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Full-Text Articles in Education

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Minority Teacher Recruitment, Employment, And Retention: 1987 To 2013, Richard M. Ingersoll, Henry May, Greg Collins Sep 2017

Minority Teacher Recruitment, Employment, And Retention: 1987 To 2013, Richard M. Ingersoll, Henry May, Greg Collins

GSE Publications

This study examines and compares the recruitment, employment, and retention of minority and nonminority school teachers over the past quarter century. Our objective is to empirically ground the debate over minority teacher shortages. The data we analyze are from the National Center for Education Statistics' nationally representative Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) and its longitudinal supplement, the Teacher Follow-Up Survey (TFS).1


Washington State Public Teachers' Ambient Positional Instability From A Statistical Approach Of Retrospective Study & Prospective Study, Bowen Cai, Robert Boruch May 2017

Washington State Public Teachers' Ambient Positional Instability From A Statistical Approach Of Retrospective Study & Prospective Study, Bowen Cai, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

The purpose of this research is to study the movements of teachers’ churn rate in the state of Washington over the past 14 years. The research of teachers’ churn rate is an integrative study, with retrospective part and prospective part. Retrospective study includes the analysis of descriptive statistics (level I), statistical inference (level II) and causal inference (level III) (Berk, R.A. (2016) Statistical Learning from a Regression Perspective. Philadelphia, PA: Springer). Prospective study is mainly about forecasting and statistical inference that generated from the predictions. In this research, we are using longitudinal data analysis. The good point of longitudinal ...


Driven To Perform: Tennessee's Higher Education Policies & Outcomes: A Case Study, Joni E. Finney, Elaine W. Leigh, Roman Ruiz, Wendy Castillo, Edward Smith, Daniel C. Kent Apr 2017

Driven To Perform: Tennessee's Higher Education Policies & Outcomes: A Case Study, Joni E. Finney, Elaine W. Leigh, Roman Ruiz, Wendy Castillo, Edward Smith, Daniel C. Kent

GSE Publications

This report presents a picture of how multiple converging state policies affect higher educaton performance in Tennessee as the state pursues an aggressive plan to improve the educational attainment of its residents. Policy is a powerful lever for advancing—or hindering—a state's higher education attainment agenda. By taking into account Tennessee's particular state context, we can better understand the factors influencing the content, formation, implementation, and ultimate success of higher education policy intended to improve performance and meet state attainment goals (Perna & Finney, 2014).


A Quarter Century Of Changes In The Elementary And Secondary Teaching Force: From 1987 To 2012 - Statistical Analysis Report, Richard M. Ingersoll Apr 2017

A Quarter Century Of Changes In The Elementary And Secondary Teaching Force: From 1987 To 2012 - Statistical Analysis Report, Richard M. Ingersoll

GSE Publications

This report utilizes the nationally representative Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) to examine changes in the elementary and secondary teaching force in the United States over the quarter century from 1987-88 to 2011-12. The report focuses on three key demographic characteristics: the size of the teaching force, the level of teaching experience of the teaching force, and the racial/ethnic composition of the teaching force.


Institutional Governance For A Shared Glocal Engagement Mission, Peter D. Eckel Jan 2017

Institutional Governance For A Shared Glocal Engagement Mission, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Governing bodies can and should play essential roles in advancing a glocal agenda. Governance is essential because glocal work is strategic, includes an accountability dimension and relies on the talents and perspectives governance participants can bring to the university. Boards should leverage their traditional oversight and accountability functions and their strategic work. However, to be most useful in this work, boards should also add a leadership function, in which they make sense of a dynamic environment and raise key issues for the university to address.


A Failing Safety Net: Declining Community College Affordability, Ben Williams, Joni E. Finney, Sarah Torres Dec 2016

A Failing Safety Net: Declining Community College Affordability, Ben Williams, Joni E. Finney, Sarah Torres

GSE Publications

The nation’s community colleges serve as the educational safety net for millions of students. While the safety net is showing signs of wear, it can be restored within current state and federal policies guiding higher education. Bipartisan support can and should be developed for this agenda because it cuts across the desire within both major political parties to create opportunities for those left behind.


Randomized Controlled Trials, Robert Boruch, Rui Yang, Jordan Hyatt, Herb Turner Iii Oct 2016

Randomized Controlled Trials, Robert Boruch, Rui Yang, Jordan Hyatt, Herb Turner Iii

GSE Publications

This paper covers the topic of randomized controlled trials in social, educational, criminological, health, and other human service sectors. It is studded with illustrations from developed and developing countries. We address the basic ideas that underlie trials in different ways, and cover contemporary definitions and vernacular, some history, and idea of cumulating evidence from such trials including recent work on replication and meta-analyses. Standards for evidence and reporting are considered. We attend to statistical matters and also recognize important non-statistical matters that must be taken into account in designing and executing such trials. Cluster randomized, place randomized, and other designs ...


Problems In Classroom Engagement: Validation Of An Assessment For District-Wide Use In The Early Primary Grades, Katherine Barghaus, John Fantuzzo, Whitney Leboeuf, Cassandra Henderson, Feifei Li, Paul Mcdermott Jul 2016

Problems In Classroom Engagement: Validation Of An Assessment For District-Wide Use In The Early Primary Grades, Katherine Barghaus, John Fantuzzo, Whitney Leboeuf, Cassandra Henderson, Feifei Li, Paul Mcdermott

GSE Publications

Research Findings: The aim of this study was to provide an initial investigation into the psychometric properties of the Problems in Classroom Engagement Scale (PCES). The PCES was designed and tested for district-wide use as part of the report card system for a large urban school district. The PCES was administered to all first, second, and third grade students in the district. Factor analytic examination revealed a bifactor structure as the best fit to the data. The bifactor structure reflected a general factor of Problems in Behavioral Engagement and two key group factors: Problems in Social Engagement and Problems in ...


The Interesecting Authority Of Boards, Presidents, And Faculty: Toward Shared Leadership, Peter D. Eckel, Adrianna Kezar Jan 2016

The Interesecting Authority Of Boards, Presidents, And Faculty: Toward Shared Leadership, Peter D. Eckel, Adrianna Kezar

GSE Publications

This chapter explores the leadership dynamics of universities through the lens of governance and the three groups of actors that play dominant roles — trustees, presidents, and faculty.3 While we recognize the important contributions of students or staff,4 this chapter focuses on the three groups most consistently influential and that are part of the formal governance structure. In addition to describing the leadership of boards, presidents, and faculty, it explores the organizational and environmental contexts of leading in the academy, select theories of leadership that pertain to higher education, and the intersection of faculty, trustee, and administrative influence.


Throwing Down The Gauntlet: Ten Ways To Ensure That Higher Education Research Continues To Matter, Laura W. Perna Jan 2016

Throwing Down The Gauntlet: Ten Ways To Ensure That Higher Education Research Continues To Matter, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Imagine what a keynote address at the very first meeting of what has become the Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE) would have forecast about ASHE in the year 2015. Would the conveners of the first ASHE conference have guessed that:

∙ The number of ASHE members would grow sevenfold, rising from 300 in 1977 (Kellams, 1977) to more than 2,200 in 2015?

∙ The conference would no longer be held over two days in March, immediately preceding or following the annual American Association for Higher Education (AAHE) meeting, but instead would be a standalone conference held over four ...


In Search Of Terra Firma: Administrative Records On Teachers’ Positional Instability Across Subjects, Grades, And Schools And The Implications For Deploying Randomized Controlled Trials, Robert Boruch, F. Joseph Merlino, Jill Bowdon, John Baker, Jessica Chao, Ji Eun Park, Michael Frisone, Tianpeng Ye, Tom Hooks, Andrew C. Porter Jan 2016

In Search Of Terra Firma: Administrative Records On Teachers’ Positional Instability Across Subjects, Grades, And Schools And The Implications For Deploying Randomized Controlled Trials, Robert Boruch, F. Joseph Merlino, Jill Bowdon, John Baker, Jessica Chao, Ji Eun Park, Michael Frisone, Tianpeng Ye, Tom Hooks, Andrew C. Porter

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: National Report, Joni E. Finney Jan 2016

2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: National Report, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

College Affordability Diagnosis is the most comprehensive state-by-state study of college affordability since 2008, when the last Measuring Up report was completed by the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education.


2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: State Assessments, Joni E. Finney Jan 2016

2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: State Assessments, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Technology: The Solution To Higher Education's Pressing Problems?, Laura W. Perna, Roman Ruiz Jan 2016

Technology: The Solution To Higher Education's Pressing Problems?, Laura W. Perna, Roman Ruiz

GSE Publications

No book designed to inform understanding of how higher education is influenced by and responds to societal changes, demands, and progress would be complete without a chapter on technology. Defined as "the application of scientific knowledge to the practical aims of human life," technology is a fundamental element of any society.1 Technology is more than cutting-edge, advanced, "high-tech" innovations and is not limited to "technology sectors" like aerospace, nanotechnology, and robotics. Rather, the term "technology" refers to the tools that are available in the society in which we live and work, and that may be applied and leveraged to ...


Are There Metrics For Moocs From Social Media?, Alan Ruby, Laura W. Perna, Robert Boruch, Nicole Wang Dec 2015

Are There Metrics For Moocs From Social Media?, Alan Ruby, Laura W. Perna, Robert Boruch, Nicole Wang

GSE Publications

Since "the year of the MOOC" in 2012, the effectiveness of massive open online course (MOOCs) has been widely debated. Some argue that MOOCs are not an effective mode of instructional delivery because of low completion rates. In the interest of developing alternative indicators of performance this study draws from recent efforts to measure engagement in social media, as well as from research on indicators of student engagement in traditional college courses. Using data from 16 Coursera MOOCs offered by the University of Pennsylvania we calculate standardized access rates for lectures and assessments. While these indicators have clear limitations as ...


Understanding The Human Capital Benefits Of A Government-Funded International Scholarship Program: An Exploration Of Kazakhstan's Bolashak Program, Laura W. Perna, Kata Orosz, Zakir Jumakulov Jan 2015

Understanding The Human Capital Benefits Of A Government-Funded International Scholarship Program: An Exploration Of Kazakhstan's Bolashak Program, Laura W. Perna, Kata Orosz, Zakir Jumakulov

GSE Publications

This study utilizes qualitative research methods to explore the human capital benefits of one government-sponsored international scholarship program — Kazakhstan's Bolashak Scholars Program — and how program characteristics and other forces promote and limit these benefits. The findings raise a number of questions for policymakers, administrators, and researchers about how a government-sponsored international scholarship program should be structured so as to maximize human capital develoment for individuals and the sponsoring nation.


State Of Attainment: Three Ways That States Can Help More Students Access Higher Levels Of Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney Nov 2014

State Of Attainment: Three Ways That States Can Help More Students Access Higher Levels Of Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

Fourteenth place. That's where the United States ranked in the proportion of 25- to 34-year-olds who achieved postsecondary degrees, according to a 2012 report by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. Unless the U.S. increases the share of the population that has completed a college degree, the country will lack the educational skills and training required to meet the workforce demands of a global economy. Sixty-three percent of job researchers predict, will require education beyond high school in 2018. For the U.S. to be competitive on a global scale, it must devote more effort to closing ...


On Not Taking Language Inequality For Granted: Hymesian Traces In Ethnographic Monitoring Of South Africa’S Multilingual Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger Sep 2014

On Not Taking Language Inequality For Granted: Hymesian Traces In Ethnographic Monitoring Of South Africa’S Multilingual Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

South African higher education is at a critical juncture in the implementation of South Africa’s multilingual language policy promoting institutional status for nine African languages, English, and Afrikaans. South African scholars, not content merely to comment from the sidelines on the policy, its promise, and challenges, have also engaged in implementation efforts. This article explores two such initiatives, both focusing on the use of African languages in higher education institutions where English is already established as the medium of instruction, and both undertaken with explicit goals of righting South Africa’s longstanding social injustices. I collaborated with colleagues at ...


From Master Plan To Mediocrity: Higher Education Performance & Policy In California, Joni E. Finney, Christina Riso, Kata Orosz, William C. Boland Apr 2014

From Master Plan To Mediocrity: Higher Education Performance & Policy In California, Joni E. Finney, Christina Riso, Kata Orosz, William C. Boland

GSE Publications

This study describes the political and economic context of California and provides an overview of higher education performance during the last two decades. Our aim is to explore the policies in place within the state and the relationship between these policies and California’s declining higher education performance, and to call for a reexamination of these policies by stakeholders in order to help California meet its current and future economic needs.


Promoting College Access For All Students, Laura W. Perna Mar 2014

Promoting College Access For All Students, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Improving Higher Education Attainment For All Students: A National Imperative, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney Jan 2014

Improving Higher Education Attainment For All Students: A National Imperative, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

Once a world leader, the United States has fallen behind other nations in the educational attainment of its population. Although the percentage of adults age 45 to 54 who hold at least a baccalaureate degree is higher in the United States than in other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) nations, the United States now ranks below several other nations, including Norway, the Netherlands, Korea, New Zealand, Denmark, and Sweden, in the share of adults age 25 to 34 who hold this credential. While the U.S. invested heavily in the educational attainment of earlier generations, other nations have ...


Promoting Workforce Readiness For Urban Growth, Laura W. Perna Jan 2014

Promoting Workforce Readiness For Urban Growth, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Between 2003 and 2009, the gap between the educational attainment of the population and the educational demands of available jobs (that is, "structural unemployment") increased in all but four of the nation's hundred largest metropolitan areas (Rothwell and Berube 2011). Given that a larger education gap between the demand and supply of educated workers is associated with a higher unemployment rate in the metropolitan area (2011), these data demonstrate the need to imporve educational attainment in all metropolitan areas.


Lessons Learned About Student Learning: Eight Test Cases, Peter D. Eckel Jan 2014

Lessons Learned About Student Learning: Eight Test Cases, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Takeaways

The progress—and setbacks—of eight institutions that served as test cases have yielded a set of lessons about board oversight of educational quality from which others can benefit:

1 Ensure a sufficient institutional-assessment capacity.

2 Start with what you already have.

3 Make academic quality a priority of the boad and institutional leaders.

4 Attach the effort to other activities.

5 Educate the board on education.

6 Find the right focus.

7 Allow for targeted deeper dives.

8 Develop new board processes and use time differently.

9 Deepen the engagement of the board with faculty.


Reflections On Tinto's South Africa Lectures, Laura W. Perna Jan 2014

Reflections On Tinto's South Africa Lectures, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Providing reflections on Prof. Vincent Tinto's South Africa lectures is an incredibly honour. Like countless other scholars and practitioners in the field of higher educatin administration, I have long relied on Tinto's work to provide a foundation for my own efforts to understand how to improve students' college-related outcomes. In his first lecture, Tinto reflects on the "flash of recognition" that occurred when he learned about Durkheim's theory of suicide. Similarly, I vividly remember reading the second edition of his book, Leaving College (University of Chicago Press), in my apartment in Ann Arbor when I was a ...


Roadmap For The Development Of Education In Kazakhstan: Higher Education Roadmap Recommendations, Mary Canning, Joni E. Finney, Dennis Jones, Aims Mcguinness Nov 2013

Roadmap For The Development Of Education In Kazakhstan: Higher Education Roadmap Recommendations, Mary Canning, Joni E. Finney, Dennis Jones, Aims Mcguinness

GSE Publications

This document presents a set of recommendations for the Roadmap Project of the Republic of Kazakhstan developed by the Higher Education Project Team (Mary Canning, Joni Finney, Dennis Jones and Aims McGuinness). It is based on the July 2013 report Development of Strategic Directions for Education Reforms in Kazakhstan for 2015-2020.and on the reports of the Steering Committee.


What Presidents Really Think About Their Boards, Peter D. Eckel Nov 2013

What Presidents Really Think About Their Boards, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Takeaways

Contrary to many recent headlines of tensions between presidents and boards, the clear majority of presidents report that their boards have a positive impact on the institution, they are satisfied overall with the baord, and they think boards are engaged at the right levels.

Understanding higher education better may help to increase board engagement...as well as micromanaging if boards, board leaders, and presidents don't have ongoing conversations about the appropriate role of the board.

Presidents and boards must work together to get governance right. Such goals require effort, intentionality, and candor.


The Last 100 Days Of A Presidency: What Boards Need To Know And Do, Sandra S. Johnson, Peter D. Eckel May 2013

The Last 100 Days Of A Presidency: What Boards Need To Know And Do, Sandra S. Johnson, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Takeaways

It is just as important for a board to plan the transition of the outgoing president as it is to plan the transition of the incoming president.

Boards should help departing presidents fashion a to-do list, as well as a not-to-do list.

Boards should recognize that the departure of the president can present significant procedural and emotional issues for senior staff members awaiting the arrival of the new president.


Negotiating Methodological Rich Points In The Ethnography Of Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2013

Negotiating Methodological Rich Points In The Ethnography Of Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

Building on Agar’s (1996: 26) notion of rich points as those times in ethnographic research when something happens that the ethnographer doesn’t understand, methodological rich points are by extension those points where our assumptions about the way research works and the conceptual tools we have for doing research are inadequate to understand the worlds we are researching. When we pay attention to those points and adjust our research practices accordingly, they become key opportunities to advance our research and our under­ standings. Drawing for illustrative purposes on ethnographic research on bi­ lingual intercultural education policy and practice in ...


Powerup!: A Tool For Calculating Minimum Detectable Effect Sizes And Minimum Required Sample Sizes For Experimental And Quasi-Experimental Design Studies, Rebecca A. Maynard, Nianbo Dong Jan 2013

Powerup!: A Tool For Calculating Minimum Detectable Effect Sizes And Minimum Required Sample Sizes For Experimental And Quasi-Experimental Design Studies, Rebecca A. Maynard, Nianbo Dong

GSE Publications

This paper complements existing power analysis tools by offering tools to compute minimum detectable effect sizes (MDES) for existing studies and to estimate minimum required sample sizes (MRSS) for studies under design. The tools that accompany this paper support estimates of MDES or MSSR for 21 different study designs that include 14 random assignment designs (6 designs in which individuals are randomly assigned to treatment or control condition and 8 in which clusters of individuals are randomly assigned to condition, with models differing depending on whether the sample was blocked prior to random assignment and by whether the analytic models ...