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Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research

1998

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Fact Book 1998, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness Oct 1998

Fact Book 1998, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness

Fact Book

This seventeenth edition of the University of Nebraska at Omaha Fact Book has been designed to present a variety of information and data, about the University, in a concise, easily-used format. I hope this provides a profile that will expand your understanding of our institution.


Longitudinal Surveys Of Australian Youth Is A Program Of Surveys Of Young People Conducted By, Stephen Lamb Oct 1998

Longitudinal Surveys Of Australian Youth Is A Program Of Surveys Of Young People Conducted By, Stephen Lamb

LSAY Technical Reports

Students participating in LSAY were originally sampled in 1995 from 298 schools nationally. In 1996 the schools from which the original sample of students was drawn, took part in a survey to collect information about the features and programs of schools, as well as features of teachers and teaching, which might influence the progress of students in their school and in their later work careers. The survey involved two questionnaires: (1) a school questionnaire to be completed by the principal (or other school representative) and (2) a questionnaire to a sample of ten Year 10 teachers. The school questionnaire collected ...


Ten Years Of Fall-To-Fall Retention, Western Washington University, Carl Simpson Oct 1998

Ten Years Of Fall-To-Fall Retention, Western Washington University, Carl Simpson

Office of Survey Research

Executive Summary: Analysis of Fall-to-Fall retention at Western over the period 1987-1997 reveals modest improvement in retention rates, some traditional patterns, and some surprises. Particular groups are identified by the analysis as highest priority for university attention aimed at increasing retention. Western's overall Fall-to-Fall retention rate increased steadily from 1987 through 1992, then leveled off, to remain stable or decline very slightly since then. In particular, the retention of entering freshmen rose markedly from '87 through '92 and has declined significantly since 1992, although remaining well above its earlier rate. While the early rise in retention may be attributed ...


Profile Of The 1997 Freshman Class At Western: Comparative Trends And Patterns With A National Sample, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Joseph E. Trimble Oct 1998

Profile Of The 1997 Freshman Class At Western: Comparative Trends And Patterns With A National Sample, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Joseph E. Trimble

Office of Survey Research

Presentation of selected findings from Cooperative Institutional Research Program (CIRP) survey of first-time, in-coming freshmen. The CIRP is administered nationally by the Higher Education Research Institute (HERI). In the report, some national/local comparisons.


Codebook: The Lsay 1996 School Survey Technical Paper No. 12, Stephen Lamb Oct 1998

Codebook: The Lsay 1996 School Survey Technical Paper No. 12, Stephen Lamb

LSAY Technical Reports

Longitudinal Surveys of Australian Youth is a program of surveys of young people conducted by ACER with funding from the Commonwealth Department of Employment, Education, Training and Youth Affairs. The surveys focus on the education and labour market experiences of groups of young Australians, beginning from their middle years of secondary schooling. Data collected include basic demographic variables, as well as information about educational and labour force participation extending over a number of years. The school survey Students participating in LSAY were originally sampled in 1995 from 298 schools nationally. In 1996 the schools from which the original sample of ...


Enrollment Report - Fall 1998, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness Oct 1998

Enrollment Report - Fall 1998, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness

Enrollment Reports

The Enrollment Report provides administrative and delivery-site information on enrollment headcount and student credit hours, as well as the demographic characteristics of enrolled students. The purpose of this profile is to provide the undergraduate and graduate enrollments and student credit hour information by college or equivalent academic unit, class, gender and ethnicity.


Assessing Writing At Western Washington University, Carmen Werder, Donna J. Qualley, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney Oct 1998

Assessing Writing At Western Washington University, Carmen Werder, Donna J. Qualley, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney

Office of Survey Research

A 'White Paper' exploring possible options for the future of writing assessment and the design of a writing program at Western, with an empahsis on embedding writing across the curriculum.


Well-Being Among Young Australians: Effects Of Work And Home Life For Four Youth In Transition Cohorts., Nicole Fleming Sep 1998

Well-Being Among Young Australians: Effects Of Work And Home Life For Four Youth In Transition Cohorts., Nicole Fleming

LSAY Research Reports

This report examines the relationship of well-being with a variety of demographic and economic factors among Australian young people. Influences include gender, income, marital and employment status. Data for this report originated from the longitudinal study 'Youth in Transition' and the results indicate that income, employment and relationships are important for maintaining subjective well-being and happiness.


Attitudes To School Life: Their Influences And Their Effects On Achievement And Leaving School, Gary Marks Sep 1998

Attitudes To School Life: Their Influences And Their Effects On Achievement And Leaving School, Gary Marks

LSAY Research Reports

This report investigates students' attitudes to school life. Such attitudes may have some implications for achievement and other outcomes of education. These attitudes can also be used as a measure for educational outcomes in their own right. This study examines three aspects of student attitudes to school life: changes over a time period; the influence of individual and school-level variables on attitudes; and the effect of these attitudes on achievement and leaving school.


Creating School Finance Policies That Facilitate New Goals, Allan Odden Sep 1998

Creating School Finance Policies That Facilitate New Goals, Allan Odden

CPRE Policy Briefs

In this policy brief, Allan Odden argues that it may be time to redesign state and district school finance systems to align them more closely to the standards-based education reform movement and the national goal of teaching all students to rigorous performance standards.

Historically, a major focus of the school finance policy debate was the fiscal disparities across school districts within states. These disparities in per-pupil spending were inversely linked to tax efforts and strongly linked to the size of the local property tax base per pupil. Although the strength of the connection between spending and education quality was debated ...


Youth Earnings In Australia 1980-1994: A Comparison Of Three Youth Cohorts, Gary Marks, Nicole Fleming Sep 1998

Youth Earnings In Australia 1980-1994: A Comparison Of Three Youth Cohorts, Gary Marks, Nicole Fleming

LSAY Research Reports

This report examines hourly earnings among Australian youth. The influences on hourly earnings were analysed in three sections. The first presents the correlation between earnings and social background, school factors, qualifications and labour market history. The second part models earnings using a four step procedure adding, sequentially, social and demographic background factors. school factors, qualifications and Year 12 completion, and employment history. The final section focuses on aging and cohort effects by examining the inmpact on hourly earnings of gender, schooling, qualifications and work experiences at particular ages.


Academic Comparison Of Athletes And Non-Athletes In A Rural High School, Holt E Zaugg Sep 1998

Academic Comparison Of Athletes And Non-Athletes In A Rural High School, Holt E Zaugg

All Faculty Publications

This study compares academic performance, behavior, and commitment of basketball and volleyball athletes and non-athletes in a rural Canadian high school. It compares mid-term and final grades in each school discipline; visits to an administrator for disciplinary visits; and demerit points for improper behavior; and estimates the mean weekly time commitment for athletes in each sport.


Factors Influencing Youth Unemployment In Australia: 1980- 1994., Gary Marks, Nicole Fleming Jul 1998

Factors Influencing Youth Unemployment In Australia: 1980- 1994., Gary Marks, Nicole Fleming

LSAY Research Reports

Examines unemployment amongst Australian youth between 1980 and 1994. Factors associated with employment levels are discussed including demographic factors, educational achievement and economic indicators.


Western Washington University Library Survey Series, Fall 1996-97: Faculty And Staff And Administration, Carl Simpson, Linda D. (Linda Darlene) Clark, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney Jul 1998

Western Washington University Library Survey Series, Fall 1996-97: Faculty And Staff And Administration, Carl Simpson, Linda D. (Linda Darlene) Clark, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney

Office of Survey Research

INTRODUCTION Section One: Faculty At the request of the new University Librarian, Western's Office of Survey Research (OSR) and Office of Institutional Assessment and Testing (OiART) worked with the library's faculty and staff to conduct a series of surveys focusing on library resources and services. Drafts of this report were reviewed by library personnel and their comments and insights were extremely valuable. These surveys were intended to provide a base of information to help guide an in-depth assessment and planning effort aimed at improving Western's library. Indeed, "Western Washington University Libraries: Organizational Directions and Major Strategies: I998- ...


Western Washington University Library Survey Series, Fall 1996-97: Returning And Entering Students, Carl Simpson, Linda D. (Linda Darlene) Clark, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney Jul 1998

Western Washington University Library Survey Series, Fall 1996-97: Returning And Entering Students, Carl Simpson, Linda D. (Linda Darlene) Clark, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney

Office of Survey Research

Section One: Returning Students INTRODUCTION At the request of the new University Librarian, Western's Office of Survey Research (OSR) and Office of Institutional Assessment and Testing (OIART) worked with the library's faculty and staff to conduct a series of surveys focusing on library resources and services. Drafts of this report were reviewed by library personnel and their comments and insights were extremely valuable. These surveys were intended to provide a base of information to help guide an in-depth assessment and planning effort aimed at improving Western's library. Indeed, "Western Washington University Libraries: Organizational Directions and Major Strategies ...


State Strategies For Building Capacity: Addressing The Needs Of Standards-Based Reform, Diane Massell Jul 1998

State Strategies For Building Capacity: Addressing The Needs Of Standards-Based Reform, Diane Massell

CPRE Policy Briefs

Over the past decade or more, state policymakers have concentrated on putting the architecture of standards-based reform in place: setting challenging academic content standards and performance standards for all students; and instituting compatible tests, incentives, and accountability systems to reinforce these ambitious outcomes. Many states and districts have also restructured their governance systems to delegate more authority to local decision-makers.

But clearly defined learning goals and accountability systems do not by themselves yield continued improvement in student learning. Some states with high standards and related assessment and accountability programs in place are finding that their early gains in student achievement ...


State Strategies For Building Capacity: Addressing The Needs Of Standards-Based Reform, Diane Massell Jul 1998

State Strategies For Building Capacity: Addressing The Needs Of Standards-Based Reform, Diane Massell

CPRE Policy Briefs

Over the past decade or more, state policymakers have concentrated on putting the architecture of standards-based reform in place: setting challenging academic content standards and performance standards for all students; and instituting compatible tests, incentives, and accountability systems to reinforce these ambitious outcomes. Many states and districts have also restructured their governance systems to delegate more authority to local decision-makers.

But clearly defined learning goals and accountability systems do not by themselves yield continued improvement in student learning. Some states with high standards and related assessment and accountability programs in place are finding that their early gains in student achievement ...


1997-1998 Profile, Morehead State University. Institutional Research & Analysis. Jul 1998

1997-1998 Profile, Morehead State University. Institutional Research & Analysis.

Office of Institutional Research & Analysis Publication Archives

1997-1998 issue of Profile Magazine.


Core Values And The Road To Change, Madeleine F. Green, Peter D. Eckel, Barbara Hill Jul 1998

Core Values And The Road To Change, Madeleine F. Green, Peter D. Eckel, Barbara Hill

GSE Publications

Higher education draws much of the vocabulary and many of the concepts about change from the corporate sector. Corporations "downsized" and "restructured" in the early 1990s in response to competitive and financial pressures; higher education currently is experiencing similar pressures. Yet change and renewal in higher education are not just about money and becoming more cost-effective. Although these are important objectives, higher education must incorporate changes that improve student learning, foster closer connections with their communities, and adapt to the demands of an increasingly technological society. Reorganizing and cutting costs alone do not suggest how colleges and universities might become ...


Enrollment Report - Summer 1998, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness Jul 1998

Enrollment Report - Summer 1998, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness

Enrollment Reports

The Enrollment Report provides administrative and delivery-site information on enrollment headcount and student credit hours, as well as the demographic characteristics of enrolled students. The purpose of this profile is to provide the undergraduate and graduate enrollments and student credit hour information by college or equivalent academic unit, class, gender and ethnicity.


Equal Educational Opportunity And Constitutional Theory: Preliminary Thoughts On The Role Of School Choice And The Autonomy Principle, Michael Heise Jul 1998

Equal Educational Opportunity And Constitutional Theory: Preliminary Thoughts On The Role Of School Choice And The Autonomy Principle, Michael Heise

Cornell Law Faculty Publications

Inadequate schools impede America's long-standing quest for greater equal educational opportunity. The equal educational opportunity doctrine, traditionally moored in terms of race, has expanded to include notions of educational adequacy. Educational adequacy is frequently construed in terms of educational spending and framed in terms largely incident to constitutional litigation.

This paper explores the potential intersections of the school choice and school finance movements, particularly as they relate to litigation and policy. The paper argues that school choice policies constitute a viable remedy for successful school finance litigation and form a remedy that simultaneously advances individual autonomy, one critical constitutional ...


Preparing An Assessment Plan At San Jose State University, Michael Jennings, Thalia Anagnos Jun 1998

Preparing An Assessment Plan At San Jose State University, Michael Jennings, Thalia Anagnos

Faculty Publications

The College of Engineering at San Jose State University is scheduled for an accreditation visit in Fall 1999 and has decided to seek reaccreditation under the ABET 2000 criteria. An assessment implementation project has been active for the past two years within the College; with primary objectives of refining missions for programs, defining program outcome objectives, determining which components to assess, and developing appropriate metrics and methods. Longer term objectives of this project are to establish a continuous quality improvement philosophy in the College and to provide information for the ABET accreditation review.This paper is an evaluation of the ...


Wwu Library Study, Fall, 1996: Faculty & Returning Students, An Executive Summary, Linda D. (Linda Darlene) Clark, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Carl Simpson Jun 1998

Wwu Library Study, Fall, 1996: Faculty & Returning Students, An Executive Summary, Linda D. (Linda Darlene) Clark, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Carl Simpson

Office of Survey Research

A survey of Western libraries intended to provide a base of information to help guide an in-depth assessment and planning effort aimed at improving Western's library system.


Assessing The Quality Of Teaching And Learning In Higher Education : The Emergence Of Higher Education As A Service Industry, Nigel B. R Reeves May 1998

Assessing The Quality Of Teaching And Learning In Higher Education : The Emergence Of Higher Education As A Service Industry, Nigel B. R Reeves

文學與翻譯研究中心 論文叢刊 Centre for Literature and Translation Occasional Paper Series

No abstract provided.


1997-98 (3 Quarters & Aya) Sch & Fte Faculty Reports, Ernest Sams Apr 1998

1997-98 (3 Quarters & Aya) Sch & Fte Faculty Reports, Ernest Sams

Office of Survey Research

Student Credit Hours; GUR Courses; Sections; FTE Faculty Allocated and Used; Compare with 1 year ago; Measures per FTE Faculty.


Item Estimates Under Low-Stakes Conditions: How Should Omits Be Treated?, Christine E. Demars Apr 1998

Item Estimates Under Low-Stakes Conditions: How Should Omits Be Treated?, Christine E. Demars

Department of Graduate Psychology - Faculty Scholarship

Using data from a pilot test of science and math, item difficulties were estimated with a one-parameter model (partial-credit model for the multi-point items). Some items were multiple-choice items, and others were constructed-response items (open-ended). Four sets of estimates were obtained: estimates for males and females, and treating omitted items as incorrect and treating omitted items as not-presented (not-reached). Then, using data from an operational test (high-stakes, for diploma endorsement), the fit of these item estimates was assessed. In science, the fit was quite good under all conditions. In math, the fit was better for girls than for boys, the ...


Do Curriculum-Based External Exit Exams Enhance Student Achievement?, John Bishop Apr 1998

Do Curriculum-Based External Exit Exams Enhance Student Achievement?, John Bishop

CPRE Research Reports

Two presidents, the National Governors Association and numerous blue ribbon panels have called for the development of state content standards for core subjects and examinations that assess the achievement of these standards. The Competitiveness Policy Council, for example, advocates that "external assessments be given to individual students at the secondary level and that the results should be a major but not exclusive factor qualifying for college and better jobs at better wages (1993, p. 30)." The American Federation of Teachers advocates a system in which:

Students are periodically tested on whether they're reaching the standards, and if they are ...


Do Curriculum-Based External Exit Exams Enhance Student Achievement?, John Bishop Apr 1998

Do Curriculum-Based External Exit Exams Enhance Student Achievement?, John Bishop

CPRE Research Reports

Two presidents, the National Governors Association and numerous blue ribbon panels have called for the development of state content standards for core subjects and examinations that assess the achievement of these standards. The Competitiveness Policy Council, for example, advocates that "external assessments be given to individual students at the secondary level and that the results should be a major but not exclusive factor qualifying for college and better jobs at better wages (1993, p. 30)." The American Federation of Teachers advocates a system in which:

Students are periodically tested on whether they' reaching the standards, and if they are re ...


Financial Characteristics Of High And Low Performing Schools In A Predominantly Rural State, David L. Silvernail Phd Apr 1998

Financial Characteristics Of High And Low Performing Schools In A Predominantly Rural State, David L. Silvernail Phd

School Funding - Essential Programs and Services (EPS)

Do high performing schools use resources differently than low performing schools? What are the connections between K-12 school funding and academic performance? Today several states (e.g., Illinois, Minnesota, New Jersey, Ohio, Oregon, etc.) are exploring answers to these questions as they attempt to fund schools adequately and in more efficient ways. The research literature from early production function studies (e.g., Brown & Saks, 1975; Hanushak, 1979, 1989; Harnisch, 1987) provides some partial answers, but some of the most recent studies have unearthed some conflicting results (e.g., Baum, 1986; Hedges, Laine, & Greenwald, 1994; Monk, 1994; Wenglinsky, 1997). In addition, few of the studies ...


Enrollment Report - Spring 1998, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness Apr 1998

Enrollment Report - Spring 1998, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness

Enrollment Reports

The Enrollment Report provides administrative and delivery-site information on enrollment headcount and student credit hours, as well as the demographic characteristics of enrolled students. The purpose of this profile is to provide the undergraduate and graduate enrollments and student credit hour information by college or equivalent academic unit, class, gender and ethnicity.