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Full-Text Articles in Education

Rooted In Resilience: A Framework For The Integration Of Well-Being In Teacher Education Programs, Jessica Spurgeon, Lauren Thompson Aug 2018

Rooted In Resilience: A Framework For The Integration Of Well-Being In Teacher Education Programs, Jessica Spurgeon, Lauren Thompson

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

The process of teaching students is incredibly difficult. Oftentimes, the adversities of the profession sway highly effective teachers into social and emotional deficits, and eventually lead to burnout (Spilt, Koomen, & Thijs, 2011; Wisniewski & Gargiulo, 1997). Emotional depletion, burnout, and high attrition in the profession may be costly for the educational system – both financially and academically (Klusmann, Richter, & Lüdtke, 2016). We suggest that the key to preventing burnout, and cultivating flourishing students, is through the educators themselves. Educators who are taught, practice, and implement the skills of well-being at the onset of their careers are more likely to positively adapt and endure the ...


Living And Teaching Well-Being: An Application Plan For A Professional Certificate In Applied Positive Education At The Shawnee Institute, Carolyn Gray, Henry Narwhal, Rosie Jaye, Supakorn Laohasongkram May 2017

Living And Teaching Well-Being: An Application Plan For A Professional Certificate In Applied Positive Education At The Shawnee Institute, Carolyn Gray, Henry Narwhal, Rosie Jaye, Supakorn Laohasongkram

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Modern education is largely focused on academic achievement, yet recent research has called into question whether academic learning is enough to foster and support mental and physical health across the lifespan. Mounting interest in more well-balanced educational approaches that integrate academic learning and character education have inspired the emergence of a new field called positive education. Despite a growing demand, comprehensive training in positive education remains limited. The Shawnee Institute, a nonprofit organization dedicated to the advancement of positive education, aims to fill this void by launching a professional certificate in applied positive education. The following paper presents a tailored ...


Washington State Public Teachers' Ambient Positional Instability From A Statistical Approach Of Retrospective Study & Prospective Study, Bowen Cai, Robert Boruch May 2017

Washington State Public Teachers' Ambient Positional Instability From A Statistical Approach Of Retrospective Study & Prospective Study, Bowen Cai, Robert Boruch

GSE Publications

The purpose of this research is to study the movements of teachers’ churn rate in the state of Washington over the past 14 years. The research of teachers’ churn rate is an integrative study, with retrospective part and prospective part. Retrospective study includes the analysis of descriptive statistics (level I), statistical inference (level II) and causal inference (level III) (Berk, R.A. (2016) Statistical Learning from a Regression Perspective. Philadelphia, PA: Springer). Prospective study is mainly about forecasting and statistical inference that generated from the predictions. In this research, we are using longitudinal data analysis. The good point of longitudinal ...


A Quarter Century Of Changes In The Elementary And Secondary Teaching Force: From 1987 To 2012 - Statistical Analysis Report, Richard M. Ingersoll Apr 2017

A Quarter Century Of Changes In The Elementary And Secondary Teaching Force: From 1987 To 2012 - Statistical Analysis Report, Richard M. Ingersoll

GSE Publications

This report utilizes the nationally representative Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) to examine changes in the elementary and secondary teaching force in the United States over the quarter century from 1987-88 to 2011-12. The report focuses on three key demographic characteristics: the size of the teaching force, the level of teaching experience of the teaching force, and the racial/ethnic composition of the teaching force.


Conflicting Ideologies Of Mexican Immigrant English Across Levels Of Schooling, Sarah Gallo, Holly Link, Elaine Allard, Stanton Wortham, Katherin Mortimer Apr 2014

Conflicting Ideologies Of Mexican Immigrant English Across Levels Of Schooling, Sarah Gallo, Holly Link, Elaine Allard, Stanton Wortham, Katherin Mortimer

GSE Publications

This article explores how language ideologies—beliefs about immigrant students’ language use—carry conflicting images of Spanish speakers in one New Latino Diaspora town. We describe how teachers and students encounter, negotiate, and appropriate divergent ideologies about immigrant students’ language use during routine schooling practices, and we show how these ideologies convey different messages about belonging to the community and to the nation. Although the concept of language ideology often assumes stable macrolevel beliefs, our data indicate that ideologies can vary dramatically in one town. Elementary educators and students had a positive, “bilinguals-in-the-making” ideology about Spanish-speaking students, while secondary educators ...


From The Inside In: An Examination Of Common Core Knowledge & Communication In Schools, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Ryan Fink, Bobbi Newman Mar 2014

From The Inside In: An Examination Of Common Core Knowledge & Communication In Schools, Jonathan A. Supovitz, Ryan Fink, Bobbi Newman

CPRE Working Papers

In this report, CPRE researchers explore how Common Core knowledge and influence are distributed inside of schools and how these configurations may help teachers to engage with the Common Core and influence their understanding and implementation. To do so, we used a mixed-method approach to examine knowledge and influence in eight schools, including five elementary schools and three middle schools. Our central method was a survey of knowledge and influence of all faculty members in a sample of eight schools. These data are supplemented with interview data from a purposeful sample of teachers and administrators in the eight schools.

Sponsored ...


Character Education: A Role For Literature In Cultivating Character Strengths, Emily M. Fitzsimons Aug 2013

Character Education: A Role For Literature In Cultivating Character Strengths, Emily M. Fitzsimons

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Positive psychology is devoted to studying the flourishing human life beyond the mere absence of illness. The ability to know, measure and cultivate those elements that contribute to such a life is transforming many fields. The emerging applied field of positive education is using the findings of positive psychology to more effectively educate for psychological well-being alongside that of traditional academic learning. One crucial area of study in positive psychology is character strengths. Individuals who are not only cognizant of their strength profile but also use their strengths daily are happier, higher achieving, more resilient and more satisfied with their ...


The Minority Teacher Shortage: Fact Or Fable?, Richard M. Ingersoll, Henry May Sep 2011

The Minority Teacher Shortage: Fact Or Fable?, Richard M. Ingersoll, Henry May

GSE Publications

For several decades, shortages of minority teachers have been a big issue for the nation's schools. Policy makers and recent presidents have agreed that our elementary and secondary teaching force "should look like America." But the conventional wisdom is that as the nation's population and students have grown more diverse, the teaching force has done the opposite —grown more white and less diverse.


Resilience, Character Strengths And Flourishing: A Positive Education Workshop For Singapore Teachers, Sha-En Yeo Aug 2011

Resilience, Character Strengths And Flourishing: A Positive Education Workshop For Singapore Teachers, Sha-En Yeo

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Positive education, or teaching the skills of well-being through direct instruction and the curriculum, aims to teach children the skills to build resilience, capitalize on strengths and systematically build the pillars for a flourishing life. Positive education can succeed amidst a supportive school environment and well-equipped teachers that inculcate the right values and character. Given that school-going children spend more than fifty percent of their time in school, it is thus imperative that teachers be trained with the skills of well-being. This paper provides an introduction to positive psychology (the foundation for positive education), describes the need for positive education ...


Making Youtube And Facebook Videos: Gender Differences In Online Video Creation Among First-Year Undergraduate Students Attending A Highly Selective Research University, Anu Vedantham Jan 2011

Making Youtube And Facebook Videos: Gender Differences In Online Video Creation Among First-Year Undergraduate Students Attending A Highly Selective Research University, Anu Vedantham

Scholarship at Penn Libraries

Online video creation for YouTube and Facebook is a newly popular activity for college students. Women have explored social networking technologies at about the same level as men, but have expressed less interest in computer programming and multimedia design. Online video creation includes aspects of both social networking and programming / multimedia design and provides an interesting forum for examining gender-related differences. This mixed methods study uses questionnaire data from 31% of the population of first year students attending a highly selective research university. The study explores how online video creation varies by gender after incorporating theoretical concepts of confidence, self-efficacy ...


Making Youtube And Facebook Videos: Gender Differences In Online Video Creation Among First-Year Undergraduate Students Attending A Highly Selective Research University, Anu Vedantham Jan 2011

Making Youtube And Facebook Videos: Gender Differences In Online Video Creation Among First-Year Undergraduate Students Attending A Highly Selective Research University, Anu Vedantham

Scholarship at Penn Libraries

Online video creation for YouTube and Facebook is a newly popular activity for college students. Women have explored social networking technologies at about the same level as men, but have expressed less interest in computer programming and multimedia design. Online video creation includes aspects of both social networking and programming / multimedia design and provides an interesting forum for examining gender-related differences. This mixed methods study uses questionnaire data from 31% of the population of first year students attending a highly selective research university. The study explores how online video creation varies by gender after incorporating theoretical concepts of confidence, self-efficacy ...


Report On The Progress Of The In-Step Pilot Program, 2008-2009, Thomas B. Corcoran Dec 2009

Report On The Progress Of The In-Step Pilot Program, 2008-2009, Thomas B. Corcoran

CPRE Research Reports

This is the second report on the progress of the Inquiry Based Science and Technology Education Program (IN-STEP), an innovative science education initiative being implemented in the lower secondary schools of Phang-nga province. Sponsored by MSD Thailand, a pharmaceutical company, and supported by funding from its parent company, Merck & Co., Inc., IN-STEP is being implemented by a public-private partnership led by the Kenan Institute Asia (K.I.Asia), which, besides MSD Thailand and Merck & Co., includes the Thai Ministry of Education (MOE), the Merck Institute for Science Education (MISE), the Educational Services Area Office (ESAO) in Phang-nga province, the Institute ...


Misdiagnosing The Teacher Quality Problem, Richard Ingersoll Feb 2007

Misdiagnosing The Teacher Quality Problem, Richard Ingersoll

CPRE Policy Briefs

Few educational issues have received more attention in recent times than the problem of ensuring that our nation's elementary and secondary classrooms are all staffed with quality teachers. There is consensus that the quality of teachers and teaching matter--and undoubtedly are among the most important factors shaping the learning and growth of students. Moreover, there is consensus that serious problems exist with the quality of teachers and teaching in the United States. Beyond that, however, there appears to be little consensus and much disagreement--especially over what teacher quality entails and what the sources of, and solutions to, the problem ...


A Comparative Study Of Teacher Preparation And Qualifications In Six Nations, Richard Ingersoll Jan 2007

A Comparative Study Of Teacher Preparation And Qualifications In Six Nations, Richard Ingersoll

CPRE Research Reports

Across the educational systems of the world, few issues have received more attention in recent years than the problem of ensuring that elementary and secondary-school classrooms are all staffed with adequately qualified teachers (Mullis, et al., 2000; OECD, 1994, 2005; Wang, et al., 2003). Even in nations where students routinely score high on international exams, the issue of teacher quality is the subject of much concern. This is not surprising. Elementary and secondary schooling is mandatory in almost all nations and children are legally placed in the care of teachers for a significant portion of their lives. It is widely ...


High Hopes: How High Schools Respond To State Accountability Policies, Betheny Gross, Margaret E. Goertz Mar 2005

High Hopes: How High Schools Respond To State Accountability Policies, Betheny Gross, Margaret E. Goertz

CPRE Research Reports

This report by the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE) focuses squarely on strategies for instructional improvement in American high schools. Specifically, this study examines how high schools that perform below average incorporate their state’s accountability goals into their own goals, identify their challenges, and search for strategies for instructional improvement. We focus on how high schools of differing performance levels and contexts, residing in states with different forms of high-stakes accountability and support systems, identify, understand, and respond to the gap between their current levels of performance and external expectations for their performance.


Strategic Leadership For Education Reform: Lessons From The Statewide Systemic Initiatives Program, Daniel Heck, Iris Weiss Jan 2005

Strategic Leadership For Education Reform: Lessons From The Statewide Systemic Initiatives Program, Daniel Heck, Iris Weiss

CPRE Policy Briefs

In 1990, the National Science Foundation (NSF) created the Statewide Systemic Initiative Program. The solicitation issued by the Directorate for Science and Engineering Education sought proposals “for projects intended to broaden the impact, accelerate the pace, and increase the effectiveness of improvements in science, mathematics, and engineering education in both K-12 and post-secondary levels“(NSF, 1990, p. 1).

Projects funded as Statewide Systemic Initiatives (SSIs) were to align various parts of the system to produce comprehensive, coordinated, and sustained change. Curriculum learning goals; content, instructional materials, and practice; assessment; teacher recruitment and preparation; and professional development of teachers, administrators, and ...


Do Teacher Induction And Mentoring Matter?, Richard Ingersoll, Thomas M. Smith Mar 2004

Do Teacher Induction And Mentoring Matter?, Richard Ingersoll, Thomas M. Smith

GSE Publications

In recent years there has been a growing interest in support, guidance, and orientation programs-collectively known as induction - for beginning elementary and secondary teachers during the transition into their first teaching jobs. This study examines whether such supports have a positive effect on the retention of beginning teachers. The study also focuses on different types and components of induction, including mentoring programs, collective' group activities, and the provision of extra resources and reduced workloads. The results indicate that beginning teachers who were provided with multiple supports, were less likely to move to other schools and less likely to leave the ...


New Fiscal Realities In Higher Education, University Of Pennsylvania Oct 1992

New Fiscal Realities In Higher Education, University Of Pennsylvania

CPRE Policy Briefs

This issue of CPRE Finance Briefs draws from a study conducted by Massy and Wilfer for the Finance Center of the Consortium for Policy Research in Education. The study examines how post secondary academic departments work in order to identify organizational incentives that can improve productivity.