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Full-Text Articles in Education

Leveraging Scholarships To Advance Student Success, Jared Tuberty, Thalia Anagnos, Emily L. Allen Apr 2014

Leveraging Scholarships To Advance Student Success, Jared Tuberty, Thalia Anagnos, Emily L. Allen

Thalia Anagnos

As college costs rise, students and their families continually look for ways to pay for an undergraduate education. Increased financial pressures have forced some students to work additional hours in part-time or even full-time employment. As a result, time to degree can be extended as students tackle fewer units per term or as they repeat courses, struggling to balance work and school. Scholarship funding is one mechanism to help support students, but providing financial relief is not enough. Scholarship recipients face many of the same challenges as all students, in that some find themselves struggling as they transition to college ...


Formative Assessment In Seven Good Moves, Brent M. Duckor Mar 2014

Formative Assessment In Seven Good Moves, Brent M. Duckor

Brent M. Duckor

The research is clear: What teachers do in their classrooms matters. But which practices really make a difference? John Hattie (2012) conducted an extensive meta-analysis, looking at 800 meta-analyses that focused on locating a specific student achievement outcome and identifying an influence on that outcome. Formative assessment topped his list of the most influential practices that improve student outcomes. What makes formative assessment so effective? It depends on whom you talk to. Although experts tell us that formative assessment is one of the most powerful ways to raise student achievement (Black & Wiliam, 1998), we don't always know which practices ...


A Case Study Of A Co-Instructed Multidisciplinary Senior Capstone Project In Sustainability, Jinny Rhee, Clifton M. Oyamot, Leslie Speer, David Parent, Anuradha Basu, Larry N. Gerston Jan 2014

A Case Study Of A Co-Instructed Multidisciplinary Senior Capstone Project In Sustainability, Jinny Rhee, Clifton M. Oyamot, Leslie Speer, David Parent, Anuradha Basu, Larry N. Gerston

Larry N. Gerston

As societal challenges involving sustainable development increase, the need to effectively integrate this inherently multidisciplinary topic into existing curricula becomes more pressing. Multidisciplinary, team-taught, project-based instruction has shown effectiveness in teaching teamwork, communication, and life-long learning skills, and appreciation for other disciplines. Unfortunately, this instruction mode has not been widely adopted, largely due to its resource-intensiveness. Our proposed co-instruction model of multidisciplinary senior project administration was tested to see if it could effectively teach sustainability topics and duplicate the known benefits of team-taught instruction, while overcoming its resource-intensiveness. A case study of a co-instructed senior project was undertaken with students ...


Impact Of Engineering Ambassador Programs On Student Development, Thalia Anagnos, Alicia Lyman-Holt, Claudia Marin-Artieda, Ellen Momsen Jan 2014

Impact Of Engineering Ambassador Programs On Student Development, Thalia Anagnos, Alicia Lyman-Holt, Claudia Marin-Artieda, Ellen Momsen

Thalia Anagnos

This study highlights the positive impact of participation in an engineering ambassador program on students from two universities: Oregon State University which is a large public university in a college town with a 13% minority student body, and Howard University, a medium sized private university with a relatively small engineering program in an urban setting enrolling a primarily minority population. Although these ambassador programs have a major goal of service to the university and engineering program, they serve an equally important goal of developing the skills and attitudes of the ambassadors themselves. Ambassadors from both universities were surveyed, and though ...


Knowledge Area Module V: Theories Of Organizational And Social Systems, Francis Howard Nov 2013

Knowledge Area Module V: Theories Of Organizational And Social Systems, Francis Howard

Francis E. Howard

In this section the theories of Perry, Erikson, Kegan, Parks, as well as Belenky, Clinchy, Goldberger and Tarule are compared and contrasted. The significant ideas of each theorist on the stages of human development are analyzed and assessed in terms of their underlying assumptions about meaning making and the internal motivation to learn. The strategy that guided this examination focuses on the process of learning and its relation to the stages of development from infancy through adulthood.


Connecting Numbers To Discrete Quantification: A Step In The Child’S Construction Of Integer Concepts, Emily Slusser, A. Ditta, B. Sarnecka Oct 2013

Connecting Numbers To Discrete Quantification: A Step In The Child’S Construction Of Integer Concepts, Emily Slusser, A. Ditta, B. Sarnecka

Emily Slusser

The present study asks when young children understand that number words quantify over sets of discrete individuals. For this study, 2- to 4-year-old children were asked to extend the number word five or six either to a cup containing discrete objects (e.g., blocks) or to a cup containing a continuous substance (e.g., water). In Experiment 1, only children who knew the exact meanings of the words one, two and three extended higher number words (five or six) to sets of discrete objects. In Experiment 2, children who only knew the exact meaning of one extended higher number words ...


Developmental Change In Numerical Estimation, Emily Slusser, R Santiago, H Barth Jan 2013

Developmental Change In Numerical Estimation, Emily Slusser, R Santiago, H Barth

Emily Slusser

Mental representations of numerical magnitude are commonly thought to undergo discontinuous change over development in the form of a “representational shift.” This idea stems from an apparent categorical shift from logarithmic to linear patterns of numerical estimation on tasks that involve translating between numerical magnitudes and spatial positions (such as number-line estimation). However, the observed patterns of performance are broadly consistent with a fundamentally different view, based on psychophysical modeling of proportion estimation, that explains the data without appealing to discontinuous change in mental representations of numerical magnitude. The present study assessed these 2 theories' abilities to account for the ...


National Schooling In Crisis: Neoliberal Policies And The 2011 Justice Campaign For The Pgcps Filipino Overseas Contract Teachers, Peter Chua Jan 2012

National Schooling In Crisis: Neoliberal Policies And The 2011 Justice Campaign For The Pgcps Filipino Overseas Contract Teachers, Peter Chua

Peter Chua

No abstract provided.


Support For The Beginning Special Educator Through High Quality Mentoring, Jennifer C. Madigan, G Scroth-Cavataio Jan 2012

Support For The Beginning Special Educator Through High Quality Mentoring, Jennifer C. Madigan, G Scroth-Cavataio

Jennifer C. Madigan

Approximately 50% of school districts across the nation have reported barriers in obtaining highly qualified teachers (U.S. Department of Education, 2009). Beginning special education teachers report that they often feel they lack the prerequisite skills for working with their students, particularly students from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. Special educators often feel unsupported and overwhelmed by the continuous changes in districts related to No Child Left Behind (NCLB). Additionally, nationwide alternative programs are being developed as a means for special education teachers to clear their credential outside of the university setting. The need for support of these teachers in ...


Idea 2004: Building Collaborative Partnerships And Effective Communication Between Administrators, Special And General Educators, And Multi-Disciplinary Professionals, Jennifer C. Madigan, G Scroth-Cavataio Jan 2011

Idea 2004: Building Collaborative Partnerships And Effective Communication Between Administrators, Special And General Educators, And Multi-Disciplinary Professionals, Jennifer C. Madigan, G Scroth-Cavataio

Jennifer C. Madigan

No abstract provided.


A Critical Look At The Role Of Technology As A Transformative Agent, Grinell Smith Jan 2011

A Critical Look At The Role Of Technology As A Transformative Agent, Grinell Smith

Grinell Smith

No abstract provided.


A Sense Of Proportion: Commentary On Opfer, Siegler, And Young, H Barth, Emily Slusser, D Cohen, A Paladino Jan 2011

A Sense Of Proportion: Commentary On Opfer, Siegler, And Young, H Barth, Emily Slusser, D Cohen, A Paladino

Emily Slusser

No abstract provided.


A Picture Of Eight Turtles: The Child’S Understanding Of Cardinality And Numerosity, Emily Slusser, B Sarnecka Jan 2011

A Picture Of Eight Turtles: The Child’S Understanding Of Cardinality And Numerosity, Emily Slusser, B Sarnecka

Emily Slusser

An essential part of understanding number words (e.g., eight) is understanding that all number words refer to the dimension of experience we call numerosity. Knowledge of this general principle may be separable from knowledge of individual number word meanings. That is, children may learn the meanings of at least a few individual number words before realizing that all number words refer to numerosity. Alternatively, knowledge of this general principle may form relatively early and proceed to guide and constrain the acquisition of individual number word meanings. The current article describes two experiments in which 116 children (2½- to 4-year-olds ...


An Excel Worksheet For Proportion-Judgment Analyses On Number-Line Data, Emily Slusser, Hilary Barth Jan 2011

An Excel Worksheet For Proportion-Judgment Analyses On Number-Line Data, Emily Slusser, Hilary Barth

Emily Slusser

No abstract available.


Benefitting The Educator And Student Alike: Effective Publications Strategies For Supporting The Academic Language Development Of English Learner (El) Teacher Candidates, Katya A. Karathanos, M Aminy Jan 2011

Benefitting The Educator And Student Alike: Effective Publications Strategies For Supporting The Academic Language Development Of English Learner (El) Teacher Candidates, Katya A. Karathanos, M Aminy

Katya A. Karathanos

No abstract provided.


Developing A Sustainability Plan At A Large U.S. College Of Education, Grinell Smith Jan 2011

Developing A Sustainability Plan At A Large U.S. College Of Education, Grinell Smith

Grinell Smith

Despite growing awareness of its importance, most sustainability education efforts in tertiary institutions do not significantly impact curricula. This paper details some of the activities and processes used to draft a sustainability strategic plan designed to address sustainability at the curricular level rather than merely the operational level within a large college of education at a large U.S. public university. The plan is also presented. Our goal was not to articulate a fixed policy but rather to produce a coherent plan that (1) fosters awareness and encourage people to join the effort and (2) readily accommodates input as more ...


Knowledge Area Module 1: Principles Of Societal Development, Francis E. Howard Nov 2010

Knowledge Area Module 1: Principles Of Societal Development, Francis E. Howard

Francis E. Howard

In the Breadth component of the KAM, I explore the question of why the U.S. education system throughout the history of the country has failed to provide students a quality education. An analysis of the views of Abraham Maslow, Jean Piaget, and John Dewey, and others who emphasized the importance and relevance of being able to learn and think critically, are reviewed. The ability to communicate what is learned for the betterment of the individual,l as well as society as a whole, is explored.


Introducing Stem Majors To The Teaching Profession Through Authentic Experiences As Tutors, Grinell Smith Jan 2010

Introducing Stem Majors To The Teaching Profession Through Authentic Experiences As Tutors, Grinell Smith

Grinell Smith

Recruiting people with rich backgrounds in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) into the teaching profession has historically been difficult and remains so today. In this bounded instrumental case study, undergraduate STEM majors were trained and placed as science and math tutors in grades 9-12, with an overarching goal of encouraging them to consider teaching as a possible career path. Several themes emerged from the tutors’ experiences as significant in their willingness to consider a career in teaching, including altruism from helping others, satisfaction from tutees’ improved academic performance, and a more nuanced understanding of the complex nature of teaching.


Teaching English Language Learner Students In Us Mainstream Schools: Intersections Of Language, Pedagogy, And Power, Katya A. Karathanos Jan 2010

Teaching English Language Learner Students In Us Mainstream Schools: Intersections Of Language, Pedagogy, And Power, Katya A. Karathanos

Katya A. Karathanos

This study explored to what extent two groups of mainstream teachers in the midwestern region of the USA with differing degrees of English Language Learner (ELL) specific universitypreparation reportedly engaged in practises that incorporated the native languages (L1) of ELL students in instruction. The study further examined specific strategies reported by mainstream teachers in promoting L1 use in instruction as well as challenges identified in implementing this practise. The study utilized a mixed-method design that included analyses of survey data from a quantitative study (n=227) and qualitative analyses of teacher discourse from course documents and open-ended survey questions. Findings ...


The New Rules Of For Measuring Teacher Quality: Lessons Learned From The Assessment Experts, Brent M. Duckor Jan 2010

The New Rules Of For Measuring Teacher Quality: Lessons Learned From The Assessment Experts, Brent M. Duckor

Brent M. Duckor

No abstract provided.


Digital Learning Objects: A Local Response To The California State University System Initiative, Francis E. Howard, Marci Hunsaker, Shu-Hua Liu, Jennifer Davis Jan 2009

Digital Learning Objects: A Local Response To The California State University System Initiative, Francis E. Howard, Marci Hunsaker, Shu-Hua Liu, Jennifer Davis

Francis E. Howard

The purpose of this paper is to present a virtual library plan created by library directors of the 23 California State University (CSU) system campuses. The information literacy portion of the project offers a repository of high quality interactive digital learning objects (DLOs) in the MERLOT repository. Therefore, DLOs created locally at the Dr Martin Luther King, Jr Library at San José State University (SJSU) focus on topics that supplement the “core” DLO collection.


Meeting The Need For K-8 Teachers For Classrooms With Culturally And Linguistically Diverse Students: The Promise And Challenge Of Early Field Experiences, Amy Strage, Susan Gomez, Kari Knutson-Miller, Ana Garcia-Nevarez Jan 2009

Meeting The Need For K-8 Teachers For Classrooms With Culturally And Linguistically Diverse Students: The Promise And Challenge Of Early Field Experiences, Amy Strage, Susan Gomez, Kari Knutson-Miller, Ana Garcia-Nevarez

Amy Strage

The writers present the findings of their study focused on teacher learning through early fieldwork experiences to address the problem of teachers working with a culturally and linguistically diverse student population. Data were analyzed from an archive collected from approximately 500 students enrolled in six undergraduate child development courses at three state university campuses located in urban areas of California. Findings suggest that early field experiences provide participants with opportunities for career goal clarification, and the context of field experience is significant and may lead to outcomes beyond the initial goal of the experience.


The Development Of A Universal Tangible Symbol System, Ellen Trief, Susan M. Bruce, Paul W. Cascella, Sarah Ivy Jan 2009

The Development Of A Universal Tangible Symbol System, Ellen Trief, Susan M. Bruce, Paul W. Cascella, Sarah Ivy

Paul Cascella

Tangible symbols are objects or partial objects with qualities, such as shape, texture, and consistency, that can be used to represent a person, place, object, activity, or concept. They can be handled and share a perceptual relationship with what they represent, known as the referent. This article presents a study on the development of a universal tangible symbol system. The purpose of this study was to identify a set of standardized tangible symbols from which educational teams could select the most appropriate symbols for the children they serve.


Building On The Cultural And Linguistic Capital Of English Learner (El) Students, K Brooks, Katya A. Karathanos Jan 2009

Building On The Cultural And Linguistic Capital Of English Learner (El) Students, K Brooks, Katya A. Karathanos

Katya A. Karathanos

Approaches and strategies that value and build upon the cultural and linguistic capital of English learner students are described. Through implementing such strategies, teachers can impress upon students and families that multiculturalism and multilingualism are highly beneficial to the classroom, school, and community.


The Education Of Women And Girls In The United States: A Historical Perspective, Jennifer C. Madigan Jan 2009

The Education Of Women And Girls In The United States: A Historical Perspective, Jennifer C. Madigan

Jennifer C. Madigan

No abstract provided.


Service Learning In Preservice Teacher Preparation: Building Foundations For Engaged Professionalism In The New Millenium, Amy Strage, Susan Gomez, Kari Knutson-Miller, Ana Garcia-Nevarez Jan 2009

Service Learning In Preservice Teacher Preparation: Building Foundations For Engaged Professionalism In The New Millenium, Amy Strage, Susan Gomez, Kari Knutson-Miller, Ana Garcia-Nevarez

Amy Strage

No abstract provided.


Measuring Measuring: Toward A Theory Of Proficiency With The Constructing Measures Framework, Brent M. Duckor, K Draney, M Wilson Jan 2009

Measuring Measuring: Toward A Theory Of Proficiency With The Constructing Measures Framework, Brent M. Duckor, K Draney, M Wilson

Brent M. Duckor

This paper is relevant to measurement educators who are interested in the variability of understanding and use of the four building blocks in the Constructing Measures framework (Wilson, 2005). It proposes a uni-dimensional structure for understanding Wilson’s framework, and explores the evidence for and against this conceptualization. Constructed and fixed choice response items are utilized to collect responses from 72 participants who range in experience and expertise with constructing measures. The data was scored by two raters and was analyzed with the Rasch partial credit model using ConQuest (1998). Guided by the 1999 Testing Standards, analyses of validity and ...


Does Gender Influence Online Survey Participation?: A Record-Linkage Analysis Of University Faculty Online Survey Response Behavior, Grinell Smith Jan 2008

Does Gender Influence Online Survey Participation?: A Record-Linkage Analysis Of University Faculty Online Survey Response Behavior, Grinell Smith

Grinell Smith

No abstract provided.


Science Books For Professional Pleasure Reading: Round Out Your Content Knowledge And Foster Interest In Science With This List, Grinell Smith Jan 2008

Science Books For Professional Pleasure Reading: Round Out Your Content Knowledge And Foster Interest In Science With This List, Grinell Smith

Grinell Smith

The article lists several science books, including "The Origin of Species," by Charles Darwin, "The Whole Shebang: A State-of-the-Universes Report," by Timothy Ferris and "Silent Spring," by Rachel Carson.


From The Classroom To The Boardroom: How Understanding "The Rules" Of Dating Can Help Undergraduate Business Students Understand "The Rules'' Of Effective Career Communication, Thomas Clark, Marilyn K. Easter, Marilyn Clark Jan 2007

From The Classroom To The Boardroom: How Understanding "The Rules" Of Dating Can Help Undergraduate Business Students Understand "The Rules'' Of Effective Career Communication, Thomas Clark, Marilyn K. Easter, Marilyn Clark

Marilyn K. Easter

This article describes an in-class exercise that has worked to elevate student awareness of the importance of planning verbal and nonverbal behavior as key to successful career communication. Small groups of students answer questions about dating and then apply their understanding from what it takes to make and sustain a positive impression in dating situations to career communication, including networking, co-op, and job interviews.