Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 6 of 6

Full-Text Articles in Education

Standards Deviation: How Schools Misunderstand Education Policy, James P. Spillane Jun 2005

Standards Deviation: How Schools Misunderstand Education Policy, James P. Spillane

CPRE Policy Briefs

Instructional policy reforms that focus on standards and assessments have gained popularity in the last two decades. State governments, which had previously left most instructional matters to local governance, set challenging learning standards and developed related assessments and curricular frameworks. Despite their popularity and persistence, standards-based reforms face the challenge of successful local implementation. Occupying an intermediary position between the statehouse and the schoolhouse, the local school district has significant potential to influence standards implementation. It is important to consider the consequences for classroom instruction of what districts do in response to standards. While states may set standards and provide ...


High Hopes: How High Schools Respond To State Accountability Policies, Betheny Gross, Margaret E. Goertz Mar 2005

High Hopes: How High Schools Respond To State Accountability Policies, Betheny Gross, Margaret E. Goertz

CPRE Research Reports

This report by the Consortium for Policy Research in Education (CPRE) focuses squarely on strategies for instructional improvement in American high schools. Specifically, this study examines how high schools that perform below average incorporate their state’s accountability goals into their own goals, identify their challenges, and search for strategies for instructional improvement. We focus on how high schools of differing performance levels and contexts, residing in states with different forms of high-stakes accountability and support systems, identify, understand, and respond to the gap between their current levels of performance and external expectations for their performance.


No Child Left Behind: Repealing And “Unpeeling” Federal Language Education Policy In The United States, Bruce A. Evans, Nancy H. Hornberger Mar 2005

No Child Left Behind: Repealing And “Unpeeling” Federal Language Education Policy In The United States, Bruce A. Evans, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

For more than three decades U.S. language education policy was realized through the Bilingual Education Act (BEA), enacted in 1968 to meet the educational needs of language minority students. The BEA emphasized bilingual education and provided options for the development of students’ native language as well as their English language proficiency and academic achievement. In 2002 the BEA was replaced with the English Language Acquisition, Language Enhancement, and Academic Achievement Act. Current policy implicitly repeals the BEA and emphasizes the need for schools to quickly develop students' English language proficiency and move them to English only classrooms. Drawing on ...


Holding High Hopes: How High Schools Respond To State Accountability Policies, Margaret E. Goertz, Diane Massell Jan 2005

Holding High Hopes: How High Schools Respond To State Accountability Policies, Margaret E. Goertz, Diane Massell

CPRE Policy Briefs

American public education faces increasing pressure to carry out its mission of preparing youths with the skills to compete in today's global economy and to participate constructively in a democratic society. As part of this pressure, policymakers have developed increasingly sophisticated accountability and support systems to steer schools towards improved performance. These "new accountability" approaches emphasize student performance over system inputs, focus on schools rather than school districts as units of improvement, and use public reporting of student outcomes and rewards and sanctions as ways to motivate schools to alter their curriculum and instructional practices (Fuhrman, 1999). These strategies ...


Strategic Leadership For Education Reform: Lessons From The Statewide Systemic Initiatives Program, Daniel Heck, Iris Weiss Jan 2005

Strategic Leadership For Education Reform: Lessons From The Statewide Systemic Initiatives Program, Daniel Heck, Iris Weiss

CPRE Policy Briefs

In 1990, the National Science Foundation (NSF) created the Statewide Systemic Initiative Program. The solicitation issued by the Directorate for Science and Engineering Education sought proposals “for projects intended to broaden the impact, accelerate the pace, and increase the effectiveness of improvements in science, mathematics, and engineering education in both K-12 and post-secondary levels“(NSF, 1990, p. 1).

Projects funded as Statewide Systemic Initiatives (SSIs) were to align various parts of the system to produce comprehensive, coordinated, and sustained change. Curriculum learning goals; content, instructional materials, and practice; assessment; teacher recruitment and preparation; and professional development of teachers, administrators, and ...


Opening And Filling Up Implementational And Ideological Spaces In Heritage Language Education, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2005

Opening And Filling Up Implementational And Ideological Spaces In Heritage Language Education, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.