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Educational Assessment, Evaluation, and Research

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1990

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Articles 1 - 30 of 54

Full-Text Articles in Education

An Investigation Of Play Time Among Even Start Children And Their Parents: A Parent Education Model To Enhance The Benefits Of Even Start, Phyllis B. Oakes, Karen O. Hammons, Raymond D. Hall Nov 1990

An Investigation Of Play Time Among Even Start Children And Their Parents: A Parent Education Model To Enhance The Benefits Of Even Start, Phyllis B. Oakes, Karen O. Hammons, Raymond D. Hall

Faculty Research at Morehead State University

A paper presented by Phyllis B. Oakes at the Fifth Annual Conference on Appalachia on Appalachian Children in November of 1990 on the effects of a parent education model to enhance the benefits of Even Start.


Final Report Of The Acquaintance/Date Rape Task Force, Bonnie Buckley, Rhonda Chasteen, Mike Ealy, Charles G. Eberly, Linda Leal, Melanie Rawlins, Diana Zuhone Oct 1990

Final Report Of The Acquaintance/Date Rape Task Force, Bonnie Buckley, Rhonda Chasteen, Mike Ealy, Charles G. Eberly, Linda Leal, Melanie Rawlins, Diana Zuhone

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

The Acquaintance/Date Rape Task Force was convened by V.P.S.A. Dr. Glen Williams to address concerns about the incidence of sexual assault on the EIU campus at the time. This is one of several such reports, and contains recommendations for institutional responses to prevent campus sexual assaults.


Final Report Of The Acquaintance/Date Rape Task Force, Bonnie Buckley, Rhonda Chasteen, Mike Ealy, Charles Eberly, Linda Leal, Melanie Rawlins, Diana Zuhone Oct 1990

Final Report Of The Acquaintance/Date Rape Task Force, Bonnie Buckley, Rhonda Chasteen, Mike Ealy, Charles Eberly, Linda Leal, Melanie Rawlins, Diana Zuhone

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

The Acquaintance/Date Rape Task Force was convened by V.P.S.A. Dr. Glen Williams to address concerns about the incidence of sexual assault on the EIU campus at the time. This is one of several such reports, and contains recommendations for institutional responses to prevent campus sexual assaults.


Statewide System-Level Indicators For Western Washington University: A Summary Profile, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Joseph E. Trimble, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker Oct 1990

Statewide System-Level Indicators For Western Washington University: A Summary Profile, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Joseph E. Trimble, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker

Office of Institutional Effectiveness

Executive Summary: In early September 1990, Hugh Walkup, the HEC Board's Associate Director for Institutional Research & Policy, asked all participants in the Assessment Task Force to respond to an outline of questions titled: "Statewide Indicators by Activity Category". This report is a summary of that information. The current list of statewide system-level indicators initially were developed by the assessment coordinators and the HEC Board staff. The indicators, while broad based, are intended to provide information that describes basic enrollment patterns for the state's six four-year institutions over a particular time frame. Moreover, the indicators are intended to portray a general profile of the characteristics of student populations ranging from attitudes to employment patterns. As it turned out, not everything the outline asked for initially was addressed, either because the information was not available yet, or because the time frame asked for (the current biennium) had not yet been reached. The outline included herein is not the original sent from the HEC Board, but an outline of the contents of this report. In the spreadsheet section, the following items of interest were noted: 1) there was an increased enrollment of ethnic minority students--up by considerable percentages in all categories; 2) GPA's in all admit status areas (high school, 2-yr transfers, and 4-yr transfers) were up; 3) comparing the average entrance exam test scores of the entering freshmen from the fall quarter of the years 1987 through 1989, the 1989 scores were the highest; 4) looking at the years 1987-88 and 1988-89, Western's retention rate of students was over 70% generally, but lower in all but one exception for ethnic minorities; 5) students entering from high school in the fall of ...


Fact Book 1990, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness Oct 1990

Fact Book 1990, Uno Office Of Institutional Effectiveness

Fact Book

This ninth edition of the University of Nebraska at Omaha Fact Book has been designed to present a variety of information and data, about the University, in a concise, easily used format. I hope this provides a profile of UNO that will expand your understanding of our institution.


Implementing General Education: Initial Findings, Sandra Kanter, Howard London, Zelda F. Gamson Oct 1990

Implementing General Education: Initial Findings, Sandra Kanter, Howard London, Zelda F. Gamson

New England Resource Center for Higher Education Publications

The article reports on the first year activities of the Project on the Implementation of General Education. The project, conducted by the New England Resource Center for Higher Education (NERCHE), is funded by the Exxon Education Foundation. The focus of the research is to examine how general education curricula is actually developed and implemented on college campuses that have limited resources.


New Concepts Of Professional Expertise: Liberal Learning As Part Of A Career-Oriented Education, Ernest Lynton Oct 1990

New Concepts Of Professional Expertise: Liberal Learning As Part Of A Career-Oriented Education, Ernest Lynton

New England Resource Center for Higher Education Publications

The nature of the expertise needed in most professions and higher level occupations is broadening because of changing organization and content of work. Today, a competent practitioner must be more than a narrow specialist. Curricular reviews aimed at ensuring liberal learning should abandon the false dichotomy between career-oriented and liberal education and begin by reexamining and broadening the major.


A Cross Validation And Construct Validation Study Of The Froman Assessed Risibility Classification Exam As Correlated With Other Humor Measures, Richard Froman Oct 1990

A Cross Validation And Construct Validation Study Of The Froman Assessed Risibility Classification Exam As Correlated With Other Humor Measures, Richard Froman

Faculty Research at Morehead State University

A report submitted by Richard Froman to the Research and Creative Productions Committee in October of 1990 on the validity of Froman measurement of humor.


Survey Of Experiences With Sexual Aggression At Eastern Illinois University, Genie O. Lenihan, Melanie E. Rawlins, Charles G. Eberly, Betsy J. Masters Oct 1990

Survey Of Experiences With Sexual Aggression At Eastern Illinois University, Genie O. Lenihan, Melanie E. Rawlins, Charles G. Eberly, Betsy J. Masters

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

This paper is a report on a survey of sexually aggressive experiences as self-reported by a large sample of undergraduate students attending Eastern Illinois University. The results of the paper were later used to reduce the incidence of sexual violence at the institution.


Survey Of Experiences With Sexual Aggression At Eastern Illinois University, Genie Lenihan, Melanie Rawlins, Charles Eberly, Betsy Masters Oct 1990

Survey Of Experiences With Sexual Aggression At Eastern Illinois University, Genie Lenihan, Melanie Rawlins, Charles Eberly, Betsy Masters

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

This paper is a report on a survey of sexually aggressive experiences as self-reported by a large sample of undergraduate students attending Eastern Illinois University. The results of the paper were later used to reduce the incidence of sexual violence at the institution.


Bacteriology Of Hemodialysis Fluids: Are Current Practices Meaningful?, Ted Pass, Goerge B. Harding, Rita Wright Sep 1990

Bacteriology Of Hemodialysis Fluids: Are Current Practices Meaningful?, Ted Pass, Goerge B. Harding, Rita Wright

Faculty Research at Morehead State University

A report submitted by Ted Pass to the Research and Creative Productions Committee on September 25, 1990 on the current practices for monitoring bacterial contamination of fluids employed in the preparation and execution of hemodialysis therapy.


A Profile Of Selected Characteristics Of The Spring 1990 Western Washington University Graduating Class, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker, Joseph E. Trimble, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney Sep 1990

A Profile Of Selected Characteristics Of The Spring 1990 Western Washington University Graduating Class, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker, Joseph E. Trimble, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney

Office of Institutional Effectiveness

Summary and analysis of statistics for the 1990 Western graduating class.


A Profile Of Selected Characteristics Of The Spring 1990 Western Washington University Graduating Class, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Joseph E. Trimble, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker Sep 1990

A Profile Of Selected Characteristics Of The Spring 1990 Western Washington University Graduating Class, Gary (Gary Russell) Mckinney, Joseph E. Trimble, Jacqueline M. Andrieu-Parker

Office of Institutional Effectiveness

Executive Summary: This report contains an analysis of two different sets of data: one obtained from the Registrar's student information data base, the other from the Office of Assessment and Testing's data base. From the Registrar's student information data base, the report finds that Western graduated 991 students in June of 1990. A majority were women (56%) and transfer students (56.2%); most were Caucasians (83%) and in-state residents (95%). Ethnic¬ minority students made up 5.8% of the graduates and were mostly transfers (70.2%). Three different GPA's were analyzed: high school, transfer, and university ...


The Comparison Of The Effects Of Three Prereading Advance Organizers On The Literal Comprehension Of Fifth-Grade Social Studies Materials, Constance L. Pearson Aug 1990

The Comparison Of The Effects Of Three Prereading Advance Organizers On The Literal Comprehension Of Fifth-Grade Social Studies Materials, Constance L. Pearson

Faculty Dissertations

The goal of this investigation was to determine if one of three prereading advance organizers: a verbal, a graphic, or a problematic situation organizer affected the comprehension of given fifth-grade social studies reading selections. The study attempted to answer the following research questions. 1. Are the post-reading comprehension test scores following a lesson using anyone of the given prereading approaches significantly different from the lesson introduced by the control organizer? 2. Are the post-reading comprehension test scores following a lesson using anyone of the given prereading approaches significantly differently from the other two? In order to answer these questions, subjects ...


A Comparison Of Sexually Assaultive, Coercive, And Non-Aggressive College Men, Betsy Masters, Genie Lenihan, Melanie Rawlins, Charles Eberly Aug 1990

A Comparison Of Sexually Assaultive, Coercive, And Non-Aggressive College Men, Betsy Masters, Genie Lenihan, Melanie Rawlins, Charles Eberly

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

This study compares local prevalance rates of college male sexual aggression with those established nationally, and explores variables that may contribute to the development of sexually aggressive college men. A survey of 1682 (M = 619, W = 983) undergraduate students from a mid-sized university revealed rates similar to those found by a national study. Results of discriminant analysis indicated that sexually aggressive men were likely to have more sexual partners, to have been victims of childhood sexual and / or physical abuse, to have had their first sexual intercourse at an earlier age, and to have engaged in higher levels of voluntary ...


A Comparison Of Sexually Assaultive, Coercive, And Non-Aggressive College Men, Betsy J. Masters Ed.S., Genie O. Lenihan Ph.D., Melanie E. Rawlins Ph.D., Charles G. Eberly Ph.D. Aug 1990

A Comparison Of Sexually Assaultive, Coercive, And Non-Aggressive College Men, Betsy J. Masters Ed.S., Genie O. Lenihan Ph.D., Melanie E. Rawlins Ph.D., Charles G. Eberly Ph.D.

Faculty Research & Creative Activity

This study compares local prevalance rates of college male sexual aggression with those established nationally, and explores variables that may contribute to the development of sexually aggressive college men. A survey of 1682 (M = 619, W = 983) undergraduate students from a mid-sized university revealed rates similar to those found by a national study. Results of discriminant analysis indicated that sexually aggressive men were likely to have more sexual partners, to have been victims of childhood sexual and / or physical abuse, to have had their first sexual intercourse at an earlier age, and to have engaged in higher levels of voluntary ...


1989-1990 Profile, Morehead State University. Institutional Research & Analysis. Jul 1990

1989-1990 Profile, Morehead State University. Institutional Research & Analysis.

Office of Institutional Research & Analysis Publication Archives

1989-1990 issue of Profile Magazine.


Western Washington University Graduate Survey, Western Washington University. Office Of Survey Research Jun 1990

Western Washington University Graduate Survey, Western Washington University. Office Of Survey Research

Office of Institutional Effectiveness

A survey sent to recent graduates of Western Washington University.


Analysis Of The Relationship Between Levels Of Ability Grouped Students & Their Attitudes Toward Teachers & The Learning Process, Martha Davis Jun 1990

Analysis Of The Relationship Between Levels Of Ability Grouped Students & Their Attitudes Toward Teachers & The Learning Process, Martha Davis

Masters Theses & Specialist Projects

The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between the ability grouping of a student and his/her attitude toward teachers and the learning process. Three groups of students enrolled in the Logan County School System in the spring of 1988 were administered the Arlin-Hills Attitude Survey. These groups of students were those who had been identified as gifted/talented, special education (EMH or LD) and regular class students. The findings of this study indicated that the three groups did not differ significantly in attitudes toward teachers or attitudes toward the learning process.


Who's A Literate? Assessment Issues In A Global Perspective, Daniel A. Wagner Mar 1990

Who's A Literate? Assessment Issues In A Global Perspective, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

Demographic and economic changes around the world and the linkage between literacy and development have made literacy a critical issue especially in the developing countries. But the uncertainty about the nature and extent of literacy has necessitated taking a new look at literacy assessment. Policy-makers have been hampered not only by too little data, but also by a failure to capture varying types and levels of literacy in each society. Dichotomies like "literate—illiterate" are inappropriate for conceptualising the problem and limit the potential for more effective decision-making. The paper analyses the problems of determining reliable and valid criteria for ...


Integrating Innovations, Thomas R. Guskey Feb 1990

Integrating Innovations, Thomas R. Guskey

Educational, School, and Counseling Psychology Faculty Publications

Proponents of new ideas promote their favorites without seeing connections to other strategies--it's up to school leaders to discover how to integrate a collection of models within their improvement programs.


Literacy Assessment In The Third World: An Overview And Proposed Schema For Survey Use, Daniel A. Wagner Feb 1990

Literacy Assessment In The Third World: An Overview And Proposed Schema For Survey Use, Daniel A. Wagner

Journal Articles (Literacy.org)

Many countries have sought to increase literacy among their populations. Rationales for such efforts usually involve the consequences for economic development, as well as for human development, health, and lower fertility. Programs for increasing literacy have often involved the expansion of educational programs, in particular primary schooling, and the creation of literacy programs and campaigns. However, a central paradox in efforts to reduce illiteracy in today's world is that much effort has been invested and little knowledge gained about how best to achieve success. According to one recent analysis by a Unesco expert, the well-known Experimental World Literacy Program ...


9. Teaching Assessment: The Administrator's Perspective, John R. Hoyle Jan 1990

9. Teaching Assessment: The Administrator's Perspective, John R. Hoyle

Assessment of Teaching: Purposes, Practices, and Implications for the Profession

School administrators, especially principals, are under great pressure to insure high levels of teacher competence. Because the school effectiveness research has demonstrated convincingly that effective schools begin with effective principals, Peterson and Finn (1985) drew a less than surprising conclusion by stating that "Practically never does one encounter a good school with a bad principal" (p. 42). A less pedantic east Texas superintendent put it this way, "Bad principals are like fish; you either can 'em or smell 'em for a long time." It is in the complex area of teaching assessment or teacher evaluation that principals draw the most ...


10. Appraisal: The Teachers' Perspective, Peg Shafer Jan 1990

10. Appraisal: The Teachers' Perspective, Peg Shafer

Assessment of Teaching: Purposes, Practices, and Implications for the Profession

The Discovery Channel on TV has some terrific programming. Not too long ago I watched a scientist explain why it is that the position of a stranded boat will not change even when it is tossed around by giant storms. The theory is that waves move across the water rather than the water itself moving. The wave moves along in a circular motion, propelled by big or small forces depending on what started it in the first place. As long as nothing interrupts the roll of the wave, it will pass and leave everything as it was before.

At the ...


11. The Assessment Of Teacher Assessment: Concluding Thoughts And Some Lingering Questions, James V. Mitchell Jr. Jan 1990

11. The Assessment Of Teacher Assessment: Concluding Thoughts And Some Lingering Questions, James V. Mitchell Jr.

Assessment of Teaching: Purposes, Practices, and Implications for the Profession

In a recent update on teacher testing practices across the United States, Rudner (1988) reported that 44 states have developed teacher-certification-testing programs, with 26 states currently testing prospective teachers as a certification requirement and another 18 states scheduled to implement such programs in the near future. It is obvious that teacher testing has become a very extended endeavor- It has also stimulated extended debate.

It was in acknowledgment of the importance of this extended teacher testing and associated debate that the Advisory Committee of the Buros Institute of Mental Measurements decided to devote its 1987 annual symposium to the topic ...


5. Teacher Evaluation In The Organizational Context, Linda Darling-Hammond Jan 1990

5. Teacher Evaluation In The Organizational Context, Linda Darling-Hammond

Assessment of Teaching: Purposes, Practices, and Implications for the Profession

Personnel evaluation in an organization provides a powerful metaphor for what is valued in the organization, how roles are construed, and which goals have de facto priority in the management of organizational affairs. The importance attached to this function says much about the organization's relationship to its clients, as well as the relationships among organizational members. The same can be said about the importance of evaluation in an occupation whose members share a common service mission. Indeed, evaluation plays a particularly critical role in an occupation that claims to be a profession. This chapter explores the role of teacher ...


6. Measuring Performance In Teacher Assessment, Richard J. Stiggins Jan 1990

6. Measuring Performance In Teacher Assessment, Richard J. Stiggins

Assessment of Teaching: Purposes, Practices, and Implications for the Profession

In performance assessment, the examinee is called upon to display behaviors or produce products which an observer evaluates in terms of pre-specified performance standards. This kind of measurement plays a major role in many school evaluation contexts, including both student and teacher evaluation. The observation and evaluation of a teacher's performance in the classroom represents one of many excellent sources of information on teacher capabilities and the effectiveness of instruction. The purpose of this chapter is to review the various ways performance assessment methodology can serve in teacher-assessment contexts.

The review begins with a summary of the range of ...


8. Limitations Of Using Student-Achievement Data For Career-Ladder Promotions And Merit-Pay Decisions, Ronald A. Berk Jan 1990

8. Limitations Of Using Student-Achievement Data For Career-Ladder Promotions And Merit-Pay Decisions, Ronald A. Berk

Assessment of Teaching: Purposes, Practices, and Implications for the Profession

A study of U.S. school districts conducted 70 years ago reported that 48% of the districts sampled used merit pay (Evendon, 1918). Since then, the quantity as well as quality of teacher-compensation systems has fluctuated markedly (for details, see Cohen & Murnane, 1985; Murnane & Cohen, 1986; Porwoll, 1979). At present, 29 states are implementing large-scale teacher-incentive programs (a.k.a. career ladder, merit pay, pay for performance), funding local plans, piloting testing models, or using state board of education or legislative mandates to develop programs for teachers and administrators (Southern Regional Education Board, 1986) The status of these programs is summarized in Table 8 ...


Title And Contents, Jane Close Conoley, James Y. Mitchell Jr, Steven L. Wise, Barbara S. Plake Jan 1990

Title And Contents, Jane Close Conoley, James Y. Mitchell Jr, Steven L. Wise, Barbara S. Plake

Assessment of Teaching: Purposes, Practices, and Implications for the Profession

Buros-Nebraska Symposium on Measurement & Testing

Contents

Preface vii

1. Face Validity: Siren Song for Teacher-Testers 1
W. James Popham

2. Teacher Performance Assessments: A New Kind of Teacher Examination 15
Edward H. Haertel

3. Improving Teaching Through the Assessment Process 37
Donald M. Medley

4. Assessing the Quality of Teacher Assessment Tests 77
William A. Mehrens

5. Teacher Evaluation in the Organizational Context 137
Linda Darling-Hammond

6. Measuring Performance in Teacher Assessment 183
Richard J. Stiggins

7. Legal and Professional Issues in Teacher Certification Testing: A Psychometric Snark Hunt 209
George F. Madaus

8. Limitations of Using Student Achievement Data ...


Preface, Barbara S. Plake Jan 1990

Preface, Barbara S. Plake

Assessment of Teaching: Purposes, Practices, and Implications for the Profession

The Buros-Nebraska annual Symposia on Measurement and Testing are aimed at providing a forum for discussing important issues in the field of measurement and testing. The topic for the 1987 Symposium was "Assessment of Teaching: Purposes, Practices, and Implications for the Profession." This topic was selected because of the current interest in developing, designing, and implementing accountability programs for teaching that are present in many states and education programs. The complex nature of teaching, combined with the unique measurement issues for assessing outcomes in the teaching context, provided the basis for identifying the topic of teacher assessment for the 1987 ...