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Full-Text Articles in Education

Cycling To School And Body Composition, Physical Fitness, And Metabolic Syndrome In Children And Adolescents, Robinson Ramírez-Velez, Antonio García-Hermoso, Cesar A. Agostinis-Sobrinho, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Deisy Amaya-Tambo, Emilio Villa-Gonzalez Jan 2017

Cycling To School And Body Composition, Physical Fitness, And Metabolic Syndrome In Children And Adolescents, Robinson Ramírez-Velez, Antonio García-Hermoso, Cesar A. Agostinis-Sobrinho, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Deisy Amaya-Tambo, Emilio Villa-Gonzalez

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Objective: To evaluate the association between cycling to/from school and body composition, physical fitness, and metabolic syndrome among a sample of Colombian children and adolescents. Study design: During the 2014-2015 school year, we examined a cross-sectional component of the Association for muscular strength with early manifestation of cardiovascular disease risk factors among Colombian children and adolescents (FUPRECOL) study. Participants included 2877 youths (54.5% girls) from Bogota, Colombia. A self-reported questionnaire was used to measure the frequency and mode of commuting to school. Four components of physical fitness were measured: (1) anthropometric (height, weight, body mass index, and waist ...


The Association Between Motivation, Affect, And Self-Regulated Learning When Solving Problems, Martine Baars, Lisette Wijnia, Fred Paas Jan 2017

The Association Between Motivation, Affect, And Self-Regulated Learning When Solving Problems, Martine Baars, Lisette Wijnia, Fred Paas

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

2017 Baars, Wijnia and Paas. Self-regulated learning (SRL) skills are essential for learning during school years, particularly in complex problem-solving domains, such as biology and math. Although a lot of studies have focused on the cognitive resources that are needed for learning to solve problems in a self-regulated way, affective and motivational resources have received much less research attention. The current study investigated the relation between affect (i.e., Positive Affect and Negative Affect Scale), motivation (i.e., autonomous and controlled motivation), mental effort, SRL skills, and problem-solving performance when learning to solve biology problems in a self-regulated online learning ...


English Syllabus Interpretation: The Relationship Between Literary Theories And Teacher Beliefs, Jill Ireland, Kerry O¿Sullivan, Susan A. Duchesne Jan 2017

English Syllabus Interpretation: The Relationship Between Literary Theories And Teacher Beliefs, Jill Ireland, Kerry O¿Sullivan, Susan A. Duchesne

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This paper examines the relationship between the literary theories underpinning an English syllabus and teachers' personal epistemologies and pedagogical beliefs. The study discussed here used semi-structured interviews and an online survey to investigate 50 New South Wales teachers' views of the theoretical basis of a senior English syllabus that came into force in 2000, and represented a substantial change of emphasis for the subject. Participants described the extent of alignment between literary theories they saw as influencing the Syllabus and their preferred literary theories, and linked this to their epistemological beliefs and their teaching practices at senior secondary level. Where ...


Acute Effects Of Reducing Sitting Time In Adolescents: A Randomized Cross-Over Study, Anisse Penning, Anthony D. Okely, Stewart Trost, Jo Salmon, Dylan P. Cliff, Marijka Batterham, Steven J. Howard, Anne-Maree Parrish Jan 2017

Acute Effects Of Reducing Sitting Time In Adolescents: A Randomized Cross-Over Study, Anisse Penning, Anthony D. Okely, Stewart Trost, Jo Salmon, Dylan P. Cliff, Marijka Batterham, Steven J. Howard, Anne-Maree Parrish

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Background: Levels of sitting among adolescents are high, especially during the school day. The acute cognitive and health consequences associated with prolonged sitting are poorly understood in adolescents. This randomized crossover design study examined the acute effects of a simulated school day with reduced sitting or usual sitting on adolescents' cognitive function and cardiometabolic biomarkers. Methods: Eighteen healthy school aged adolescents were recruited from the community to the study (11 males; 7 females; mean age [SD] = 13.5 ± 0.9 years). Two protocols were developed to simulate an adolescent school day, the amount of time spent sitting was manipulated reflecting ...


Muscular Fitness, Adherence To The Southern European Atlantic Diet And Cardiometabolic Risk Factors In Adolescents, Cesar A. Agostinis-Sobrinho, Sandra Abreu, Carla Moreira, Luis Lopes, Antonio García-Hermoso, R Ramírez-Velez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos Jan 2017

Muscular Fitness, Adherence To The Southern European Atlantic Diet And Cardiometabolic Risk Factors In Adolescents, Cesar A. Agostinis-Sobrinho, Sandra Abreu, Carla Moreira, Luis Lopes, Antonio García-Hermoso, R Ramírez-Velez, Jorge Enrique Correa-Bautista, Jorge Mota, Rute Santos

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Background and Aim: Muscular fitness and an adherence to the Southern European Atlantic Diet (SEADiet) have been inversely associated with cardiometabolic risk. Our aim was to assess the independent and combined associations of muscular fitness and adherence to the SEADiet on cardiometabolic risk in adolescents. Methods and Results: A total of 467 Portuguese adolescents (275 girls) participated in this cross-sectional study. Sum of the Z-Scores of Curl-Up and Push-Up tests was used to create a muscular fitness score. Adherence to SEADiet was obtained using a food frequency questionnaire. A cardiometabolic risk score was computed from sum of Z-score of triglycerides ...


When Chinese Learners Meet Constructivist Pedagogy Online, Rainbow Chen, S. Bennett Nov 2012

When Chinese Learners Meet Constructivist Pedagogy Online, Rainbow Chen, S. Bennett

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

International students have become an important part of many universities, both through the income they provide and the diversity they bring to student populations. Studying in a foreign country can be challenging, requiring students to adapt to unfamiliar educational cultures. With the integration of online technologies into higher education, this can raise an additional set of challenges. This paper presents research that explored Chinese international students’ experiences of studying online at an Australian university, drawing on qualitative data collected from focus groups and interviews with Chinese students, interviews with their Australian teachers and course documentation. The findings indicate a strong ...


Neither Good Nor Useful: Looking Ad Vivum In Children's Assessments Of Fat And Healthy Bodies, Valerie Harwood Jun 2012

Neither Good Nor Useful: Looking Ad Vivum In Children's Assessments Of Fat And Healthy Bodies, Valerie Harwood

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Fat bodies are not, fait accompli, bad. Yet in our international research we found overwhelmingly that fat functioned as a marker to indicate health or lack of health. A body with fat was simply and conclusively unhealthy. This paper reports on how this unbalanced view of fat was tied to assessments of healthy bodies that were achieved by the act of looking. Despite the efforts of health education in each of the three countries in our study, children and young people cited the act of looking at bodies to assess health and when they did they arrived at the conclusion ...


Directives Canadiennes En Matière D'Activité Physique Pour La Petite Enfance (Enfants Âgés De 0 À 4 Ans), Mark S. Tremblay, Allana G. Leblanc, Valerie Carson, Louise Choquette, Sarah Connor Gorber, Carrie Dillman, Mary Duggan, Mary Jane Gordon, Audrey Hicks, Ian Janssen, Michelle E. Kho, Amy E. Latimer-Cheung, Claire Leblanc, Kelly Murumets, Anthony D. Okely, John J. Reilly, John C. Spence, Jodie A. Stearns, Brian W. Timmons Jan 2012

Directives Canadiennes En Matière D'Activité Physique Pour La Petite Enfance (Enfants Âgés De 0 À 4 Ans), Mark S. Tremblay, Allana G. Leblanc, Valerie Carson, Louise Choquette, Sarah Connor Gorber, Carrie Dillman, Mary Duggan, Mary Jane Gordon, Audrey Hicks, Ian Janssen, Michelle E. Kho, Amy E. Latimer-Cheung, Claire Leblanc, Kelly Murumets, Anthony D. Okely, John J. Reilly, John C. Spence, Jodie A. Stearns, Brian W. Timmons

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

La Société canadienne de physiologie de l’exercice (SCPE) en collaboration avec plusieurs partenaires, parties prenantes et chercheurs a élaboré de nouvelles Directives canadiennes en matière d’activité physique pour la petite enfance (enfants âgés de 0 à 4 ans). Ces directives nationales répondent à une demande pressante des praticiens en santé publique, en soins de santé, en pédiatrie et en condition physique désireux de promouvoir une vie active saine dès les premières années de la vie. L’élaboration complète des directives a respecté la Grille II d’évaluation de la qualité des recommandations pour la pratique clinique (AGREE) et ...


Stepping Into Higher Education From The Vocational Education Sector In Australia: Student Perceptions And Experiences, Sarah E. O' Shea Dr, Pauline Lysaght, Kathleen Tanner Jan 2012

Stepping Into Higher Education From The Vocational Education Sector In Australia: Student Perceptions And Experiences, Sarah E. O' Shea Dr, Pauline Lysaght, Kathleen Tanner

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

It is not unusual to hear study in the vocational education sector referred to as a ‘stepping stone’ into further studies in the higher education environment. What this pathway entails for those who choose it is not immediately clear however. This paper reports on research conducted with a small cohort of students who arrived at an Australian university with credit or advanced standing based on their studies in the vocational sector. A narrative inquiry approach highlights the voices of these participants drawn through stories of their individual experiences of the transition to higher education. Recommendations related to structural and educational ...


The Influence Of An Adapted Physical Education Course On Preservice Teacher Instruction: Using A Self-Determination Lens, Dana Perlman, Cindy Piletic Jan 2012

The Influence Of An Adapted Physical Education Course On Preservice Teacher Instruction: Using A Self-Determination Lens, Dana Perlman, Cindy Piletic

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Current federal mandates and policies have increased the focus on providing students with disabilities (SWD) a pedagogically appropriate learning experience (No Child Left Behind, 2001). Teacher education programs are attempting to provide all future teachers with experiences that enhance the pedagogical ability to teach students with a variety of needs. As such, the concept of motivation has been deemed a crucial aspect of effective instruction. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the development of PTs during a semester adapted physical education course, from a self-determined perspective. Two intact adapted physical education classes (N=46; Male=25, Female ...


Teachers' Beliefs About First-And Second-Order Barriers To Ict Integration: Preliminary Findings From A South African Study, Kevin Sherman, Sarah K. Howard Jan 2012

Teachers' Beliefs About First-And Second-Order Barriers To Ict Integration: Preliminary Findings From A South African Study, Kevin Sherman, Sarah K. Howard

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Teachers’ beliefs have been shown to play a critical role in their decision to utilize technology in their classrooms, but few studies have examined those beliefs among South African teachers. This paper reports preliminary findings from a qualitative study of Cape Town secondary school teachers that analyzed their belief statements in order to establish their perceptions of first and second order barriers to technology integration. Preliminary findings suggest that a variety of socio-cultural factors impact on teachers’ beliefs and pedagogic practices pertaining to technology use. These factors may inhibit South African teachers from adopting more student-centered pedagogies that foster technology ...


Giftedness And Gifted Education: The Need For A Paradigm Change, Albert Ziegler, Heidrun Stoeger, Wilma Vialle Jan 2012

Giftedness And Gifted Education: The Need For A Paradigm Change, Albert Ziegler, Heidrun Stoeger, Wilma Vialle

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This commentary addresses Subotnik et al.’s target article from the perspective of researchers active in the field of giftedness. First, we self-critically examine the current standing of giftedness research within the scientific community. Second, the authors’ critique of gifted education is sharpened in three respects: (a) gifted identification, (b) effectiveness of gifted education, and (c) credentials of gifted education. Finally, four necessary and productive lines for future research are proposed.


Teachers' Knowledge About Language: Issues Of Pedagogy And Expertise, Pauline T. Jones, Honglin Chen Jan 2012

Teachers' Knowledge About Language: Issues Of Pedagogy And Expertise, Pauline T. Jones, Honglin Chen

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

The new Australian Curriculum: English (ACARA, 2012) has considerable implications for teachers' knowledge about language (KAL) and pedagogic practice. To successfully implement the functionally oriented model of grammar proposed by the Curriculum, many teachers will need to expand their expertise in grammar to understand 'the structures and functions of word- and sentence-level grammar and text patterns and the connections between them' (ACARA, 2009. p. 7). They will also need to apply that knowledge to enhance their students' learning outcomes. This paper describes a small-scale research project involving a group of primary and secondary teachers in a targeted professional learning program ...


Health Imperatives In Primary Schools Across Three Countries: Intersections Of Class, Culture And Subjectivity, Jan Wright, Lisette Burrows, Emma Rich Jan 2012

Health Imperatives In Primary Schools Across Three Countries: Intersections Of Class, Culture And Subjectivity, Jan Wright, Lisette Burrows, Emma Rich

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

In this paper we want to focus on the impact of the new health imperatives on young children attending primary schools because the evidence from both our own and others work suggests that younger and younger children are talking in very negative and disturbing ways about themselves and their bodies. We see this in a context where in the name of getting in early, governments and authorities are targeting primary schools and primary school parents and children for messages about health and weight. Just as ‘obesity’ has become a global concern, we argue that globalisation of risk discourses and the ...


The Medicalisation Of Food Pedagogies In Primary Schools And Popular Culture: A Case For Awakening Subjugated Knowledges, Rosie Welch, Samantha Mcmahon, Jan Wright Jan 2012

The Medicalisation Of Food Pedagogies In Primary Schools And Popular Culture: A Case For Awakening Subjugated Knowledges, Rosie Welch, Samantha Mcmahon, Jan Wright

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

In this paper we interrogate the ways nutrition and health have become increasingly influential to children’s everyday life practices and conceptualizations of food. We challenge the orthodoxy of meanings afforded to food that draw a distinct binary between ‘good’/‘bad’ or ‘healthy’/‘unhealthy’; ideas widely promulgated in health texts, popular culture and pedagogical practice. Whilst these dominant medico-scientific discourses are pervasive in accounts of food, they are not the only meanings that permeate the popular cultural and pedagogical landscape; for instance, there has been a burgeoning interest in culinary cooking programs and food sustainability in recent years. In this ...


From The Reflective Epractitioner: A Pilot Model Of Teacher Preparation Employing Eportfolio, Judith Cross Jan 2012

From The Reflective Epractitioner: A Pilot Model Of Teacher Preparation Employing Eportfolio, Judith Cross

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Literacy is changing significantly alongside the prolific emergence of new technologies. The emergence of these new technologies has been so rapid that teachers may often not be as competent as their students in the use of new media or in the specific linguistic features of the growing range of text types. In this project, overseas trained teachers (OTTs) were scaffolded in their introduction to a variety of new technologies and typical text types relevant to the educational context in Australia where literacy is taught across the curriculum. As the OTTs prepared for a specific English test, which forms part of ...


Digital Natives, Sue Bennett Jan 2012

Digital Natives, Sue Bennett

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

The term “digital native” was popularized by Prensky (2001) as a means of distinguishing young people who are highly technologically literate and engaged. His central claim was that because of immersion in digital technologies from birth, younger people think and learn differently than older generations. Tapscott (1998) had proposed a similar idea, calling it “The Net Generation,” and there have been numerous labels applied to the same supposed phenomena since. Recent research has revealed that the term is misapplied when used to generalize about an entire generation, and instead indicates that only a small sub-set of the population fits this ...


The Digital Education Revolution: New South Wales Science Teachers' Response To Laptop Ubiquity, Wendy Nielsen, Alex Miller, Garry F. Hoban Jan 2012

The Digital Education Revolution: New South Wales Science Teachers' Response To Laptop Ubiquity, Wendy Nielsen, Alex Miller, Garry F. Hoban

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Since the introduction of laptop computers across Australia for all Year 9 students, teachers have sought to make meaningful use of the learning potential represented by the introduction. This study uses a lens of cultural historical activity theory to explore how teachers have responded to the ubiquitous presence of student laptop computers during the initial implementation. This paper reports a one-year case study of two highly qualified and experienced high school science teachers that considers their efforts to implement laptop computers in Year 9 and Year 10 science classes. The study shows that these teachers are committed to developing and ...


'Who Am I?': Exploring Identity In Online Discussion Forums, Janine Delahunty Jan 2012

'Who Am I?': Exploring Identity In Online Discussion Forums, Janine Delahunty

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Identity became apparent as an important theme while investigating the role of interaction in the asynchronous discussion forums of an online post-graduate TESOL (Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages) education subject. Identity emerged through dialogic choices as students projected an impression of themselves, negotiated their positioning within the group, and established what was valued in this context. Without usual face-to-face meaning making cues, what students post to the forums carry the load of what they mean. Discourse analysis of the initial forums using systemic functional linguistics, provided insights into how identity was being constructed concurrently through interpersonal manoeuvring. This ...


Nintendo Wii: Opportunities To Put The Education Back Into Physical Education, Dana Perlman, Gregory J. Forrest, Philip J. Pearson Jan 2012

Nintendo Wii: Opportunities To Put The Education Back Into Physical Education, Dana Perlman, Gregory J. Forrest, Philip J. Pearson

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Movement-based gaming technologies, such as the Nintendo Wii, are becoming more visible within the physical education. As research on movement-based technologies develops, an aspect that has gained interest is the potential educational value for the physical education student. The purpose of this study was to examine movement-based sport games and the potential learning opportunities (i.e. game performance elements) for physical education students. Using qualitative measures, experts in the field of physical education teacher education analyzed the game performance opportunities across multiple sport-based games. Findings indicated that movement-based games provide opportunities to develop and work on the cognitive understanding of ...


Attributions Of The Educational Outcomes Of Students With Learning Disabilities In China, Stuart Woodcock, Han Jiang Jan 2012

Attributions Of The Educational Outcomes Of Students With Learning Disabilities In China, Stuart Woodcock, Han Jiang

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

This paper aims to raise awareness of the importance of attributional beliefs in relation to the educational outcomes of students with a learning disability (LD) in China. The study presented in this paper examined the attributional beliefs that Chinese pre-service teachers had developed towards students with LD, in comparison to students without LD. The findings show that Chinese pre-service teachers did not differ in their attributional beliefs between students with and without LD. Implications from the findings, and future research recommendations are also presented.


Does Study Of An Inclusive Education Subject Influence Pre-Service Teachers' Concerns And Self-Efficacy About Inclusion?, Stuart Woodcock, Brian Hemmings, Russell Kay Jan 2012

Does Study Of An Inclusive Education Subject Influence Pre-Service Teachers' Concerns And Self-Efficacy About Inclusion?, Stuart Woodcock, Brian Hemmings, Russell Kay

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Survey data were collected from pre-service teachers studying at a large regional Australian university. These data were examined with the purpose of determining whether pre-service teachers' views (and concerns) about inclusion and their confidence to teach in inclusive classrooms had changed as a result of studying an inclusive education subject and undertaking a practicum linked to that subject. The results of an analysis based on mean values indicated that the various concerns, namely, resources, acceptance, workplace, and academic standards, did not change markedly as a consequence of the subject and practicum experiences. This analysis also showed a hierarchy of concerns ...


Mediators Of Weight Loss In The 'Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids' Pilot Study For Overweight Fathers, David R. Lubans, Philip J. Morgan, Clare E. Collins, Anthony D. Okely, Tracy Burrows, Robin Callister Jan 2012

Mediators Of Weight Loss In The 'Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids' Pilot Study For Overweight Fathers, David R. Lubans, Philip J. Morgan, Clare E. Collins, Anthony D. Okely, Tracy Burrows, Robin Callister

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Background: A poor understanding of the specific lifestyle behaviors that result in weight loss has hindered the development of effective interventions. The aim of this paper was to identify potential behavioral mediators of weight loss in the Healthy Dads, Healthy Kids (HDHK) intervention for overweight fathers. Findings: The three-month intervention was evaluated in a randomized controlled trial and conducted in Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia. Baseline, three month (immediate post-intervention) and six month assessments were conducted. Recruitment and follow-up occurred between October 2008 and May 2009. The study sample included 53 overweight/obese men [mean (± SD) age = 40.6(± 97 ...


Preventing Obesity Among Adolescent Girls: One-Year Outcomes Of The Nutrition And Enjoyable Activity For Teen Girls (Neat Girls) Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial, David R. Lubans, Philip J. Morgan, Anthony D. Okely, Deborah Dewar, Clare E. Collins, Marijka Batterham, Robin Callister, Ronald C. Plotnikoff Jan 2012

Preventing Obesity Among Adolescent Girls: One-Year Outcomes Of The Nutrition And Enjoyable Activity For Teen Girls (Neat Girls) Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial, David R. Lubans, Philip J. Morgan, Anthony D. Okely, Deborah Dewar, Clare E. Collins, Marijka Batterham, Robin Callister, Ronald C. Plotnikoff

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Objective: To evaluate the impact of a 12-month multicomponent school-based obesity prevention program, Nutrition and Enjoyable Activity for Teen Girls among adolescent girls. Design: Group randomized controlled trial with 12-month follow-up. Setting: Twelve secondary schools in low-income communities in the Hunter and Central Coast regions of New South Wales, Australia. Participants: Three hundred fifty-seven adolescent girls aged 12 to 14 years. Intervention: A multicomponent school-based intervention program tailored for adolescent girls. The intervention was based on social cognitive theory and included teacher professional development, enhanced school sport sessions, interactive seminars, nutrition workshops, lunch-time physical activity sessions, handbooks and pedometers for ...


A Cross-Sectional Study Of Student Teachers' Behaviour Management Strategies Throughout Their Training Years, Stuart Woodcock, Andrea Reupert Jan 2012

A Cross-Sectional Study Of Student Teachers' Behaviour Management Strategies Throughout Their Training Years, Stuart Woodcock, Andrea Reupert

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Despite the importance of behaviour management, many student teachers report being inadequately trained in this area. The aim of this study was to identify the strategies, confidence and reported levels of success in regard to various behaviour management strategies, across 509 first, second, third and fourth year student teachers training to be primary teachers. The most significant differences were found between first and second year student teachers in regard to their use of, and confidence in, initial and later corrective strategies, and between second and third year student teachers in terms of their use of, and confidence in, differentiating curriculum ...


The Goal-Free Effect, Fred Paas, Femke Kirschner Jan 2012

The Goal-Free Effect, Fred Paas, Femke Kirschner

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Research on learning from solving transformational problems has shown that the extent to which a goal is clearly specified to a problem solver as a problem state affects the problemsolving strategy used. Transformational problems are characterized by an initial problem state, a goal state, and a set of operators to transform the initial problem state into the goal state. Under goal-specific conditions novice problem solvers work backward from the goal setting subgoals until equations containing no unknowns other than a desired goal state are encountered (i.e., means-ends analysis). Under nonspecific goal conditions novice problem solvers work forward attaining the ...


Ustart: A Peer-Designed And Led Orientation Initiative, Sarah O'Shea Jan 2012

Ustart: A Peer-Designed And Led Orientation Initiative, Sarah O'Shea

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

To reduce student isolation in the university (ACER, 2010; James, Krause, & Jennings, 2010) and increase student engagement with the campus, faculty, staff, and peers, the University of Wollongong (UOW) adopted a new one-day, orientation initiative. Modeled after the successful UniStart program developed at the University of Newcastle, Wollongong’s UStart@UOW program is wholly designed, developed, and facilitated by students and is based on the premise that enrolled students play a vital role in welcoming and immersing new students into the university culture. By grounding the content of the program firmly within current student experience, the emphasis is on the ...


The Impact Of Students' Exploration Strategies In Discovery-Based Instructional Software, Barney Dalgarno, Gregor Kennedy, Sue Bennett Jan 2012

The Impact Of Students' Exploration Strategies In Discovery-Based Instructional Software, Barney Dalgarno, Gregor Kennedy, Sue Bennett

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Active learning is a key element of constructivist learning theory and has been used as an argument for employing discovery-based designs with instructional software. On the other hand, researchers have highlighted empirical evidence showing that 'pure' discovery- based learning is of limited value. This suggests that how learners interact is important in predicting whether learning occurs. This paper reports on a study of 158 university students who each used two instructional simulations - one with a discovery-based design and the other with a tutorial-based design. Students' learning outcomes were assessed via pre-tests and program were recorded and coded as either systematic ...


Uni-Start: A Peer-Led Orientation Activity Designed For The Early And Timely Engagement Of Commencing University Students, Sarah E. O' Shea Dr, Michelle Vincent Nov 2011

Uni-Start: A Peer-Led Orientation Activity Designed For The Early And Timely Engagement Of Commencing University Students, Sarah E. O' Shea Dr, Michelle Vincent

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Universities have both social and cultural contexts, and new students need to participate effectively in both in order to succeed in this environment. With ever increasing numbers of students and the diversity of the contemporary university population, institutions have to consider innovative ways to effectively engage individuals. In terms of supporting students, there is a need to be more proactive, initiating structures of support that reach out to students rather than an often implicit expectation that the learners themselves will take the initiative and seek out support individually. This article reflects on one approach to supporting diverse student populations that ...


New Technologies To Support Language Learning, Lisa K. Kervin, Beverly M. Derewianka Jan 2011

New Technologies To Support Language Learning, Lisa K. Kervin, Beverly M. Derewianka

Faculty of Education - Papers (Archive)

Language classrooms have always used technologies of various kinds, from the blackboard through to the language laboratory. In recent decades, however, there has been an explosion in the resources available to teachers, to the point where many feel overwhelmed. This chapter therefore, does not attempt to provide a comprehensive review of 'state of the art' technologies - primarily because the ground is shifting so rapidly that any such endeavour would soon be out of date. Rather, we have kept in mind an audience who are not necessarily interested in the finer points of technological innovations but who are seeking some practical ...