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University of Pennsylvania

Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration

Higher Education

Articles 1 - 10 of 10

Full-Text Articles in Education

State Of Attainment: Three Ways That States Can Help More Students Access Higher Levels Of Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney Nov 2014

State Of Attainment: Three Ways That States Can Help More Students Access Higher Levels Of Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

Fourteenth place. That's where the United States ranked in the proportion of 25- to 34-year-olds who achieved postsecondary degrees, according to a 2012 report by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. Unless the U.S. increases the share of the population that has completed a college degree, the country will lack the educational skills and training required to meet the workforce demands of a global economy. Sixty-three percent of job researchers predict, will require education beyond high school in 2018. For the U.S. to be competitive on a global scale, it must devote more effort to closing ...


On Not Taking Language Inequality For Granted: Hymesian Traces In Ethnographic Monitoring Of South Africa’S Multilingual Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger Sep 2014

On Not Taking Language Inequality For Granted: Hymesian Traces In Ethnographic Monitoring Of South Africa’S Multilingual Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

South African higher education is at a critical juncture in the implementation of South Africa’s multilingual language policy promoting institutional status for nine African languages, English, and Afrikaans. South African scholars, not content merely to comment from the sidelines on the policy, its promise, and challenges, have also engaged in implementation efforts. This article explores two such initiatives, both focusing on the use of African languages in higher education institutions where English is already established as the medium of instruction, and both undertaken with explicit goals of righting South Africa’s longstanding social injustices. I collaborated with colleagues at ...


An Interview With Laura Perna: Reactions To President Obama's State Of The Union Address, Michael F. Shaughnessy, Laura W. Perna Feb 2013

An Interview With Laura Perna: Reactions To President Obama's State Of The Union Address, Michael F. Shaughnessy, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Understanding The Role Of Research Universities In Improving College Preparation And Access At Local Urban High Schools, Laura W. Perna, Ira Harkavy, Cory Bowman Jan 2012

Understanding The Role Of Research Universities In Improving College Preparation And Access At Local Urban High Schools, Laura W. Perna, Ira Harkavy, Cory Bowman

GSE Publications

Urban colleges and universities not only have a responsibility to engage in activities designed to improve the educational attainment of local urban youth, but also have extensive financial, human, intellectual, and organizational resources that may be directed productively toward this purpose. This article describes the multipronged approach that the University of Pennsylvania is using to improve college opportunities for students attending Philadelphia high schools. We conclude by offering lessons that other institutions may draw from this example.


High School Students' Perceptions Of Local, National, And Institutional Scholarships, Laura W. Perna Jul 2008

High School Students' Perceptions Of Local, National, And Institutional Scholarships, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

This study uses data from 15 descriptive case studies to explore high school students’ perceptions of scholarships and the forces that contribute to these perceptions. The findings describe six themes that emerged from the data analyses: (a) awareness of scholarships; (b) perceptions of institutional scholarships; (c) motivations for pursuing scholarships; (d) barriers to pursuing scholarships; (e) sources of information about scholarships; and (f) potential strategies for encouraging more students to pursue scholarships. The article concludes by identifying implications for policy, practice, and future research.


Improving Educational Opportunities For Students Who Work, Laura W. Perna, Michelle Asha Cooper, Chunyan Li Jan 2007

Improving Educational Opportunities For Students Who Work, Laura W. Perna, Michelle Asha Cooper, Chunyan Li

GSE Publications

College students who cannot pay the price of attendance from some combination of personal financial resources and grants typically have three options: do not attend college, borrow money using public and private loans, and/or work. Data show that increasing shares of students are utilizing both loans and work to pay for college-related expenses (Baum, 2005). Much attention has focused on growth in borrowing (e.g., Baum, 2005; Perna, 2001), as well as potential consequences of borrowing for various aspects of students’ educational experiences, including persistence and degree completion (DesJardins, Ahlburg, & McCall, 2002; St. John, 2003) and graduate school enrollment (Choy & Carroll, 2000; Ehrenberg ...


College Preparation In The Middle Grades: It's More Than Sats, Laura W. Perna Sep 2001

College Preparation In The Middle Grades: It's More Than Sats, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Despite more than 30 years of effort by the federal government to increase college enrollment rates for African Americans, Hispanics, and low-income students, these groups continue to be underrepresented in higher education. Although family income and financial resources continue to influence college enrollment decisions, educators now suggest that the traditional focus on reducing financial barriers for the underrepresented groups has been too narrow.


Pre-College Outreach And Early Intervention, Laura W. Perna, W. Scott Swail Jan 2001

Pre-College Outreach And Early Intervention, Laura W. Perna, W. Scott Swail

GSE Publications

Both individuals and society at large benefit when an individual earns a college degree.

The benefits to individuals are short term and long term, economic and non-economic. Short-term benefits include enjoyment of the learning experience, participation in athletic, cultural, and social events, and enhancement of social status. Long-term benefits include higher lifetime earnings, more fulfilling work environment, better health, and longer life.1

Although societal benefits are more difficult to quantify, benefits that spill over beyond the individual cannot be ignored.2 One societal benefit is the economic growth associated with the enhanced productivity of labor resulting from higher levels ...


The Contribution Of Financial Aid To The Price Of Four-Year Institution Attended By 1989/90 Freshmen, Laura W. Perna Nov 1996

The Contribution Of Financial Aid To The Price Of Four-Year Institution Attended By 1989/90 Freshmen, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

By examining the effects of financial aid upon students' choice of what type of institution of higher education to attend, this study addressed the effectiveness of current student financial aid programs in achieving the goal of equal educational opportunity. The study evaluated a sample of 1,916 students in the first follow-up (1992) of the Beginning Postsecondary Student Survey of 1989-90 entering freshmen, a subsample of the National Postsecondary Student Aid Study. Students' choice of institution to attend was measured by the institutional characteristic of price after controlling for the effects of other student and institutional characteristics. The study's ...


Sex And Race Differences In Faculty Salaries, Tenure, Rank, And Productivity: Why, On Average, Do Women, African Americans, And Hispanics Have Lower Salaries, Tenure, And Rank?, Michael T. Nettles, Laura W. Perna Nov 1995

Sex And Race Differences In Faculty Salaries, Tenure, Rank, And Productivity: Why, On Average, Do Women, African Americans, And Hispanics Have Lower Salaries, Tenure, And Rank?, Michael T. Nettles, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

This study examined the status and conditions of salaries, tenure, rank attainment, and productivity of men and women college faculty and faculty of each of five racial groups. It is based on a subset of data on 8,114 faculty members drawn from the 1992-93 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty. The results, based on descriptive and multivariate analyses, indicate that, even after controlling for experience, education, productivity, and institutional characteristics, women received 11.3 percent lower salaries than men, had lower probabilities than men of being tenured, and were less likely than men to be full professors. While Hispanic and ...