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2004

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Signposts To Improved Test Scores In Literacy And Numeracy, Julie Mcmillan, Sheldon Rothman May 2012

Signposts To Improved Test Scores In Literacy And Numeracy, Julie Mcmillan, Sheldon Rothman

Dr Sheldon Rothman

A recent study of year 9 students' results on reading comprehension and mathematics tests, by the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) found that a positive school climate is associated with higher literacy and numeracy test scores. In other key findings, socioeconomic status, language background, Indigenous status, gender and educational aspirations were found to have significant effects on achievement in both literacy and numeracy. Parents' education had a significant effect on literacy but not on numeracy. This article gives an overview of the findings.


It Works For Me, Online!: Shared Tips For Online And Web-Enhanced Teaching, Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe, Douglas Robertson Nov 2011

It Works For Me, Online!: Shared Tips For Online And Web-Enhanced Teaching, Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe, Douglas Robertson

Hal Blythe

It Works For Me, Online is designed primarily to aid instructors in two major types of classes: fully online and web-enhanced/hybrid courses. Those who teach fully online classes will find tips on such things as tricks you can use with synchronous chats, how to use blogging in your classroom to replace traditional chat-rooms (talk about your superannuation), and even ways of adapting Blackboard to meet administrative needs. Those who prefer web enhancements to the traditional classroom will find advice to navigate between the virtual and real world. And, truthfully, we are hopeful that even dyed-in-the-wool, card-carrying Luddites will skim ...


Total Team Teaching — Sharing Teaching Duties Equally, Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe Nov 2011

Total Team Teaching — Sharing Teaching Duties Equally, Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe

Hal Blythe

In his excellent book on team teaching (Interdisciplinary Courses and Team Teaching), James Davis posits two extremes on the continuum of team teaching. One pole consists of “courses planned by a group of faculty and then carried out in serial segments by the individual members of the group” (p. 7). At the opposite pole are “courses planned and delivered by a group … . They take primary responsibility for individual class sessions, but sometimes [italics ours] two or more faculty are involved in planning and delivering the instruction of a particular class.” (p. 7) The two of us take the latter extreme ...


Developing Standards Of Practice For Leaders In Victorian Catholic Schools, Elizabeth Kleinhenz, Lawrence Ingvarson, Anna Mcdonald Apr 2010

Developing Standards Of Practice For Leaders In Victorian Catholic Schools, Elizabeth Kleinhenz, Lawrence Ingvarson, Anna Mcdonald

Dr Elizabeth Kleinhenz

In 2003-4, the Catholic Education Commission of Victoria (CECV) and the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) undertook a project to develop standards for school leadership. A specific aim of the project was to provide a 'bridge' to leadership that would encourage teachers to undertake leadership tasks and to consider moving into formal positions of leadership. This paper reports on the experiences and challenges of developing standards that matched this purpose. It also reviews school leadership standards that have been developed in Australia and overseas over the past decade. A comparison is drawn between standards for teachers and standards for ...


Teacher Accountability In Australia : Current Policies And Practices And Their Relation To The Improvement Of Teaching And Learning, Elizabeth Kleinhenz, Lawrence Ingvarson Apr 2010

Teacher Accountability In Australia : Current Policies And Practices And Their Relation To The Improvement Of Teaching And Learning, Elizabeth Kleinhenz, Lawrence Ingvarson

Dr Elizabeth Kleinhenz

The strong link between teacher quality and student learning outcomes calls for effective systems of teacher accountability. School systems in all Australian states have established policies and practices to raise levels of teacher accountability, but it remains doubtful whether they have the capacity to deliver on teacher quality assurance or improvement in teachers' practice. This paper reports some of the recent findings of an ARC funded project that mapped teacher evaluation practices across all Australian states and territories. After providing a brief historical overview of teacher evaluation in Australia, it discusses three recent initiatives at the 'accomplished teacher' level; namely ...


Evaluation Of The Standards And Professional Learning Project 2003., Elizabeth Kleinhenz, Lawrence Ingvarson Apr 2010

Evaluation Of The Standards And Professional Learning Project 2003., Elizabeth Kleinhenz, Lawrence Ingvarson

Dr Elizabeth Kleinhenz

Launched in 2003, the brief of the ‘Standards and Professional Learning Project’ was: to develop professional teaching standards for full registration, and to support new teachers (who were mostly newly graduated teachers from tertiary teacher education programs) to move from provisional to full registration at the end of their first year of teaching. The role of the ACER team was to assist the VIT Standards and Professional Learning Branch (SPLB) in: Revising and using the interim Standards for Professional Practice; Developing a final set of standards, based on wide consultation on the interim standards; Developing appropriate assessment tasks to gather ...


Policy Issues For Australia's Education Systems : Evidence From International And Australian Research, Gary Marks, Julie Mcmillan, John Ainley Feb 2010

Policy Issues For Australia's Education Systems : Evidence From International And Australian Research, Gary Marks, Julie Mcmillan, John Ainley

Dr John Ainley

This article discusses education policy issues in the context of empirical evidence. It notes that many commonly held beliefs about Australian education such as, the relative performance and participation levels of Australian students; the importance of socioeconomic background on educational outcomes both relative to other countries and changes over-time; gender differences in mathematics and science; and the labour market situation of early school leavers; are not supported by empirical research. Such findings have implications for government policies. The article also questions current policy directions toward increasing Year 12 participation, expanding both secondary and post-secondary vocational education and reducing class sizes ...


Managing Better: Measuring Institutional Health And Effectiveness In Vocational Education And Training, Graham Maxwell, Peter Noonan, Mark Bahr, Ian Hardy Dec 2004

Managing Better: Measuring Institutional Health And Effectiveness In Vocational Education And Training, Graham Maxwell, Peter Noonan, Mark Bahr, Ian Hardy

Mark Bahr

Vocational education and training (VET) policy is increasingly focused on the importance of quality in each VET institution's capacity to deliver effective programs. This report addresses institutional-level monitoring and evaluation of performance and provides a comprehensive model which institutes can use for this purpose. The model draws on background theory and practice and identifies a range of relevant indices across three dimensions: inputs, processes, and outputs/outcomes. The results are an important first step to an improved and empirically based understanding of the factors that contribute to successful outcomes from VET providers.

© Copyright Australian National Training Authority, 2004


Affective Engagement : A Person-Centred Approach To Understanding The Structure Of Subjective Learning Experiences, Sarah Buckley, Galit Hasen, Mary Ainley Nov 2004

Affective Engagement : A Person-Centred Approach To Understanding The Structure Of Subjective Learning Experiences, Sarah Buckley, Galit Hasen, Mary Ainley

Dr Sarah Buckley

Accounts of students' learning have increasingly emphasised the role of affective engagement in achievement settings. Although most studies have focused on negative emotional experiences such as anxiety, more recent studies have investigated the role of positive emotions. This study examines the structure of students' subjective learning experiences in relation to individual interest profiles. It measured two components of affect: activation as positive arousal that indicates engagement, and valence as an evaluative quality of the students' experience. Senior secondary students (females, N=162) completed measures of individual interests, curiosity and prior knowledge, read three social issues texts and then answered some ...


Self Efficacy, Alcohol Expectancy And Problem-Solvingappraisal As Predictors Of Alcohol Use In College Students, Nancy Taylor, Michael Biscaro, Karen Broer Nov 2004

Self Efficacy, Alcohol Expectancy And Problem-Solvingappraisal As Predictors Of Alcohol Use In College Students, Nancy Taylor, Michael Biscaro, Karen Broer

Nancy P. Taylor

This study updated that of Broer 1996 and re-examined self-efficacy, alcohol expectancy and problem-solving appraisal as predictors of alcohol use in undergraduate college students. Stepwise multiple regression analyses revealed that alcohol expectancy of Global Positive Changes and gender were significant predictors for both number of drinks and binge episodes.


On What Crosses, And Does Not Cross, Our Desks In Early Literacy (A Review Of "Language, Literacy And Cognitive Development: The Development And Consequences Of Symbolic Communication" Edited By Eric Amsel And James P. Byrnes, Annie Moses, Nell Duke Jun 2004

On What Crosses, And Does Not Cross, Our Desks In Early Literacy (A Review Of "Language, Literacy And Cognitive Development: The Development And Consequences Of Symbolic Communication" Edited By Eric Amsel And James P. Byrnes, Annie Moses, Nell Duke

Annie M. Moses

No abstract provided.


Essential Learning Prep To Year 10 : English Curriculum Area., Wayne Sawyer, Marion Meiers Jun 2004

Essential Learning Prep To Year 10 : English Curriculum Area., Wayne Sawyer, Marion Meiers

Marion Meiers

This discussion paper was prepared for the Victorian Curriculum and Assessment Authority as theoretical background for development of the Victorian Essential Learning Standards.


Raising The Bar: An Approach To Reviewing And Revising Standards For Professional Achievement For Library Faculty, Susan Ariew, Edward Lener, Bruce Pencek Jun 2004

Raising The Bar: An Approach To Reviewing And Revising Standards For Professional Achievement For Library Faculty, Susan Ariew, Edward Lener, Bruce Pencek

Susan A. Ariew

A committee revising the retention, promotion and continued appointment policy in the Virginia Tech libraries took a broad view of its task in articulating its goal, gathering information from internal and external sources, allocating drafting responsibilities, and winning support. The committee's work revealed an unexpected need and led to an explicit affirmations of professional obligations of librarians to one another. Thus, adoption of the new policy and the principles it embodied became a lever for changes in the organizational culture.


Mathematics Teachers’ Knowledge Base: Preliminary Results, Guershon Harel, Kien Lim Jun 2004

Mathematics Teachers’ Knowledge Base: Preliminary Results, Guershon Harel, Kien Lim

Kien H Lim

Student learning depends on the teacher’s actions, which are, in turn, dependent on the teacher’s knowledge base—defined here by three components: knowledge of mathematics content, knowledge of student epistemology, and knowledge of pedagogy. The purpose of this study is to construct models for teachers’ knowledge base and for their development in an on-site professional development project.


Academic Freedom And The Research University, Richard Atkinson May 2004

Academic Freedom And The Research University, Richard Atkinson

Richard Atkinson

The article argues that the principles upon which academic freedom is founded must be elaborated and modified in ways that are relevant to the responsibilities and circumstances of today's universities. The article elucidates the UC's new statement on academic freedom, which honors the long history and tradition of the principles of academic freedom, but also breaks new ground in that it explicitly recognizes the means of maintaining those freedoms. The new policy affirms the principle that faculty conduct will be assessed in reference to academic values and professional norms, an inherently broad and flexible standard that is properly ...


Why You Have To Probe To Discover What Year 8 Students Really Think About Fractions, Catherine Pearn, Max Stephens May 2004

Why You Have To Probe To Discover What Year 8 Students Really Think About Fractions, Catherine Pearn, Max Stephens

Catherine Pearn

Many researchers have noted how children's whole number schemes can interfere with their efforts to learn fractions. This paper examines the persistence of whole number schemes among 14 year-old students who appear to have successfully mastered routine algorithms for working with fractions. Uncovering whole number thinking among such students is therefore difficult, and is illustrated through the use of several probing interview tasks, revealing quite different forms of whole number thinking. These forms of thinking can give correct answers also making it difficult for teachers to identify incorrect thinking about fractions. Representations of fractions using number lines can assist ...


Education.Au Limited And Shared/Common/Web Services - Discussion Paper, Gerald White, Claire Murray Apr 2004

Education.Au Limited And Shared/Common/Web Services - Discussion Paper, Gerald White, Claire Murray

Dr Gerald K. White

This paper encapsulates the key points raised at an Education.au workshop, in early December 2003, and in doing so provides an overview of innovation and growth prospects that Education.au could pursue in the areas of shared, common and web services


Once More, With Feeling, James Plath Apr 2004

Once More, With Feeling, James Plath

James Plath

Professor Plath's presentation at Honors Convocation as the winner of the 2004 Pantagraph Award for Teaching Excellence.


Staying Longer At School And Absenteeism : Evidence From Australian Research And The Longitudinal Surveys Of Australian Youth., Sheldon Rothman Feb 2004

Staying Longer At School And Absenteeism : Evidence From Australian Research And The Longitudinal Surveys Of Australian Youth., Sheldon Rothman

Dr Sheldon Rothman

Participation in senior secondary education in Australia has experienced tremendous growth since the late 1960s. Much of this growth has come from young people who were the first in their families to participate in schooling at this level. Many of the changes in participation and in curriculum offerings have been documented as part of a number of longitudinal surveys of young people. This paper summarises some of the knowledge gained from this research, and from research conducted by one state education department over the period.


Total Team Teaching — Sharing Teaching Duties Equally, Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe Feb 2004

Total Team Teaching — Sharing Teaching Duties Equally, Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe

Charlie Sweet

In his excellent book on team teaching (Interdisciplinary Courses and Team Teaching), James Davis posits two extremes on the continuum of team teaching. One pole consists of “courses planned by a group of faculty and then carried out in serial segments by the individual members of the group” (p. 7). At the opposite pole are “courses planned and delivered by a group … . They take primary responsibility for individual class sessions, but sometimes [italics ours] two or more faculty are involved in planning and delivering the instruction of a particular class.” (p. 7) The two of us take the latter extreme ...


Global Gateways: Transforming Learning Through Online Knowledge Networks, Gerald White Feb 2004

Global Gateways: Transforming Learning Through Online Knowledge Networks, Gerald White

Dr Gerald K. White

Gerry's presentation focused on issues and trends identified in the Global Gateways report.


The History Of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder., Julie Kos, A Richdale Feb 2004

The History Of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder., Julie Kos, A Richdale

Dr Julie Kos

As the number of children diagnosed with, and medicated for, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) increases at an alarming rate, there have been questions raised as to whether ADHD is really a disorder or merely a fabricated and socially constructed problem. However, there is much evidence which shows that ADHD-related difficulties have been observed in children for at least the past century. This paper provides a detailed account of this evidence and shows that ADHD is a disorder which has affected children for at least the past 100 years. [Author abstract, ed]


The Hitman From New York, Hal Charles Feb 2004

The Hitman From New York, Hal Charles

Charlie Sweet

The stranger's seven words seized Sawyer's gut like thick fingers twisting and squeezing all the juices loose. "What . . . what did you say?" Sawyer stumbled, covering his mouth with his napkin for fear he was about to become a human Mt. Etna spewing out bile. Calmly, the large stranger sat down at the table across from him, ceremoniously removed his NY Yankees baseball cap, and repeated matter-of-factually, "I have been contracted to kill you."


College And University Context For Library Human Resource Management, William Welburn Jan 2004

College And University Context For Library Human Resource Management, William Welburn

William C Welburn

This book provides a comprehensive look at issues that shape the nature of Human Resources in academic libraries. Libraries in varying academic environments have undergone tremendous change during the last two decades of the 20th century as they have sought redefinition as learning organizations. As organizations they have experienced significant changes in the role and definition of professionalism, along with challenges from such shifting workplace demographics as age and ethnicity and technological issues, which have also had direct impact on the recruitment and retention of staff. Much of the attention of human resources administrators in academic libraries has focused on ...


Ethics And Human Resource Management, William Welburn Jan 2004

Ethics And Human Resource Management, William Welburn

William C Welburn

This book provides a comprehensive look at issues that shape the nature of Human Resources in academic libraries. Libraries in varying academic environments have undergone tremendous change during the last two decades of the 20th century as they have sought redefinition as learning organizations. As organizations they have experienced significant changes in the role and definition of professionalism, along with challenges from such shifting workplace demographics as age and ethnicity and technological issues, which have also had direct impact on the recruitment and retention of staff. Much of the attention of human resources administrators in academic libraries has focused on ...


Citizenship Education In The Ukraine: Teaching The Teacher, Samuel Hinton Dec 2003

Citizenship Education In The Ukraine: Teaching The Teacher, Samuel Hinton

Samuel Hinton

This paper is intended to contribute to the general literature on international teacher exchange in citizenship education. (Methodology) The author reports on the content and evaluation of two parts of a year long citizenship education exchange program.


U.S Classroom Culture, Michael Smithee, Sidney Greenblatt, Elisa Eland Dec 2003

U.S Classroom Culture, Michael Smithee, Sidney Greenblatt, Elisa Eland

Michael B. Smithee

U.S. Classroom Culture addresses issues of the American classroom for international students coming to the U.S. for study, as well as to acquaint faculty, teaching assistants, and international office staff of the problems international students may face in the U.S. classroom. These issues include but are not limited to: academic rules and policies, standards, expectations of U.S. faculty, variation in teaching and learning methods, American student perceptions of the classroom, grading, tests, terminology, and plagiarism.


The New Basics Research Report, Gabrielle Matters, Allan Luke, Ray Barrett, Ray Land Dec 2003

The New Basics Research Report, Gabrielle Matters, Allan Luke, Ray Barrett, Ray Land

Dr Gabrielle Matters

This report describes the research component of a trial in 38 Queensland state schools of a new way of preparing young Queenslanders to meet the challenges of new times and of contributing to the Smart State. The New Basics Trial investigated the viability of a new framework for integrating what is taught with how it is taught, assessed and reported. The research program complemented two other key elements of the Trial - development of the components of the framework and its implementation in selected schools. The research activities reported here provide primary data, analyses and some conclusions about the impact of ...


Design Languages, Notation Systems, And Instructional Technology, Sandie Waters, Andrew Gibbons Dec 2003

Design Languages, Notation Systems, And Instructional Technology, Sandie Waters, Andrew Gibbons

Sandie H Waters

Notational systems, used in mature fields of study, are closely related to design languages. The future of a technological field depends on the ability to communicate ideas and changes with others in the field. Instructional technology is one field that can benefit from a notation system enabling designers to duplicate, execute, and communicate their ideas. In this paper, we look at several mature fields, including chemistry, musicology, and choreography, to discover elements where a mature design language and notation system have developed. We illustrate a number of dimensions that can help designers form their design languages and select the characteristics ...


It Works For Me, Online!: Shared Tips For Online And Web-Enhanced Teaching, Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe, Douglas Robertson Dec 2003

It Works For Me, Online!: Shared Tips For Online And Web-Enhanced Teaching, Charlie Sweet, Hal Blythe, Douglas Robertson

Charlie Sweet

It Works For Me, Online is designed primarily to aid instructors in two major types of classes: fully online and web-enhanced/hybrid courses. Those who teach fully online classes will find tips on such things as tricks you can use with synchronous chats, how to use blogging in your classroom to replace traditional chat-rooms (talk about your superannuation), and even ways of adapting Blackboard to meet administrative needs. Those who prefer web enhancements to the traditional classroom will find advice to navigate between the virtual and real world. And, truthfully, we are hopeful that even dyed-in-the-wool, card-carrying Luddites will skim ...