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Full-Text Articles in Education

Gaining Access To The Language Of Science: A Research Partnership For Disciplined, Discursive Ways To Select And Assess Vocabulary Knowledge, Emily Hayden, Anupma Singh, Michelle Eades-Baird Jan 2019

Gaining Access To The Language Of Science: A Research Partnership For Disciplined, Discursive Ways To Select And Assess Vocabulary Knowledge, Emily Hayden, Anupma Singh, Michelle Eades-Baird

Education Publications

To equalize access to science learning across genders and demographic groups, access to the disciplinary language of science is one place to start. The language of science is highly challenging and specialized, and difficulties acquiring this language contribute to disparities in science achievement across diverse student groups. This study used a pre/post design to analyze effectiveness of a brief classroom science vocabulary assessment designed to assess receptive and productive vocabulary knowledge across multiple sections of one seventh-grade science teacher’s class. Vocabulary was selected and analysis conducted by an interdisciplinary research partnership, including the science teacher, a literacy specialist ...


Combining Academics And Social Engagement: A Major-Specific Early Alert Method To Counter Student Attrition In Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics, Andrew J. Sage, Cinzia Cervato, Ulrike Genschel, Craig Ogilvie Jun 2018

Combining Academics And Social Engagement: A Major-Specific Early Alert Method To Counter Student Attrition In Science, Technology, Engineering, And Mathematics, Andrew J. Sage, Cinzia Cervato, Ulrike Genschel, Craig Ogilvie

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

Students are most likely to leave science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) majors during their first year of college. We developed an analytic approach using random forests to identify at-risk students. This method is deployable midway through the first semester and accounts for academic preparation, early engagement in university life, and performance on midterm exams. By accounting for cognitive and noncognitive factors, our method achieves stronger predictive performance than would be possible using cognitive or noncognitive factors alone. We show that it is more difficult to predict whether students will leave STEM than whether they will leave the institution. More ...


What Can Students Do With The Words They Know? An Ela Teacher Takes On Science, Emily Hayden, Michelle Eades-Baird Jan 2016

What Can Students Do With The Words They Know? An Ela Teacher Takes On Science, Emily Hayden, Michelle Eades-Baird

Education Publications

The Common Core State Standard and Next Generation Science Standards emphasize language and literacy across disciplines, requiring shifts in teaching practices and inventive approaches. This case study focuses on the instructional decision-making and activities of one uniquely experienced and qualified seventh-grade science teacher, whose English Language Arts background made her approach to vocabulary instruction distinctive, as she selected focus vocabulary and incorporated morphological instruction and lexical enhancement into science teaching practices. Results highlight the differences between content literacy and disciplinary literacy and the pitfalls of applying broad literacy strategies without deep consideration of disciplinary knowledge and requirements and provide examples ...


Not A Stale Metaphor: The Continued Relevance Of Pedagogical Content Knowledge For Science Research And Education, H. Emily Hayden, Michelle Eades Baird Jan 2016

Not A Stale Metaphor: The Continued Relevance Of Pedagogical Content Knowledge For Science Research And Education, H. Emily Hayden, Michelle Eades Baird

Education Publications

Pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) is a foundation for teacher standards such as the Interstate Teacher Assessment and Support Consortium (InTASC) (Council of Chief State School Officers, 2011) and a critical element of teacher preparation and professional development for multiple fields, including science teaching (Purzer, Moore, Baker, & Berland, 2014). But several years ago Settlage (2013) presented a powerful critique of PCK, rejecting the way it positions knowledge in the abstract, “solely ... what teachers store in their heads” (p. 10) and calling for more evidence connecting PCK conceptualisations to actual teaching activity. In truth, theoretical descriptions of PCK abound (Darling -Hammond & Bransford, 2005; Hashweh, 2005; Lee & Luft, 2008) and most utilise the lens of the researcher (Lee & Luft, 2008). While this helps us conceptualise teaching and imagine what could be, what is needed are more illustrations of what is.


Distinguishing Beginning Premed Students From Their Science Peers: The Salience Of Proximal Variables, Lisa M. Larson, Verena S. Bonitz, James D. Werbel, Tsui-Feng Wu, Leann R. Mills Jan 2011

Distinguishing Beginning Premed Students From Their Science Peers: The Salience Of Proximal Variables, Lisa M. Larson, Verena S. Bonitz, James D. Werbel, Tsui-Feng Wu, Leann R. Mills

Psychology Publications

The purpose of the study was to better understand how students at the beginning of a premed curriculum are different from their science peers on career-related variables. A total of 165 undergraduates were classified into three groups; these were premed students, students with the intent to pursue a graduate degree, and students with the intent to pursue a bachelor’s degree. Both distal (e.g., prior achievement) and proximal (e.g., mathematics and science self-efficacy and interest) social cognitive constructs were measured. Based on social cognitive career theory (SCCT), the authors predicted that the three groups would not differ on ...