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Full-Text Articles in Education

Calibrated Peer Review Assignments For The Earth Sciences, James A. Rudd Ii, Vivian Z. Wang, Cinzia Cervato, Robert W. Ridky Nov 2009

Calibrated Peer Review Assignments For The Earth Sciences, James A. Rudd Ii, Vivian Z. Wang, Cinzia Cervato, Robert W. Ridky

Geological and Atmospheric Sciences Publications

Calibrated Peer Review ™ (CPR), a web-based instructional tool developed as part of the National Science Foundation reform initiatives in undergraduate science education, allows instructors to incorporate multiple writing assignments in large courses without overwhelming the instructor. This study reports successful implementation of CPR in a large, introductory geology course and student learning of geoscience content. For each CPR assignment in this study, students studied web-based and paper resources, wrote an essay, and reviewed seven essays (three from the instructor, three from peers, and their own) on the topic. Although many students expressed negative attitudes and concerns, particularly about the peer ...


Languages And Cultures For Professions: Pathways To Global Engineering, Chad M. Gasta Oct 2009

Languages And Cultures For Professions: Pathways To Global Engineering, Chad M. Gasta

World Languages and Cultures Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

No abstract provided.


Student Ideas Regarding Entropy And The Second Law Of Thermodynamics In An Introductory Physics Course, Warren M. Christensen, David E. Meltzer, Craig Ogilvie Oct 2009

Student Ideas Regarding Entropy And The Second Law Of Thermodynamics In An Introductory Physics Course, Warren M. Christensen, David E. Meltzer, Craig Ogilvie

Physics and Astronomy Publications

We report on students’ thinking regarding entropy in an introductory calculus-based physics course. We analyzed students’ responses to a variety of questions on entropy changes of an arbitrarily defined system and its surroundings. In four offerings of the same course we found that before instruction, no more than 6% of all students could give completely correct responses to relevant questions posed in both general and concrete contexts. Nearly two-thirds of the students showed clear evidence of conservation-type reasoning regarding entropy. These outcomes were little changed even after instruction. Targeted instruction that guided students to recognize that entropy is not a ...


Changes In Students’ Problem-Solving Strategies In A Course That Includes Context-Rich, Multifaceted Problems, Craig Ogilvie Aug 2009

Changes In Students’ Problem-Solving Strategies In A Course That Includes Context-Rich, Multifaceted Problems, Craig Ogilvie

Physics and Astronomy Publications

Most students struggle when faced with complex and open-ended tasks because the strategies taught in schools and universities simply require finding and applying the correct formulae or strategy to answer well-structured, algorithmic problems. For students to develop their ability to solve ill-structured problems, they must first believe that standardized procedural approaches will not always be sufficient for solving engineering and scientific challenges. In this paper we document the range of beliefs university students have about problem solving. Students enrolled in a physics course submitted a written reflection both at the start and the end of the course on how they ...


Recognizing, Characterizing, And "Unsettling" Unintended Bias In The Faculty Search Process In Engineering, Kristen P. Constant, Sharon R. Bird Jun 2009

Recognizing, Characterizing, And "Unsettling" Unintended Bias In The Faculty Search Process In Engineering, Kristen P. Constant, Sharon R. Bird

Materials Science and Engineering Conference Papers, Posters and Presentations

Faculty searches are one of the most critical activities undertaken with regards to shaping the future of a department, college or university. Despite the importance of this activity, most search committees are comprised of faculty who have very little time to commit to this task, and little if any training on ‘best practices’ or policies for conducting searches. National recognition of the need in faculty search processes for decision-makers to understand the prevalence of unintended biases and how to combat them has grown precipitously in recent years. Cognitive scientists have shown that many of the selection and evaluation processes we ...


The Enrollment Research Team: An Example Of Collaborative Strategic Enrollment Management Research, Darin Wohlgemuth, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Jonathan I. Compton, Gregory R. Forbes, Julia Sullivan Apr 2009

The Enrollment Research Team: An Example Of Collaborative Strategic Enrollment Management Research, Darin Wohlgemuth, Ann M. Gansemer-Topf, Jonathan I. Compton, Gregory R. Forbes, Julia Sullivan

Education Publications

Effective strategic enrollment management (SEM) requires a “data rich environment” (Bontrager 2004)—a significant amount of data, intentional efforts to analyze the data and processes through which the results of the analysis can be implemented. In other words, successful SEM involves research. Although few would disagree that research is a necessary component of SEM, institutions may struggle with finding or aligning their resources (time, money and personnel) to adequately fulfill their research needs.


Describing The Elephant: Preservice Teachers Talk About Spiritual Reasons For Becoming A Teacher, Joanne M. Marshall Apr 2009

Describing The Elephant: Preservice Teachers Talk About Spiritual Reasons For Becoming A Teacher, Joanne M. Marshall

Education Publications

Given the need for high quality teachers in every classroom, it is important to understand what might contribute to the preparation and persistence of teachers. Two lines of literature in teacher education relate to such an understanding. One line of literature follows the circumstances of how people decide to become teachers. The other line explores the relationship between spirituality and teaching. This paper considers the intersection of those two lines; namely, what is the relationship, if any between why people enter the K-12 teaching field and the spirituality of teaching?


Undergraduate Interior Design Program Admissions: What Is The Best Predictor Of Future “Success?”, Lori A. Brunner Mar 2009

Undergraduate Interior Design Program Admissions: What Is The Best Predictor Of Future “Success?”, Lori A. Brunner

Art and Design Conference Proceedings, Presentations and Posters

The purpose of this paper is to present initial findings of a quasi-experimental study that analyzes what selection criteria provide the best measures of predicting future “success” in an undergraduate interior design program. Success in this study utilizes a performance assessment of a capstone interior design project.


Employer Attitudes And Perceptions Of Job Preparedness Of Recent Iowa State University Horticulture Graduates, Ann Marie Vanderzanden, Michael Reinert Jan 2009

Employer Attitudes And Perceptions Of Job Preparedness Of Recent Iowa State University Horticulture Graduates, Ann Marie Vanderzanden, Michael Reinert

Horticulture Publications

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the attitudes and perceptions of employers who have recently hired Iowa State University (ISU) Department of Horticulture graduates in regard to the graduates' preparedness when entering the workforce and their abilities to complete job responsibilities. A 70-question survey instrument was distributed electronically to 107 employers who hired ISU Department of Horticulture students who graduated from spring semester 2004 through summer session 2007. A majority of the survey questions was directly related to expected learner outcomes from the undergraduate curriculum. These outcomes related to abilities in professional skills (19 questions) and general horticulture ...


Language Learning Materials Worthy Of Attention, Carol Chapelle, Grace Jun, Ivon Katz Jan 2009

Language Learning Materials Worthy Of Attention, Carol Chapelle, Grace Jun, Ivon Katz

English Conference Papers, Posters and Proceedings

At the 2008 Technology for Second Language Learning conference, we were very grateful to have Jim Pusack and Sue Otto of the University of Iowa accept our invitation to appear as invited speakers along with Dorothy Chun (University of California at Santa Barbara) and Sherry Preiss (Pearson Education). The three invited talks provided three perspectives on the complex process of language learning materials development and evaluation. Just three months after the conference, we were shocked and saddened to learn that Jim Pusack died suddenly on December 30, 2008. Jim’s academic career was devoted to exploration of new technologies for ...


Post-Mortem: Eight Years Of Comprehensive Design Experiments And What Comes Next, Matthew W. Fisher, Thomas W. Leslie, Gregory S. Palermo Jan 2009

Post-Mortem: Eight Years Of Comprehensive Design Experiments And What Comes Next, Matthew W. Fisher, Thomas W. Leslie, Gregory S. Palermo

Architecture Conference Proceedings and Presentations

This paper documents the eight-year evolution of the Department of Architecture’s Comprehensive Design program at Iowa State University. Since its initial offering in 2001, we have attempted to deliver the NAAB requirement in a broad, holistic context, incorporating not only the required technical aspects of studio work, but also an urban, civic agenda and an emphasis on human, public space. The result has been a studio that is seen by the department and by partners in the profession as a model for integrative, collaborative work, and we offer techniques and suggestions for other programs with evolving Comprehensive studios.


A Record Of The Design Process: A Systematic Investigation Of The Role, Value, And Effectiveness Of The “Process Book” For Interior Design Students, Lori A. Brunner Jan 2009

A Record Of The Design Process: A Systematic Investigation Of The Role, Value, And Effectiveness Of The “Process Book” For Interior Design Students, Lori A. Brunner

Art and Design Conference Proceedings, Presentations and Posters

The aim of this study is to analyze the structure, role, and effectiveness of a design student's "process book" as a method of capturing and facilitating design thinking. The "process book" includes all of the work completed during a design project such as written notes, drawings, and research. This study poses the following research questions: 1) What role and value does the process book have to design students and instructors? 2) How can the process book structure help to reduce a student’s cognitive load, yet allow for the spontaneous actions involved in graphic thinking?

This mixed-method research study ...


A Writing Design: Using Abstracts In The Writing Process, Stacey Weber-Fève Jan 2009

A Writing Design: Using Abstracts In The Writing Process, Stacey Weber-Fève

World Languages and Cultures Publications

In late

2004, the College Board's National Commission on Writing issued a number of reports to the American Congress regarding the writing skills of today's American university graduates. The widespread perception among many faculty members at America's colleges, universities, and high schools of students not arriving on and/ or leaving the campuses of higher education with the writing skills needed for success in their college and professional careers had seemingly prompted the commission's investigation. According to Budig, this investigation took heightened importance when many leaders of major United States corporations began to share this same perception ...


Self-Assessment Of Oral Communication Presentations In Food Science And Nutrition, Cheryl A. Reitmeier, Denise A. Vrchota Jan 2009

Self-Assessment Of Oral Communication Presentations In Food Science And Nutrition, Cheryl A. Reitmeier, Denise A. Vrchota

English Publications

Self-assessment allows learners to observe, analyze, and evaluate their own performances. Self-reflection allows the student to assess his or her communication skill level and progress against a standard. Additionally, the implementation of self-assessment through carefully prepared classroom experiences enables learners to manage their own learning and encourages the habit of lifelong learning. The objective of this study was to compare self-evaluation formats for assessment of an oral communication activity. Senior students in 2 sections of a 1-credit seminar course were videotaped while presenting 30-min oral presentations to the class. Students viewed their presentations and assessed theirwork using either a scoring ...


Undergraduate Student Mentoring: What Do Students Think?, Michael S. Retallick, Michael L. Pate Jan 2009

Undergraduate Student Mentoring: What Do Students Think?, Michael S. Retallick, Michael L. Pate

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

The purpose of this census study was to explore undergraduate student perceptions of mentoring in a College of Agriculture and Life Science (CALS). An analysis of the responses from 532 respondents found that students believe that faculty in CALS often practice the mentoring functions except for the direct assistance, which students believe sometimes occurs. Undergraduate students take a broad view of mentoring. They view it as an engaging and interactive process where an exchange of ideas takes place and where the focus generally includes, but is not limited to, professional and career development. Students consider faculty members who are supportive ...


A Model For Implementing A College-Wide Experiential Learning Program In Higher Education, Michael S. Retallick, Charles Steiner Jan 2009

A Model For Implementing A College-Wide Experiential Learning Program In Higher Education, Michael S. Retallick, Charles Steiner

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

ScienceWith Practice (SWP) was conceptualized to provide opportunities for agriculture students to develop a planned learning component as part of their work experiences with faculty and staff in university research laboratories, farms, greenhouses, and other units. This college-wide program was designed and implemented using adult learning theory and best practices found in the literature. Activities included development of learning agreements, individual progress visits, regular student seminars, an end-of-experience symposium, a recognition banquet, and a formal evaluation. Students had opportunities to acquire technical agriculture skills; explore linkages between upperlevel coursework, research, and the world of work; develop skills related to organizing ...


Agriculture Faculty Perspectives On Undergraduate Mentoring: Definitions, Practices, And Processes, Ashley J. Wolfe, Michael S. Retallick, Robert Martin Jan 2009

Agriculture Faculty Perspectives On Undergraduate Mentoring: Definitions, Practices, And Processes, Ashley J. Wolfe, Michael S. Retallick, Robert Martin

Agricultural Education and Studies Publications

Literature indicates that a wide and diverse understanding of mentoring at the undergraduate level exists. However, the literature is sparse regarding what mentors know about existing mentoring processes and related practices. This study sought to describe faculty perspectives regarding undergraduate mentoring within Iowa State University's College of Agriculture and Life Sciences. Findings indicate that faculty members realize that mentoring is a complex role and it is more than just academic advising. Based upon a synthesis of faculty member definitions of undergraduate mentoring, the following definition is offered: a form of teaching where faculty members provide advice, guidance, and counsel ...


Incorporating Crisis Planning And Management Into Orientation Programs, Dian Squire, Victor Wilson, Joe Ritchie, Abbey Wolfman Jan 2009

Incorporating Crisis Planning And Management Into Orientation Programs, Dian Squire, Victor Wilson, Joe Ritchie, Abbey Wolfman

Education Publications

On April 16, 2007, at 6:47 a.m., Seung-Hui Cho stood outside West Ambler Johnston residence hall. Approximately 30 minutes later Cho shot and killed Emily Hischler and a resident assistant, Ryan Christopher Clark. By 7:30 a.m., a “person of interest” had been identified, and the University’s Policy Group called a meeting. Within an hour of the incident, the chief of police provided information to the Policy Group; requested the Virginia Tech Police Department Emergency Response Team arrive at the scene; and the Policy Group discussed how to notify the community of the homicides. Meanwhile, Cho ...


Enhancing Science For Ells: Science Strategies For English Language Learners That Benefit All Students., Joanne K. Olson, John Levis, Roberta Vann, Katherine R. Bruna Jan 2009

Enhancing Science For Ells: Science Strategies For English Language Learners That Benefit All Students., Joanne K. Olson, John Levis, Roberta Vann, Katherine R. Bruna

Education Publications

Most of us recall the first time we had English Language Learners (ELLs) in our classrooms. What does this child understand? How do I help her feel comfortable when I can’t communicate in the same language? How do I teach academic subjects and monitor progress when he doesn’t speak the language of instruction? How will her peers act toward her? These concerns are often coupled with a fear that spending valuable instructional time helping the ELLs may cause us to neglect the bulk of our class who are not ELLs.


Incorporating Crisis Planning And Management Into Orientation Programs, Dian Squire, Victor Wilson, Joe Ritchie, Abbey Wolfman Jan 2009

Incorporating Crisis Planning And Management Into Orientation Programs, Dian Squire, Victor Wilson, Joe Ritchie, Abbey Wolfman

Education Publications

On April 16, 2007, at 6:47 a.m., Seung-Hui Cho stood outside West Ambler Johnston residence hall. Approximately 30 minutes later Cho shot and killed Emily Hischler and a resident assistant, Ryan Christopher Clark. By 7:30 a.m., a “person of interest” had been identified, and the University’s Policy Group called a meeting. Within an hour of the incident, the chief of police provided information to the Policy Group; requested the Virginia Tech Police Department Emergency Response Team arrive at the scene; and the Policy Group discussed how to notify the community of the homicides. Meanwhile, Cho ...


The Impact Of Nanoscience Context On Multiple Choice Chemistry Items, Karen Knaus, Kristen Murphy, Thomas Holme Jan 2009

The Impact Of Nanoscience Context On Multiple Choice Chemistry Items, Karen Knaus, Kristen Murphy, Thomas Holme

Chemistry Publications

Modern chemistry topics are often introduced into classrooms long before they appear in standardized exams. This paper investigates the role of a nanoscience context in multiple choice items by using a comparative description of the cognitive load effects of such items on a practice exam that was given to students in 2nd-semester general chemistry and 1-semester pre-engineering general chemistry. It includes a classroom comparison study of performance and mental effort analyses in twelve chemistry content areas including a nanoscience and materials context category. In addition, cognitive load effects of paired items in four subcategories were evaluated. Results from ...


The Making Of An Online Masters Program In The North American Context, Ana-Paula Correia, Connie Hargrave, Patricia Leigh, Clyciane K. Michelini, Dale Niederhauser, Denise Schmidt, Ann D. Thompson Jan 2009

The Making Of An Online Masters Program In The North American Context, Ana-Paula Correia, Connie Hargrave, Patricia Leigh, Clyciane K. Michelini, Dale Niederhauser, Denise Schmidt, Ann D. Thompson

Education Conference Presentations, Posters and Proceedings

The department of Curriculum and Instruction at Iowa State University offers a leading residential program of ICT in teacher education. Based on the success of this program, in 2003, faculty members and instructional developers at Iowa State University Center for Technology in Learning and Teaching (http://www.ctlt.iastate.edu) created an online masters program in “Curriculum and Instructional Technology.” This graduate degree program was designed to meet the needs of K-12 teachers who were widely spread across the large mainly rural state of Iowa. This graduate program is described in this presentation as a distance education exemplary case in ...