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Full-Text Articles in Education

Monasteries Of The Future, Miles G. Bukiet Aug 2018

Monasteries Of The Future, Miles G. Bukiet

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

For millennia, monasteries have been at the forefront of training virtues such as compassion, transcendence, service, gratitude, forgiveness, and grit, as well as foundational psychological capacities such as self-regulation, sustained, voluntary attention, emotional intelligence, and meta-cognitive awareness. Monasteries of the Future are modern institutions, both secular and religious, designed to provide the requisite financial, social, intellectual, and instructional support necessary to train a new generation of contemplative adepts. Forming a network of centers which collaborate and compete, Monasteries of the Future will establish and uphold the highest standards in the contemplative field. By partnering with modern science, most notably positive ...


Creative Problem Solving As A Positive Intervention And Approach To Career Development, Laura Delprato Aug 2018

Creative Problem Solving As A Positive Intervention And Approach To Career Development, Laura Delprato

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Every year, over 19 million college students in the United States face big decisions like choosing a major, securing an internship, and deciding their next steps after graduation (National Center for Education Statistics, 2018). With rapid advancements in the world of work, there are many emerging environmental factors that make these decisions complex and challenging (Callanan, Perri, & Tomkowicz, 2017). This paper explores how positive psychology and creative problem solving research can support students as they make career-related decisions and design their lives. Advancements in positive psychology build a foundation of research that supports work as a pathway to flourishing. Accordingly ...


Saving The World The Right Way: Altruistic Education, Supakorn Laohasongkram Aug 2017

Saving The World The Right Way: Altruistic Education, Supakorn Laohasongkram

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

Intelligence and passion are not enough for humans to become all that they can be. Hitler and the Nazis too had a lot of intelligence and passion. But what they did not have is the wisdom of how to use their intelligence and passion for the good of mankind. Nevertheless, the question of developing how we, humans, ought to use our intelligence and passion is often neglected in modernity when compared with the obsession we have of increasing our grit and wit. This obsession reflects the current state of education whereby the function of education today is often cheapened to ...


How State Education Agencies Can Support College And Career Ready Standards, Emily Hodge, Serena Salloum, Susanna Benko Jun 2017

How State Education Agencies Can Support College And Career Ready Standards, Emily Hodge, Serena Salloum, Susanna Benko

CPRE Policy Briefs

No abstract provided.


Teacher Well-Being And Resilience: Podcasts As A Tool For Global Reach, Sophia Kokores, Anne Johnstone, Julia King, Amanda Jones May 2017

Teacher Well-Being And Resilience: Podcasts As A Tool For Global Reach, Sophia Kokores, Anne Johnstone, Julia King, Amanda Jones

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Service Learning Projects

Teachers are under increasing pressure inside and outside the classroom, at work and at home. There is a growing need for resilience training and tools to help increase teacher well- being. As part of their global support for teachers, the International Positive Education Network (IPEN) is keen to develop a program to help teachers learn about and develop their resilience. Team Indigo, (four teachers and MAPP students), have developed a plan for a podcast approach to teaching resilience to teachers that includes empirically based strategies and case study interviews with real teachers. A podcast platform has been chosen for ease ...


Building Resilience In Mba Students: Bouncing Back And Forward Through Challenges, Denitsa Marinova Jan 2017

Building Resilience In Mba Students: Bouncing Back And Forward Through Challenges, Denitsa Marinova

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

The raison d'être for MBA programs is to prepare students to lead and manage effectively in the real world. An overview of the unique challenges awaiting MBAs, however, reveals a blind spot in business education: It doesn’t necessarily prepare MBA students to operate effectively in the VUCA (volatile, uncertain, complex, and ambiguous) world of today. This paper suggests that resilience training can help fill the void by enhancing the capacity of MBAs to bounce back and forward through and despite adversity. The objective of the paper is to propose a conceptual design of an evidence-based, relevant, and applicable ...


Mobiles For Reading: A Landscape Research Review, Daniel A. Wagner Jun 2014

Mobiles For Reading: A Landscape Research Review, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

This landscape review takes the broad domain of new information and communications technologies (ICTs) for education, and focuses on the fast-evolving sub-domain of mobiles for reading, or M4R. The 'mobiles' in this review primarily refer to mobile technologies— ICTs that are portable, typically battery powered, and may be connected to cellular networks and/or the Internet. The term 'reading' refers to the joint abilities of understanding and producing written language, for children, youth and adults. This review of M4R focuses primarily on the use of mobile ICTs designed to help children learn to read, practice reading (reading to learn), and ...


Promoting Workforce Readiness For Urban Growth, Laura W. Perna Jan 2014

Promoting Workforce Readiness For Urban Growth, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Between 2003 and 2009, the gap between the educational attainment of the population and the educational demands of available jobs (that is, "structural unemployment") increased in all but four of the nation's hundred largest metropolitan areas (Rothwell and Berube 2011). Given that a larger education gap between the demand and supply of educated workers is associated with a higher unemployment rate in the metropolitan area (2011), these data demonstrate the need to imporve educational attainment in all metropolitan areas.


Member Retention Through Continuing Education, Stephanie Kuniholm Jan 2014

Member Retention Through Continuing Education, Stephanie Kuniholm

Internship Program Reports

Since the start of Fiscal Year 2013 Morris Arboretum received 1,297 registrants for continuing education courses (excluding the School of Arboriculture and symposia but including Growing Minds programming for families). Out of those 1,297 registrants, 61% were designated as member registrants. At the same time, 10.5% of Arboretum memberships were associated with course registrations. Assuming that membership retention often occurs through increased involvement, then it follows that an increase in continuing education participation from members should result in continued or added financial support. With this knowledge, we need not offer a larger quantity of classes but should ...


Review Of Agneta Lind, Literacy For All: Making A Difference And John Oxenham, Effective Literacy Programmes: Options For Policy-Makers, Gina Arnone, Daniel A. Wagner Feb 2011

Review Of Agneta Lind, Literacy For All: Making A Difference And John Oxenham, Effective Literacy Programmes: Options For Policy-Makers, Gina Arnone, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

The 1990 World Conference on Education for All (EFA) in Jomtien (Thailand) spurred a collective global movement to meet the basic learning needs of each person, with a special focus on developing countries. Ten years later, with the stated goals not met, and indeed far from it, the international community renewed its commitments in Dakar, Senegal. At the World Education Forum in 2000, national and organizational representatives resolved to improve educational opportunities and services and set six objectives for 2015, including a 50 percent increase in adult literacy. Despite this pledge and others (e.g., launch of the UN Literacy ...


Exploring The College Enrollment Of Parents: A Descriptive Analysis, Laura W. Perna, Rachel Fester, Erin J. Walsh Jan 2010

Exploring The College Enrollment Of Parents: A Descriptive Analysis, Laura W. Perna, Rachel Fester, Erin J. Walsh

GSE Publications

Despite the substantial size of the population, relativelty little research has focused on the status and experiences of undergraduate parents. Using descriptive analyses of data from the NPSAS:04, this study provides a starting point for campus administrators, public policymakers, and educational researchers who seek to identify ways to better understand the characteristics of this population.


New Technologies For Adult Literacy And International Development, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 2009

New Technologies For Adult Literacy And International Development, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

Few areas of social and economic development have received as much attention and as few proportionate resources as adult literacy. Across the world – in both industrialized and developing countries alike – it is widely acknowledged that at most, 5 percent of national education budgets is spent on the roughly 50 percent of the adult population in need of increased literacy skills.

For several centuries, it has been variously claimed that literacy – a key (if not the key) product of schooling – would lead to economic growth, social stability, a democratic way of life, and other social 'good things.' Detailed historical reviews have ...


Positive Psychology And Positive Interventions For Nurses, Catharine L. Parsons Ms. Aug 2008

Positive Psychology And Positive Interventions For Nurses, Catharine L. Parsons Ms.

Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects

This capstone project draws on concepts from the field of positive psychology and applies them to the practice of nurses. More specifically, the author is interested in the design of positive interventions that could be used by nurses to enhance their experience of work in the health care setting. The intended purpose of such interventions is to foster individual autonomy in the creation of positive emotions, and enhance meaning and engagement in the workplace. Foundational to the design of these positive interventions is relevant research from the fields of positive psychology and nursing. The context of the Canadian health care ...


Introduction To Ict And Learning: Supporting Out-Of-School Youth And Adults, Daniel A. Wagner, Richard Sweet Jan 2006

Introduction To Ict And Learning: Supporting Out-Of-School Youth And Adults, Daniel A. Wagner, Richard Sweet

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

In attempting to raise levels of educational achievement and attainment, countries will obtain the greatest increase in overall national performance if they raise the performance of the lowest achievers and of those with the lowest level of qualifications. These are the groups whose improvement will make the greatest difference to the national average. Policies that specifically target low achievers and those with few formal qualifications have a special relevance to two groups outside the education system: youth who have dropped out of school without having completed a secondary education qualification, and low-skilled adults. The pressures for public policy to focus ...


It And Education For The Poorest Of The Poor: Constraints, Possibilities, And Principles, Daniel A. Wagner Jul 2001

It And Education For The Poorest Of The Poor: Constraints, Possibilities, And Principles, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

Long before the term "Digital Divide" became a common term to describe gaps between the rich and poor in the effective access and use of information technology (IT), most policy makers, researchers and practitioners could at least agree on one thing: Reaching the poorest of the poor was going to be the most difficult of challenges.


Literacy, Technological Literacy, And The Digital Divide, Daniel A. Wagner May 2000

Literacy, Technological Literacy, And The Digital Divide, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

The United Nations estimates that there are one billion illiterate adults in the world today (about one-quarter of the world's adult population), the vast majority of whom are located in the poorest half of the world. Furthermore, recent surveys suggest that this situation is even more serious than previously believed. Industrialized (OECD) countries now admit to having very serious problems of their own in literacy and basic skills, with up to 25% of adults considered to be lacking the basic skills needed to function effectively in the workforce (see OECD/Statistics Canada, 1995; Tuijnman et al., 1997).


Literacy And Adult Education: Thematic Studies, Daniel A. Wagner Apr 2000

Literacy And Adult Education: Thematic Studies, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

The 1990 World Conference on Education for All (WCEFA) in Jomtien, Thailand, included adult literacy as one of its six major worldwide goals. Although the complete elimination of illiteracy by the year 2000 was adopted as a goal of UNESCO and a significant number of its Member States in the Udaipur Declaration of two decades ago, the Jomtien Conference scaled back such promises, and chose a more modest, and theoretically achievable, goal of cutting illiteracy rates in half by the year 2000. The reasons for this reduction in targeted goal were numerous. As this report describes, important gains have been ...


Basic Skills In Adult Education And The Digital Divide, Lynda Ginsburg, John Sabatini, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 2000

Basic Skills In Adult Education And The Digital Divide, Lynda Ginsburg, John Sabatini, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

Traditionally, basic adult education has had a particular concern with the skills of literacy and numeracy, seeing these as essential for entry to the world of work. Adult education teachers may therefore be reluctant to adopt ICT, unsure of the part it should play, and worried about the time it takes away from the development of these basic skills. As we enter the 21st century, however, ICT has already become a necessary and important component of adult education. Formal and non-formal education are being delivered at a distance via technology — particularly the Internet — with the promise that learning can take ...


Higher Education's Changing Contours: The Policy Implications Of An Emerging System, Patrick M. Callan, Joni E. Finney Jan 2000

Higher Education's Changing Contours: The Policy Implications Of An Emerging System, Patrick M. Callan, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

American higher education is remarkably adaptive. A "system" only in the broadest sense of the term, it has been flexible enough to absorb and adapt to broad changes that, at the time, were outside the traditional purview of mainstream colleges and universities—for example, the land grant movement, the creation of community colleges, the passage of the GI Bill, and the need to serve increasing numbers of adult students. On the threshold of the twenty-first century, American higher education faces yet another new movement, one that has been described variously as "part-time," "postbaccalaureate," or "non-degree" education. But for public policy ...


Assessing Basic Learning Competencies Among Youth And Young Adults In Developing Countries: Analytic Survey Framework And Implementation Guidelines, Daniel A. Wagner Sep 1999

Assessing Basic Learning Competencies Among Youth And Young Adults In Developing Countries: Analytic Survey Framework And Implementation Guidelines, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

The World Conference on Education for All (WCEFA) in 190 at Jomtien, Thailand, included a number of educational targets related to out-of-school youth and adults, including: (1) to reduce the number of adilt illiterates to half of the 1990 level by the year 2000; and (2) to improve learning achievement to an agreed percentage of an appropriate age cohort. WCEFA also stresed the need to monitor and evaluate the performance of individual learners as well as the delivery mechanisms and outcomes of literacy and other non-formal education programmes. At the Mid-Decade Review meeting on EFA in Amman (in June 1996 ...


Adult Literacy Assessment In Comparative Contexts, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1997

Adult Literacy Assessment In Comparative Contexts, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

In an ever-shrinking world, there are increasing efforts among many countries to understand their economic, social, and educational policies in the relative light of other nations' successes and failures. Largely begun by anthropologiests in the colonial era, cross-cultural studies examined and compared human behavior ranging from childrearing practices and initiation rites to the training of craftsmen and sedentary agriculturists. Cross-cultural and cross-national comparisons of literacy ability are of rather more recent vintage; for example, studies of the cultural specificities of reading in different languages and scripts, the cognitive consequences of literacy in cultural groups, and skill performance across industrialized countries ...


To Read Or Not To Read: The Enduring Question Of Low Adult Literacy In America, Daniel A. Wagner Oct 1995

To Read Or Not To Read: The Enduring Question Of Low Adult Literacy In America, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

In 1990, America's governors reached a historic consensus on a set of national educational goals as targets for the year 2000. Among these national goals was that " ... every adult American shall be literate." While this goal was widely applauded by those in the literacy community, much more national attention (and nearly 15 times the budgetary resources) has been devoted to the other goals that focus almost exclusively on improving the formal K-12 school system. Now, with the new Adult Education Act, welfare-reform legislation pending in Congress, and renewed debate over the Goals 2000: Educate America Act, the troubling (and ...


Standards For Adult Literacy: Focal Points For Debate, Regie Stites, Ellen Lillian Foley, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1995

Standards For Adult Literacy: Focal Points For Debate, Regie Stites, Ellen Lillian Foley, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

The prospect of developing content, performance, and opportunity-to-learn standards for adult literacy has generated much discussion. However, the lack of a common vocabulary and the relatively narrow range of interests represented in these discussions have been major impediments to progress in developing standards for adult literacy. This paper reviews literature on the theory and practice of education standards and summarizes the progress toward designing content, performance, and opportunity-to-learn standards for adult literacy. This review helps to highlight the technical issues and challenges to standards-based reform of the field. The development of efficient and equitable accountability systems for adult literacy programs ...


Introduction, Donald Hirsch, Daniel A. Wagner Jan 1995

Introduction, Donald Hirsch, Daniel A. Wagner

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

Children are sent to school and told they must learn. Adults do their learning on a mostly voluntary basis. School is traditionally intended to prepar children for adult life and to pass on the wisdom of previous generations. Adult education is traditionally intended to offer citizens the possibility of bettering themselves and of filling gaps in their initial schooling. School is life's compulsory initiation. Adult learning has often been seen as life's optional extra.


Use It Or Lose It? The Problem Of Adult Literacy Skills Retention, Daniel A. Wagner Jul 1994

Use It Or Lose It? The Problem Of Adult Literacy Skills Retention, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

In the fields of adult literacy and adult learning, most researchers have focused on the acquisition of various skills and abilities. Very little attention has been devoted to skill retention. Without more research information, however, it is difficult to know whether the literacy skills learned in America's adult education programs are likely to be retained for very long. This report is a literature review that covers what is known about (a) cognitive skill retention across the life span, (b) studies of literacy and basic skills retention, and (c) policy implications of skill retention work. The main conclusion of the ...


Literacy And Development: Rationales, Assessments, And Innovation, Daniel A. Wagner Jun 1993

Literacy And Development: Rationales, Assessments, And Innovation, Daniel A. Wagner

Working Papers (Literacy.org)

Literacy and economic development have existed as terms that are inextricably linked in the literature, often with little examination. As one looks more closely at the rationales for this relationship, it becomes clear that much more needs to be known about the functions and uses of literacy in everyday life, how literacy is linked to productive activity, and how literacy is learned (and taught) across the life-span. In order to achieve both understanding and improved literacy programming, it is crucial that better methods of assessment and program evaluation be put into place. This paper reviews prior experience in assessment, with ...


Toward Defining Literacy, Richard L. Venezky, Daniel A. Wagner, Barrie S. Ciliberti Jan 1990

Toward Defining Literacy, Richard L. Venezky, Daniel A. Wagner, Barrie S. Ciliberti

Book Chapters (Literacy.org)

Literacy is a topic much on the public's mind these days. It is one of those subjects on which all laypersons think they are experts. When it comes time, however, to establish measures of illiteracy rates or to set policies, it becomes apparent that we know less than we thought we did. It is small comfort to know that specialists also have their differences.