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Full-Text Articles in Education

Predictors Of Professional Identity Development For Student Affairs Professionals., Edward C. Pittman, John D. Foubert Feb 2016

Predictors Of Professional Identity Development For Student Affairs Professionals., Edward C. Pittman, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

This study examined whether professional involvement, supervision style, and mentoring predicted the professional identity of graduate students and new professionals in student affairs. Results of the study show that all three independent variables predicted the professional identity development of graduate students. Supervision style of a supervisor, but not mentoring or professional involvement, significantly predicted the professional identity development of new professionals. Implications and recommendations for future research and student affairs practice are provided.


Sorority Women’S And Fraternity Men’S Rape Myth Acceptance And Bystander Intervention Attitudes, R Sean Bannon, Matt W. Brosi, John D. Foubert Dec 2012

Sorority Women’S And Fraternity Men’S Rape Myth Acceptance And Bystander Intervention Attitudes, R Sean Bannon, Matt W. Brosi, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

Sorority women and fraternity men are more likely than other students to be survivors and perpetrators of sexual assault, respectively. The present study examined sorority and fraternity members’ rape myth acceptance, bystander efficacy, and bystander willingness to help in potential sexual assault situations. Sorority women were more rejecting of rape myths and were more willing to intervene than fraternity men. However, no difference in bystander efficacy was found. Implications of this contrast are discussed.


Effects Of The Men’S Program On U.S. Army Soldiers’ Intentions To Commit And Willingness To Intervene To Prevent Rape: A Pretest Posttest Study., John D. Foubert, Ryan C. Masin Nov 2012

Effects Of The Men’S Program On U.S. Army Soldiers’ Intentions To Commit And Willingness To Intervene To Prevent Rape: A Pretest Posttest Study., John D. Foubert, Ryan C. Masin

John D. Foubert

Non-commissioned male officers in the U.S. Army stationed in Germany were trained to present a one-hour rape prevention workshop, The Men’s Program, to 237 enlisted male soldiers. A comparison group of 244 male soldiers received a briefing focused on reducing the individual’s risk for experiencing sexual assault, discussion of myths and facts about sexual assault, and how to avoid being accused of sexual assault. Participants in The Men’s Program experienced significant change in the predicted direction for bystander willingness to help, bystander efficacy, rape myth acceptance, likelihood of raping, and likelihood of committing sexual assault with ...


Explaining The Wind: How Self-Identified Born Again Christians Define What “Born Again” Means To Them, John D. Foubert, Angela Watson, Matt W. Brosi, Dale R. Fuqua Dec 2011

Explaining The Wind: How Self-Identified Born Again Christians Define What “Born Again” Means To Them, John D. Foubert, Angela Watson, Matt W. Brosi, Dale R. Fuqua

John D. Foubert

Christian students on college campuses form a large proportion of the student body on many campuses, and consequently, they are an important influence, collectively, on the existential dialogue occurring on university campuses. However it is understood, regeneration is a fundamental and central element of the life and belief system of Christian students. Some college students who identify as Christian also define themselves as born again, yet a multiplicity of understandings of this concept appears to exist. The present study sought to investigate how self-identified, born again Christian students define the term “born again,” how they come to know that they ...


The Men’S Program: Does It Impact College Men’S Bystander Efficacy And Willingness To Intervene?, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, John D. Foubert, Brent Hill, Hope Brasfield, Shannon Shelley-Tremblay Dec 2010

The Men’S Program: Does It Impact College Men’S Bystander Efficacy And Willingness To Intervene?, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling, John D. Foubert, Brent Hill, Hope Brasfield, Shannon Shelley-Tremblay

John D. Foubert

This study considered whether a rape prevention program could reduce men’s rape myth acceptance, enhance the perceived effectiveness of college men’s bystander behavior, and increase men’s willingness to intervene as bystanders in potentially dangerous situations. As predicted, college men who experienced The Men’s Program significantly increased their self-reported willingness to help as a bystander and their perceived bystander efficacy in comparison to college men who experienced the comparison condition. Men’s Program participants also significantly decreased their self-reported rape myth acceptance in comparison with comparison condition participants. The college policy and rape prevention program planning implications ...


Effects Of Women’S Pornography Use On Bystander Intervention In A Sexual Assault Situation And Rape Myth Acceptance, Matt W. Brosi, John D. Foubert, R Sean Bannon, Gabriel Yandell Dec 2010

Effects Of Women’S Pornography Use On Bystander Intervention In A Sexual Assault Situation And Rape Myth Acceptance, Matt W. Brosi, John D. Foubert, R Sean Bannon, Gabriel Yandell

John D. Foubert

College women’s exposure to pornography is growing nationwide. A limited amount of research exists documenting the negative effects of pornography on women’s attitudes and behavior related to sexual assault. The present study surveyed sorority members at a Midwestern public university on their pornography use, rape myth acceptance, bystander efficacy, and bystander willingness to help in potential sexual assault situations. Results showed that women who view pornography are significantly less likely to intervene as a bystander and are more likely to believe rape myths. Implications for women’s personal safety and for the advisability of consuming pornography are discussed.


Answering The Questions Of Rape Prevention Research: A Response To Tharp Et Al. (2011), John D. Foubert Dec 2010

Answering The Questions Of Rape Prevention Research: A Response To Tharp Et Al. (2011), John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

Rape prevention programmers and researchers have long struggled to select the most appropriate theoretical models to frame their work. Questions abound regarding appropriate standards of evidence for success of program interventions. The present article provides an alternative point of view to the one put forward by seven staff members from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (Tharp et al., 2011). Questions are posed for readers to consider regarding the appropriateness of the medical model for rape prevention programs, whether randomized control trials are the one and only gold standard, whether programs presented to groups should be evaluated ...


Integrating Religious And Professional Identities: Christian Faculty At Public Institutions Of Higher Education, Christy M. Craft, John D. Foubert, Jessica J. Lane Dec 2010

Integrating Religious And Professional Identities: Christian Faculty At Public Institutions Of Higher Education, Christy M. Craft, John D. Foubert, Jessica J. Lane

John D. Foubert

The purpose of this phenomenological study was to investigate how Christian faculty members integrate their religious identity with their professional identity within public colleges and universities. Semi-structured interviews with 12 Christian faculty members shed light on their perceived "calling" to public higher education, as well as revealed insights as to how they overtly and covertly attempt to express their religious identity within the workplace.


Pornography Viewing Among Fraternity Men: Effects On Bystander Intervention, Rape Myth Acceptance And Behavioral Intent To Commit Sexual Assault., John D. Foubert, Matt W. Brosi, R Sean Bannon Dec 2010

Pornography Viewing Among Fraternity Men: Effects On Bystander Intervention, Rape Myth Acceptance And Behavioral Intent To Commit Sexual Assault., John D. Foubert, Matt W. Brosi, R Sean Bannon

John D. Foubert

College men’s exposure to pornography is nearly universal, with growing viewing rates nationwide. Substantial research documents the harmful effects of mainstream, sadomasochistic, and rape pornography on men’s attitudes and behavior related to sexual assault. The present study surveyed 62% of the fraternity population at a Midwestern public university on their pornography viewing habits, bystander efficacy, and bystander willingness to help in potential rape situations. Results showed that men who view pornography are significantly less likely to intervene as a bystander, report an increased behavioral intent to rape, and are more likely to believe rape myths.


White Paper: Effects Of The Men’S Program On Male Soldiers’ Bystander Intervention, Likelihood Of Raping, And Attitudes Toward Rape: A Pretest/Posttest Controlled Study, Final Report, United States Army - Europe, John D. Foubert Sep 2010

White Paper: Effects Of The Men’S Program On Male Soldiers’ Bystander Intervention, Likelihood Of Raping, And Attitudes Toward Rape: A Pretest/Posttest Controlled Study, Final Report, United States Army - Europe, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

Non-commissioned officers were trained to present a one-hour rape prevention workshop, The Men’s Program, to approximately 250 soldiers in the U.S. Army stationed in Germany. Another group of approximately 250 soldiers saw a Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program unit brief presented by a Sexual Assault Response Coordinator/Family Advocacy Program Manager. Participants were administered pretests and posttests to determine the effectiveness of these two programs. This report details the findings of the pretest and posttest assessment. An unsuccessful attempt was made to collect data 6 months after programs were presented. Valuable lessons were learned that will be ...


In Their Own Words: Sophomore College Men Describe Attitude And Behavior Changes Resulting From A Rape Prevention Program Two Years After Their Participation., John D. Foubert, Eric Godin, Jerry Tatum Dec 2009

In Their Own Words: Sophomore College Men Describe Attitude And Behavior Changes Resulting From A Rape Prevention Program Two Years After Their Participation., John D. Foubert, Eric Godin, Jerry Tatum

John D. Foubert

The study conducted involved assessing students from a Southeastern public university during two academic years, after their participation in an all-male sexual assault peer education program. The study findings revealed that 79% of 184 college men reported attitude change, behavior change, or both. Furthermore, a multistage inductive analysis revealed that after seeing The Men’s Program, men intervened to prevent rapes from happening. Participants also modified their behavior to avoid committing sexual assault when they or a potential partner were under the influence of alcohol. Implications for future research were discussed.


Effects Of A Rape Awareness Program On College Women: Increasing Bystander Efficacy And Willingness To Intervene., John D. Foubert, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling Dec 2009

Effects Of A Rape Awareness Program On College Women: Increasing Bystander Efficacy And Willingness To Intervene., John D. Foubert, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling

John D. Foubert

An experimental study evaluated the efficacy of a sexual assault riskr eduction program on 279 college women that focused on learning characteristics of male perpetrators and teaching bystander intervention techniques. After seeing The Women’s Program, participants reported significantly greater bystander efficacy and significantly greater willingness to help than before seeing the program. Participants outperformed a control group. Rape myth acceptance also declined among program participants. Implications for rape awareness programming are discussed.


First-Year Male Students’ Perceptions Of A Rape Prevention Program Seven Months After Their Participation: Attitude And Behavior Changes., John D. Foubert, Jerry Tatum, Eric Godin Dec 2009

First-Year Male Students’ Perceptions Of A Rape Prevention Program Seven Months After Their Participation: Attitude And Behavior Changes., John D. Foubert, Jerry Tatum, Eric Godin

John D. Foubert

Seven months after seeing The Men’s Program, a commonly used rape prevention program, 248 first-year college men responded to four openended questions concerning whether or not the program impacted their attitudes or behavior, particularly regarding alcohol related sexual assault. Two thirds of participants reported either attitude or behavior change during the preceding academic year due to the program’s effects or that the program reinforced their current beliefs, with many describing specific incidents of either intervening to prevent a rape, or stopping themselves from engaging in risky behavior.


White Paper: Sexual Harassment And Assault Prevention Education Manual For Faculty And Staff Leaders, John D. Foubert, Christopher Kilmarting, Gail Stern Jul 2009

White Paper: Sexual Harassment And Assault Prevention Education Manual For Faculty And Staff Leaders, John D. Foubert, Christopher Kilmarting, Gail Stern

John D. Foubert

The curriculum for the SHAPE program at the United States Naval Academy was written and in accordance with the contractual terms made with and will be copyrighted by three independent consultants hired by the United States Naval Academy: Gail Stern, Christopher Kilmartin, and John Foubert. This manual was written with the intention of providing a document for USNA faculty and staff who were hired to take over the consultant’s responsibilities for program development and training. We will discuss philosophical issues undergirding the choices we made in writing the program sessions and in conducting the training for peer educators. By ...


Keeping (Or Losing) The Faith: Reflections On Spiritual Struggles And Resolution By College Seniors., Jodi Fisler, Holly Agati, Shannon Chance, Amie Donahue, Greg Donahue, Erik Eickhoff, Sara Gastler, Joseph Lowder, John D. Foubert Dec 2008

Keeping (Or Losing) The Faith: Reflections On Spiritual Struggles And Resolution By College Seniors., Jodi Fisler, Holly Agati, Shannon Chance, Amie Donahue, Greg Donahue, Erik Eickhoff, Sara Gastler, Joseph Lowder, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

In this qualitative study, researchers examined how college seniors experienced and resolved spiritual struggles in college. Results indicated that academic activities provided opportunities to question, learn, and grow spiritually. Although a variety of external factors influenced students’ explorations of their spirituality, participants looked inward to resolve their struggles in deeply personal ways. Spiritual struggle was often manifested as a reexamination of students’ pre-college values, an ongoing process for many students. Researchers identified four ways of describing students’ state of resolution: (1) recommitting to an existing faith, (2) slightly readjusting their spiritual or religious values, (3) blending spiritual traditions, or (4 ...


Rape Myth Acceptance, Hypermasculinity, And Sat Scores As Correlates Of Moral Development: Understanding Sexually Aggressive Attitudes In First Year College Men., Jerry L. Tatum, John D. Foubert Dec 2008

Rape Myth Acceptance, Hypermasculinity, And Sat Scores As Correlates Of Moral Development: Understanding Sexually Aggressive Attitudes In First Year College Men., Jerry L. Tatum, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

Male perpetrated sexual aggression has long been recognized as a serious problem on college campuses. The purpose of this multiple regression correlation study was to assess the relationship between levels of moral development (measured by the Defining Issues Test) and the degree to which first-year college men (N = 161) ascribed to rape supportive attitudes, as measured by the Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance Scale and the Hypermasculinity Inventory. Respondents completed these instruments and a demographic questionnaire prior to the beginning of the fall semester. Pearson correlations indicated that there was a significant (p < .01) relationship between rape myth acceptance and moral ...


Reactions Of Men Of Color To A Commonly Used Rape Prevention Program: Attitude And Predicted Behavior Changes, John D. Foubert, Brandynne J. Cremedy Dec 2006

Reactions Of Men Of Color To A Commonly Used Rape Prevention Program: Attitude And Predicted Behavior Changes, John D. Foubert, Brandynne J. Cremedy

John D. Foubert

African American, Latino, and Asian first-year college men (36) saw The Men’s Program, an all-male rape prevention workshop, and wrote answers to four open ended questions to determine how men from non-white groups react to a commonly used rape prevention program. Using a multi-stage inductive analysis, participant responses fell into five main themes including reinforced current beliefs and/or no changes, increased awareness of rape and its effects on survivors, increased understanding of consent, plans to intervene if a rape might occur, and plans to change behavior in their own intimate situations. Participants mentioned specific ways in which they ...


Sexual Assault Survivors’ Perceptions Of Campus Judicial Systems., John D. Foubert, Dallas Durant Dec 2006

Sexual Assault Survivors’ Perceptions Of Campus Judicial Systems., John D. Foubert, Dallas Durant

John D. Foubert

The purpose of this qualitative study was to investigate the experiences and perceptions of college sexual assault survivors who seek formal, on-campus action against their perpetrators. The authors interviewed seven female survivors from various institutions across the country and compiled themes and suggestions relating to their experiences. Participants reported substantial dissatisfaction with both the on-campus judicial process and the outcome of that process. They also noted several key positive aspects of the on-campus judicial system. Implications for counselors and other professionals who support rape survivors are discussed.


Creating Lasting Attitude And Behavior Change In Fraternity Members And Male Student Athletes: The Qualitative Impact Of An Empathy-Based Rape Prevention Program., John D. Foubert, Brad C. Perry Dec 2006

Creating Lasting Attitude And Behavior Change In Fraternity Members And Male Student Athletes: The Qualitative Impact Of An Empathy-Based Rape Prevention Program., John D. Foubert, Brad C. Perry

John D. Foubert

Fraternity members and male student athletes responded to open-ended questions assessing the impact of an empathy-based rape prevention program. All participants reported either lasting attitude or behavior changes; most reported both. Participants reported increased understanding of how rape might feel and attributed this change to seeing a videotape describing a male-on-male rape situation. Participants refrained from telling jokes about rape and reported feeling more effective when helping survivors seeking assistance. These behavior changes were attributed to the videotape and to a section of the program encouraging participants to confront rape jokes and challenge sexist behaviors.


Behavior Differences Seven Months Later: Effects Of A Rape Prevention Program, John D. Foubert Ph.D., Johnathan T. Newberry, Jerry Tatum Dec 2006

Behavior Differences Seven Months Later: Effects Of A Rape Prevention Program, John D. Foubert Ph.D., Johnathan T. Newberry, Jerry Tatum

John D. Foubert

First-year men at a midsized public university either saw a rape prevention program or were in a control group and were asked to complete attitude and behavior surveys at the beginning and end of an academic year. Participants were also asked whether they joined fraternities during that year. With 90% of first-year men participating throughout the duration of the study, results showed that men who joined fraternities during the year and had seen a rape prevention program at the beginning of the academic year were significantly less likely to commit a sexually coercive act during the year than control group ...


White Paper: Developing A Comprehensive Sexual Assault Policy: Suggestions For Colleges And Universities Dr. John D. Foubert, Llc, John D. Foubert Oct 2006

White Paper: Developing A Comprehensive Sexual Assault Policy: Suggestions For Colleges And Universities Dr. John D. Foubert, Llc, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

The following recommendations are offered as a starting point for a discussion at your college or university as you examine your sexual assault policy and procedures. Each recommendation is detailed separately in this report along with suggested policy wording and where appropriate, a rationale for its inclusion. The present list is provided to offer the reader a general overview of the content of this discussion draft.


An Exploration Of Fraternity Culture: Implications For Programs To Address Alcohol-Related Sexual Assault., John D. Foubert, Dallas Garner, Peter J. Thaxter Dec 2005

An Exploration Of Fraternity Culture: Implications For Programs To Address Alcohol-Related Sexual Assault., John D. Foubert, Dallas Garner, Peter J. Thaxter

John D. Foubert

Focus groups with fraternity men were conducted to assess the aspects of fraternity culture that intersect with alcohol related sexual assault.


Teach Me, But Don't Disagree With Me, Jodi Fisler, John D. Foubert Dec 2005

Teach Me, But Don't Disagree With Me, Jodi Fisler, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

The intersections between civil discourse, cognitive development, student learning, and ideological bias are discussed in the context of the college campus.


Effects Of Two Versions Of An Empathy-Based Rape Prevention Program On Fraternity Men’S Rape Survivor Empathy, Rape Myth Acceptance, Likelihood Of Raping, And Likelihood Of Committing Sexual Assault., John D. Foubert, J. T. Newberry Dec 2005

Effects Of Two Versions Of An Empathy-Based Rape Prevention Program On Fraternity Men’S Rape Survivor Empathy, Rape Myth Acceptance, Likelihood Of Raping, And Likelihood Of Committing Sexual Assault., John D. Foubert, J. T. Newberry

John D. Foubert

Fraternity men (N = 261) at a small to midsized public university saw one of two versions of a rape prevention program or were in a control group. Program participants reported significant increases in empathy toward rape survivors and significant declines in rape myth acceptance, likelihood of raping, and likelihood of committing sexual assault. Program participants’ scores significantly differed from an untreated control group in several areas. Implications for describing a male-on-male rape to increase men’s empathy toward female survivors and other related attitudes are discussed.


Guiding Principles For University Crisis Management In The Age Of Elevated Terrorist Threats., John D. Foubert, Dallas N. Garner, Catherine Golden, Kara Miller Dec 2005

Guiding Principles For University Crisis Management In The Age Of Elevated Terrorist Threats., John D. Foubert, Dallas N. Garner, Catherine Golden, Kara Miller

John D. Foubert

In light of post 9/11/01 realities, we studied the need for retooling crisis management plans on college campuses. A review of the literature, expert interviews, and document analysis yielded several promising practices to be included in recommended guidelines for crisis management plans.


A Longitudinal Study Of Chickering And Reisser’S Vectors: Exploring Gender Differences And Implications For Refining The Theory., John D. Foubert, Monica Nixon, Shamim Sisson, Amy B. Barners Dec 2004

A Longitudinal Study Of Chickering And Reisser’S Vectors: Exploring Gender Differences And Implications For Refining The Theory., John D. Foubert, Monica Nixon, Shamim Sisson, Amy B. Barners

John D. Foubert

A racially mixed random sample of 247 students at a midsized public university in the Southeast completed the Student Development Task and Lifestyle Inventory at the beginning of their first year, beginning of their sophomore year, and end of their senior year (Winston, Miller & Prince, 1987). Results showed partial support of Chickering and Reisser’s theory of development in that students progressed in their development along three measured vectors throughout their college career. Results contradicted the assumption that developing purpose is a vector experienced only toward the end of one’s college career. Important gender differences also emerged, particularly regarding ...


Students Living In Substance Free Housing: Attitudes Toward Their Residential Experience And Predictors Of Their Satisfaction., John D. Foubert, Karen Boss, Amy Ginther, Susan R. Komives Dec 1999

Students Living In Substance Free Housing: Attitudes Toward Their Residential Experience And Predictors Of Their Satisfaction., John D. Foubert, Karen Boss, Amy Ginther, Susan R. Komives

John D. Foubert

Students living in smoke-free and alcohol free residential housing were compared to students in on-campus environments that did not ban these substances. Significant differences between these communities are discussed.


The Longitudinal Effects Of A Rape-Prevention Program On Fraternity Men’S Attitudes, Behavioral Intent, And Behavior, John D. Foubert Dec 1999

The Longitudinal Effects Of A Rape-Prevention Program On Fraternity Men’S Attitudes, Behavioral Intent, And Behavior, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

A longitudinal study showed that fraternity men who saw The Men's Program reported lower rape myth acceptance and lower likelihood of raping 7 months after program participants relative to a control group using a Solomon 4 design.


Assessment Issues And Practice In Residential Education., Deborah Grandner, John D. Foubert Dec 1998

Assessment Issues And Practice In Residential Education., Deborah Grandner, John D. Foubert

John D. Foubert

Issues and ideas on how to conduct assessment in college and university residence life programs are reviewed.


Predictors Of Student Satisfaction In University Residence Halls., John D. Foubert, Robin Tepper, Dan Morrison Dec 1997

Predictors Of Student Satisfaction In University Residence Halls., John D. Foubert, Robin Tepper, Dan Morrison

John D. Foubert

Using a random sample of 1,000 students in college residence halls, a stepwise multiple regression was used to predict satisfaction with residence halls.