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Articles 1 - 11 of 11

Full-Text Articles in Education

School-Based Management: Promise And Process, Priscilla Wohlstetter, Susan Albers Mohrman Nov 1994

School-Based Management: Promise And Process, Priscilla Wohlstetter, Susan Albers Mohrman

CPRE Policy Briefs

This issue of CPRE Finance Briefs summarizes research that investigated how school-based management can be implemented so that it is more than just a catch-phrase. Making the transition to SBM is neither simple nor quick. Neither is it possible for SBM to succeed simply by giving schools more power over such things as budgets, personnel and curriculum. In addition to power, schools need hefty portions of three other commodities that private sector research has found to be essential for making good and productive decisions:

Knowledge of the organization so that employees can improve it. Teachers and other stakeholders need technical ...


Price Cutting In Liability Insurance Markets, Scott. E. Harrington, Patricia. M. Danzon Oct 1994

Price Cutting In Liability Insurance Markets, Scott. E. Harrington, Patricia. M. Danzon

Health Care Management Papers

This article analyzes alleged underpricing of general liability insurance prior to the mid-1980s liability insurance "crisis." The theoretical analysis considers whether moral hazard and/or heterogeneous information for forecasting claim costs can cause some firms to price too low and depress other firms' prices. Cross-sectional analysis of insurer loss forecast revisions (which should be greater for firms with low prices caused by moral hazard or hetero- geneous information) and premium growth provides evidence consistent with low pricing due to moral hazard but not heterogeneous information. The evidence also implies that shifts in the loss distribution produced large industrywide forecast errors.


Supply And Demand For Literacy Instruction In The United States, Richard L. Venezky, Daniel A. Wagner Sep 1994

Supply And Demand For Literacy Instruction In The United States, Richard L. Venezky, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

The supply-demand equations for adult literacy instruction in the United States are complicated by (a) changing demands for basic skils in the workplace, (b) an increased in immigrants who have limited command of English, (c) changing federal welfare policies, and (d) limited awareness on the part of those with low reading and writing ability that their skills are not sufficient for everyday literacy needs. This paper reviews critical features of the supply of literacy instruction, drawing on recent state and national surveys of service providers and of technology; data on the demand for literacy instruction; the recent National Adult Literacy ...


Reform Of High School Mathematics And Science And Opportunity To Learn, Andrew C. Porter, Michael W. Kirst, Eric Osthoff, John L. Smithson, Steven A. Schneider Sep 1994

Reform Of High School Mathematics And Science And Opportunity To Learn, Andrew C. Porter, Michael W. Kirst, Eric Osthoff, John L. Smithson, Steven A. Schneider

CPRE Policy Briefs

This brief concerns the nature of the high school mathematics and science curriculum in the United States. It draws from a large study which documented instructional practices and content using novel methodologies. This research approach is a promising step toward the development of indicators of opportunity to learn. The study also provides encouraging news about the effects of increased standards in math and science - they did not result in a watering down of the curriculum. However, practice in the schools studied is a far cry from the ambitious goals for math and science instruction now being developed by the profession.


Challenges In Systemic Education Reform, Susan H. Fuhrman Sep 1994

Challenges In Systemic Education Reform, Susan H. Fuhrman

CPRE Policy Briefs

Reform is generating a great deal of excitement and energy is associated with many positive classroom changes. But policymakers and educators are also facing a number of challenges in designing and implementing the new policies. This policy brief examines these challenges as well as strategies states are using to address them. It draws from CPRE's studies of reform in 19 states and from discussions with staff of policymaker associations involved in providing assistance to states.


Use It Or Lose It? The Problem Of Adult Literacy Skills Retention, Daniel A. Wagner Jul 1994

Use It Or Lose It? The Problem Of Adult Literacy Skills Retention, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

In the fields of adult literacy and adult learning, most researchers have focused on the acquisition of various skills and abilities. Very little attention has been devoted to skill retention. Without more research information, however, it is difficult to know whether the literacy skills learned in America's adult education programs are likely to be retained for very long. This report is a literature review that covers what is known about (a) cognitive skill retention across the life span, (b) studies of literacy and basic skills retention, and (c) policy implications of skill retention work. The main conclusion of the ...


Sums Of Squares Of Edge Lengths And Spacefilling Curve Heuristics For The Traveling Salesman Problem, Jun Gao, John M. Steele May 1994

Sums Of Squares Of Edge Lengths And Spacefilling Curve Heuristics For The Traveling Salesman Problem, Jun Gao, John M. Steele

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

The sum of squares of the edge lengths of the tour provided by the spacefilling curve heuristic applied to a random sample of n points from the unit square is proved to be asymptotically equal to a periodic function of the logarithm of the sample size.


Reforming Science, Mathematics, And Technology Education: Nsf's State Systemic Initiatives, University Of Pennsylvania May 1994

Reforming Science, Mathematics, And Technology Education: Nsf's State Systemic Initiatives, University Of Pennsylvania

CPRE Policy Briefs

This brief presents some initial observations about the Statewide Systemic Initiatives based on the first two years of an evaluation study, and discusses some of the issues state and local leaders faced as they attempted to transform science, mathematics, and technology education (1994).


Including School Finance In Systemic Reform Strategies: A Commentary, Allan Odden May 1994

Including School Finance In Systemic Reform Strategies: A Commentary, Allan Odden

CPRE Policy Briefs

This 1994 CPRE Finance Brief takes a look at the school finance issue and proposes that education funding be tied more closely to systemic reform initiatives. It next describes past trends in school finance and current challenges to traditional education funding sources. Policy implications of these changes are presented, followed by a discussion of possible components of a finance system based on systemic reform.


Life-Span And Life-Space Literacy: National And International Perspectives, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1994

Life-Span And Life-Space Literacy: National And International Perspectives, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

Swain: We're constantly struck with the paradox that children are born with a tremendous capacity to learn, and yet many children have great difficulty in school, and grow up to lack the facility with reading, writing and oral language that is so needed in a complex society. Families across cultures and languages are successful in supporting their children's learning and achievement, and we have much to learn from these successful families and their children. And yet other families have great difficulties. . . . Yet, within families with great difficulties, we have children who are resilient to these forces, and others ...


Would Mandatory Attendance Be Effective For Economics Classes?, J. Scott Armstrong Jan 1994

Would Mandatory Attendance Be Effective For Economics Classes?, J. Scott Armstrong

Marketing Papers

Romer (1993) suggests that universities should undertake experiments that would test the value of mandatory attendance for economics courses. He presents evidence showing that those who attended his classes received higher grades on his exams and concluded that "an important part of the relationship [to the course grade] reflects a genuine effect of attendance." This conclusion is likely to be welcomed by some economics professors.

In this note, I address two issues. First, what does prior research imply about a relationship between attendance and learning? Second, does Romer's own evidence support his conclusion that mandatory attendance is beneficial?