Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Education Commons

Open Access. Powered by Scholars. Published by Universities.®

Articles 1 - 30 of 53

Full-Text Articles in Education

Creative Problem Solving As A Positive Intervention And Approach To Career Development, Laura Delprato Aug 2018

Creative Problem Solving As A Positive Intervention And Approach To Career Development, Laura Delprato

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Every year, over 19 million college students in the United States face big decisions like choosing a major, securing an internship, and deciding their next steps after graduation (National Center for Education Statistics, 2018). With rapid advancements in the world of work, there are many emerging environmental factors that make these decisions complex and challenging (Callanan, Perri, & Tomkowicz, 2017). This paper explores how positive psychology and creative problem solving research can support students as they make career-related decisions and design their lives. Advancements in positive psychology build a foundation of research that supports work as a pathway to flourishing. Accordingly ...


An Investigation Into Best Practices And Lessons Learnt With Respect To China's Crackdown On Corruption, Dominic Kwok Jan 2018

An Investigation Into Best Practices And Lessons Learnt With Respect To China's Crackdown On Corruption, Dominic Kwok

Joseph Wharton Scholars

Corruption is a well-documented problem in China, as well as many other developed and undeveloped countries across the world. The problem is particularly pronounced in countries that have undergone rapid economic transformation, allowing large amounts of wealth to fall into the hands of a select few individuals. Although corruption has been researched extensively, what is less covered are potential solutions that the country, and others looking to carry out similar reform, could use to combat corruption most effectively. As China has transitioned from a planned economy to a market economy, and the economy has become more powerful than ever, corruption ...


The We Over Me Farm At Paul Quinn College: A Review, Acacia V. Overstreet Jan 2018

The We Over Me Farm At Paul Quinn College: A Review, Acacia V. Overstreet

Social Impact Research Experience (SIRE)

In 2010, Paul Quinn College, located in South Dallas, Texas, created the WE Over Me Farm. Paul Quinn College and the WE Over Me farm were formerly located in a food desert. Thus, the farm was created in order to address the issues most prevalent in its community: food access and food insecurity. The WE Over Me Farm is a sustainable plant farm located on Paul Quinn College’s former football field. When created, the WE Over Me Farm was intended to provide access to fresh fruits and vegetables in a community starved of healthy food options. Previously, residents located ...


21st Century Chinese Art Market Boom, Ayca Deniz Ergin Jan 2018

21st Century Chinese Art Market Boom, Ayca Deniz Ergin

Summer Program for Undergraduate Research (SPUR)

This research paper provides a detailed analysis of how China has become the fastest growing art market around the world. How did the economic development in China led the country to the top in recent years, in contrast to its Western competitors? What is China’s role in the global art market scene? What changes have been made, in a socialist system, to accommodate foreign investors and what future changes should be made to sustain its growth?

Through focusing on the correlation between economic growth and art market expansions, this research develops the relationship through referencing various quantitative and qualitative ...


Building Resilience In Mba Students: Bouncing Back And Forward Through Challenges, Denitsa Marinova Jan 2017

Building Resilience In Mba Students: Bouncing Back And Forward Through Challenges, Denitsa Marinova

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

The raison d'être for MBA programs is to prepare students to lead and manage effectively in the real world. An overview of the unique challenges awaiting MBAs, however, reveals a blind spot in business education: It doesn’t necessarily prepare MBA students to operate effectively in the VUCA (volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous) world of today. This paper suggests that resilience training can help fill the void by enhancing the capacity of MBAs to bounce back and forward through and despite adversity. The objective of the paper is to propose a conceptual design of an evidence-based, relevant, and applicable ...


Philly, Delhi And Beyond: What Is A Social Science Studio?, Kushanava Choudhury May 2015

Philly, Delhi And Beyond: What Is A Social Science Studio?, Kushanava Choudhury

Reports (Social Science Studio)

In Spring 2014, six students and one professor took part in a course offered by Urban Studies at U Penn, titled "Social Science Studio: Immigrants Make the City". By focusing on the Italian Market neighborhood, in South Philadelphia, students explored how immigration transforms urban spaces in large American cities. They researched how immigrants are remaking the city economically, politically, socially, and culturally. We approached the field with multiple sets of disciplinary tools to describe what exists on the ground, in order to accommodate multiple ways of seeing.

The "Social Science Studio" concept is simple: Use the design studio format to ...


A Digital Revitalization: Immigration And The Italian Market, Sean Lynch Jan 2015

A Digital Revitalization: Immigration And The Italian Market, Sean Lynch

Reports (Social Science Studio)

Existing theories of public spaces are outdated because they largely ignore the advent of digital socialization. The revitalization of public spaces such as parks, sidewalks in the new urbanist mold is premised on ideas of public space from the 1950s, before suburban sprawl. However, technology, such as smart phones and social media, have fundamentally changed the way in which all groups now interface with space. This is especially true of immigrants, who exist in multiple spaces, at home and in the new city, at once and maintain these myriad linkages through digital space.

This project presents a critique of proposed ...


Review Of Michel Anteby, Manufacturing Morals: The Values Of Silence In Business School Education, Nicolas Cornell Sep 2014

Review Of Michel Anteby, Manufacturing Morals: The Values Of Silence In Business School Education, Nicolas Cornell

Legal Studies and Business Ethics Papers

How can we teach people to be moral? It is a difficult, deep, and terribly important question. Michel Anteby's Manufacturing Morals aims to make a contribution to answering that question by studying the inner workings of Harvard Business School (HBS).


Getting The Best People Into The Toughest Jobs, Allan Odden Aug 2014

Getting The Best People Into The Toughest Jobs, Allan Odden

CPRE Policy Briefs

Teachers and principals have the greatest impact on student learning. Unfortunately, our public education system, until recently, selected and tenured thousands of ineffective teachers and principals particularly in high-poverty urban school and rural schools. But the landscape of how teachers and principals—the education talent—are managed is dramatically changing. A comprehensive and holistic view of strategic talent management in education is developing, supported by new and ambitious federal and state policies and rapidly changing local practices.

Strategic talent management is an approach that manages all human resource programs—recruitment, selection, placement, development, evaluation, tenure, promotion, dismissal, and compensation—around ...


The Impact Of Education On Wages: Analysis Of An Education Reform In Turkey, Leyla Mocan Apr 2014

The Impact Of Education On Wages: Analysis Of An Education Reform In Turkey, Leyla Mocan

Wharton Research Scholars

In 1997 Turkey passed a law making middle school completion compulsory, increasing the mandatory education from 5 to 8 years. At the time of this policy change, only 3-in-5 students were completing middle school in Turkey. In this paper, I investigate the effect of this law on educational attainment, the impact of the increase in education on wages, and explore how this varied across individuals. My results indicate that the fraction of children completing middle school increased more than 20 percentage points as a result of this reform. The effects were especially pronounced for girls (particularly those living in rural ...


Improving Educational Quality Through Enhancing Community Participation: Results From A Randomized Field Experiment In Indonesia, Menno Pradhan, Daniel Suryadarma, Amanda Beatty, Maisy Wong, Arya Gaduh, Armida Alisjahbana, Rima Prama Artha Apr 2014

Improving Educational Quality Through Enhancing Community Participation: Results From A Randomized Field Experiment In Indonesia, Menno Pradhan, Daniel Suryadarma, Amanda Beatty, Maisy Wong, Arya Gaduh, Armida Alisjahbana, Rima Prama Artha

Real Estate Papers

Education ministries worldwide have promoted community engagement through school committees. This paper presents results from a large field experiment testing alternative approaches to strengthen school committees in public schools in Indonesia. Two novel treatments focus on institutional reforms. First, some schools were randomly assigned to implement elections of school committee members. Another treatment facilitated joint planning meetings between the school committee and the village council (linkage). Two more common treatments, grants and training, provided resources to existing school committees. We find that institutional reforms, in particular linkage and elections combined with linkage, are most cost-effective at improving learning.


Holding The Hunger Games Hostage At The Gym: An Evaluation Of Temptation Bundling, Katherine L. Milkman, Julia A. Minson, Kevin. G. Volpp Feb 2014

Holding The Hunger Games Hostage At The Gym: An Evaluation Of Temptation Bundling, Katherine L. Milkman, Julia A. Minson, Kevin. G. Volpp

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

We introduce and evaluate the effectiveness of temptation bundling—a method for simultaneously tackling two types of self-control problems by harnessing consumption complementarities. We describe a field experiment measuring the impact of bundling instantly gratifying but guilt-inducing “want” experiences (enjoying page-turner audiobooks) with valuable “should” behaviors providing delayed rewards (exercising). We explore whether such bundles increase should behaviors and whether people would pay to create these restrictive bundles. Participants were randomly assigned to a full treatment condition with gym-only access to tempting audio novels, an intermediate treatment involving encouragement to restrict audiobook enjoyment to the gym, or a control condition ...


Education By Corporation: The Merits And Perils Of For-Profit Higher Education For A Democratic Citizenry, Amy J. Sepinwall Jan 2014

Education By Corporation: The Merits And Perils Of For-Profit Higher Education For A Democratic Citizenry, Amy J. Sepinwall

Legal Studies and Business Ethics Papers

For-profit colleges have elicited wildly divergent reactions, with critics vilifying them and their executives, and supporters seeing in the institutions a necessary and laudable complement to public and nonprofit institutions. As I propose in this chapter, the truth likely lies somewhere between these extremes.


The Silver Realigning: How Baby Boomers Who Have Lost Their Jobs Can Become More Positive And Find New Meaning In Their Lives, Patrick Sweeney Jan 2014

The Silver Realigning: How Baby Boomers Who Have Lost Their Jobs Can Become More Positive And Find New Meaning In Their Lives, Patrick Sweeney

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Many Baby Boomers are finding (or may be finding) themselves in a difficult transition, as they lose their jobs in this listless economy. For most of them, not yet ready to retire, finding a new, equally well-paying job in their field will be extremely difficult. How can they go through the initial disbelief, anger, sadness and fear that come with losing their jobs; and rediscover their sense of direction, purpose, security and identity? As 8,000 Baby Boomers turn 60 each day for the next ten years, this question takes on enormous proportions. Positive psychology offers many insights and interventions ...


Promoting Workforce Readiness For Urban Growth, Laura W. Perna Jan 2014

Promoting Workforce Readiness For Urban Growth, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Between 2003 and 2009, the gap between the educational attainment of the population and the educational demands of available jobs (that is, "structural unemployment") increased in all but four of the nation's hundred largest metropolitan areas (Rothwell and Berube 2011). Given that a larger education gap between the demand and supply of educated workers is associated with a higher unemployment rate in the metropolitan area (2011), these data demonstrate the need to imporve educational attainment in all metropolitan areas.


Consumers' Misunderstanding Of Health Insurance., George Loewenstein, Joelle Y Friedman, Barbara Mcgill, Sarah Ahmad, Suzanne Linck, Stacey Sinkula, John Beshears, James J Choi, Jonathan Kolstad, David Laibson, Brigitte C Madrian, John A List, Kevin. G. Volpp Sep 2013

Consumers' Misunderstanding Of Health Insurance., George Loewenstein, Joelle Y Friedman, Barbara Mcgill, Sarah Ahmad, Suzanne Linck, Stacey Sinkula, John Beshears, James J Choi, Jonathan Kolstad, David Laibson, Brigitte C Madrian, John A List, Kevin. G. Volpp

Health Care Management Papers

We report results from two surveys of representative samples of Americans with private health insurance. The first examines how well Americans understand, and believe they understand, traditional health insurance coverage. The second examines whether those insured under a simplified all-copay insurance plan will be more likely to engage in cost-reducing behaviors relative to those insured under a traditional plan with deductibles and coinsurance, and measures consumer preferences between the two plans. The surveys provide strong evidence that consumers do not understand traditional plans and would better understand a simplified plan, but weaker evidence that a simplified plan would have strong ...


The Unanticipated Consequences Of Postponing The Employer Mandate, Mark. V. Pauly, Adam. A. Leive Aug 2013

The Unanticipated Consequences Of Postponing The Employer Mandate, Mark. V. Pauly, Adam. A. Leive

Health Care Management Papers

No abstract provided.


Positive Media: An Introductory Exploration, Meghan B. Keener Aug 2012

Positive Media: An Introductory Exploration, Meghan B. Keener

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Media has become an increasingly large part of our lives, and therefore plays a crucial role in our well-being. Positive psychology, the science of well-being, can be complemented through the new potentialities of media, which in many ways also seeks to improve the human experience. I create the context for a new dialogue about what "positive media" might be. By adopting a positive lens and discussing exemplars in different formats, this paper explores the ways media effectively incorporates elements of well-being. Through this positive approach, we gain an appreciation for what media does well. The paper also recommends ways that ...


The Impact Of Positive Traits On Teacher Performance Within A Systems Driven Charter School Management Organization, Adam B. Maurer Aug 2012

The Impact Of Positive Traits On Teacher Performance Within A Systems Driven Charter School Management Organization, Adam B. Maurer

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Teacher effectiveness is the single most important in-school factor influencing the rates at which school children learn. Large variations in performance exist between teachers and this translates into missed learning opportunities for students. Whilst the impact of highly effective teachers on student learning is understood, the factors that account for the variance in teacher performance are less clear. In this study, novice teachers (N = 313), with six or fewer years of experience working at a tuition free public charter school, completed measures of positive affect, optimistic explanatory style, grit and satisfaction with life. At the end of the school year ...


Who's Really Winning? An In-Depth Look At Intercollegiate Athletics And Their Impact On Undergraduate Education, Jason Keene Aug 2011

Who's Really Winning? An In-Depth Look At Intercollegiate Athletics And Their Impact On Undergraduate Education, Jason Keene

Social Impact Research Experience (SIRE)

College sports are a multi-billion dollar industry that have grown and will continue to grow with the founding and development of ESPN and other sports information technologies. Initially the author sought out to find relationships between winning on the field and academic advancement off the field, but quickly realized there was another story to be told. He examines the college sports scene with a broader outlook on its impact on its educational value. Not only are most college sports programs losing money for their institutions, but the culture that college sports creates is having a detrimental impact on our nation ...


Intuitive Biases In Choice Versus Estimation: Implications For The Wisdom Of Crowds, Joseph P. Simmons, Lief D. Nelson, Jeffrey Galak, Shane Fredrick Jun 2011

Intuitive Biases In Choice Versus Estimation: Implications For The Wisdom Of Crowds, Joseph P. Simmons, Lief D. Nelson, Jeffrey Galak, Shane Fredrick

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

Although researchers have documented many instances of crowd wisdom, it is important to know whether some kinds of judgments may lead the crowd astray, whether crowds’ judgments improve with feedback over time, and whether crowds’ judgments can be improved by changing the way judgments are elicited. We investigated these questions in a sports gambling context (predictions against point spreads) believed to elicit crowd wisdom. In a season-long experiment, fans wagered over $20,000 on NFL football predictions. Contrary to the wisdom-of-crowds hypothesis, faulty intuitions led the crowd to predict “favorites” more than “underdogs” against point spreads that disadvantaged favorites, even ...


Intertemporal Pricing And Consumer Stockpiling, Xuanming Su Jul 2010

Intertemporal Pricing And Consumer Stockpiling, Xuanming Su

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

We study a dynamic pricing problem for a class of products with stable consumption patterns (e.g., household items, staple foods). Consumers may stock up the product at current prices for future consumption, but they incur inventory holding costs. We model this situation as a dynamic game over an infinite time horizon: in each period, the seller sets a price, and each consumer chooses how many units to buy. We develop a solution methodology based on rational expectations. By endowing each player with beliefs, we decouple the dynamic game into individual dynamic programs for each player. We solve for the ...


Weather To Go To College, Uri Simonsohn Mar 2010

Weather To Go To College, Uri Simonsohn

Marketing Papers

Does current utility bias predictions of future utility for high stakes decisions? Here I provide field evidence consistent with such Projection Bias in one of life's most thought‐about decisions: college enrolment. After arguing and documenting with survey evidence that cloudiness increases the appeal of academic activities, I analyse the enrolment decisions of 1,284 prospective students who visited a university known for its academic strengths and recreational weaknesses. Consistent with the notion that current weather conditions influence decisions about future academic activities, I find that an increase in cloudcover of one standard deviation on the day of the ...


Building A Private School In China: A Case Study Of An Ordinary Private School In Jiangsu Province, Molin Zhong Jan 2010

Building A Private School In China: A Case Study Of An Ordinary Private School In Jiangsu Province, Molin Zhong

Social Impact Research Experience (SIRE)

This research paper is a case study of an ordinary private school in China. It specifically looks at what sorts of strategies the school in question used in order to compete in a confusing and nebulous sector of the Chinese economy. Through the effective management of external relationships with financiers, the local government, and the educational community as well as the internal relationships with the management structure, employees, and students, the school has achieved a measure of success. By success, the researcher means that the school has been able to survive in a difficult economic environment and maintain growth prospects ...


On Good Scholarship, Goal Setting, And Scholars Gone Wild, Lisa D. Ordóñez, Maurice E. Schweitzer, Adam D. Galinsky, Max H. Bazerman Aug 2009

On Good Scholarship, Goal Setting, And Scholars Gone Wild, Lisa D. Ordóñez, Maurice E. Schweitzer, Adam D. Galinsky, Max H. Bazerman

Management Papers

In this article, we define good scholarship, highlight our points of disagreement with Locke and Latham (2009), and call for further academic research to examine the full range of goal setting's effects. We reiterate our original claim that goal setting, like a potent medication, can produce both beneficial effects and systematic, negative outcomes (Ordóñez, Schweitzer, Galinsky,& Bazerman, 2009), and as a result, it should be carefully prescribed and closely monitored.


Purchasing, Pricing, And Quick Response In The Presence Of Strategic Consumers, Gerard. P. Cachon, Robert Swinney Mar 2009

Purchasing, Pricing, And Quick Response In The Presence Of Strategic Consumers, Gerard. P. Cachon, Robert Swinney

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

We consider a retailer that sells a product with uncertain demand over a finite selling season. The retailer sets an initial stocking quantity and, at some predetermined point in the season, optimally marks down remaining inventory. We modify this classic setting by introducing three types of consumers: myopic consumers, who always purchase at the initial full price; bargain-hunting consumers, who purchase only if the discounted price is sufficiently low; and strategic consumers, who strategically choose when to make their purchase. A strategic consumer chooses between a purchase at the initial full price and a later purchase at an uncertain markdown ...


Why Are The Disability Rolls Skyrocketing? The Contribution Of Population Characteristics, Economic Conditions, And Program Generosity, Mark Duggan, Scott. A. Imberman Jan 2009

Why Are The Disability Rolls Skyrocketing? The Contribution Of Population Characteristics, Economic Conditions, And Program Generosity, Mark Duggan, Scott. A. Imberman

Health Care Management Papers

This chapter, which addresses three categories of explanation—the characteristics of individuals insured by the Disability Insurance (DI) program, the state of the economy, and the generosity of program benefits—argues that the growth in DI rolls is likely to continue and perhaps accelerate going forward. The data indicate that the recessions of 1991 and 2001 can explain 24 percent of the growth in DI receipt among men and 12 percent of the growth among women. Changes in health during the past two decades have slowed rather than added to the growth of the DI rolls. DI awards for certain ...


Positive Psychology And Positive Interventions For Nurses, Catharine L. Parsons Ms. Aug 2008

Positive Psychology And Positive Interventions For Nurses, Catharine L. Parsons Ms.

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

This capstone project draws on concepts from the field of positive psychology and applies them to the practice of nurses. More specifically, the author is interested in the design of positive interventions that could be used by nurses to enhance their experience of work in the health care setting. The intended purpose of such interventions is to foster individual autonomy in the creation of positive emotions, and enhance meaning and engagement in the workplace. Foundational to the design of these positive interventions is relevant research from the fields of positive psychology and nursing. The context of the Canadian health care ...


On The Effects Of Consumer Search And Firm Entry In A Multiproduct Competitive Market, Gerard. P. Cachon, Christian Terwiesch, Yi Xu May 2008

On The Effects Of Consumer Search And Firm Entry In A Multiproduct Competitive Market, Gerard. P. Cachon, Christian Terwiesch, Yi Xu

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

This paper studies a model in which consumers search among multiple competing firms for products that match their preferences at a reasonable price. We focus on how easier search, possibly due to the adoption of search-facilitating technologies such as the Internet, influences equilibrium prices, assortments, firm profits, and consumer welfare. Conventional wisdom suggests that easier search creates a competition-intensifying effect that puts pressure on firms to lower their prices and reduce assortments. However, in our model we demonstrate that search also exhibits a market-expansion effect that encourages firms to expand their assortment—easier search means that each firm is searched ...


Constraint-Based Ontology Induction From Online Customer Reviews, Thomas Lee May 2007

Constraint-Based Ontology Induction From Online Customer Reviews, Thomas Lee

Operations, Information and Decisions Papers

We present an unsupervised, domain-independent technique for inducing a product-specific ontology of product features based upon online customer reviews. We frame ontology induction as a logical assignment problem and solve it with a bounds consistency constrained logic program. Using shallow natural language processing techniques, reviews are parsed into phrase sequences where each phrase refers to a single concept. Traditional document clustering techniques are adapted to collect phrases into initial concepts. We generate a token graph for each initial concept cluster and find a maximal clique to define the corresponding logical set of concept sub-elements. The logic program assigns tokens to ...