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Full-Text Articles in Education

Discussing Controversial Topics In The Technology Classroom: Benefits, Strategies, And Challenges, Gretchen A. Mosher, Chad M. Laux Oct 2010

Discussing Controversial Topics In The Technology Classroom: Benefits, Strategies, And Challenges, Gretchen A. Mosher, Chad M. Laux

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Using controversial topics for teaching and learning has several benefits identified in the literature. Skills such as applying knowledge to real world applications, critical judgment and evaluation, social and ethical considerations, and oral and written communication are important learning outcomes of this practice. Utilizing several models of teaching and learning, this presentation will present the benefits of discussing controversial topics in the classroom, as well as strategies and challenges of handling these types of discussions with technology students.


Students’ Perspective On Safety Education Using Second Life As A Tool For Effective Learning, Dominick E. Fazarro, Nir Keren Oct 2010

Students’ Perspective On Safety Education Using Second Life As A Tool For Effective Learning, Dominick E. Fazarro, Nir Keren

Agricultural and Biosystems Engineering Conference Proceedings and Presentations

Educators are searching for cutting-edge ideas to deliver effective instructional methods to students and employers on different aspects of training. The population of students in colleges and universities are different in terms of dependency on technology. Most students are visual learners and are dependent on the use of technology in their everyday lives to satisfy social needs. Educators are seeking methods to increase student learning and comprehension of classroom theory by integrating the students’ need of technology. Teaching industrial safety can often leave the instructor with a level of uncertainty as to whether the students have grasped concepts taught in ...


Isu Advance—Transformation Across The University Hierarchy To Enhance Recruitment, Retention And Advancement Of Women Faculty In Engineering, Kristen P. Constant Jun 2010

Isu Advance—Transformation Across The University Hierarchy To Enhance Recruitment, Retention And Advancement Of Women Faculty In Engineering, Kristen P. Constant

Materials Science and Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

ISU is in the 4th year of a 5-year NSF funded ADVANCE grant. In accordance with the intent of NSF’s “Institutional Transformation” grants, the focus of this work is not on the individual professional development of women, but instead, on changing the academic environment in which they work. The goal of the ISU ADVANCE research program is to investigate the effectiveness of a multilevel collaborative effort to effect institutional transformation that results in the full participation of women faculty in STEM fields in the university. Our approach focuses on transforming departmental cultures (views, attitudes, norms and shared beliefs), practices ...


The Invest Volcanic Concept Survey: Exploring Student Understanding About Volcanoes, Thomas Lyle Parham, Cinzia Cervato, William A. Gallus Jr., Michael Larsen, Jonathan M. Hobbs, Pete Stelling, Tanya Gupta, John A. Knox, Thomas E. Gill May 2010

The Invest Volcanic Concept Survey: Exploring Student Understanding About Volcanoes, Thomas Lyle Parham, Cinzia Cervato, William A. Gallus Jr., Michael Larsen, Jonathan M. Hobbs, Pete Stelling, Tanya Gupta, John A. Knox, Thomas E. Gill

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

Results from the Volcanic Concept Survey (VCS) indicated that many undergraduates do not fully understand volcanic systems and plate tectonics. During the 2006 academic year, a ten-item conceptual survey was distributed to undergraduate students enrolled in Earth science courses at five U.S. colleges and universities. A trained team of graders scored 672 completed surveys, coding responses to each item with a score, out of 3, based on accuracy and comprehensiveness. Questions requiring only basic content knowledge (e.g., terminology, volcano topology) received more high scoring responses than questions requiring higher thinking and deeper conceptual connections (association with plate tectonics ...


Isu Advance Collaborative Transformation Project: Rounds 1 And 2 - Focal Department Synthesis Report, Sharon R. Bird, Laura Rhoton, Carla Fehr, Lisa M. Larson Apr 2010

Isu Advance Collaborative Transformation Project: Rounds 1 And 2 - Focal Department Synthesis Report, Sharon R. Bird, Laura Rhoton, Carla Fehr, Lisa M. Larson

Office of the Provost Reports

This report summarizes research from the Iowa State University ADVANCE Collaborative Transformation (CT) Project. The results discussed here are based on intensive research conducted within six Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) departments at ISU during 2006-2009. The report also reviews some of the activities within the departments aimed at enhancing workplace climate and improving recruitment, retention and promotion of diverse faculty that have been inspired and informed by the CT Project. These activities are funded by a 5 year grant from the National Science Foundation’s ADVANCE Institutional Transformation program, which is designed to create an infrastructure for transforming ...


Student Choice As An Effective Learning Strategy, Sara B. Marcketti Mar 2010

Student Choice As An Effective Learning Strategy, Sara B. Marcketti

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Collaborative classrooms in which students participate in the design of class materials lead to greater engagement in course material, increased intrinsic motivation, and more immediate immersion in the learning process. Student-designed assignments are created to shift students from the role of "individual consumers of education to co-creators of a common life" in the classroom.


Reflective Writing As An Assessment For Student Analysis And Synthesis Ability In A Landscape Design Course, Ann Marie Vanderzanden Jan 2010

Reflective Writing As An Assessment For Student Analysis And Synthesis Ability In A Landscape Design Course, Ann Marie Vanderzanden

Horticulture Publications

Horticulture graduates entering the field of landscape design and installation must be able to integrate technical skills with practical applications. This requires higher-order thinking skills such as critical thinking, which can be practiced through various teaching and learning strategies in an undergraduate curriculum. The objective of this project was to develop a series of three reflective writing assignments in a landscape design course to help students improve their critical thinking skills of analysis and synthesis. Scores on an 18-point quiz question for 110 students enrolled in Beginning Garden Composition (HORT 380) from 2005 to 2009 were compared. The comparison was ...


Academic Success For Stem And Non-Stem Majors, Donald F. Whalen, Mack C. Shelley Jan 2010

Academic Success For Stem And Non-Stem Majors, Donald F. Whalen, Mack C. Shelley

Political Science Publications

Enrollment in STEM majors has improved recently, but there continues to be concern over retention in those majors, especially of women and minority students. The purpose of this study is to develop an integrated understanding of how multiple predictor variables affect student degree attainment and to ascertain how the variables impact is regulated by whether students are in STEM or non-STEM majors. Six-year cohort retention/graduation outcomes are predicted for all students in STEM and non-STEM majors, and are adjusted separately for whether students remain in, or shift into or away from, STEM majors. Long-term retention/graduation is predicted significantly ...


Structural Analysis Of Factors Influencing The Adjustment Behaviors Of Korean Children In The U.S., Sunjin Oh, Mack C. Shelley Jan 2010

Structural Analysis Of Factors Influencing The Adjustment Behaviors Of Korean Children In The U.S., Sunjin Oh, Mack C. Shelley

Political Science Publications

The purpose of this study was to identify factors influencing the adjustment of Korean children who live in the U.S. Specifically, this study examined the following predictor variables: English proficiency, peer relationships, family relationships, and school experiences. Forty seven Korean children who were attending the Korean Lan-guage School and their parents participated in this study. Pearson product moment correlations indicated that there was a statistically significant relationship between the adjustment of Korean children who live in the U.S. and their English proficiency, peer relationships, and school experiences. There was no statistically significant relationship between the adjustment of Korean ...


Developing Spanish Online Readings Using Design-Based Research, Cristina Pardo-Ballester, Julio Cesar Rodriguez Jan 2010

Developing Spanish Online Readings Using Design-Based Research, Cristina Pardo-Ballester, Julio Cesar Rodriguez

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This article reports on the use of design-based research (DBR) in the development of online reading materials for beginning and intermediate Spanish learners. The report focuses on four studies of two main aspects of the development, namely, interface design and learner perceptions. The discussion of interface design includes the analysis of learner expectations and interface organization. The analysis of learner perceptions includes frequency of use and impact of multimedia glosses on the learning of vocabulary. Findings reveal the importance of involving learners in all aspects of materials design and development and make evident the strengths of a DBR approach to ...


The Validity Argument Of A Web-Based Spanish Listening Exam: Test Usefulness Evaluation, Cristina Pardo-Ballester Jan 2010

The Validity Argument Of A Web-Based Spanish Listening Exam: Test Usefulness Evaluation, Cristina Pardo-Ballester

World Languages and Cultures Publications

This study describes research used for supporting a validity argument for a new Spanish Listening Exam, whose scores are intended to place examinees into appropriate levels of university Spanish classes. This study contributes to the field of argument-based approaches to language assessment by implementing Bachman's (2005)Bachman, L. F. 2005. Building and supporting a case for test use. Language Assessment Quarterly, 1: 1–34. [Google Scholar] assessment use argument framework. The validity argument is supported by research providing backing for three warrants pertaining to the quality of inference that can be made on the basis of examinees' performance. These ...


Response To Gee’S Commentary On “Ways With Words: Language Play And The Science Learning Of Mexican Newcomer Adolescents.” A 21st Century Niche For The Natural., Katherine R. Bruna Jan 2010

Response To Gee’S Commentary On “Ways With Words: Language Play And The Science Learning Of Mexican Newcomer Adolescents.” A 21st Century Niche For The Natural., Katherine R. Bruna

Education Publications

I read James Gee's response to my paper at the same time that I was beginning Sherry Turkle's (2008) book "Falling for Science: Objects in Mind." Reading Gee against the backdrop of Turkle was helpful.


You Got The Word Now: Problematizing Vocabulary-Based Academic Language Instruction, Katherine R. Bruna, Roberta Vann, Moises P. Escudero Jan 2010

You Got The Word Now: Problematizing Vocabulary-Based Academic Language Instruction, Katherine R. Bruna, Roberta Vann, Moises P. Escudero

Education Publications

With increasing numbers of English Learners enrolling in public schools, teachers of core academic subject area classes are facing the challenge of integrating English language development into instruction. This article describes how teachers' understanding of infusing language into science teaching can shape instructional practices and consequently influence the simultaneous English language development and science learning of English Learner students.


Ways With Words: Language Play And The Science Learning Of Mexican Newcomer Adolescents., Katherine R. Bruna Jan 2010

Ways With Words: Language Play And The Science Learning Of Mexican Newcomer Adolescents., Katherine R. Bruna

Education Publications

Language Play and the Science Learning of Mexican Newcomer Adolescents.


Commentary On Gee’S “Science, Video Games, And Literacy: Situated Learning., Katherine R. Bruna Jan 2010

Commentary On Gee’S “Science, Video Games, And Literacy: Situated Learning., Katherine R. Bruna

Education Publications

A Mother and Multicultural Teacher Educator's Reflection


How Farmers Learn: Implications For Agricultural Educations, Nancy K. Franz, Fred Piercy, Joseph Donaldson, Robert Richard Jan 2010

How Farmers Learn: Implications For Agricultural Educations, Nancy K. Franz, Fred Piercy, Joseph Donaldson, Robert Richard

Education Publications

In this participatory action research, guided by a steering committee of farmers and agricultural educators, we examined how farmers learn and identified implications for agricultural educators. Since most educators teach the way they prefer to learn, this research could shape agricultural educators’ practice with farmers. Focus group interviews and surveys with 115 farmers and agricultural educators helped us understand how and why farmers learn and the role of agricultural educators, especially Extension educators, in farmer learning. Farmers articulated a learning process that relies mostly on first-hand experiences motivated by saving time and money, learning about cutting edge research, and engaging ...


Drafting And Revision Using Word Processing By Undergraduate Student Writers: Changing Conceptions And Practices, Anish M. Dave, David R. Russell Jan 2010

Drafting And Revision Using Word Processing By Undergraduate Student Writers: Changing Conceptions And Practices, Anish M. Dave, David R. Russell

English Publications

The concepts of drafting and revision were developed out of process theory and research done in the early 1980s, an era when word processing was not as pervasive or standardized as it is now. This paper reexamines those concepts, drawing on an analysis of two decades of previous collegelevel studies of writing processes in relation to word processing and an exploratory survey of 112 upper level undergraduate students who use computers extensively to write and revise. The results support earlier studies that found students' revision is predominantly focused on local issues. However, the analysis suggests that the common classroom practice ...


The Role Of Personality In The Selection Of A Major: With And Without Vocational Self-Efficacy And Interests, Lisa M. Larson, Tsui-Feng Wu, Donna C. Bailey, Courtney E. Gasser, Verena S. Bonitz, Fred H. Borgen Jan 2010

The Role Of Personality In The Selection Of A Major: With And Without Vocational Self-Efficacy And Interests, Lisa M. Larson, Tsui-Feng Wu, Donna C. Bailey, Courtney E. Gasser, Verena S. Bonitz, Fred H. Borgen

Psychology Publications

The purpose of this study is to examine the role of personality traits measured by the Multidimensional Personality Questionnaire (MPQ; Tellegen, 2000 and Tellegen and Waller, 2008) in selecting educational majors. Personality traits were examined alone, and with the combination of Holland’s hexagonal confidence domains, as measured by the general confidence themes (GCT) of the Skills Confidence Inventory (SCI; Betz, Borgen, & Harmon, 2005), and Holland’s interest domains, as measured by the general occupational themes (GOTs) of the 2005 Strong Interest Inventory (SII; Donnay, Morris, Schaubhut, & Thompson, 2005). Personality traits significantly contributed to the discrimination of nine educational major families in a sample of 368 undergraduate decided students. When the set of confidence and interest scales was added to the personality ...


Male And Female College Students’ Educational Majors: The Contribution Of Basic Vocational Confidence And Interests, Lisa M. Larson, Tsui-Feng Wu, Donna C. Bailey, Fred H. Borgen, Courtney E. Gasser Jan 2010

Male And Female College Students’ Educational Majors: The Contribution Of Basic Vocational Confidence And Interests, Lisa M. Larson, Tsui-Feng Wu, Donna C. Bailey, Fred H. Borgen, Courtney E. Gasser

Psychology Publications

The first purpose was to determine if overall gender differences in basic confidence as measured by the Expanded Skills Confidence Inventory (ESCI) and basic interests as measured by the 2005 Strong Interest Inventory (SII) would be present within eight college major families. As expected, anticipated overall gender differences in confidence and interests concerning realistic and conventional activities were visible within the major families as well. The second purpose was to determine whether basic domains of confidence and interests would differentially discriminate among the eight major families differentially for 171 male and 176 female college students. When confidence and interests were ...


Empowering Student Leadership Beliefs: An Exploratory Study, Sara B. Marcketti, Sara J. Kadolph Jan 2010

Empowering Student Leadership Beliefs: An Exploratory Study, Sara B. Marcketti, Sara J. Kadolph

Apparel, Events and Hospitality Management Publications

Leadership beliefs contribute to behaviors and attitudes. The purposes for conducting this study were 1) to gain an understanding of undergraduate students’ leadership beliefs, 2) to implement three distinct leadership modules into an introductory textiles and clothing course, and 3) to assess the modules’ effectiveness in promoting empowering leadership beliefs. The study used quantitative and qualitative methods (n=76). Findings suggest undergraduates’ perceptions of leadership encompass trait and situational perspectives of leadership. The modules influenced students’ understanding of the varied definitions of leadership and empowered them to consider that the behaviors, beliefs, and attitudes of leadership were attainable.


Examination Of An Emerging Community Of Practice For Instructional Designers: A Descriptive Case Study In A Midwestern University, Jiaqi Yu, Connie Hargrave Jan 2010

Examination Of An Emerging Community Of Practice For Instructional Designers: A Descriptive Case Study In A Midwestern University, Jiaqi Yu, Connie Hargrave

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

This study examined the functioning of a group of instructional designers (IDs) in higher education through the lens of Communities of Practice (CoPs). The study particularly focused on whether and how the grouping of experienced and novice IDs operated as an effective CoP from the perspective of novices. The findings indicated that a group of IDs working in a midwestern university was able to cultivate a CoP within a clearly defined domain, a well-established community, and the shared practice with a specific body of knowledge. Particularly from the perspectives of novices, they highlighted the positive impact while participating in the ...