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Full-Text Articles in Education

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Publications

A public compact for postsecondary education in the 21st century must have at its core a commitment to educational opportunity. The demands of the knowledge economy and modern democracy require that most Americans have the opportunity to develop critical thinking, problem solving, communication, and technological knowledge and skills.


College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Driven To Perform: Tennessee's Higher Education Policies & Outcomes: A Case Study, Joni E. Finney, Elaine W. Leigh, Roman Ruiz, Wendy Castillo, Edward Smith, Daniel C. Kent Apr 2017

Driven To Perform: Tennessee's Higher Education Policies & Outcomes: A Case Study, Joni E. Finney, Elaine W. Leigh, Roman Ruiz, Wendy Castillo, Edward Smith, Daniel C. Kent

GSE Publications

This report presents a picture of how multiple converging state policies affect higher educaton performance in Tennessee as the state pursues an aggressive plan to improve the educational attainment of its residents. Policy is a powerful lever for advancing—or hindering—a state's higher education attainment agenda. By taking into account Tennessee's particular state context, we can better understand the factors influencing the content, formation, implementation, and ultimate success of higher education policy intended to improve performance and meet state attainment goals (Perna & Finney, 2014).


Institutional Governance For A Shared Glocal Engagement Mission, Peter D. Eckel Jan 2017

Institutional Governance For A Shared Glocal Engagement Mission, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Governing bodies can and should play essential roles in advancing a glocal agenda. Governance is essential because glocal work is strategic, includes an accountability dimension and relies on the talents and perspectives governance participants can bring to the university. Boards should leverage their traditional oversight and accountability functions and their strategic work. However, to be most useful in this work, boards should also add a leadership function, in which they make sense of a dynamic environment and raise key issues for the university to address.


A Failing Safety Net: Declining Community College Affordability, Ben Williams, Joni E. Finney, Sarah Torres Dec 2016

A Failing Safety Net: Declining Community College Affordability, Ben Williams, Joni E. Finney, Sarah Torres

GSE Publications

The nation’s community colleges serve as the educational safety net for millions of students. While the safety net is showing signs of wear, it can be restored within current state and federal policies guiding higher education. Bipartisan support can and should be developed for this agenda because it cuts across the desire within both major political parties to create opportunities for those left behind.


The Interesecting Authority Of Boards, Presidents, And Faculty: Toward Shared Leadership, Peter D. Eckel, Adrianna Kezar Jan 2016

The Interesecting Authority Of Boards, Presidents, And Faculty: Toward Shared Leadership, Peter D. Eckel, Adrianna Kezar

GSE Publications

This chapter explores the leadership dynamics of universities through the lens of governance and the three groups of actors that play dominant roles — trustees, presidents, and faculty.3 While we recognize the important contributions of students or staff,4 this chapter focuses on the three groups most consistently influential and that are part of the formal governance structure. In addition to describing the leadership of boards, presidents, and faculty, it explores the organizational and environmental contexts of leading in the academy, select theories of leadership that pertain to higher education, and the intersection of faculty, trustee, and administrative influence.


2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: National Report, Joni E. Finney Jan 2016

2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: National Report, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

College Affordability Diagnosis is the most comprehensive state-by-state study of college affordability since 2008, when the last Measuring Up report was completed by the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education.


Technology: The Solution To Higher Education's Pressing Problems?, Laura W. Perna, Roman Ruiz Jan 2016

Technology: The Solution To Higher Education's Pressing Problems?, Laura W. Perna, Roman Ruiz

GSE Publications

No book designed to inform understanding of how higher education is influenced by and responds to societal changes, demands, and progress would be complete without a chapter on technology. Defined as "the application of scientific knowledge to the practical aims of human life," technology is a fundamental element of any society.1 Technology is more than cutting-edge, advanced, "high-tech" innovations and is not limited to "technology sectors" like aerospace, nanotechnology, and robotics. Rather, the term "technology" refers to the tools that are available in the society in which we live and work, and that may be applied and leveraged to ...


Higher Education Internationalization In The Context Of Ongoing Economic-Political Transitions: Insights From Former Soviet And Eastern Bloc Nations, Kata Orosz, Laura W. Perna Jan 2016

Higher Education Internationalization In The Context Of Ongoing Economic-Political Transitions: Insights From Former Soviet And Eastern Bloc Nations, Kata Orosz, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

In this introductory essay to the special issue, we discuss the importance of regional and national contexts for understanding internationalization of higher education and provide contextual information about the cluster of former Soviet and Eastern bloc nations. Drawing from findings from the three studies included in this special issue, we also identify themes that may characterize the internationalization of higher education in former Soviet and Eastern bloc nations. We conclude the essay by discussing the value of comparative research on internationalization of higher education and identifying directions for future research.


2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: State Assessments, Joni E. Finney Jan 2016

2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: State Assessments, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Mindfulness Training: A Transdisciplinary Approach To Assessing Efficacy In Education, Elizabeth Mackenzie Jul 2015

Mindfulness Training: A Transdisciplinary Approach To Assessing Efficacy In Education, Elizabeth Mackenzie

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Ambient Positional Instability Among Ohio Math And Science Teachers: 2008 To 2014, John Baker, Robert Boruch Apr 2015

Ambient Positional Instability Among Ohio Math And Science Teachers: 2008 To 2014, John Baker, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

This briefing is on teacher retention and Ambient Positional Instability (API) rates from 2008-09 to 2013-14 for math and science teachers in the state of Ohio. API is investigated in two ways; first, the cohort of math and science teachers teaching in the 2008-09 school year are followed over five years and, second, the population of math and science teachers are tracked from one year to the next over the same time period. Data analyses are presented with key findings identified. Instability rates tend to be stable year-to-year. Teachers in non-charter public schools in the five largest cities in Ohio ...


Minority Serving Institutions: A Guide To Research And Publishing, Felecia Commodore, Ufuoma Abiola, Francisco Ramos, Marybeth Gasman Jan 2015

Minority Serving Institutions: A Guide To Research And Publishing, Felecia Commodore, Ufuoma Abiola, Francisco Ramos, Marybeth Gasman

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


On Their Own Terms: Two-Year Minority Serving Institutions, Thai-Huy Nguyen, Valerie Lundy-Wagner, Andres Samayoa, Marybeth Gasman Jan 2015

On Their Own Terms: Two-Year Minority Serving Institutions, Thai-Huy Nguyen, Valerie Lundy-Wagner, Andres Samayoa, Marybeth Gasman

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


An Examination Of Existing And Emerging Hispanic Serving Institutions’ Latino Initiatives And Culture, Daniel Corral, Marybeth Gasman, Thai-Huy Nguyen, Andres Samayoa Jan 2015

An Examination Of Existing And Emerging Hispanic Serving Institutions’ Latino Initiatives And Culture, Daniel Corral, Marybeth Gasman, Thai-Huy Nguyen, Andres Samayoa

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Redefining Success: How Tribal Colleges And Universities Build Nations, Strengthen Sovereignty, And Persevere Through Challenges, Ginger Stull, Demetrios Spyridakis, Marybeth Gasman, Andres Samayoa, Yvette Booker Jan 2015

Redefining Success: How Tribal Colleges And Universities Build Nations, Strengthen Sovereignty, And Persevere Through Challenges, Ginger Stull, Demetrios Spyridakis, Marybeth Gasman, Andres Samayoa, Yvette Booker

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Understanding The Human Capital Benefits Of A Government-Funded International Scholarship Program: An Exploration Of Kazakhstan's Bolashak Program, Laura W. Perna, Kata Orosz, Zakir Jumakulov Jan 2015

Understanding The Human Capital Benefits Of A Government-Funded International Scholarship Program: An Exploration Of Kazakhstan's Bolashak Program, Laura W. Perna, Kata Orosz, Zakir Jumakulov

GSE Publications

This study utilizes qualitative research methods to explore the human capital benefits of one government-sponsored international scholarship program — Kazakhstan's Bolashak Scholars Program — and how program characteristics and other forces promote and limit these benefits. The findings raise a number of questions for policymakers, administrators, and researchers about how a government-sponsored international scholarship program should be structured so as to maximize human capital develoment for individuals and the sponsoring nation.


Students At The Margins And The Institutions That Serve Them: A Global Perspective, Marybeth Gasman, Andres Samayoa Jan 2015

Students At The Margins And The Institutions That Serve Them: A Global Perspective, Marybeth Gasman, Andres Samayoa

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Taken Out Of Context: Defending Civic Education From The Situationist Critique, Sigal R. Ben-Porath, Gideon Dishon Jan 2015

Taken Out Of Context: Defending Civic Education From The Situationist Critique, Sigal R. Ben-Porath, Gideon Dishon

GSE Publications

Situationists have suggested that educational efforts to improve character and instill virtues should be abandoned, as individuals’ behavior is predicted by contexts and situations rather than by character traits. More recently it has been suggested that civic education and especially the effort to cultivate civic virtues are ineffective for similar reasons and should be replaced by the introduction of desirable social norms and institutions. After surveying the debate on this topic in the first part of the essay, we suggest that in fact virtues should not be judged as existing within one person and absent from another based on their ...


Minimising Brain Drain – The Pros And Cons, Laura W. Perna, Kata Orosz, Zakir Jumakulov Nov 2014

Minimising Brain Drain – The Pros And Cons, Laura W. Perna, Kata Orosz, Zakir Jumakulov

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


An Hbcu-Based Educational Approach For Black College Student Success: Toward A Framework With Implications For All Institutions, Andrew Arroyo, Marybeth Gasman Nov 2014

An Hbcu-Based Educational Approach For Black College Student Success: Toward A Framework With Implications For All Institutions, Andrew Arroyo, Marybeth Gasman

GSE Publications

This conceptual study builds an institution-focused, non-Eurocentric, theoretical framework of black college student success. Specifically, the study synthesizes the relevant empirical research on the contributions historically black colleges and universities (HBCUs) have made for black student success, leading to an original model that all institutions can adapt to their contexts. Significantly, this is the first HBCU-based theoretical model to appear in the academic literature. The study concludes with several implications for research and practice, including testing the model and using it in institutional planning.


State Of Attainment: Three Ways That States Can Help More Students Access Higher Levels Of Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney Nov 2014

State Of Attainment: Three Ways That States Can Help More Students Access Higher Levels Of Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

Fourteenth place. That's where the United States ranked in the proportion of 25- to 34-year-olds who achieved postsecondary degrees, according to a 2012 report by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. Unless the U.S. increases the share of the population that has completed a college degree, the country will lack the educational skills and training required to meet the workforce demands of a global economy. Sixty-three percent of job researchers predict, will require education beyond high school in 2018. For the U.S. to be competitive on a global scale, it must devote more effort to closing ...


On Not Taking Language Inequality For Granted: Hymesian Traces In Ethnographic Monitoring Of South Africa’S Multilingual Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger Sep 2014

On Not Taking Language Inequality For Granted: Hymesian Traces In Ethnographic Monitoring Of South Africa’S Multilingual Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

South African higher education is at a critical juncture in the implementation of South Africa’s multilingual language policy promoting institutional status for nine African languages, English, and Afrikaans. South African scholars, not content merely to comment from the sidelines on the policy, its promise, and challenges, have also engaged in implementation efforts. This article explores two such initiatives, both focusing on the use of African languages in higher education institutions where English is already established as the medium of instruction, and both undertaken with explicit goals of righting South Africa’s longstanding social injustices. I collaborated with colleagues at ...


Why State Leadership Matters For Improving Access To Higher Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney Jul 2014

Why State Leadership Matters For Improving Access To Higher Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Making Sense Of A Looking Glass World, Robert M. Zemsky, Susan Shaman, Laura W. Perna May 2014

Making Sense Of A Looking Glass World, Robert M. Zemsky, Susan Shaman, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

As the Walrus in Lewis Carroll's knows, it is the sorting out that matters most. And in colleges and universities, just as in oysters, those of the largest size and most prestige will almost certainly insist on being grouped together, no matter what the consequences. Working with the support of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation we have set for ourselves the task of doing just that—using data drawn from the U.S. Department of Education's Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) to sort American colleges and universities into recognizable clusters that or segments that facilitate the making ...


From Master Plan To Mediocrity: Higher Education Performance & Policy In California, Joni E. Finney, Christina Riso, Kata Orosz, William C. Boland Apr 2014

From Master Plan To Mediocrity: Higher Education Performance & Policy In California, Joni E. Finney, Christina Riso, Kata Orosz, William C. Boland

GSE Publications

This study describes the political and economic context of California and provides an overview of higher education performance during the last two decades. Our aim is to explore the policies in place within the state and the relationship between these policies and California’s declining higher education performance, and to call for a reexamination of these policies by stakeholders in order to help California meet its current and future economic needs.


Promoting College Access For All Students, Laura W. Perna Mar 2014

Promoting College Access For All Students, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


What Might We Learn From Research About Traditional Colleges And Universities, Laura W. Perna Mar 2014

What Might We Learn From Research About Traditional Colleges And Universities, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

This conference seeks to establish the foundations of a research agenda for determining the performance of tax-paying colleges and universities and the contributions of these institutions to societal goals. This paper advances this agenda by considering lessons learned from research on “traditional” (that is, public and private not-for-profit) colleges and universities. The paper first identifies the societal purposes of higher education and then considers what we know from research about how well traditional higher education institutions achieve these societal purposes. The paper concludes with recommendations drawn from research on traditional colleges and universities that may help guide the establishment of ...


Promoting College Access And Success For All Students: The Promise Of New Technology, Laura W. Perna Mar 2014

Promoting College Access And Success For All Students: The Promise Of New Technology, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Renewing The Promise: State Policies To Improve Higher Education Performance, Joni E. Finney, Laura W. Perna, Patrick M. Callan Feb 2014

Renewing The Promise: State Policies To Improve Higher Education Performance, Joni E. Finney, Laura W. Perna, Patrick M. Callan

GSE Publications

As the need for a highly knowledgeable citizenry grows, fewer Americans are accessing training and education beyond high school. The failure to attain postsecondary degrees and workforce certificates is particularly pervasive among low-income and minority populations. An undereducated citizenry leaves the country at a competitive disadvantage, diminishes the middle class, and lowers the standard of living for more and more people. Although the federal government plays an important role in higher education, states bear the primary responsibility for developing their own public higher education systems, including policies for funding and governing higher education and for connecting higher education with public ...