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Selected Works

Teacher Education and Professional Development

2013

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Full-Text Articles in Education

Research On Second Language Teacher Motivation: From A Vygotskian Activity Theory Perspective, Tae-Young Kim, Qian-Mei Zhang Dec 2013

Research On Second Language Teacher Motivation: From A Vygotskian Activity Theory Perspective, Tae-Young Kim, Qian-Mei Zhang

Dr. Tae-Young Kim (김태영, 金兌英)

Second language (L2) teachers’ motivation has considerable influence on their students’ L2 learning motivation, personal satisfaction, and fulfillment. It has important influence on national educational reform and development. Although a number of studies have examined teachers’ motivation to teach, to date, few have focused on L2 teacher motivation. Based on the limitations identified in previous research, this paper articulates the inherent complexities of L2 teacher motivation and identifies its dynamic characteristics from the perspective of Vygotskian Activity Theory (AT). With a concise overview of AT, this paper elaborates on the applicability and relevance of AT to L2 teachers’ motivation by ...


Turkish And Lithuanian Efl Instructors' Professional Development Experiences: Worth The Effort, Or Waste Of Time?, Servet Celik, Nemira Mačianskienė, Kübra Aytin Dec 2013

Turkish And Lithuanian Efl Instructors' Professional Development Experiences: Worth The Effort, Or Waste Of Time?, Servet Celik, Nemira Mačianskienė, Kübra Aytin

Servet Celik

Effective EFL instructors must have a good command of English, as well as sound pedagogical knowledge and adequate communication and classroom management skills. Professional development has been indicated as significant in developing these attributes. This comparative study was designed to analyze the viewpoints of EFL professionals working in Turkey and Lithuania using a scalar survey. The results revealed that Turkish instructors found their professional development experiences to be largely irrelevant, while the Lithuanian instructors perceived professional development as beneficial. In both groups, obstacles such as financial concerns and heavy teaching loads impaired the participants’ ability to grow professionally. The findings ...


Synchronous Online Sessions Using Webex, Jaya Kannan, Adrianna Dattoli Dec 2013

Synchronous Online Sessions Using Webex, Jaya Kannan, Adrianna Dattoli

Jaya Kannan

WebEx is a web conferencing solution that allows you to connect with anyone, anywhere, in real time. WebEx combines desktop sharing through a web browser with audio and video conferencing, so everyone sees the same thing while you talk.


La Diversidad De Los Analisis De Diversidad [The Diversity Of Diversity Analyses], Victor D. Carmona Nov 2013

La Diversidad De Los Analisis De Diversidad [The Diversity Of Diversity Analyses], Victor D. Carmona

Victor D. Carmona-Galindo

There is a lack of consistency with respect to the use of the terms like species richness, diversity and biodiversity, which extends to the analysis of diversity indices and the merit of using diversity indices in the evaluation (comparison and contrast) of biological communities. The purpose of this article is to provide working definitions for these terms and cite examples from the primary literature that demonstrate the utility of estimating richness, evaluating proportional abundance patterns, as well as comparing indices of diversity and similarity to study patterns of biological organization at different ecological scales. Additionally, we provide a manual in ...


A Critical Look At Four Multicultural Reform Efforts In One Urban College Of Education, Mary Gove, Dinah Volk, Kristine Lynn Still, Grace Hui-Chen Huang, Sashelle Thomas-Alexander Nov 2013

A Critical Look At Four Multicultural Reform Efforts In One Urban College Of Education, Mary Gove, Dinah Volk, Kristine Lynn Still, Grace Hui-Chen Huang, Sashelle Thomas-Alexander

Dinah Volk

The article describes multicultural reform projects at an urban college of education including analyses of student's descriptions of their experiences in urban schools, the results of a faculty diversity self-study group and issues arising from culturally responsive pedagogy in an early childhood teaching class. The author's assertion that diversity education is an essential part of teacher education is discussed, and the importance of continuous critical analysis of teacher education is emphasized.


Michelle Loris Is Connecticut Professor Of The Year, Michelle Loris Nov 2013

Michelle Loris Is Connecticut Professor Of The Year, Michelle Loris

Michelle Loris

The Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching and the Council for Advancement and Support of Education have named Sacred Heart University’s Professor Michelle Loris the 2013 Connecticut Professor of the Year. Loris was selected from more than 350 top professors in the United States.


Engaging Teachers In Digital Products And Processes: Interview Feature Articles, Susan D. Martin, Sherry Dismuke Nov 2013

Engaging Teachers In Digital Products And Processes: Interview Feature Articles, Susan D. Martin, Sherry Dismuke

Cheryle (Sherry) Dismuke

Students sit in pairs interviewing each other--talking, laughing, taking notes with pen and paper. Computers begin to appear on tables, as students segue into drafting feature articles-- those splash-of-color pieces that go beyond straight news in magazines and news source. Conversation diminishes to a soft hum, as focus shifts to the interplay of thinking, written notes, and the emerging text on the computer screen. Words continue to waft over the room as comments and questions pertaining to content and processes are directed to others. Computer screens are filling up with these words… Thus begins, the first day of writing workshop ...


The Persona Doll Project: Promoting Diversity Awareness Among Preservice Teachers Through Storytelling, Mary Ellin Logue, V. Susan Bennett-Armistead, Soojoung Kim Nov 2013

The Persona Doll Project: Promoting Diversity Awareness Among Preservice Teachers Through Storytelling, Mary Ellin Logue, V. Susan Bennett-Armistead, Soojoung Kim

Mary Ellin Logue

The Persona Doll Project describes an experiential intervention with undergraduate preservice teachers designed to increase awareness about diversity and apply this awareness to curriculum planning and advocacy for children. Sixty-three undergraduate students in a social studies methods class were each assigned a persona doll for the semester whose background differed from their own. Each was charged with becoming the advocate for the child, represented by the doll, by telling informed stories that would help other students better understand a level of diversity beyond what they knew from their own lives. Students heightened awareness of their own assumptions through narrative, inquiry ...


The Teacher Researcher Premise, David Lynch Nov 2013

The Teacher Researcher Premise, David Lynch

Professor David Lynch

This article is about a phenomenon playing out in modern day classroom under the guise of ‘teaching’. This phenomena we term ‘knowledge broadcasting’ and while it has the hallmarks of what people have come to expect happens in classrooms, its continuance as a mainstay ‘teaching’ approach is reflective of how teachers have failed to act on increasing understandings about how people learn and how teachers can best teach. This is not so much a criticism of teachers individually but a reflection of how organised / systemic teaching systems have failed to keep pace with increasing understandings about teaching and learning. We ...


Organizational Strategies For Fostering Faculty Racial Inclusion, Dannielle Joy Davis, Edward J. Brantmeier, Roben Torosyan, Hyacinth E. Findlay Nov 2013

Organizational Strategies For Fostering Faculty Racial Inclusion, Dannielle Joy Davis, Edward J. Brantmeier, Roben Torosyan, Hyacinth E. Findlay

Roben Torosyan Ph.D.

Drawing on autoethnographic narrative reflections, this article explores the experiences of members of the Professional and Organizational Development Network in Higher Education and the HBCU Faculty Development Network during the organizations’ first joint conference. Using the theory of professional interaction as a framework, we seek to understand how effectively the organizations manifested their interest in increased racial inclusion and collaboration.


Dangerous Pedagogy, Elizabeth B. Gardner, Patricia E. Calderwood, Roben Torosyan Nov 2013

Dangerous Pedagogy, Elizabeth B. Gardner, Patricia E. Calderwood, Roben Torosyan

Roben Torosyan Ph.D.

Using data primarily drawn from undergraduate psychology classes, we reflect upon what humane but "dangerous" pedagogy illustrates about our teaching and our students' learning.


Listening: Beyond Telling To “Being” What We Want To Teach, Roben Torosyan Nov 2013

Listening: Beyond Telling To “Being” What We Want To Teach, Roben Torosyan

Roben Torosyan Ph.D.

In response to a culture of polarized argument, this paper shows a way to provide people with practice at deep listening and understanding. The author examines ways in which self-disclosure about problems of dialog may be an ideal means for teachers or leaders to show people alternate ways of being in the world of meaning making.


Theory Guided Professional Development In Early Childhood Science Education, Soo-Young Hong, Julia Torquati, Victoria J. Molfese Nov 2013

Theory Guided Professional Development In Early Childhood Science Education, Soo-Young Hong, Julia Torquati, Victoria J. Molfese

Soo-Young Hong

The importance of early and developmentally appropriate science education is increasingly recognized. Consequently, creation of common guidelines and standards in early childhood science education has begun (National Research Council (NRC), 2012), and researchers, practitioners, and policy makers have shown great interest in aligning professional development with the new guidelines and standard. There are some important issues that need to be addressed in order to successfully implement guidelines and make progress toward accomplishing standards. Early childhood teachers have expressed a lack of confidence in teaching science and nature (Torquati, Cutler, Gilkerson, & Sarver, in press) and have limited science and pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) (Appleton, 2008). These are critical issues because teachers’ subject-matter knowledge is a robust predictor of student learning outcomes (Enfield & Rogers. 2009; Kennedy, 1998; Wilson, Floden, & Ferrini-Mundy, 2002) and is seen as a critical step toward improving K-12 student achievement (National Commission on Mathematics and Science Teaching for the 21st Century (NCMST), 2000; NRC, 2000). We argue that the ...


Context Influences Preschool Children's Decisions To Include A Peer With A Physical Disability In Play, Karen E. Diamond, Soo-Young Hong, Huifang Tu Nov 2013

Context Influences Preschool Children's Decisions To Include A Peer With A Physical Disability In Play, Karen E. Diamond, Soo-Young Hong, Huifang Tu

Soo-Young Hong

Understanding children’s decisions to include a child with a disability in activities is an important component of the social environment of children with disabilities. We examined preschool children’s understanding of the motor and social competence of hypothetical children with a physical disability, children’s decisions to include or exclude a peer with a physical disability in play activities, and children’s justifications of their inclusion/exclusion decisions. Children understood that a peer with a physical disability would have more difficulty with activities requiring motor skills than social skills and were more likely to include a peer with a ...


Head Start Classrooms And Children’S School Readiness Benefit From Teachers’ Qualifications And Ongoing Training, Seung-Hee Claire Son, Kyong-Ah Kwon, Hyun-Joo Jeon, Soo-Young Hong Nov 2013

Head Start Classrooms And Children’S School Readiness Benefit From Teachers’ Qualifications And Ongoing Training, Seung-Hee Claire Son, Kyong-Ah Kwon, Hyun-Joo Jeon, Soo-Young Hong

Soo-Young Hong

Background Teacher qualifications have been emphasized as a basis of professional development to improve classroom practices for at-risk children’s school readiness. However, teacher qualifications have often not been compared to another form of professional development, in-service training. Objective The current study attempts to investigate contributions of multiple types of professional development to school readiness skills of low-income preschoolers. Specifically, we examined the significance of teachers’ education level, degree, teaching certificate, teaching experiences as well as specialized in-service training and coaching support as these teacher trainings are linked to preschoolers’ school readiness through proximal classroom practices. Method We used a ...


Two Approaches To Teaching Young Children Science Concepts, Vocabulary, And Scientific Problem-Solving Skills, Soo-Young Hong, Karen E. Diamond Nov 2013

Two Approaches To Teaching Young Children Science Concepts, Vocabulary, And Scientific Problem-Solving Skills, Soo-Young Hong, Karen E. Diamond

Soo-Young Hong

The present study examined the efficacy of two different approaches to teaching designed to facilitate children’s learning about science concepts and vocabulary related to objects’ floating and sinking and scientific problem-solving skills: responsive teaching (RT) and the combination of responsive teaching and explicit instruction (RT + EI). Participants included 104 children (51 boys) aged four to five years.Small groups of children were randomly assigned to one of the two intervention groups (RT, RT + EI) or to a control group. Responsive teaching (RT) reflects a common approach to teaching young children, and the combination approach (RT + EI) includes explicit instruction ...


Child Care For Working Poor Families: Child Development And Parent Employment Outcomes: Community Child Care Research Project, Final Report, James Elicker, Carolyn Clawson, Soo-Young Hong, Tae-Eun Kim, Demetra Evangelou, Susan J. Kontos Nov 2013

Child Care For Working Poor Families: Child Development And Parent Employment Outcomes: Community Child Care Research Project, Final Report, James Elicker, Carolyn Clawson, Soo-Young Hong, Tae-Eun Kim, Demetra Evangelou, Susan J. Kontos

Soo-Young Hong

The results of the Community Child Care Research Project provide new data describing the child care experiences of low income working families in 4 communities in Indiana. Because the study participants were volunteers rather than randomly selected, and because the research design was correlational rather than experimental, conclusions drawn from these fi ndings necessarily have limitations. The fi ndings cannot be confi dently generalized to other low income working families and child care providers, nor can the links between child care quality and children’s development be assumed to be causal. For example, while it is quite possible that higher ...


Young Children’S Decisions To Include Peers With Physical Disabilities In Play, Karen E. Diamond, Soo-Young Hong Nov 2013

Young Children’S Decisions To Include Peers With Physical Disabilities In Play, Karen E. Diamond, Soo-Young Hong

Soo-Young Hong

The authors examined factors related to preschool children’s reasoning about including a hypothetical peer with a physical disability in different play activities. They hypothesized that children’s inclusion decisions would be influenced by features of the physical environment, attention to issues of fairness and equity, and individual child characteristics. Participants comprised 72 children enrolled in inclusive preschool classrooms. Children’s ideas about inclusion and their inclusion decisions were gathered in response to vignettes reflecting experiences that children are likely to encounter in preschool. The authors found that children were significantly more likely to say that they would include a ...


The Politics Media Equation:Exposing Two Faces Of Old Nexus Through Study Of General Elections,Wikileaks And Radia Tapes, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr Oct 2013

The Politics Media Equation:Exposing Two Faces Of Old Nexus Through Study Of General Elections,Wikileaks And Radia Tapes, Ratnesh Dwivedi Mr

Ratnesh Dwivedi

The important identity of a responsible media is playing an unbiased role in reporting a matter without giving unnecessary hype to attract the attention of the gullible public with the object of making money and money only.After reporting properly the media can educate the public to form their own opinion in the matters of public interest. Throughout the centuries, the world has never existed without information and communication, hence the inexhaustible essence of mass media. The government has the power to either make or reject whatever that will exist within its environment. It also determines how free the mass ...


The Academic Impact Of Research: Current And The Future Citation Trends In Developing Countries, Nader Ale Ebrahim Oct 2013

The Academic Impact Of Research: Current And The Future Citation Trends In Developing Countries, Nader Ale Ebrahim

Nader Ale Ebrahim

Writing an article for online distribution in a way that maximized the chances of citation hits, is different from preparing one for print journals in some small, but important, respects. To be cited, articles have to be visible in an electronic environment. Therefore, publishing a high quality paper in scientific journals will be a halfway of receiving citation in the future. The rest of the way is advertising and disseminating the publications by using the proper “Research Tools”. Familiarity with the tools allows the researcher to increase his/her h-index in the short time. The number of citations has over ...


The Intersection Of Preservice Teachers’ Confidence, Perceptions, And Ideas For Using Instructional Technology For Teaching And Learning, Louis Nadelson, Darcie Bennett, Ezra Gwilliam, Catherine Howlett, Steve Oswalt, Jaime Sand Oct 2013

The Intersection Of Preservice Teachers’ Confidence, Perceptions, And Ideas For Using Instructional Technology For Teaching And Learning, Louis Nadelson, Darcie Bennett, Ezra Gwilliam, Catherine Howlett, Steve Oswalt, Jaime Sand

Jaime Sand

The evolving landscape of instructional technology is influenced by access to a wide range of technology tools that can be accessed to enhance teaching and learning. Technological tools such as smart phones, apps, tablets, social media, and YouTube exemplify the kinds of resources that are readily availabl e for teaching and learning. Further, the development of different course delivery systems and the exposure to concepts such as flipped classrooms and electronic portfolios have extended the use of mainstream technology into new instructional applications. The ongoing evolution of technology hardware, software, and instructional applications has numerous educational implications. In an effort ...


Bringing Teach For America Into The Forefront Of Teacher Education: Philanthropy Meets Spin, Kathleen P. Demarrais, Julianne Wenner, Jamie B. Lewis Oct 2013

Bringing Teach For America Into The Forefront Of Teacher Education: Philanthropy Meets Spin, Kathleen P. Demarrais, Julianne Wenner, Jamie B. Lewis

Julianne Wenner

This study examines the practices utilized by TFA from its inception in 1990 to create its brand and how these practices have transformed TFA into a cultural icon within the national landscape of teacher education. Well-funded through both philanthropic foundations, corporate sponsorships, and federal monies, TFA’s use of its organizational and political networks, as well as the media, has enabled it to position itself discursively as a leader in the preparation of teachers in the U.S, resulting not only in transforming state and national discussions about teacher preparation, but in establishing a network of elites with a particular ...


Digital Teaching And Learning At Shu: An Emerging Framework, Jaya Kannan Oct 2013

Digital Teaching And Learning At Shu: An Emerging Framework, Jaya Kannan

Jaya Kannan

No abstract provided.


An Examination Of The Influences Of A Teacher Preparation Program On Beginning Teachers’ Reading Instruction, Sarah Clark, C.D. Jones, R. Reutzel, L. Andreasen Oct 2013

An Examination Of The Influences Of A Teacher Preparation Program On Beginning Teachers’ Reading Instruction, Sarah Clark, C.D. Jones, R. Reutzel, L. Andreasen

Sarah K. Clark

No abstract provided.


Using Text Structures Of Information Books To Teach Writing In The Primary Grades, Sarah K. Clark, Cindy D. Jones, D. Ray Reutzel Oct 2013

Using Text Structures Of Information Books To Teach Writing In The Primary Grades, Sarah K. Clark, Cindy D. Jones, D. Ray Reutzel

Sarah K. Clark

No abstract provided.


Irresistable: How An Ir (Institutional Repository) Can Improve Library Collections While Preserving The Past, Monica Brooks, David Evans, Tim Tamminga, Jingping Zhang, Gretchen Beach, Nat Debruin, Larry Sheret, Thomas L. Walker Ii, Paris E. Webb Oct 2013

Irresistable: How An Ir (Institutional Repository) Can Improve Library Collections While Preserving The Past, Monica Brooks, David Evans, Tim Tamminga, Jingping Zhang, Gretchen Beach, Nat Debruin, Larry Sheret, Thomas L. Walker Ii, Paris E. Webb

Larry Sheret

Marshall University’s IR team will discuss the creation, progress, and benefits of the Marshall Digital Scholar, an online institutional repository. There will be time for libraries, large and small, to ask questions about digital collecting and digital projects.


Information Literacy Assessment: Keep It Simple, Keep It Going, Larry Sheret, John A. Steele Oct 2013

Information Literacy Assessment: Keep It Simple, Keep It Going, Larry Sheret, John A. Steele

Larry Sheret

Is it possible to administer an information literacy assessment in only a few classes that would provide essential, adequate, data from semester to semester? In a college with a student body of about 2,000, would it be possible to obtain actionable assessment results if only 150 to 200 students were assessed each semester? This article is the result of the creation and implementation of the information literacy assessment that was launched in the fall of 2009 by Savage Library at Western State College of Colorado (WSC). WSC changed its name to Western State Colorado University on August 1, 2012 ...


The Knowledge Base As An Extension Of Distance Learning Reference Service, Anne Marie Casey Oct 2013

The Knowledge Base As An Extension Of Distance Learning Reference Service, Anne Marie Casey

Anne Marie Casey

This study explores knowledge bases as extension of reference services for distance learners. Through a survey and follow-up interviews with distance learning librarians, this paper discusses their interest in creating and maintaining a knowledge base as a resource for reference services to distance learners. It also investigates their perceptions about the feasibility and practicality of a reference knowledge base. Primary findings indicate that the majority of participants view a knowledge base as an extension of distance learning reference services positively but see issues related to workload and quality control, in particular, which might hinder the development and maintenance of this ...


Envisioning Education Reform In Khyber Pakhtun Khwa, Zulfiqar Ali Shah Zulfi Oct 2013

Envisioning Education Reform In Khyber Pakhtun Khwa, Zulfiqar Ali Shah Zulfi

Zulfiqar Ali Shah Zulfi

No abstract provided.


Twitter In A Spanish Conversation Course (And Maybe In Yours), Pilar Munday Oct 2013

Twitter In A Spanish Conversation Course (And Maybe In Yours), Pilar Munday

Pilar Munday

Dr. Pilar Munday describes her use of twitter in teaching students Spanish language and culture at Sacred Heart University.