensive management program for maintaining the quality of stored grain.

Grain is stored for a variety of reasons including expectations of higher prices and for use as animal feed. Regardless of the reason, a comprehensive management program is required to maintain grain quality. This includes: 1) making sure that the grain going into storage is dry, clean and in good condition; 2) regularly inspecting the grain to locate temperature, moisture, or insect problems; and 3) aerating the grain to maintain uniform temperature and moisture conditions, prevent localized hot spot ...


G84-726 Delivering Slaughter Steerse On A Live Cattle Futures Contract, Allen C. Wellman Jan 1984

G84-726 Delivering Slaughter Steerse On A Live Cattle Futures Contract, Allen C. Wellman

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses how to estimate when it might be profitable to deliver on a live cattle futures contract and outlines delivery costs and procedures.

Although most hedgers do not actually make delivery on a live cattle futures contract, the threat of delivery is an important feature of the futures market. A producer who hedges using the futures market normally offsets the futures position by buying back a futures contract and selling the slaughter cattle on the cash market.

However, there are times when it is advantageous to actually deliver on the contract. Actual delivery should be made only when ...


G84-708 Livestock Market Terms, Part I, Allen C. Wellman Jan 1984

G84-708 Livestock Market Terms, Part I, Allen C. Wellman

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

The first of a series of three, this NebGuide defines and categorizes general livestock and dressed meat terms, and different market types and marketing systems.

Livestock producers and feeders, lenders, owners of agribusiness firms and many others involved with agriculture listen to livestock market news broadcasts almost every hour of every weekday. The market information helps them make daily marketing buy-and-sell decisions.

Recent surveys indicate that accurate market news information, with commodity price reporting, ranked first in livestock marketing data needs priority with livestock producers, growers and finishers. The volatility of livestock prices, as influenced by local, national and international ...


G84-696 Small Grains For Silage Or Hay, Paul Q. Guyer, Terry L. Mader Jan 1984

G84-696 Small Grains For Silage Or Hay, Paul Q. Guyer, Terry L. Mader

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses the advantages and disadvantages of using small grains for silage or hay, including handling, storage, feeding, animal performance, and nitrate toxicity potential.

Small grain crops are potentially important sources of high quality forage. Harvesting small grains for hay or silage rather than as grain may mean increased dollar returns per acre. Small grain silage or hay represents more total nutrient production per acre than harvest as grain and, when fed to ruminants, results in increased animal production.


G84-723 Maximizing The Use Of Farm Strip Plots, John Havlin, Roger Wesley Elmore Jan 1984

G84-723 Maximizing The Use Of Farm Strip Plots, John Havlin, Roger Wesley Elmore

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Strip plots are an effective means of comparing soil and crop management practices. Guidelines are given for establishing strip plots and evaluating the results. Farmers, extension and industry personnel, and researchers have a common interest in strip plots set out on farm fields to study various soil and crop management practices. Strip plots or tests are usually designed to compare differences between tillage methods, herbicide treatments, varieties, fertilizer sources or rates, methods of chemical application, and many other crop production inputs. Strip tests established in farmer fields could satisfy wider interests, and conceivably yield more useful information, if the planners ...


G84-687 Soybean Planting Date: When And Why, Roger Wesley Elmore, A. Dale Flowerday Jan 1984

G84-687 Soybean Planting Date: When And Why, Roger Wesley Elmore, A. Dale Flowerday

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

Soybeans differ from corn and sorghum in their response to planting date. This NebGuide provides guidelines that are helpful in making planting decisions for soybeans. Soybean response to planting date is important not only in years when planting is delayed by inclement weather, but also when weather does not disrupt the normal planting season. When planting is delayed, and in doublecrop situations, correct crop and variety planting decisions are necessary to obtain maximum yields. Early season freezes, hail storms, flooding, and other situations can reduce crop stands to a point where late planting is necessary. When planting is not delayed ...


G84-737 Soybean Inoculation -- When Is It Necessary?, Roger Wesley Elmore Jan 1984

G84-737 Soybean Inoculation -- When Is It Necessary?, Roger Wesley Elmore

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses when soybean seed should be inoculated and why, and provides recommendations on inoculant types to use. Soybeans can obtain up to half of their nitrogen needs from the air when nitrogen-fixing rhizobia bacteria are present in the soil. Nitrogen fixation is a result of the symbiotic (beneficial to both) relationship of rhizobia and plants. Establishing rhizobia (inoculation) in a field that has never grown soybeans is needed to insure nitrogen fixation. Reinoculation may be necessary in fields with a past history of soybeans.


G84-725 Measuring Harvest Loss Of Dry Edible Beans, John A. Smith Jan 1984

G84-725 Measuring Harvest Loss Of Dry Edible Beans, John A. Smith

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes how to measure losses before, during and after harvest operations, so that problems can be corrected and losses reduced. Harvesting dry edible beans in Nebraska normally includes three separate field operations--cutting, rodding or windrowing, and combining--over a period of three to seven days. The success of these operations is very dependent on equipment selection and adjustment, weather and field conditions, and operator skill.


G84-686 Irrigating Dry Beans (Revised September 1984), C. Dean Yonts, David S. Nuland Jan 1984

G84-686 Irrigating Dry Beans (Revised September 1984), C. Dean Yonts, David S. Nuland

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes furrow and center pivot irrigation techniques and practices that will be helpful to both new and experienced dry bean growers.

Traditionally, dry bean production in Nebraska has been on irrigationd lands in the North Platte River Valley of the Panhandle. However, production acreage is expanding into new areas, north, south, and east from the North Platte Valley.


G84-735 State And Local Government Budgets In Nebraska, A.L. (Roy) Frederick, Michael Lundeen Jan 1984

G84-735 State And Local Government Budgets In Nebraska, A.L. (Roy) Frederick, Michael Lundeen

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

The last in a series of nine NebGuides on state funding and sources, this publication discusses state and local subdivision budget preparation and implementation.

All levels of government must plan for the future, making decisions about what services to provide and how to pay for them. This process, called budgeting, is often difficult because "worthy causes" exceed available funds.

According to Nebraska law, both the state government and local government subdivisions must establish annual operating budgets. Moreover, certain procedures must be followed in the development of these budgets. The budgeting process is precisely defined to ensure that citizens have an ...


G84-734 State Income Taxes In Nebraska (Revised March 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick Jan 1984

G84-734 State Income Taxes In Nebraska (Revised March 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This is one of a series of NebGuides on financing state and local government. This publication describes how income taxes support state government functions.

State government in Nebraska has levied a tax on income since 1968. This tax applies to income earned by individuals, fiduciaries (trusts and estates) and corporations.

Prior to 1987, Nebraska's income tax for individuals and fiduciaries was based on a percentage of federal income tax liability.


G84-733 General Sales And Use Taxes In Nebraska (Revised March 1992), A.L.(Roy) Frederick Jan 1984

G84-733 General Sales And Use Taxes In Nebraska (Revised March 1992), A.L.(Roy) Frederick

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This is one of a series of NebGuides on financing state and local government. This publication describes how sales taxes support state and municipal government functions.

A sales or use tax is a tax on consumption. It is paid by adding it to the price of purchased products.

Sales and use taxes in Nebraska (and most other states) have several dimensions.


G84-731 Financing Correctional Services In Nebraska (Revised December 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick Jan 1984

G84-731 Financing Correctional Services In Nebraska (Revised December 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This is one of a series of NebGuides on financing state and local government. This publication focuses on correctional services.

Correctional services include confinement and correction of adults and juveniles convicted of offenses against the law plus probation and parole activities. In Nebraska, both local (mostly county) governments and state government, through the Nebraska Department of Correctional Services, provide such services. The federal government also maintains confinement and correctional facilities for those convicted of federal crimes, but no such facility is located in Nebraska. Sometimes, however, the federal government pays the state, or even counties, to assume custody of federal ...


G84-730 Financing Social Services In Nebraska (Revised December 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick Jan 1984

G84-730 Financing Social Services In Nebraska (Revised December 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This is one of a series of NebGuides on financing state and local government. This publication focuses on social services.

Social services programs in Nebraska provide public assistance to individuals who, for reasons beyond their control, are unable to support themselves. Public assistance programs are of two broad types. The first type provides cash assistance directly to those who qualify. All other programs involve payments to vendors (providers) who, in turn, provide needed services.


G84-729 Financing Roads, Streets And Highways In Nebraska (Revised August 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick Jan 1984

G84-729 Financing Roads, Streets And Highways In Nebraska (Revised August 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This is one of a series of NebGuides on financing state and local government. This publication focuses on roads, streets and highways.

Roads, streets and highways are among the most important "public goods" provided by government. Public goods are items whose availability can't be limited to those who specifically pay for them. In the case of roads, collective support for an adequate surface transportation system is long-standing, extending from the rutted trails of colonial America to the interstate highways of today.


G84-727 Financing State And Local Government In Nebraska -- An Overview (Revised March 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick Jan 1984

G84-727 Financing State And Local Government In Nebraska -- An Overview (Revised March 1992), A.L. (Roy) Frederick

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This is one of a series of NebGuides on financing state and local government. This publication provides an overview of key trends and issues.

Government's primary purpose is to provide public services. In the United States these services are provided by federal, state and local units of government. Sometimes one entity has full responsibility for providing for a common need, as the federal government does for national defense. Often, however, responsibilities are shared, as in public education.

A wide array of public services are provided because citizens have asked for them. Sometimes it is a minority of citizens who ...


Heg84-190 Rent A Home?, Kathleen Prochaska-Cue, Debra Busch Welsch Jan 1984

Heg84-190 Rent A Home?, Kathleen Prochaska-Cue, Debra Busch Welsch

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses advantages and disadvantages of renting; factors to consider in selecting rental housing, including apartments; and leases, costs and relationships with the landlord.

The word "home" means something special to all of us. A home is more than four walls and a roof that serves as a shelter from wind and rain. It provides us with a sense of belonging, a feeling of security and a place to relax and "be ourselves."

When we are looking for a place to call home, we have a number of needs to be satisfied. Some of these are very practical -- health ...


Heg94-195 Credit: How To Establish, Protect, And Use It, Marilyn K. Sugden Jan 1984

Heg94-195 Credit: How To Establish, Protect, And Use It, Marilyn K. Sugden

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses how to obtain credit, suggests steps to take if credit is denied, and provides guidelines for managing your credit accounts.

Buy now -- pay later! How many times have you been encouraged to use future income to pay for present needs and wants? Indeed, credit has become a way of life for many American consumers. While abuse of credit has created problems for some, credit itself should not be viewed as a villain. When used properly, credit can be an effective tool to help individuals and families reach financial goals. While credit can be an important part of ...


G84-721 Growing Annual Flowers, Don Steinegger, Susan D. Schoneweis, Steven Rodie, Anne Streich Jan 1984

G84-721 Growing Annual Flowers, Don Steinegger, Susan D. Schoneweis, Steven Rodie, Anne Streich

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses using annuals in landscape design, how to select transplants and proper seeding, planting and cultivating methods.

Annual flowers can be a prime source of color to accent and enliven a home's landscape. While flowering trees and shrubs provide short bursts of color, most annuals begin blooming within a month of planting and flower until frost. The wide range of colors, sizes and species adapted to either sun or shade makes it possible to plant annual flowers almost anywhere. Annuals are perfect for beds, borders, rock gardens, window boxes, hanging baskets or as temporary ground covers and ...


G84-698 Selecting A Ground Cover (Revised July 1999), Anne Streich, Don Steinegger Jan 1984

G84-698 Selecting A Ground Cover (Revised July 1999), Anne Streich, Don Steinegger

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes how to evaluate a site for ground cover and the characteristics of the most common ground cover species grown in Nebraska.

Ground covers are low-growing plants used in landscaping for mulching or covering the soil. They are typically low growing but may range in height from just inches to over 4 feet tall. Ground covers differ in color, texture and form and can be herbaceous, woody, succulent or grassy. Some have attractive flowers, while others are grown only for their foliage.

Selecting the best species for a site is important to its success as a ground cover ...


G84-697 Ground Covers: Their Establishment And Maintenance (Revised June 1992), Don Steinegger, Luann Finke Jan 1984

G84-697 Ground Covers: Their Establishment And Maintenance (Revised June 1992), Don Steinegger, Luann Finke

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes how to plant and maintain ground covers to take advantage of their low-maintenance features.

Ground covers are low-growing plants, usually less than 12 inches tall, that spread to form dense mats which bind and hold the soil in place. Many also have a season of effective bloom. Turfgrass is the most common ground cover. However, sites that are less suitable for turfgrass, such as slopes, steep banks, and shaded areas, can often grow other ground covers successfully.

A well-established ground cover generally requires less maintenance than the typical turfgrass lawn. Ground covers are not totally maintenance-free, nor ...


Heg84-189 Home Fixit: Maintaining The House Structure, Kathleen Parrott Jan 1984

Heg84-189 Home Fixit: Maintaining The House Structure, Kathleen Parrott

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide discusses how to establish a home maintenance plan and record, including what to look for in a maintenance inspection of the house structure. Are you a homeowner? If so, you have a very important investment to protect. One of the "joys" of home ownership is the maintenance and repair of the structure of the house. We don't always like to think about home maintenance. For example, as long as the roof doesn't leak, we don't worry about it! If we have time or money to spend on our home, we tend to want to use ...


G84-717 Fleas And Their Management (Revised January 1993), Shripat T. Kamble, David L. Keith Jan 1984

G84-717 Fleas And Their Management (Revised January 1993), Shripat T. Kamble, David L. Keith

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide provides information on flea biology and how to solve flea problems.

Fleas are among the most annoying pests known to humans. In ancient times, fleas were even indicted, found guilty and sentenced to condemnation. Today, the verdict remains the same.

In Nebraska, fleas are common household pests attacking dogs, cats and sometimes people. In addition to these, several other flea species occur in Nebraska, feeding principally on rodents and occasionally on poultry and livestock. The information provided in this publication will focus primarily on cat and dog fleas, as they are the most commonly encountered species.


G84-690 Estimating Soil Moisture By Appearance And Feel, Norman L. Klocke, Paul E. Fischbach Jan 1984

G84-690 Estimating Soil Moisture By Appearance And Feel, Norman L. Klocke, Paul E. Fischbach

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide provides a guide to determining how much mositure is in different soil textures, and where it is located in the soil profile.

Evaluating soil moisture is one of an irrigator's most important management tools. Determining the status of the soil moisture reservoir guides the decision of not only how much to irrigate, but also when to irrigate. The "appearance and feel" method of monitoring soil moisture using a soil probe is still a valid procedure no matter how sophisticated the irrigation scheduling system. A measurement of soil moisture is essential to update knowledge of the need for ...


G84-701 Septoria Leaf Blotch Of Wheat, John E. Watkins Jan 1984

G84-701 Septoria Leaf Blotch Of Wheat, John E. Watkins

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes the symptoms and disease cycle of this wheat disease, and provides recommendations for its control.

Two species of Septoria fungi infect winter wheat in Nebraska. Septoria tritici and S. avenae f. sp. triticea cause Septoria leaf blotch. This disease is also known as "Septoria tritici blotch," "Septoria leaf spot," "Septoria blotch," "Speckled leaf blotch" or as the "Septoria complex" since both Septoria species may be present in the same fields and on the same plants.


G84-688 Brown Patch Disease Of Turfgrass (Revised June 1999), John E. Watkins, Robert C. Shearman Jan 1984

G84-688 Brown Patch Disease Of Turfgrass (Revised June 1999), John E. Watkins, Robert C. Shearman

Historical Materials from University of Nebraska-Lincoln Extension

This NebGuide describes the symptoms and disease cycle of brown patch and gives recommendations for its prevention and control through management, including use of fungicides.

Brown patch of turfgrass is caused by the fungus Rhizoctonia solani Kuehn. All commonly cultivated turfgrasses in Nebraska are affected by this disease, but differences in susceptibility exist within cultivars of the various turfgrass species. Primary hosts are bentgrass, perennial ryegrass, tall fescue and annual bluegrass. Certain species of Rhizoctonia are capable of attacking turfgrass plants from seedling stage to mature plants and are pathogenic over a wide range of environmental conditions. In some literature ...