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Full-Text Articles in Education

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Publications

A public compact for postsecondary education in the 21st century must have at its core a commitment to educational opportunity. The demands of the knowledge economy and modern democracy require that most Americans have the opportunity to develop critical thinking, problem solving, communication, and technological knowledge and skills.


College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Driven To Perform: Tennessee's Higher Education Policies & Outcomes: A Case Study, Joni E. Finney, Elaine W. Leigh, Roman Ruiz, Wendy Castillo, Edward Smith, Daniel C. Kent Apr 2017

Driven To Perform: Tennessee's Higher Education Policies & Outcomes: A Case Study, Joni E. Finney, Elaine W. Leigh, Roman Ruiz, Wendy Castillo, Edward Smith, Daniel C. Kent

GSE Publications

This report presents a picture of how multiple converging state policies affect higher educaton performance in Tennessee as the state pursues an aggressive plan to improve the educational attainment of its residents. Policy is a powerful lever for advancing—or hindering—a state's higher education attainment agenda. By taking into account Tennessee's particular state context, we can better understand the factors influencing the content, formation, implementation, and ultimate success of higher education policy intended to improve performance and meet state attainment goals (Perna & Finney, 2014).


Institutional Governance For A Shared Glocal Engagement Mission, Peter D. Eckel Jan 2017

Institutional Governance For A Shared Glocal Engagement Mission, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Governing bodies can and should play essential roles in advancing a glocal agenda. Governance is essential because glocal work is strategic, includes an accountability dimension and relies on the talents and perspectives governance participants can bring to the university. Boards should leverage their traditional oversight and accountability functions and their strategic work. However, to be most useful in this work, boards should also add a leadership function, in which they make sense of a dynamic environment and raise key issues for the university to address.


The Interesecting Authority Of Boards, Presidents, And Faculty: Toward Shared Leadership, Peter D. Eckel, Adrianna Kezar Jan 2016

The Interesecting Authority Of Boards, Presidents, And Faculty: Toward Shared Leadership, Peter D. Eckel, Adrianna Kezar

GSE Publications

This chapter explores the leadership dynamics of universities through the lens of governance and the three groups of actors that play dominant roles — trustees, presidents, and faculty.3 While we recognize the important contributions of students or staff,4 this chapter focuses on the three groups most consistently influential and that are part of the formal governance structure. In addition to describing the leadership of boards, presidents, and faculty, it explores the organizational and environmental contexts of leading in the academy, select theories of leadership that pertain to higher education, and the intersection of faculty, trustee, and administrative influence.


2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: National Report, Joni E. Finney Jan 2016

2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: National Report, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

College Affordability Diagnosis is the most comprehensive state-by-state study of college affordability since 2008, when the last Measuring Up report was completed by the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education.


2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: State Assessments, Joni E. Finney Jan 2016

2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: State Assessments, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


From Master Plan To Mediocrity: Higher Education Performance & Policy In California, Joni E. Finney, Christina Riso, Kata Orosz, William C. Boland Apr 2014

From Master Plan To Mediocrity: Higher Education Performance & Policy In California, Joni E. Finney, Christina Riso, Kata Orosz, William C. Boland

GSE Publications

This study describes the political and economic context of California and provides an overview of higher education performance during the last two decades. Our aim is to explore the policies in place within the state and the relationship between these policies and California’s declining higher education performance, and to call for a reexamination of these policies by stakeholders in order to help California meet its current and future economic needs.


Promoting College Access For All Students, Laura W. Perna Mar 2014

Promoting College Access For All Students, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Education By Corporation: The Merits And Perils Of For-Profit Higher Education For A Democratic Citizenry, Amy J. Sepinwall Jan 2014

Education By Corporation: The Merits And Perils Of For-Profit Higher Education For A Democratic Citizenry, Amy J. Sepinwall

Legal Studies and Business Ethics Papers

For-profit colleges have elicited wildly divergent reactions, with critics vilifying them and their executives, and supporters seeing in the institutions a necessary and laudable complement to public and nonprofit institutions. As I propose in this chapter, the truth likely lies somewhere between these extremes.


Improving Higher Education Attainment For All Students: A National Imperative, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney Jan 2014

Improving Higher Education Attainment For All Students: A National Imperative, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

Once a world leader, the United States has fallen behind other nations in the educational attainment of its population. Although the percentage of adults age 45 to 54 who hold at least a baccalaureate degree is higher in the United States than in other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) nations, the United States now ranks below several other nations, including Norway, the Netherlands, Korea, New Zealand, Denmark, and Sweden, in the share of adults age 25 to 34 who hold this credential. While the U.S. invested heavily in the educational attainment of earlier generations, other nations have ...


Reflections On Tinto's South Africa Lectures, Laura W. Perna Jan 2014

Reflections On Tinto's South Africa Lectures, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Providing reflections on Prof. Vincent Tinto's South Africa lectures is an incredibly honour. Like countless other scholars and practitioners in the field of higher educatin administration, I have long relied on Tinto's work to provide a foundation for my own efforts to understand how to improve students' college-related outcomes. In his first lecture, Tinto reflects on the "flash of recognition" that occurred when he learned about Durkheim's theory of suicide. Similarly, I vividly remember reading the second edition of his book, Leaving College (University of Chicago Press), in my apartment in Ann Arbor when I was a ...


Roadmap For The Development Of Education In Kazakhstan: Higher Education Roadmap Recommendations, Mary Canning, Joni E. Finney, Dennis Jones, Aims Mcguinness Nov 2013

Roadmap For The Development Of Education In Kazakhstan: Higher Education Roadmap Recommendations, Mary Canning, Joni E. Finney, Dennis Jones, Aims Mcguinness

GSE Publications

This document presents a set of recommendations for the Roadmap Project of the Republic of Kazakhstan developed by the Higher Education Project Team (Mary Canning, Joni Finney, Dennis Jones and Aims McGuinness). It is based on the July 2013 report Development of Strategic Directions for Education Reforms in Kazakhstan for 2015-2020.and on the reports of the Steering Committee.


What Presidents Really Think About Their Boards, Peter D. Eckel Nov 2013

What Presidents Really Think About Their Boards, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Takeaways

Contrary to many recent headlines of tensions between presidents and boards, the clear majority of presidents report that their boards have a positive impact on the institution, they are satisfied overall with the baord, and they think boards are engaged at the right levels.

Understanding higher education better may help to increase board engagement...as well as micromanaging if boards, board leaders, and presidents don't have ongoing conversations about the appropriate role of the board.

Presidents and boards must work together to get governance right. Such goals require effort, intentionality, and candor.


The Last 100 Days Of A Presidency: What Boards Need To Know And Do, Sandra S. Johnson, Peter D. Eckel May 2013

The Last 100 Days Of A Presidency: What Boards Need To Know And Do, Sandra S. Johnson, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Takeaways

It is just as important for a board to plan the transition of the outgoing president as it is to plan the transition of the incoming president.

Boards should help departing presidents fashion a to-do list, as well as a not-to-do list.

Boards should recognize that the departure of the president can present significant procedural and emotional issues for senior staff members awaiting the arrival of the new president.


The Sophistication Of Human Resources: The Learning Leader’S Challenge, Annie Mckee, Stanton Wortham Jan 2013

The Sophistication Of Human Resources: The Learning Leader’S Challenge, Annie Mckee, Stanton Wortham

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Integrating A Commitment To The Public Good Into The Institutional Fabric: Further Lessons From The Field, Ira Harkavy, Matthew Hartley Oct 2012

Integrating A Commitment To The Public Good Into The Institutional Fabric: Further Lessons From The Field, Ira Harkavy, Matthew Hartley

GSE Publications

This essay describes how a group of colleagues at the University of Pennsylvania have engaged in sustained efforts over a two-decade period to integrate a commitment to the public good into the fabric of institutional life.


Prescriptions For Change: Can Ideas From Health Care Cure Higher Education's Ills?, Peter D. Eckel Jul 2012

Prescriptions For Change: Can Ideas From Health Care Cure Higher Education's Ills?, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Takeaways

Higher education shares some important characteristics with the health-care sector. Both are dominated by large cadres of highly educated staff, have complex bottom lines, are market-driven and strongly influenced by public policy, and are made up of value-driven organizations.

Health care appears to be one or two decades ahead of higher education in its transformation into an industry that is more outcomes-based, cost- and price-sensitive, and responsive to customer needs.

Some of the insights that higher education can gain from health care include: Flawed systems generate flawed results; the focus should be on needs, costs, and undervalued services; wisdom ...


College Prices, Costs, And Outcomes: Who's Minding The Gap Between Higher Education And The Public?, Peter D. Eckel Jan 2012

College Prices, Costs, And Outcomes: Who's Minding The Gap Between Higher Education And The Public?, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Tuition and fees at most public and independent colleges and universities have risen markedly over the last two decades, and although the rate of increase has slowed in most cases, college has become less affordable for a number of people, and the willingness and ability of students, parents, and the public to pay the price have declined. Most board members seem to understand this point, but only when it comes to other colleges and universities, according to a survey recently conducted by the Association of Governing Boards of Universities and Colleges (AGB) of more than 2,500 board members across ...


Engagement For Democracy, Matthew Hartley Jan 2012

Engagement For Democracy, Matthew Hartley

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


New Media: Engaging And Educating The Youtube Generation, Anu Vedantham, Marjorie Hassen Dec 2011

New Media: Engaging And Educating The Youtube Generation, Anu Vedantham, Marjorie Hassen

Scholarship at Penn Libraries

Today’s undergraduates are clearly comfortable as consumers of technology and new media purchasing ring tones for their cell phones and tunes for their iPods, text-messaging from handheld devices, scanning and tinkering with photos, keeping up with their Facebook friends and watching viral YouTube videos, sometimes all simultaneously. We share examples of classroom assignments integrated with library support services that engage today’s undergraduates with academic materials in a variety of course contexts. We discuss how specific arrangements of library learning spaces and the alignment of space and staffing can help undergraduate students succeed with new media projects for class ...


A Little Supervision Is A Good Thing, Matthew Hartley, Alan Ruby Mar 2011

A Little Supervision Is A Good Thing, Matthew Hartley, Alan Ruby

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Making Youtube And Facebook Videos: Gender Differences In Online Video Creation Among First-Year Undergraduate Students Attending A Highly Selective Research University, Anu Vedantham Jan 2011

Making Youtube And Facebook Videos: Gender Differences In Online Video Creation Among First-Year Undergraduate Students Attending A Highly Selective Research University, Anu Vedantham

Scholarship at Penn Libraries

Online video creation for YouTube and Facebook is a newly popular activity for college students. Women have explored social networking technologies at about the same level as men, but have expressed less interest in computer programming and multimedia design. Online video creation includes aspects of both social networking and programming / multimedia design and provides an interesting forum for examining gender-related differences. This mixed methods study uses questionnaire data from 31% of the population of first year students attending a highly selective research university. The study explores how online video creation varies by gender after incorporating theoretical concepts of confidence, self-efficacy ...


Presidents Leading: The Dynamics And Complexities Of Campus Leadership, Peter D. Eckel, Adrianna Kezar Jan 2011

Presidents Leading: The Dynamics And Complexities Of Campus Leadership, Peter D. Eckel, Adrianna Kezar

GSE Publications

While the work of academics—teaching, research, and service—is the core of an institution, they need someone who can attend to the following:

1. Manage their finances and budgets and provide key services, such as payroll, and health and retirement benefits

2. Serve as a go-between to the scholars from different disciplines and coordinate individual course offerings to create a coherent curriculum

3. Act as a conduit to outside councils, government agencies, alumni, donors, and communities when representing, as well as defending, the academics

4. Steward, but more importantly increase, the available financial resources

5. Oversee facilities and ensure ...


The Civic Engagement Movement And The Democratization Of The Academy, Matthew Hartley, Ira Harkavy Jan 2011

The Civic Engagement Movement And The Democratization Of The Academy, Matthew Hartley, Ira Harkavy

GSE Publications

General book summary:

Diverse essays create a new definition of leadership education based in colleges and universities

The essays in this volume address the idea of leadership education through civic engagement. They delineate a new approach to leadership education reflecting important cultural trends driven by technology, globalization, and demographic shifts; look at some of the best leadership education programs nationwide; and offer “next steps” on how to transform higher education more broadly.


Making Youtube And Facebook Videos: Gender Differences In Online Video Creation Among First-Year Undergraduate Students Attending A Highly Selective Research University, Anu Vedantham Jan 2011

Making Youtube And Facebook Videos: Gender Differences In Online Video Creation Among First-Year Undergraduate Students Attending A Highly Selective Research University, Anu Vedantham

Scholarship at Penn Libraries

Online video creation for YouTube and Facebook is a newly popular activity for college students. Women have explored social networking technologies at about the same level as men, but have expressed less interest in computer programming and multimedia design. Online video creation includes aspects of both social networking and programming / multimedia design and provides an interesting forum for examining gender-related differences. This mixed methods study uses questionnaire data from 31% of the population of first year students attending a highly selective research university. The study explores how online video creation varies by gender after incorporating theoretical concepts of confidence, self-efficacy ...


School-Community-University Partnerships For A Sustainable Democracy: Education For Democratic Citizenship In Europe And The United States Of America, Matthew Hartley, Ted Huddleston Nov 2010

School-Community-University Partnerships For A Sustainable Democracy: Education For Democratic Citizenship In Europe And The United States Of America, Matthew Hartley, Ted Huddleston

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Closing Academic Programs: Pitfalls And Possibilities, Peter D. Eckel Jan 2010

Closing Academic Programs: Pitfalls And Possibilities, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Takeaways

1 Closures of academic programs can have lasting negative fallout and the savings may not be as great as anticipated, but at certain points—and if done well—closures can provide an opportunity to refocus the institution.

2 While campus leaders typically are the primary drivers of the initial decisions to close programs and to craft the processes of doing so, boards of trustees have important roles to fulfill that can advance the efforts.

3 The current economic uncertainties may have shortened the time it takes for some campuses to recognize that the only way forward is to close ...


Democratic Engagement White Paper, John Saltmarsh, Matthew Hartley, Patti Clayton Jan 2009

Democratic Engagement White Paper, John Saltmarsh, Matthew Hartley, Patti Clayton

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Toward A Clearer Understanding Of Privatization, Peter D. Eckel, Christopher C. Morphew Jan 2009

Toward A Clearer Understanding Of Privatization, Peter D. Eckel, Christopher C. Morphew

GSE Publications

The trend toward privatization in higher education is clearly accelerating, as evidenced in both the scholarly and popular presses. It remains unclear whether governments cannot, or choose not to, provide sufficient resources to public postsecondary education, but intelligence points to a myriad of possible points of contention. For instance, the subprime mortgage crisis, downturns on Wall Street, declining state tax bases, and other recently emerging trends suggest little relief is in sight. Furthermore, higher education and the states most likely won't be relieved by other long-term fiscal pressures. K-12 education and Medicare are frequently factors behind funding shortages. State ...