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University of Pennsylvania

2011

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Articles 1 - 30 of 48

Full-Text Articles in Education

Dell H. Hymes: His Scholarship And Legacy In Anthropology And Education, Nancy H. Hornberger Dec 2011

Dell H. Hymes: His Scholarship And Legacy In Anthropology And Education, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

Dell Hathaway Hymes, linguistic anthropologist and educational visionary extraordinaire, passed away in November 2009, leaving behind a voluminous scholarship and inspirational legacy in the study of language and inequality, ethnography, sociolinguistics, Native American ethnopoetics, and education. This essay provides a brief account of Hymes's life and scholarly contributions, especially his early and enduring influence in the anthropology of education; and goes on to comment briefly on this AEQ set of essays honoring Hymes.


Usercentric Operational Decision Making In Distributed Information Retrieval, Kartik Hosanagar Dec 2011

Usercentric Operational Decision Making In Distributed Information Retrieval, Kartik Hosanagar

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

Information specialists in enterprises regularly use distributed information retrieval (DIR) systems that query a large number of information retrieval (IR) systems, merge the retrieved results, and display them to users. There can be considerable heterogeneity in the quality of results returned by different IR servers. Further, because different servers handle collections of different sizes and have different processing and bandwidth capacities, there can be considerable heterogeneity in their response times. The broker in the DIR system has to decide which servers to query, how long to wait for responses, and which retrieved results to display based on the benefits and ...


New Media: Engaging And Educating The Youtube Generation, Anu Vedantham, Marjorie Hassen Dec 2011

New Media: Engaging And Educating The Youtube Generation, Anu Vedantham, Marjorie Hassen

Scholarship at Penn Libraries

Today’s undergraduates are clearly comfortable as consumers of technology and new media purchasing ring tones for their cell phones and tunes for their iPods, text-messaging from handheld devices, scanning and tinkering with photos, keeping up with their Facebook friends and watching viral YouTube videos, sometimes all simultaneously. We share examples of classroom assignments integrated with library support services that engage today’s undergraduates with academic materials in a variety of course contexts. We discuss how specific arrangements of library learning spaces and the alignment of space and staffing can help undergraduate students succeed with new media projects for class ...


What Does Philosophy Have To Offer Education, And Who Should Be Offering It?, Stanton Wortham Dec 2011

What Does Philosophy Have To Offer Education, And Who Should Be Offering It?, Stanton Wortham

GSE Publications

In this review essay Stanton Wortham explores how philosophy of education should both turn inward, engaging with concepts and arguments developed in academic philosophy, and outward, encouraging educational publics to apply philosophical approaches to educational policy and practice. He develops his account with reference to two recent ambitious projects: The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Education, edited by Harvey Siegel, and the two-volume yearbook of the National Society for the Study of Education (NSSE), titled Why Do We Educate? edited by Gary Fenstermacher (series editor), David Coulter and John Wiens (volume 1), and Mark Smylie (volume 2). These two projects ...


From Policy To Practice: Implementation Of The Legislative Objectives Of Charter Schools, Katherine M Barghaus, Erling E. Boe Nov 2011

From Policy To Practice: Implementation Of The Legislative Objectives Of Charter Schools, Katherine M Barghaus, Erling E. Boe

GSE Publications

Key legislative objectives of charter schools are to provide more school and classroom options, increase teacher influence over decision making, and increase school autonomy from state and district policy. Using national data from the 2003–4 School and Staffing Survey, we found that charter schools attained these legislative objectives when compared with regular schools, although increases in teacher influence and school autonomy were modest. Although charter schools have been implemented much as intended by legislation, other research has shown that charter schools in general have not improved student achievement—a major objective of charter school legislation. Our results suggest that ...


A Story Of Decline: Performance And Policy In Illinois Higher Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney, Patrick Callan Nov 2011

A Story Of Decline: Performance And Policy In Illinois Higher Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney, Patrick Callan

GSE Publications

In the mid-and late-1990s, Illinois was a top-performing state in preparing students for college, enrolling residents in college, and keeping college affordable:

• Compared with residents of other states, large percentages of Illinoisans earned a high school diploma or a General Education Development (GED) diploma by age 24; earned high scores on college entrance exams; and enrolled in college immediately after high school.

• Illinois led the nation in the proportion of young adults (ages 18 to 24) and working-age adults (ages 25 to 44) who were enrolled in college.

• Illinoiswas a leader in keeping higher education affordable for families, as measured ...


The Performance And State Policies Of Higher Education In Illinois: Insights From A Five‐State Policy Review Project, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney, Patrick M. Callan Nov 2011

The Performance And State Policies Of Higher Education In Illinois: Insights From A Five‐State Policy Review Project, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney, Patrick M. Callan

GSE Publications

The performance and state policies of higher education in Illinois.


Developing Learning Progressions In Support Of The New Science Standards: A Rapid Workshop Series, Aaron Rogat Nov 2011

Developing Learning Progressions In Support Of The New Science Standards: A Rapid Workshop Series, Aaron Rogat

CPRE Research Reports

The hypothetical learning progressions presented here are the products of the deliberations of two working groups of science education researchers, each group also including a state science curriculum supervisor, organized by the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE),with support from the National Science Foundation. Their charge was to produce hypothetical learning progressions describing the pathways students might be expected to follow as they acquire deep understanding of two of the core learning goals set by the National Research Council’s (NRC) Committee on a Conceptual Framework for the New K-12 Science Education Standards. The goals in question address ...


The Role Of A Selective Research University In Promoting College Access And Success Of Students From Traditionally Underrepresented Groups, Laura W. Perna Oct 2011

The Role Of A Selective Research University In Promoting College Access And Success Of Students From Traditionally Underrepresented Groups, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


The Final Research Paper: Practical Steps For Students As They Generate Ideas, Conduct Research, And Produce Publishable Work, Heather J. Sharkey Oct 2011

The Final Research Paper: Practical Steps For Students As They Generate Ideas, Conduct Research, And Produce Publishable Work, Heather J. Sharkey

Departmental Papers (NELC)

No abstract provided.


Status Update: Actively Engaging Our Friends, Alan Ruby, Shannon Kelly Oct 2011

Status Update: Actively Engaging Our Friends, Alan Ruby, Shannon Kelly

GSE Publications

Social media do not wait for the communications office to open - but do offer informed universities unique brand-building opportunities, explain Alan Ruby and Shannon Kelly.


Expanding Access, Participation, And Success In International Baccalaureate Programmes (Ib Access Project): Evaluation Report Year Two, Gail Gerry, Thomas B. Corcoran Sep 2011

Expanding Access, Participation, And Success In International Baccalaureate Programmes (Ib Access Project): Evaluation Report Year Two, Gail Gerry, Thomas B. Corcoran

CPRE Research Reports

In the fall of 2009, the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation funded a three-year project proposed by the International Baccalaureate (IB) to demonstrate the feasibility of increasing the participation of minority students and students in poverty in its Middle Years Programme (MYP) and Diploma Programme (DP) in selected school districts in the United States. “Expanding Access, Participation and Success in IB Programmes” or the IB Access Project, as it has come to be known, is utilizing a multi-faceted technical assistance and materials development strategy to strengthen IB programs and broaden access for students previously excluded in the Anne Arundel County ...


The Role Of Learning Progressions In Standards-Based Education Reform, Fritz Mosher Sep 2011

The Role Of Learning Progressions In Standards-Based Education Reform, Fritz Mosher

CPRE Policy Briefs

The Role of Learning Progressions in Standards-Based Education Reform written by Frederic A. Mosher, summarizes findings from two reports examining the concepts of learning progressions and learning trajectories as they are being applied in science and mathematics education. This policy brief reviews conclusions from the two extensive reports and discusses the implications of their findings for policy and for future research and development.


Science Instruction In Newark Public Schools, Thomas B. Corcoran, Gail B. Gerry Sep 2011

Science Instruction In Newark Public Schools, Thomas B. Corcoran, Gail B. Gerry

CPRE Research Reports

The Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE) has prepared this report on the Newark Public Schools (NPS) for the Merck Institute for Science Education (MISE) to assist them with the development of a strategic plan for improving science education in the district. The data used in the report have been gathered and analyzed through the collaborative efforts of CPRE, MISE, and Horizon Research, Inc. (HRI). MISE and CPRE collaborated on two rounds of school site visits; CPRE conducted interviews with district officials; MISE staff analyzed Newark’s curriculum documents and administered a survey of Newark teachers and administrators; and ...


The Minority Teacher Shortage: Fact Or Fable?, Richard M. Ingersoll, Henry May Sep 2011

The Minority Teacher Shortage: Fact Or Fable?, Richard M. Ingersoll, Henry May

GSE Publications

For several decades, shortages of minority teachers have been a big issue for the nation's schools. Policy makers and recent presidents have agreed that our elementary and secondary teaching force "should look like America." But the conventional wisdom is that as the nation's population and students have grown more diverse, the teaching force has done the opposite —grown more white and less diverse.


Recruitment, Retention And The Minority Teacher Shortage, Richard Ingersoll, Henry May Sep 2011

Recruitment, Retention And The Minority Teacher Shortage, Richard Ingersoll, Henry May

GSE Publications

This study examines and compares the recruitment and retention of minority and White elementary and secondary teachers and attempts to empirically ground the debate over minority teacher shortages. The data we analyze are from the National Center for Education Statistics’ nationally representative Schools and Staffing Survey and its longitudinal supplement, the Teacher Follow-up Survey.

Our data analyses show that a gap continues to persist between the percentage of minority students and the percentage of minority teachers in the U.S. school system. But this gap is not due to a failure to recruit new minority teachers. Over the past two ...


Who's Really Winning? An In-Depth Look At Intercollegiate Athletics And Their Impact On Undergraduate Education, Jason Keene Aug 2011

Who's Really Winning? An In-Depth Look At Intercollegiate Athletics And Their Impact On Undergraduate Education, Jason Keene

Social Impact Research Experience (SIRE)

College sports are a multi-billion dollar industry that have grown and will continue to grow with the founding and development of ESPN and other sports information technologies. Initially the author sought out to find relationships between winning on the field and academic advancement off the field, but quickly realized there was another story to be told. He examines the college sports scene with a broader outlook on its impact on its educational value. Not only are most college sports programs losing money for their institutions, but the culture that college sports creates is having a detrimental impact on our nation ...


Resilience, Character Strengths And Flourishing: A Positive Education Workshop For Singapore Teachers, Sha-En Yeo Aug 2011

Resilience, Character Strengths And Flourishing: A Positive Education Workshop For Singapore Teachers, Sha-En Yeo

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Positive education, or teaching the skills of well-being through direct instruction and the curriculum, aims to teach children the skills to build resilience, capitalize on strengths and systematically build the pillars for a flourishing life. Positive education can succeed amidst a supportive school environment and well-equipped teachers that inculcate the right values and character. Given that school-going children spend more than fifty percent of their time in school, it is thus imperative that teachers be trained with the skills of well-being. This paper provides an introduction to positive psychology (the foundation for positive education), describes the need for positive education ...


Growing School Networks For Instructional Improvement In Jordan, 2009-2010, Marian A. Robinson Aug 2011

Growing School Networks For Instructional Improvement In Jordan, 2009-2010, Marian A. Robinson

CPRE Research Reports

In the last decade, the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan has made a substantial commitment to improving the quality of its public education system. The main vehicle for this work has been the Education Reform for Knowledge Economy (ERfKE) initiative. To date, key investments have been made in early childhood education, school infrastructure, technology, and curriculum development. The emphasis has been placed on the development of skills essential to Jordan’s emerging knowledge economy and the use of technology both as a skill set and a delivery platform for the new curriculum. The second phase of this initiative, ERfKE II, which ...


Concepts And Models For Using Narrative In Teacher Education, Betsy R. Rymes, Stanton Wortham Aug 2011

Concepts And Models For Using Narrative In Teacher Education, Betsy R. Rymes, Stanton Wortham

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Intuitive Biases In Choice Versus Estimation: Implications For The Wisdom Of Crowds, Joseph P. Simmons, Lief D. Nelson, Jeffrey Galak, Shane Fredrick Jun 2011

Intuitive Biases In Choice Versus Estimation: Implications For The Wisdom Of Crowds, Joseph P. Simmons, Lief D. Nelson, Jeffrey Galak, Shane Fredrick

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

Although researchers have documented many instances of crowd wisdom, it is important to know whether some kinds of judgments may lead the crowd astray, whether crowds’ judgments improve with feedback over time, and whether crowds’ judgments can be improved by changing the way judgments are elicited. We investigated these questions in a sports gambling context (predictions against point spreads) believed to elicit crowd wisdom. In a season-long experiment, fans wagered over $20,000 on NFL football predictions. Contrary to the wisdom-of-crowds hypothesis, faulty intuitions led the crowd to predict “favorites” more than “underdogs” against point spreads that disadvantaged favorites, even ...


The Impact Of Induction And Mentoring Programs For Beginning Teachers: A Critical Review Of The Research, Richard Ingersoll, Michael Strong Jun 2011

The Impact Of Induction And Mentoring Programs For Beginning Teachers: A Critical Review Of The Research, Richard Ingersoll, Michael Strong

GSE Publications

This review critically examines 15 empirical studies, conducted since the mid 1980s, on the effects of support, guidance, and orientation programs— collectively known as induction — for beginning teachers. Most of the studies reviewed provide empirical support for the claim that support and assistance for beginning teachers have a positive impact on three sets of outcomes: teacher commitment and retention, teacher classroom instructional practices, and student achievement. Of the studies on commitment and retention, most showed that beginning teachers who participated in some kind of induction had higher job satisfaction, commitment, or retention. For classroom instructional practices, the majority of studies ...


What Happened To Literacy? Historical And Conceptual Perspectives On Literacy In Unesco, Daniel A. Wagner May 2011

What Happened To Literacy? Historical And Conceptual Perspectives On Literacy In Unesco, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

For more than six decades, UNESCO has dedicated itself to be the international agency leader in literacy, even though other aspects of educational development have received greater attention and resources by the broader international community. Resources for UNESCO's literacy work have not increased, and its programmatic activities have been increasingly debated when seen in relationship to the scope of literacy challenges across the globe. Moving forward in a time of restricted budgets will require UNESCO to strengthen itself as a professional innovator and thought leader.


How To Paint A Better Portrait Of Hbcus, Marybeth Gasman May 2011

How To Paint A Better Portrait Of Hbcus, Marybeth Gasman

GSE Publications

The mainstream media's often-negative portrayals of historically black colleges and universities mislead the public and can even exacerbate problems some HBCUs already face. Those portrayals can—and should— be challenged and changed.


Working The Crevices: Granting Students Authority In Authoritarian Schools, Joan F. Goodman, Jessica Hoagland, Nadel Pierre-Toussaint, Celeste Rodriguez, Christina Sanabria May 2011

Working The Crevices: Granting Students Authority In Authoritarian Schools, Joan F. Goodman, Jessica Hoagland, Nadel Pierre-Toussaint, Celeste Rodriguez, Christina Sanabria

GSE Publications

Schools are beset with a serious “alienation gap” between teachers and students that is no less a problem than the “achievement gap.” Increasing student voice is thought to be one means to fill the gap, for it activates agency and thereby decreases passivity. The extent of agency ranges from attentive adult listening to strong student leadership. Here we concentrate on distinguishing elements of freedom, power, and authority in the enactment of agency, particularly how these elements can be distributed to students in urban authoritarian schools. In this article, four second-year Teach for America graduate students describe and reflect on their ...


A Little Supervision Is A Good Thing, Matthew Hartley, Alan Ruby Mar 2011

A Little Supervision Is A Good Thing, Matthew Hartley, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Wondering About Dialogic Theory And Practice, Stanton Wortham Mar 2011

Wondering About Dialogic Theory And Practice, Stanton Wortham

GSE Publications

This commentary engages with essentially contestable questions raised by the School of the Dialogue of Cultures. It focuses on questions about how theory should relate to practice and how a "dialogic" approach can involve students in simultaneously rigorous and relevant academic discussions.


Mothers' Educational Expectations And Children's Enrollment: Evidence From Rural China, Yuping Zhang Feb 2011

Mothers' Educational Expectations And Children's Enrollment: Evidence From Rural China, Yuping Zhang

Gansu Survey of Children and Families Papers

How much would mothers' educational expectations influence their children's actual school attainment in the rural setting of China? This study explores the impact of mothers' educational expectations on children’s schooling by focusing on the discrepancy in expectations between mothers and children. Going beyond existing literature, this study pays special attention to the directions of mother-child discrepancy. I analyze Gansu Survey of Children and Families (GSCF), the longitudinal data, from rural Gansu, China. The analysis reveals that mother-child discrepancy in educational expectations is substantial. Children have a much better chance to stay in school when their mothers share with ...


Review Of Agneta Lind, Literacy For All: Making A Difference And John Oxenham, Effective Literacy Programmes: Options For Policy-Makers, Gina Arnone, Daniel A. Wagner Feb 2011

Review Of Agneta Lind, Literacy For All: Making A Difference And John Oxenham, Effective Literacy Programmes: Options For Policy-Makers, Gina Arnone, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

The 1990 World Conference on Education for All (EFA) in Jomtien (Thailand) spurred a collective global movement to meet the basic learning needs of each person, with a special focus on developing countries. Ten years later, with the stated goals not met, and indeed far from it, the international community renewed its commitments in Dakar, Senegal. At the World Education Forum in 2000, national and organizational representatives resolved to improve educational opportunities and services and set six objectives for 2015, including a 50 percent increase in adult literacy. Despite this pledge and others (e.g., launch of the UN Literacy ...


Interviews As Interactional Data, Stanton Wortham, Katherine Mortimer, Kathleen Lee, Elaine Allard Feb 2011

Interviews As Interactional Data, Stanton Wortham, Katherine Mortimer, Kathleen Lee, Elaine Allard

GSE Publications

Interviews are designed to gather propositional information communicated through reference and predication. Some lament the fact that interviews always include interactional positioning that presupposes and sometimes creates social identities and power relationships. Interactional aspects of interview events threaten to corrupt the propositional information communicated, and it appears that these aspects need to be controlled. Interviews do often yield useful propositional information, and interviewers must guard against the sometimes-corrupting influence of interactional factors. But we argue that the interactional aspects of interview events can also be valuable data. Interview subjects sometimes position themselves in ways that reveal something about the habitual ...