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Science and Mathematics Education

2000

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Articles 1 - 26 of 26

Full-Text Articles in Education

Taking “Stock” Of Pedagogical Content Knowledge In Science Education, Harcharan Pardhan, Alan Wheeler Dec 2000

Taking “Stock” Of Pedagogical Content Knowledge In Science Education, Harcharan Pardhan, Alan Wheeler

Institute for Educational Development, Karachi

This article focuses on efforts of facilitate the development of MEd science students' conceptual understanding of content, pedagogy and pedagogical content knowledge (PCK). A basic premise of the approach taken was that to teach conceptually, students must learn conceptually. A four-step conceptual process was followed with the participants to help them actively construct knowledge about fundamental science concepts and enhance their confidence and enthusiasm for science teaching. Equivalent forms of an assessment instrument entitled the Science Test of Content Knowledge (STOCK), used as per- and post-performance measures, revealed a significant difference. The article describes the structured activities built into the ...


Obituary: Elmer Clea Birney, 1940-2000, Hugh H. Genoways, Carleton J. Phillips, Jerry R. Choate, Robert S. Sikes, Kristin M. Kramer Nov 2000

Obituary: Elmer Clea Birney, 1940-2000, Hugh H. Genoways, Carleton J. Phillips, Jerry R. Choate, Robert S. Sikes, Kristin M. Kramer

Mammalogy Papers: University of Nebraska State Museum

On 11 June 2000, Dr. Elmer C. Birney unexpectedly passed away from cardiac arrest suffered while outside caring for his cattle at his home in Blaine, Minnesota. One of his former students, Robert Timm, probably best expressed the immediate reaction of his family and many friends: ‘‘He was too young and in too good of health to be gone so soon.’’ At the time of his death, Elmer was Professor in the Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, the Curator of Mammals at the Bell Museum of Natural History, and Director of Graduate Studies of the program in Ecology, Evolution ...


Recruitment And Retention Of African American Females In High School Mathematics: Have We Achieved Results?, Sheryl Mcglamery, Carol Mitchell Oct 2000

Recruitment And Retention Of African American Females In High School Mathematics: Have We Achieved Results?, Sheryl Mcglamery, Carol Mitchell

Teacher Education Faculty Proceedings & Presentations

"Our goal is to present the findings of the study and challenge the audience to consider the aspects of the program the researchers believe made the difference in recruitment and retention for these African American female students."


A New Course Promoting Science As A Way Of Knowing, Howard B. Dowse Aug 2000

A New Course Promoting Science As A Way Of Knowing, Howard B. Dowse

University of Maine Office of Research Administration: Grant Reports

The objective of this project is to create an exciting interdisciplinary laboratory experience for a course promoting science as an objective tool for understanding the natural world. Establishing in the minds of the students a level playing field on which true science competes successfully with pseudoscience is central. The core of the project is biology, but many disciplines are introduced, providing a focused introduction to the scientific method. The primary goal is not scientific literacy per se. It is, instead, an introduction to the methodology of science. A select set of connected subjects were chosen for general interest, potential for ...


The Challenge: The Newsletter Of The Center For Gifted Studies (No. 5, Summer 2000), Center For Gifted Studies, Tracy Inman Editor Jul 2000

The Challenge: The Newsletter Of The Center For Gifted Studies (No. 5, Summer 2000), Center For Gifted Studies, Tracy Inman Editor

Gifted Studies Publications

No abstract provided.


Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network – Summer 2000 Jul 2000

Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network – Summer 2000

Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network

Content:

“Everything is Connected to Everything Else.” by Dave Gosselin, NESEN Director

Central Plains Severe Weather Symposium 2000: Don't Miss the Opportunity; Students and Teachers Welcome! by Ken Dewey

Integrating Earth System Science Research and Education by Richard Levy

America's Farm by Charles Flowerday

Lessons From Environmental Change Workshop On-line by Mark Mesarch

New Publications and Teacher Resources Available by Judy Otteman


Sym Bowl Update: Encouraging And Recognizing Student Proficiency In System Dynamics Modeling, Wayne W. Wakeland Jun 2000

Sym Bowl Update: Encouraging And Recognizing Student Proficiency In System Dynamics Modeling, Wayne W. Wakeland

Systems Science Faculty Publications and Presentations

The judging criteria and modeling process guidelines for the SyM Bowl modeling competition are briefly reviewed. Prize-winning student models from previous SyM Bowls are then discussed in order to show how the students and their teachers appear to have interpreted the criteria and process guidelines. The strengths and limitations of the selected student models, especially the basic model structure & logic, and the process they used to build the model, as evidenced in the reports they submitted, are then presented.

The paper then considers how the criteria and process guidelines may or may not have influenced the students, followed by a ...


Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network – Spring 2000 May 2000

Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network – Spring 2000

Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network

Content:

“Everything is Connected to Everything Else.” by Dave Gosselin, NESEN Director

NESEN Member Recognized as the Scottish Rite Distinguished Teacher

The Nebraska Weather and Climate Web Site by Dr. Ken Dewey, School of Natural Resource Sciences High Plains Climate Center

Does Our Web Work For YOU?!?!?!


Tour De France With Stella And Ti Calculator, Dave Iacchetta, Fayette A. Reynolds, Mrs. Hastings Apr 2000

Tour De France With Stella And Ti Calculator, Dave Iacchetta, Fayette A. Reynolds, Mrs. Hastings

Lesson Plans

The main purpose of this challenge project was to incorporate the modeling technology that we used in the CMST program at the summer academy. This also served to teach us the modeling software in a solid, more meaningful way. The main purpose of this challenge project was to teach the students to gather, organize, and display data. Throughout this project we also had the opportunity to use technology in order to solve real-world problems. This allowed the students to relate the information to their own personal lives and activate their prior knowledge. The modeling software and technology was a wonderful ...


Comment On "Dynamically Maintained Steady-State Pressure Gradients", Todd L. Duncan Apr 2000

Comment On "Dynamically Maintained Steady-State Pressure Gradients", Todd L. Duncan

Center for Science Education Publications and Presentations

Sheehan [Phys. Rev. E 57, 6660 (1998)] recently discussed the possibility of establishing a dynamically maintained, steady-state pressure gradient in a gas filling a cavity. In this Comment it is pointed out that the pressure gradients in such a system, if attainable in the laboratory, could be used to violate the second law of thermodynamics.


From Research To Practice And Back Again: Timss As A Tool For Educational Improvement, Marlies Dunson Apr 2000

From Research To Practice And Back Again: Timss As A Tool For Educational Improvement, Marlies Dunson

CPRE Policy Briefs

The U.S. Department of Education released data from the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) to serve as a “starting point to examine U.S. education, student achievement, teaching and curricula.” The researchers and administrators of TIMSS hoped that these findings would provoke reflective discussions by providing a different lens through which schools could reevaluate their current practices and education policymakers could benefit from new insights. In the three years following the release of the first set of data, a number of states, districts, and schools have delved deeply into TIMSS for policy development and school improvement, receiving ...


Unique Laboratory Experiences For The Commuter University, D. Don Davis, Ben Golden, Pam Rhyne, Gail Schiffer Apr 2000

Unique Laboratory Experiences For The Commuter University, D. Don Davis, Ben Golden, Pam Rhyne, Gail Schiffer

Faculty Publications

No abstract provided.


The Appalachian Rural Systemic Initiative: Improving Science And Mathematics Student Achievement In Economically Disadvantaged Rural Counties In Central Appalachia Through A School-Based, Teacher Partner Approach, Stephen A. Henderson, Wimberly C. Royster Mar 2000

The Appalachian Rural Systemic Initiative: Improving Science And Mathematics Student Achievement In Economically Disadvantaged Rural Counties In Central Appalachia Through A School-Based, Teacher Partner Approach, Stephen A. Henderson, Wimberly C. Royster

Mathematics Faculty Publications

This article was written in response to "Top-Down, Routinized Reform in Low-income, Rural Schools: NSF's Appalachian Rural Systemic Initiative, by Robert Bickel, Terry Tomaskek, and Teresa Hardman Eagle which was published in the Education Policy Analysis Archives as Number 12 of Volume 8 on February 21, 2000.


How Do We Know There Is A Population-Environment Problem?, Peter J. Taylor Mar 2000

How Do We Know There Is A Population-Environment Problem?, Peter J. Taylor

Working Papers on Science in a Changing World

Five fictional friends of the author have agreed to meet and talk, hoping that he was right when he claimed that discussion crossing the usual boundaries of their fields would enrich their different inquiries and concerns. Ecolo, a natural and human ecologist, breaks the ice. He wants to marshall scientific knowledge to persuade others of the seriousness of the population problem. He is questioned by Philoso, whose philosophical bent leads her to observe the models that people use and to ask how they support the claims they make. In turn, the other three join in: Activo, an activist who is ...


Top-Down, Routinized Reform In Low-Income, Rural Schools: Nsf's Appalachian Rural Systemic Initiative, Robert Bickel, Terry Tomasek, Teresa Hardman Eagle Feb 2000

Top-Down, Routinized Reform In Low-Income, Rural Schools: Nsf's Appalachian Rural Systemic Initiative, Robert Bickel, Terry Tomasek, Teresa Hardman Eagle

Leadership Studies Faculty Research

Since 1991, the National Science Foundation has funded fifty-nine state, urban, and rural systemic initiatives. The purpose of the initiatives is to promote achievement in math, science, and technology among all students, and to encourage schools and communities to secure the resources needed to maintain such outcomes. The Appalachian Rural Systemic Initiative (ARSI) is a six-state consortium which focuses these efforts on low-income, rural schools. The primary means of accomplishing ARSI's aims is a one-day-one-school site visit, called a Program Improvement Review, done by an ARSI math or science expert. The centrally important Program Improvement Reviews, however, seem to ...


Snapshots Of Success: Examples Of Imsa Women Graduates, Marti Guarin Feb 2000

Snapshots Of Success: Examples Of Imsa Women Graduates, Marti Guarin

Examples of Student Diversity

Searching for a cure for cancer in the heart of a cell, analyzing the ecology of Illinois tall grass prairies, engineering Illinois products to precise specifications, or volunteering to help others, IMSA graduates contribute in myriad ways.

The vignettes offer an in-depth look at several graduates, and the snapshots provide some more glimpses. Women tell how the IMSA experience enabled them to develop confidence to meet academic and personal challenges, succeed in a rigorous academic environment, and grow with the many opportunities IMSA made available.

Thank you to Cathy Veal of the President's Office for the concept and ideas ...


Assessing The Impact Of Sustained Professional Development On Middle School Mathematics Teachers, Joanne E. Goodell, Lesley H. Parker, Jane Butler Kahle Jan 2000

Assessing The Impact Of Sustained Professional Development On Middle School Mathematics Teachers, Joanne E. Goodell, Lesley H. Parker, Jane Butler Kahle

Teacher Education Faculty Publications

The study reported in this paper examines the impact of the Ohio Statewide Systemic Initiative (SSI) on participating mathematics teachers. Quantitative data from 90 SSI-trained teachers and 400 teachers without training, along with qualitative data collected from seven SSI teachers who were visited in their classrooms are presented. Analysis of the quantitative data showed that SSI and Non-SSI teachers reported significantly different frequencies of reformed teaching practices and held significantly different views about the nature and pedagogy of mathematics. Qualitative data from the interviews highlighted that the SSI professional development experience, the ability to find creative ways to overcome lack ...


1999-00 Annual Report, Illinois Mathematics And Science Academy Jan 2000

1999-00 Annual Report, Illinois Mathematics And Science Academy

Annual Reports

We are pleased to share with vou the 1999-00 annual report of the Illinois Mathematics and Science Academy. IMSA's 14th year was characterized by the continued evolution of our dynamic Business Plan, and the advancement ol our Strategic Initiatives.


The Challenge: The Newsletter Of The Center For Gifted Studies (No. 6, Winter 2000), Center For Gifted Studies, Tracy Inman Editor Jan 2000

The Challenge: The Newsletter Of The Center For Gifted Studies (No. 6, Winter 2000), Center For Gifted Studies, Tracy Inman Editor

Gifted Studies Publications

No abstract provided.


Fetal Pig: The High School Dissection Experience, Gracia Barr, Harold A. Herzog Jan 2000

Fetal Pig: The High School Dissection Experience, Gracia Barr, Harold A. Herzog

EDUCATION

Using qualitative methods, we observed a series of fetal pig dissection sessions in a high school biology course and interviewed 17 students in the class. The students' responses to dissection varied considerably. Most felt that dissection was a positive experience, but a substantial minority viewed it primarily in negative terms. Almost all the students had some ambivalence about aspects of the fetal pig lab and believed that alternatives should be provided for students who object to the practice. We argue that dissection remains a viable educational tool but should be an optional rather than compulsory component of the curriculum.


The Rhetoric Of Science Education Reform, William W. Cobern Jan 2000

The Rhetoric Of Science Education Reform, William W. Cobern

Scientific Literacy and Cultural Studies Project

Leon Lederman’s Project ARISE promotes a “physics first” reorganization of the secondary science curriculum. As a Nobel laureate in physics, his ideas have attracted considerable attention. Issues outside of physics, however, that Lederman does not appear ready to acknowledge will limit the impact Lederman hopes to achieve.


Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network – Winter 1999/2000 Jan 2000

Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network – Winter 1999/2000

Nebraska Earth Systems Education Network

Content:

"Everything is Connected to Everything Else"- by Dave Gosselin

We're looking for a few good Earth Science Teachers!!! ( ... and their colleagues) - by Steve Meyer

The Maury Project Summer Workshop

STEDII in Action - STEDII in State - by Mark Mesarch

NESEN Web Site: A Work in Progress - by Mark Mesarch

CSD Earth Science Education Efforts

CALMIT and its educational programs

America's Farm

The Earth Science Information Center

Other CSD education efforts and CSD publications

Just for Teachers!

Nebraska Rocks!! Field Camp by Mary Anne Holmes, Department of Geosciences

CASDE


The Universe On A Desktop: Observational Astronomy Simulations In The Instructional Laboratory, Laurence A. Marschall Jan 2000

The Universe On A Desktop: Observational Astronomy Simulations In The Instructional Laboratory, Laurence A. Marschall

Physics and Astronomy Faculty Publications

Though the value of hands-on learning has long been recognised by educators, it is difficult to design laboratories in astronomy classes that present realistic astrophysical techniques to undergraduate students. Unlike most other sciences, astronomy is largely observational, not experimental, and making useful observations involves expensive equipment over time scales inconvenient for pedagogy. In recent years, however, astronomy has gone almost completely digital, and the advent of large on-line databases and fast personal computers has made it possible to realistically simulate the experience of research astrophysics in the laboratory. Since 1992, Project CLEA (Contemporary Laboratory Experiences in Astronomy) has been developing ...


Not All Are Created Equal: An Analysis Of The Environmentally-Related Programs/Departments In U.S. Academic Institutions Until December 1999, Aldemaro Romero Jr., Molly Brandt, Phoebe B.S. Vanselow, Joel E. Cresswell, Creswell Jan 2000

Not All Are Created Equal: An Analysis Of The Environmentally-Related Programs/Departments In U.S. Academic Institutions Until December 1999, Aldemaro Romero Jr., Molly Brandt, Phoebe B.S. Vanselow, Joel E. Cresswell, Creswell

Publications and Research

No abstract provided.


Creating A K 12 Engineering Educational Outreach Center, Lawrence Genalo, Monica Bruning, Barbara Adams Jan 2000

Creating A K 12 Engineering Educational Outreach Center, Lawrence Genalo, Monica Bruning, Barbara Adams

Materials Science and Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

At Iowa State University, the College of Engineering is developing a center for engineering outreach to K-12 programs in the state and selected surrounding areas. The goals for this center are: • Iowa State University’s College of Engineering and its industrial partners will be a national model for K-12 partnering. • The College of Engineering will be a resource and delivery partner for every K-12 teacher in Iowa who wants to improve engineering-related content and career awareness. • The center will help to establish an early awareness of an engineering career path - especially critical to populations that are underrepresented in engineering. • The ...


Introducing Proper Chemical Hygiene And Safety In The General Chemistry Curriculum, Gordon J. Miller, Stephen A. Heideman, Thomas Greenbowe Jan 2000

Introducing Proper Chemical Hygiene And Safety In The General Chemistry Curriculum, Gordon J. Miller, Stephen A. Heideman, Thomas Greenbowe

Chemistry Publications

Chemical safety is an important component of science education for everyone, not just for chemistry majors. Developing a responsible and knowledgeable attitude towards chemical safety best starts at the early stages of a student's career. In many colleges and universities, safety education in undergraduate chemistry has been relegated primarily to a few regulatory documents at the beginning of a laboratory course, or an occasional warning in the description of a specific experiment in a prelaboratory lecture. Safety issues are seldom raised in general chemistry or organic chemistry lecture-based chemistry courses. At Iowa State University we have begun to implement ...