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Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research

GSE Publications

Policy and Administration

Articles 1 - 30 of 38

Full-Text Articles in Education

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier Jun 2018

College Opportunity At Risk: An Assessment Of The States — State Risk Assessments, Joni E. Finney, Abigail Dym, Ben Williams, Peter Granville, Ashley Napier

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Minority Teacher Recruitment, Employment, And Retention: 1987 To 2013, Richard M. Ingersoll, Henry May, Greg Collins Sep 2017

Minority Teacher Recruitment, Employment, And Retention: 1987 To 2013, Richard M. Ingersoll, Henry May, Greg Collins

GSE Publications

This study examines and compares the recruitment, employment, and retention of minority and nonminority school teachers over the past quarter century. Our objective is to empirically ground the debate over minority teacher shortages. The data we analyze are from the National Center for Education Statistics' nationally representative Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) and its longitudinal supplement, the Teacher Follow-Up Survey (TFS).1


A Quarter Century Of Changes In The Elementary And Secondary Teaching Force: From 1987 To 2012 - Statistical Analysis Report, Richard M. Ingersoll Apr 2017

A Quarter Century Of Changes In The Elementary And Secondary Teaching Force: From 1987 To 2012 - Statistical Analysis Report, Richard M. Ingersoll

GSE Publications

This report utilizes the nationally representative Schools and Staffing Survey (SASS) to examine changes in the elementary and secondary teaching force in the United States over the quarter century from 1987-88 to 2011-12. The report focuses on three key demographic characteristics: the size of the teaching force, the level of teaching experience of the teaching force, and the racial/ethnic composition of the teaching force.


Driven To Perform: Tennessee's Higher Education Policies & Outcomes: A Case Study, Joni E. Finney, Elaine W. Leigh, Roman Ruiz, Wendy Castillo, Edward Smith, Daniel C. Kent Apr 2017

Driven To Perform: Tennessee's Higher Education Policies & Outcomes: A Case Study, Joni E. Finney, Elaine W. Leigh, Roman Ruiz, Wendy Castillo, Edward Smith, Daniel C. Kent

GSE Publications

This report presents a picture of how multiple converging state policies affect higher educaton performance in Tennessee as the state pursues an aggressive plan to improve the educational attainment of its residents. Policy is a powerful lever for advancing—or hindering—a state's higher education attainment agenda. By taking into account Tennessee's particular state context, we can better understand the factors influencing the content, formation, implementation, and ultimate success of higher education policy intended to improve performance and meet state attainment goals (Perna & Finney, 2014).


Randomized Controlled Trials, Robert Boruch, Rui Yang, Jordan Hyatt, Herb Turner Iii Oct 2016

Randomized Controlled Trials, Robert Boruch, Rui Yang, Jordan Hyatt, Herb Turner Iii

GSE Publications

This paper covers the topic of randomized controlled trials in social, educational, criminological, health, and other human service sectors. It is studded with illustrations from developed and developing countries. We address the basic ideas that underlie trials in different ways, and cover contemporary definitions and vernacular, some history, and idea of cumulating evidence from such trials including recent work on replication and meta-analyses. Standards for evidence and reporting are considered. We attend to statistical matters and also recognize important non-statistical matters that must be taken into account in designing and executing such trials. Cluster randomized, place randomized, and other designs ...


2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: National Report, Joni E. Finney Jan 2016

2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: National Report, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

College Affordability Diagnosis is the most comprehensive state-by-state study of college affordability since 2008, when the last Measuring Up report was completed by the National Center for Public Policy and Higher Education.


2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: State Assessments, Joni E. Finney Jan 2016

2016 College Affordability Diagnosis: State Assessments, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Throwing Down The Gauntlet: Ten Ways To Ensure That Higher Education Research Continues To Matter, Laura W. Perna Jan 2016

Throwing Down The Gauntlet: Ten Ways To Ensure That Higher Education Research Continues To Matter, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Imagine what a keynote address at the very first meeting of what has become the Association for the Study of Higher Education (ASHE) would have forecast about ASHE in the year 2015. Would the conveners of the first ASHE conference have guessed that:

∙ The number of ASHE members would grow sevenfold, rising from 300 in 1977 (Kellams, 1977) to more than 2,200 in 2015?

∙ The conference would no longer be held over two days in March, immediately preceding or following the annual American Association for Higher Education (AAHE) meeting, but instead would be a standalone conference held over four ...


Technology: The Solution To Higher Education's Pressing Problems?, Laura W. Perna, Roman Ruiz Jan 2016

Technology: The Solution To Higher Education's Pressing Problems?, Laura W. Perna, Roman Ruiz

GSE Publications

No book designed to inform understanding of how higher education is influenced by and responds to societal changes, demands, and progress would be complete without a chapter on technology. Defined as "the application of scientific knowledge to the practical aims of human life," technology is a fundamental element of any society.1 Technology is more than cutting-edge, advanced, "high-tech" innovations and is not limited to "technology sectors" like aerospace, nanotechnology, and robotics. Rather, the term "technology" refers to the tools that are available in the society in which we live and work, and that may be applied and leveraged to ...


Are There Metrics For Moocs From Social Media?, Alan Ruby, Laura W. Perna, Robert Boruch, Nicole Wang Dec 2015

Are There Metrics For Moocs From Social Media?, Alan Ruby, Laura W. Perna, Robert Boruch, Nicole Wang

GSE Publications

Since "the year of the MOOC" in 2012, the effectiveness of massive open online course (MOOCs) has been widely debated. Some argue that MOOCs are not an effective mode of instructional delivery because of low completion rates. In the interest of developing alternative indicators of performance this study draws from recent efforts to measure engagement in social media, as well as from research on indicators of student engagement in traditional college courses. Using data from 16 Coursera MOOCs offered by the University of Pennsylvania we calculate standardized access rates for lectures and assessments. While these indicators have clear limitations as ...


Understanding The Human Capital Benefits Of A Government-Funded International Scholarship Program: An Exploration Of Kazakhstan's Bolashak Program, Laura W. Perna, Kata Orosz, Zakir Jumakulov Jan 2015

Understanding The Human Capital Benefits Of A Government-Funded International Scholarship Program: An Exploration Of Kazakhstan's Bolashak Program, Laura W. Perna, Kata Orosz, Zakir Jumakulov

GSE Publications

This study utilizes qualitative research methods to explore the human capital benefits of one government-sponsored international scholarship program — Kazakhstan's Bolashak Scholars Program — and how program characteristics and other forces promote and limit these benefits. The findings raise a number of questions for policymakers, administrators, and researchers about how a government-sponsored international scholarship program should be structured so as to maximize human capital develoment for individuals and the sponsoring nation.


State Of Attainment: Three Ways That States Can Help More Students Access Higher Levels Of Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney Nov 2014

State Of Attainment: Three Ways That States Can Help More Students Access Higher Levels Of Education, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

Fourteenth place. That's where the United States ranked in the proportion of 25- to 34-year-olds who achieved postsecondary degrees, according to a 2012 report by the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development. Unless the U.S. increases the share of the population that has completed a college degree, the country will lack the educational skills and training required to meet the workforce demands of a global economy. Sixty-three percent of job researchers predict, will require education beyond high school in 2018. For the U.S. to be competitive on a global scale, it must devote more effort to closing ...


From Master Plan To Mediocrity: Higher Education Performance & Policy In California, Joni E. Finney, Christina Riso, Kata Orosz, William C. Boland Apr 2014

From Master Plan To Mediocrity: Higher Education Performance & Policy In California, Joni E. Finney, Christina Riso, Kata Orosz, William C. Boland

GSE Publications

This study describes the political and economic context of California and provides an overview of higher education performance during the last two decades. Our aim is to explore the policies in place within the state and the relationship between these policies and California’s declining higher education performance, and to call for a reexamination of these policies by stakeholders in order to help California meet its current and future economic needs.


Reflections On Tinto's South Africa Lectures, Laura W. Perna Jan 2014

Reflections On Tinto's South Africa Lectures, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Providing reflections on Prof. Vincent Tinto's South Africa lectures is an incredibly honour. Like countless other scholars and practitioners in the field of higher educatin administration, I have long relied on Tinto's work to provide a foundation for my own efforts to understand how to improve students' college-related outcomes. In his first lecture, Tinto reflects on the "flash of recognition" that occurred when he learned about Durkheim's theory of suicide. Similarly, I vividly remember reading the second edition of his book, Leaving College (University of Chicago Press), in my apartment in Ann Arbor when I was a ...


Improving Higher Education Attainment For All Students: A National Imperative, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney Jan 2014

Improving Higher Education Attainment For All Students: A National Imperative, Laura W. Perna, Joni E. Finney

GSE Publications

Once a world leader, the United States has fallen behind other nations in the educational attainment of its population. Although the percentage of adults age 45 to 54 who hold at least a baccalaureate degree is higher in the United States than in other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) nations, the United States now ranks below several other nations, including Norway, the Netherlands, Korea, New Zealand, Denmark, and Sweden, in the share of adults age 25 to 34 who hold this credential. While the U.S. invested heavily in the educational attainment of earlier generations, other nations have ...


Lessons Learned About Student Learning: Eight Test Cases, Peter D. Eckel Jan 2014

Lessons Learned About Student Learning: Eight Test Cases, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Takeaways

The progress—and setbacks—of eight institutions that served as test cases have yielded a set of lessons about board oversight of educational quality from which others can benefit:

1 Ensure a sufficient institutional-assessment capacity.

2 Start with what you already have.

3 Make academic quality a priority of the boad and institutional leaders.

4 Attach the effort to other activities.

5 Educate the board on education.

6 Find the right focus.

7 Allow for targeted deeper dives.

8 Develop new board processes and use time differently.

9 Deepen the engagement of the board with faculty.


Roadmap For The Development Of Education In Kazakhstan: Higher Education Roadmap Recommendations, Mary Canning, Joni E. Finney, Dennis Jones, Aims Mcguinness Nov 2013

Roadmap For The Development Of Education In Kazakhstan: Higher Education Roadmap Recommendations, Mary Canning, Joni E. Finney, Dennis Jones, Aims Mcguinness

GSE Publications

This document presents a set of recommendations for the Roadmap Project of the Republic of Kazakhstan developed by the Higher Education Project Team (Mary Canning, Joni Finney, Dennis Jones and Aims McGuinness). It is based on the July 2013 report Development of Strategic Directions for Education Reforms in Kazakhstan for 2015-2020.and on the reports of the Steering Committee.


Negotiating Methodological Rich Points In The Ethnography Of Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2013

Negotiating Methodological Rich Points In The Ethnography Of Language Policy, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

Building on Agar’s (1996: 26) notion of rich points as those times in ethnographic research when something happens that the ethnographer doesn’t understand, methodological rich points are by extension those points where our assumptions about the way research works and the conceptual tools we have for doing research are inadequate to understand the worlds we are researching. When we pay attention to those points and adjust our research practices accordingly, they become key opportunities to advance our research and our under­ standings. Drawing for illustrative purposes on ethnographic research on bi­ lingual intercultural education policy and practice in ...


Introduction To Preparing Today's Students For Tomorrow's Jobs In Metropolitan America, Laura W. Perna Jan 2013

Introduction To Preparing Today's Students For Tomorrow's Jobs In Metropolitan America, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Although disagreeing about how much of an increase is requred, most scholars agree that the United States must raise the educational attainment of its population in order to meet the knowledge requirements of future jobs (see Zumeta 2010 for a discussion of this debate). In Help Wanted: Projections of Jobs and Education Requirements through 2018, Anthony Carnevale, Nicole Smith, and Jeff Strohl (2010) attempt to quantify this need. They project that, by 2018, about two-thirds (63 percent) of all jobs (including both new and replacement jobs) will require at least some postsecondary education or training, up from 59 percent in ...


Powerup!: A Tool For Calculating Minimum Detectable Effect Sizes And Minimum Required Sample Sizes For Experimental And Quasi-Experimental Design Studies, Rebecca A. Maynard, Nianbo Dong Jan 2013

Powerup!: A Tool For Calculating Minimum Detectable Effect Sizes And Minimum Required Sample Sizes For Experimental And Quasi-Experimental Design Studies, Rebecca A. Maynard, Nianbo Dong

GSE Publications

This paper complements existing power analysis tools by offering tools to compute minimum detectable effect sizes (MDES) for existing studies and to estimate minimum required sample sizes (MRSS) for studies under design. The tools that accompany this paper support estimates of MDES or MSSR for 21 different study designs that include 14 random assignment designs (6 designs in which individuals are randomly assigned to treatment or control condition and 8 in which clusters of individuals are randomly assigned to condition, with models differing depending on whether the sample was blocked prior to random assignment and by whether the analytic models ...


Éire Higher Education: What American Can Learn From Ireland, Joni E. Finney, Laura W. Perna Dec 2012

Éire Higher Education: What American Can Learn From Ireland, Joni E. Finney, Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

In July 2012, the executive doctoral class of 2013 from the University of Pennsylvania’s Higher Education Management Program in the Graduate School of Education conducted an in-depth comparative study of higher education in Ireland. The international study, an important component of the executive doctoral program, was structured to model research that we completed on the relationship between public policy and performance in five U.S. states: Georgia, Illinois, Maryland, Texas and Washington (http://www.gse.upenn.edu/irhe/srp). This research provided the foundation for the students’ research. Students examined four performance areas related to Irish higher education: 1 ...


The Minority Teacher Shortage: Fact Or Fable?, Richard M. Ingersoll, Henry May Sep 2011

The Minority Teacher Shortage: Fact Or Fable?, Richard M. Ingersoll, Henry May

GSE Publications

For several decades, shortages of minority teachers have been a big issue for the nation's schools. Policy makers and recent presidents have agreed that our elementary and secondary teaching force "should look like America." But the conventional wisdom is that as the nation's population and students have grown more diverse, the teaching force has done the opposite —grown more white and less diverse.


Do We Produce Enough Mathematics And Science Teachers?, Richard M. Ingersoll Jan 2011

Do We Produce Enough Mathematics And Science Teachers?, Richard M. Ingersoll

GSE Publications

For years, we've been told that we don't produce enough math and science teachers. Increasing teacher retirements and increasing student enrollments, we're told, have forced many school systems to lower standards to fill teaching openings, leading to high levels of underqualified teachers and, in turn, to lower student performance. Numerous high-profile reports have directly tied mathematics and science teacher shortages to a host of education and social problems, including the inability to meet student achievement goals, low U.S. performance compared to other nations, the minority achievement gap, poor national economic competitiveness, and even threats to national ...


Closing Academic Programs: Pitfalls And Possibilities, Peter D. Eckel Jan 2010

Closing Academic Programs: Pitfalls And Possibilities, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

Takeaways

1 Closures of academic programs can have lasting negative fallout and the savings may not be as great as anticipated, but at certain points—and if done well—closures can provide an opportunity to refocus the institution.

2 While campus leaders typically are the primary drivers of the initial decisions to close programs and to craft the processes of doing so, boards of trustees have important roles to fulfill that can advance the efforts.

3 The current economic uncertainties may have shortened the time it takes for some campuses to recognize that the only way forward is to close ...


Redefining Competition Constructively: The Challenges Of Privatisation, Competition And Market-Based State Policy In The United States, Peter D. Eckel Jan 2007

Redefining Competition Constructively: The Challenges Of Privatisation, Competition And Market-Based State Policy In The United States, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

In the United States, the relationship between state governments and public colleges and universities is being redefined with new notions of autonomy and accountability, and with funding policies that are highly market-driven (often referred to as "privatisation") as the centerpieces. Situations and institutional strategies unthinkable only a few years ago are becoming increasingly commonplace. For instance, a few business and law schools at public institutions are moving toward privatisation, distancing themselves from both the states and their parent universities.

While American higher education has traditionally been competitive and market driven, emerging state market-based policies, which will clearly benefit some types ...


Discursive Approaches To Understanding Teacher Collaboration: Policy Into Practice, Nancy H. Hornberger Jan 2006

Discursive Approaches To Understanding Teacher Collaboration: Policy Into Practice, Nancy H. Hornberger

GSE Publications

No abstract provided.


Why Do High-Poverty Schools Have Difficulty Staffing Their Classrooms With Qualified Teachers?, Richard M. Ingersoll Nov 2004

Why Do High-Poverty Schools Have Difficulty Staffing Their Classrooms With Qualified Teachers?, Richard M. Ingersoll

GSE Publications

The failure to ensure that the nation’s classrooms, especially those in disadvantaged schools, are all staffed with qualified teachers is one of the most important problems in contemporary American education. The conventional wisdom holds that these problems are primarily due to shortages of teachers, which, in turn, are primarily due to recent increases in teacher retirement and student enrollment. Unable to compete for the available supply of adequately trained teachers, poor school districts, especially those in urban areas, the critics hold, end up with large numbers of underqualified teachers. The latter is, in turn, held to be a primary ...


Counsel On Program Elimination, Peter D. Eckel Jan 2003

Counsel On Program Elimination, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

This book has provided case illustrations and discussed the costs and savings of program elimination, the role of leadership, the ability of shared governance to make hard decisions, and the use of criteria. The concluding chapter brings together the findings to provide counsel on program elimination. It presents rationale for why decisions must be defensible; discusses the tradeoffs regarding savings, tenure, and program elimination; and makes suggestions both for campus leaders seeking to eliminate programs and for those seeking to fight off program closures. Additionally, it suggests empirically based modifications to the Association of American University Professors (AAUP) policies concerning ...


Retaining African Americans In Higher Education: Challenging Paradigms For Retaining Students, Faculty, And Administrators (Review), Laura W. Perna Sep 2002

Retaining African Americans In Higher Education: Challenging Paradigms For Retaining Students, Faculty, And Administrators (Review), Laura W. Perna

GSE Publications

Retaining African Americans in Higher Education is a timely and novel approach to a critical topic. Edited by Lee Jones, associate dean for academic affairs and instruction in the College of Education and associate professor in Educational Leadership at Florida State University, the volume contains 14 chapters, a preface, a conclusion, and two personal reflections that describe issues related to the retention of African American students, administrators, and faculty at predominantly white colleges and universities. “Written about African Americans, by African Americans” (p. xii), this book is recommended by a white woman for higher education administrators, faculty, researchers, and policymakers ...


Assessing Change And Transformation In Higher Education: An Essential Task For Leaders, Peter D. Eckel Jan 2002

Assessing Change And Transformation In Higher Education: An Essential Task For Leaders, Peter D. Eckel

GSE Publications

An important responsibility of metropolitan university leaders is to provide compelling evidence that their institutions have the ability to change and to articulate how much change has occurred. This paper examines how institutions can develop that capacity and determine the extent to which institutions are different. It defines transformation, describes types of evidence, presents a framework for determining evidence, suggests strategies for collecting evidence, and identifies challenges to determining progress.