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Series

Science and Mathematics Education

2003

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Articles 1 - 30 of 66

Full-Text Articles in Education

Getting It Right: The Mise Approach To Professional Development, Thomas B. Corcoran, Siobhan Mcvay, Kate Riordan Dec 2003

Getting It Right: The Mise Approach To Professional Development, Thomas B. Corcoran, Siobhan Mcvay, Kate Riordan

CPRE Research Reports

With an initial 10-year commitment from Merck & Co., Inc. the Merck Institute for Science Education (MISE) was founded in 1993 to demonstrate that virtually all students could reach high levels of scientific literacy. Shortly thereafter, MISE formed partnerships with four public school districts -- Linden, Rahway, and Readington Township in New Jersey, and North Penn in Pennsylvania -- where Merck has major facilities and a history of providing employee volunteers and supporting local science education initiatives. These district partnerships quickly merged into one multi-district Partnership.

MISE's approach to improving science teaching has been systemic, addressing both policy and practice in the ...


A Solution To Einstein’S Field Equations For A Tachyonic Gas: Possible Astrophysical Applications, Kris H. Green, W. John Cocke Dec 2003

A Solution To Einstein’S Field Equations For A Tachyonic Gas: Possible Astrophysical Applications, Kris H. Green, W. John Cocke

Mathematical and Computing Sciences Faculty/Staff Publications

In this paper we show that a change in the signs of some of the metric components of the solution of the field equations for the classical cosmic string results in a solution which we interpret as a time-dependent wall composed of tachyons. We show that the walls have the property of focusing the paths of particles which pass through them. As an illustration of this focusing, we demonstrate the results of a simple simulation of the interaction between one such tachyon wall and a rotating disk of point masses. This interaction leads to the temporary formation of spiral structures ...


Changing District Culture And Capacity: The Impact Of The Merck Institute For Science Education Partnership, Thomas B. Corcoran, Nancy Lawrence Nov 2003

Changing District Culture And Capacity: The Impact Of The Merck Institute For Science Education Partnership, Thomas B. Corcoran, Nancy Lawrence

CPRE Research Reports

In 1993, Merck & Co., Inc. began an endeavor to make a significant and visible commitment to improving science education by creating the Merck Institute for Science Education (MISE) and supported the new venture with a 10-year, $20-million financial commitment. From its inception, MISE had two goals: to raise the interest, participation, and performance of public school students in science, and to demonstrate to other businesses that direct, focused involvement would hasten the improvement of science teaching and learning in the public schools. MISE initiated its work by forming partnerships with four public school districts — Linden, Rahway, and Readington Township in New Jersey, and North Penn in Pennsylvania — where Merck has major facilities.

CPRE was contracted by MISE in 1993 to document the implementation of the initiative and assess its impact on districts, schools, classrooms, and students. Throughout the evaluation, CPRE conducted interviews with teachers, instructional leaders, and district personnel; surveyed teachers; developed case studies of schools; and examined student achievement data in order to provide feedback on the progress of the MISE Partnership


Effective Teaching In High School Mathematics, Rachel Sorenson Oct 2003

Effective Teaching In High School Mathematics, Rachel Sorenson

All-College Writing Contest

No abstract provided.


Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network – Fall 2003 Oct 2003

Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network – Fall 2003

Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network

Content:

College of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources Open House by Rosalee Swartz

What’s New at Morrill Hall? by Kathy French

Four Upcoming Geography Events by Charles Gildersleeve

Sand Hills Discovery Experience

Citizen team searches for heritage trees as “living witnesses” by Christine Meyer

New School of Natural Resources Offers Many Careers and Benefits


Toy Models For The Falling Chimney, Gabriele U. Varieschi, Kaoru Kamiya Oct 2003

Toy Models For The Falling Chimney, Gabriele U. Varieschi, Kaoru Kamiya

Physics Faculty Works

In this paper we review the theory of the ‘‘falling chimney,’’ which deals with the breaking in mid-air of tall structures when they fall to the ground. We show that these ruptures can be caused by either shear forces typically developing near the base, or by the bending of the structure which is caused primarily by the internal bending moment. In the latter case the breaking is more likely to occur between one-third and one-half of the height of the chimney. Small scale toy models are used to reproduce the dynamics of the falling chimney. By examining photos taken during ...


Helping Hands? Experts Examine Curricular Alignment At Kentridge High School, Samantha E. Ketover, Jose Rios Oct 2003

Helping Hands? Experts Examine Curricular Alignment At Kentridge High School, Samantha E. Ketover, Jose Rios

Education Publications

No abstract provided.


Enhancing The Cs Curriculum With With Aspect-Oriented Software Development (Aosd) And Early Experience, Konstantin Läufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Tzilla Elrad Sep 2003

Enhancing The Cs Curriculum With With Aspect-Oriented Software Development (Aosd) And Early Experience, Konstantin Läufer, George K. Thiruvathukal, Tzilla Elrad

Computer Science: Faculty Publications and Other Works

Aspect-oriented software development (AOSD) is evolving as an important step beyond existing software development approaches such as object-oriented development. An aspect is a module that captures a crosscutting concern, behavior that cuts across different units of abstraction in a software application; expressed as a module, such behavior can be enabled and disabled transparently and non-invasively, without changing the application code itself. Increasing industry demand for expertise in AOSD gives rise to the pedagogical challenge of covering this methodology and its foundations in the computer science curriculum. We present our curricular initiative to incorporate a novel course in AOSD in the ...


What Explains Differences In International Performance? Timss Researchers Continue To Look For Answers, Deborah Nelson Sep 2003

What Explains Differences In International Performance? Timss Researchers Continue To Look For Answers, Deborah Nelson

CPRE Policy Briefs

The Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS)-1995 and its successor, TIMSS-1999, provide researchers, policymakers, and educators with an unprecedented opportunity to explore the possible relationships between educational policies and student achievement in an international context. Due to the amount and complexity of the TIMSS data, analyses have proceeded in phases, each providing a more detailed and sophisticated understanding of these relationships. This Brief is the third in the Consortium for Policy Research in Education’s (CPRE) series reporting on the policy implications of TIMSS data. It summarizes results of recently completed TIMSS research that explores in greater detail ...


Reaction Rates With Stella, Vince Vitale Aug 2003

Reaction Rates With Stella, Vince Vitale

Lesson Plans

The purpose of this lesson will be to reinforce the concept of using appropriate mathematical functions to model a realistic situation.


Mathematics Association Of Pakistan (Map): A Network For Teachers’ Learning, Sikunder Ali Baber Aug 2003

Mathematics Association Of Pakistan (Map): A Network For Teachers’ Learning, Sikunder Ali Baber

Book Chapters / Conference Papers

Mathematics Association of Pakistan (MAP) came into being on July 4, 1997, after the conclusion of a course with the Andover Dartmouth Institute of Philips Academy, USA. The participants of the course decided to form a forum that would enable them to take charge of their own professional needs on a sustained and ongoing basis. Since its inception, MAP has initiated several innovative programmes with the aim to create a positive culture of learning of mathematics. Over the period, the qualitative increase in both MAP’s programmatic activities and membership demonstrate that the members value its work and see it ...


Learning To Teach Science Using A New Strategy: A Case Study Of A Primary Science Teacher, Nelofer Halai Aug 2003

Learning To Teach Science Using A New Strategy: A Case Study Of A Primary Science Teacher, Nelofer Halai

Book Chapters / Conference Papers

Constructivism has emerged as the dominant learning model in science educational reform. Despite this, there is a paucity of research studies on instructional strategies that might help the construction of knowledge that is in consonance with the established body of science. The use of activities based on discrepant events in teaching science at the primary level is seen as one way of encouraging this construction. Hence, Science Teachers enrolled in science methods courses / programmes at AKU-IED are exposed to this instructional strategy. The four-member team of science teacher educators, teaching on an eight-week in-service programme, chose to look at the ...


Ongoing Impact Of The “Advanced Diploma In Education: Mathematics”, Anjum Halai, Munira Amir Ali, Nadeem Kirmani, Razia Fakir Muhammad Aug 2003

Ongoing Impact Of The “Advanced Diploma In Education: Mathematics”, Anjum Halai, Munira Amir Ali, Nadeem Kirmani, Razia Fakir Muhammad

Book Chapters / Conference Papers

The Action Research Project in Mathematics Education was undertaken to study the impact on teaching and learning, of strategies introduced in the Advanced Diploma Programme in Education: Mathematics (2003), offered by AKU-IED. This programme is a one-year field-based programme. The main aim of the programme is to develop exemplary teachers who are reflective practitioners. Teachers from sponsoring schools participate in the programme which is designed such that seminars are held at AKU-IED during summer and winter breaks and on Saturdays, when most schools are off. During term time tutors visit the participants in the school. The purposes of field visits ...


Modeling Enzymes Using Stella, Karen Mccann, Ken Steffen Jul 2003

Modeling Enzymes Using Stella, Karen Mccann, Ken Steffen

Lesson Plans

A. Description of the topics that the lesson is intended to address 1. SWBAT understand the role of enzymes 2. SWBAT manipulate variables that effect the rate of enzyme action and therefore better understand reaction rates. 3. SWBAT work with a mathematical model on STELLA and use it to better understand #1 and #2.


Interactive Physics Lab On Kinematics, Ed Chi, Jeff Mckinney, Keri Rouse Jul 2003

Interactive Physics Lab On Kinematics, Ed Chi, Jeff Mckinney, Keri Rouse

Lesson Plans

In this activity students will be utilizing an Interactive Physics interactive lab on kinematics. Students will observe how reaction rate is affected by temperature, concentration, surface area and a catalyst.


Computer Graphics Using Agentsheets, Peggy Foos Jul 2003

Computer Graphics Using Agentsheets, Peggy Foos

Lesson Plans

My project uses Agent Sheets. There are three worksheets to display three separate situations that arise when filling graphics.


Pool Table, Karthik Rajasesupathy, Davis Joki Jul 2003

Pool Table, Karthik Rajasesupathy, Davis Joki

Lesson Plans

This activity is used to show students how physics can be used in a life situation to better themselves at a game of billiards. This project shows how velocity, angles, action and reaction, elasticity, and the rules of pool interact together in a fun environment. The students would be able to change characteristics of this model to see how changing different parameters will change the outcome of the pool shot.


Can You Save Your Egg?, Stephanie Monk-George, Scott Koch Jul 2003

Can You Save Your Egg?, Stephanie Monk-George, Scott Koch

Lesson Plans

Students will design a bungee jump that allows their egg to stop within 5 centimeters of the floor when dropped from 1.5 meters. After achieving success with their design, they will model their solution using Interactive Physics and then discuss and reflect upon energy and force.


Early Evolution, Daniel Esler Jul 2003

Early Evolution, Daniel Esler

Lesson Plans

Upon completion of this lesson, students will: · Have a better understanding of the characteristics of early Earth · Have a better understanding evolution · Be able to manipulate parameters in Agentsheets · Be able to create spreadsheets in Excel


Mathematical Modeling, Motion Applications, Jerry Moon Jul 2003

Mathematical Modeling, Motion Applications, Jerry Moon

Lesson Plans

1.) Introduce Mathematical Modeling as a problem solving 2.) Identification of required information. 3.) Gain skills in obtaining information. 4.) Explore ideas of motion in relationship to velocity as a Rate of change and representation as a slope of a line. 5.) Show examples of constant motion as a linear relationship, And instantaneous velocity as a curved graph. 6.) To be able to explain the differences between average velocity, Average acceleration and instantaneous velocity by graph study. 7.)To devise simple mathematical models.


Incorporating Interactive Physics In The Science Classroom, Lisa Englert Jul 2003

Incorporating Interactive Physics In The Science Classroom, Lisa Englert

Lesson Plans

Prior to the written portion of the Intermediate Level Science Assessment (8th grade), students are required to complete a Laboratory Performance Test (January) during which concepts and skills from Standards 1, 2, 4, 6 and 7 will be assessed.


The Big Dig!, Chioma Owunwanne Jul 2003

The Big Dig!, Chioma Owunwanne

Lesson Plans

How do Archeologists and Forensic Scientists determine the height, build and age of a person based upon the lengths of major bones such as the humorous, radius or tibia?


Graphing Quadratics Using Ti Calculator, Vanessa Youmans Jul 2003

Graphing Quadratics Using Ti Calculator, Vanessa Youmans

Lesson Plans

Upon Completion of this lesson the student will be able to:

Recognize a, b, and c in quadratic equations

Understand the role of a

Understand the role of –a


Population Dynamics Using Stella For Modeling, Bruce Mellen, Joann Bell Jul 2003

Population Dynamics Using Stella For Modeling, Bruce Mellen, Joann Bell

Lesson Plans

To…Introduce students to Stella modeling software by having students develop a simple population model and have students experiment with parameters on a more complicated food chain model.Students will be able to…▪ Build a basic Stella model of a population incorporating birth and mortality rates.▪ Use a pre-built Stella model to represent relationships, make conjectures, and model the dynamics of a food chain.


Ny State Standard :Key Idea 7 Patterns/Functions, Dion Rahill Jul 2003

Ny State Standard :Key Idea 7 Patterns/Functions, Dion Rahill

Lesson Plans

By the end of this lesson, all students will be able to calculate the amount of monthly payments at a given interest rate for a specific loan using Excel. They will also calculate the total cost of the loan.


What Is Temperature?, John Goodwin Jul 2003

What Is Temperature?, John Goodwin

Lesson Plans

Upon completion of this lesson student will: - Choose a scale and graph data in tables. - Identify the independent and dependent variables.


Ice Cream Graphing Lab, Julia Maloney Jul 2003

Ice Cream Graphing Lab, Julia Maloney

Lesson Plans

Guided data collection through graphing with provided example.

Student survey will be conducted in the classroom, focusing on the (3) favorite flavors of ice cream, frequency of eating ice cream, soft versus hard and preference for brand of ice cream.


Plant Growth Rate, Laura Merkl Jul 2003

Plant Growth Rate, Laura Merkl

Lesson Plans

The lesson is intended to address the different in growth rates exhibited by plants by the amount of water they receive and the amount of sunshine they receive. The lesson will incorporate observation, writing, use of technology, group work and individual work. Standard 4.


Does Exercise Affect A Person’S Heart?, Lisa Englert Jul 2003

Does Exercise Affect A Person’S Heart?, Lisa Englert

Lesson Plans

1. Students will count off 1-7 forming 7 groups of 4. 2. Assign each group an exercise: sit-ups, jump rope, running in place, hand weights, walking and jumping jacks. One group will be a control at rest. 3. Each student in the group will perform the exercise for a total of 20 minutes, taking a pulse rate every 2 minutes and record. 4. Students are to enter the data onto an EXEL Spreadsheet. A summation of the “20 minute” data for the 4 students is then averaged. 5. A class data is added to spreadsheet by having the students post ...


Oh, Deer (Population Dynamics Using Excel), Paul Geary Jul 2003

Oh, Deer (Population Dynamics Using Excel), Paul Geary

Lesson Plans

The learner will be able to identify the carrying capacity, and population trends of an animal population. The learner will be able to understand the interaction of one population is dependent upon another in an ecosystem and see how non living factors play a vital role in that ecosystem. The learner will demonstrate their proficiency in their understanding in these things by participating in and completing the “Oh Deer” lab.