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Articles 1 - 10 of 10

Full-Text Articles in Education

From Multiple Choice To Multiple Choices, Jonathan A. Supovitz Nov 1997

From Multiple Choice To Multiple Choices, Jonathan A. Supovitz

GSE Publications

Are standardized tests an equitable way to measure the achievement of America's children? A fresh, four-year study by the Educational Testing Service of the gender gap on standardized tests concludes that differences in performance between boys and girls are real, but not large, and cut both ways. ("ETS Disputes Charges of Gender Bias," May 14, 1997.) Still, critics of standardized testing, like the National Center for Fair & Open Testing, blast the ETS study as "a smoke screen designed to divert attention from the ongoing problems with the exams they publish."


Rethinking The Allocation Of Teaching Resources: Some Lessons From High Performing Schools, Karen Hawley Miles, Linda Darling-Hammond Nov 1997

Rethinking The Allocation Of Teaching Resources: Some Lessons From High Performing Schools, Karen Hawley Miles, Linda Darling-Hammond

CPRE Research Reports

Although a great deal of debate surrounds the level and allocation of resources to public schools, very little of this discussion addresses how schools might organize teaching resources more effectively at the school level. This paper describes case studies of five high performing public schools that have organized professional resources in innovative ways. The study sought to detail alternative ways of deploying instructional resources in order to provide concrete alternatives to traditional organization of teachers and to quantify objectively the ways in which these schools use resources differently depending on their instructional goals and strategies. Although the schools studied looked ...


Rethinking The Allocation Of Teaching Resources: Some Lessons From High Performing Schools, Karen Hawley Miles, Linda Darling-Hammond Nov 1997

Rethinking The Allocation Of Teaching Resources: Some Lessons From High Performing Schools, Karen Hawley Miles, Linda Darling-Hammond

CPRE Research Reports

Although a great deal of debate surrounds the level and allocation of resources to public schools, very little of this discussion addresses how schools might organize teaching resources more effectively at the school level. This paper describes case studies of five high performing public schools that have organized professional resources in innovative ways. The study sought to detail alternative ways of deploying instructional resources in order to provide concrete alternatives to traditional organization of teachers and to quantify objectively the ways in which these schools use resources differently depending on their instructional goals and strategies. Although the schools studied looked ...


First Lessons: Charter Schools As Learning Communities, Priscilla Wohlstetter, Noelle Griffin Sep 1997

First Lessons: Charter Schools As Learning Communities, Priscilla Wohlstetter, Noelle Griffin

CPRE Policy Briefs

Twenty-eight states, over the past six years, have authorized the creation of charter schools as an alternative form of public education. Charter schools are seen as opportunities to create highperforming learning communities, with improved student performance and other positive results as the goals of these new institutions.

The creation of high-performing learning communities is central to the success of charter schools, but we need to know if these schools, as currently constituted under their enabling legislation, are capable of creating such learning communities. We want to know what elements help to build or to obstruct these learning communities. To answer ...


First Lessons: Charter Schools As Learning Communities, Priscilla Wohlstetter, Noelle Griffin Sep 1997

First Lessons: Charter Schools As Learning Communities, Priscilla Wohlstetter, Noelle Griffin

CPRE Policy Briefs

Twenty-eight states, over the past six years, have authorized the creation of charter schools as an alternative form of public education. Charter schools are seen as opportunities to create highperforming learning communities, with improved student performance and other positive results as the goals of these new institutions.

The creation of high-performing learning communities is central to the success of charter schools, but we need to know if these schools, as currently constituted under their enabling legislation, are capable of creating such learning communities. We want to know what elements help to build or to obstruct these learning communities. To answer ...


Tort Liability: A Minefield For Managed Care?, Patricia. M. Danzon Jun 1997

Tort Liability: A Minefield For Managed Care?, Patricia. M. Danzon

Health Care Management Papers

The restructuring of health insurance contracts and health care delivery systems under managed care is the result of competitive attempts to reduce the inefficiencies that developed in medical markets under traditional indemnity insurance. Liability rules that continue to apply norms of customary care threaten to undermine these potential efficiency gains. Liability rules under managed care should treat claims for denial of coverage as contractual disputes, to be brought against health plans as residual claimants. Where contracts are ambiguous, appropriate coverage should be determined using a cost-benefit criterion based on beneficiaries’ willingness-to-pay. Liability claims for negligent care should be permitted only ...


Persistence And Change: Standards-Based Reform In Nine States, Diane Massell, Michael W. Kirst, Margaret Hoppe Apr 1997

Persistence And Change: Standards-Based Reform In Nine States, Diane Massell, Michael W. Kirst, Margaret Hoppe

CPRE Research Reports

Although public education is a constitutional responsibility of state government, state policymakers historically delegated this authority to local school districts, particularly in matters of curriculum and instruction. District policymakers, in turn, usually entrusted the curriculum to teachers or textbook publishers, and hired few district staff to develop or provide instructional guidance (Walker, 1990; Rowan, 1983; Crowson and Morris, 1985). Typically, when state or district policymakers did provide direction, they limited it to bare listings of course requirements or behavioral objectives. Few systems prescribed topics within courses or curricula; guidelines about teaching pedagogy were even rarer (Cohen and Spillane, 1993).

In ...


Persistence And Change: Standards-Based Reform In Nine States, Diane Massell, Michael W. Kirst, Margaret Hoppe Apr 1997

Persistence And Change: Standards-Based Reform In Nine States, Diane Massell, Michael W. Kirst, Margaret Hoppe

CPRE Research Reports

Although public education is a constitutional responsibility of state government, state policymakers historically delegated this authority to local school districts, particularly in matters of curriculum and instruction. District policymakers, in turn, usually entrusted the curriculum to teachers or textbook publishers, and hired few district staff to develop or provide instructional guidance (Walker, 1990; Rowan, 1983; Crowson and Morris, 1985). Typically, when state or district policymakers did provide direction, they limited it to bare listings of course requirements or behavioral objectives. Few systems prescribed topics within courses or curricula; guidelines about teaching pedagogy were even rarer (Cohen and Spillane, 1993).

In ...


Persistence And Change: Standards-Based Reform In Nine States, Diane Massell, Michael W. Kirst, Margaret Hoppe Mar 1997

Persistence And Change: Standards-Based Reform In Nine States, Diane Massell, Michael W. Kirst, Margaret Hoppe

CPRE Policy Briefs

Beginning in the mid-to-late-1980s, state policymakers began to rethink their strategies for influencing curriculum and instruction in public education and adopted a policy strategy known as standards-based, systemic reform.

The rapidity with which the idea of standards-based, systemic reform took hold is remarkable, if not without historical precedent in the strongly networked field of education. Originally incubating quietly in the enclaves of professional subject-matter associations like the National Council of Teachers of Mathematics, efforts to set standards and articulate systemic reforms based on them were soon generated by nearly every state in the union (American Federation of Teachers, 1995) and ...


Adult Literacy Assessment In Comparative Contexts, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1997

Adult Literacy Assessment In Comparative Contexts, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

In an ever-shrinking world, there are increasing efforts among many countries to understand their economic, social, and educational policies in the relative light of other nations' successes and failures. Largely begun by anthropologiests in the colonial era, cross-cultural studies examined and compared human behavior ranging from childrearing practices and initiation rites to the training of craftsmen and sedentary agriculturists. Cross-cultural and cross-national comparisons of literacy ability are of rather more recent vintage; for example, studies of the cultural specificities of reading in different languages and scripts, the cognitive consequences of literacy in cultural groups, and skill performance across industrialized countries ...