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Full-Text Articles in Education

Referendums Education In The United States: Reform Or Assimilation?, Francisco Ramos Dec 2016

Referendums Education In The United States: Reform Or Assimilation?, Francisco Ramos

Franciso Ramos

The antibilingüe movement that is spreading across the United States has become one of the most controversial in the debate on the education of linguistic minorities issues. Ron Unz, the California millionaire who has managed to eliminate bilingual programs in California and Arizona and trying to do the same today in Colorado and Massachusetts, is a clear example of assimilationist movement, which argues that immigrants should give up their languages and vernacular cultures to integrate into American society. This article summarizes the history of bilingualism in the United States, focusing on decisions that have affected the education of minority students ...


Republic And Nation Are Just Metro Stations: Value, Language And Play In Urban France, Cat Tebaldi Dec 2015

Republic And Nation Are Just Metro Stations: Value, Language And Play In Urban France, Cat Tebaldi

Cat Tebaldi

In times of crises over economics, migration, and terrorism France asserts republican values to reaffirm national unity, strengthen national borders, and calm bourgeois anxieties. Yet as republican values are seen to be embodied in particular national symbols and linguistic forms, they become the values of empire (Negri 2000), silencing minority voices and narratives.   Ann Stoler describes this as France’s “colonial aphasia” (2011), the lack of a verbal or a conceptual vocabulary for the colonial past.  In contrast to this silence and forgetting, young people of diverse origins on France’s urban periphery are coming up with new words and ...


Linguistic Capital, Information Access And Economic Opportunity Among Rural Young Adults In Western China*, Emily C. Hannum, Huayu Sebastian Cherng Sep 2014

Linguistic Capital, Information Access And Economic Opportunity Among Rural Young Adults In Western China*, Emily C. Hannum, Huayu Sebastian Cherng

Emily C. Hannum

Facility with a country’s dominant language, a key form of linguistic capital, has a role to play in processes of social stratification and mobility, and this role is poorly understood. We have sought, in this paper, to explore access to this form of linguistic capital, and the implications of possessing linguistic capital, for a group of young adults who have been historically disadvantaged: rural young adults in western minority areas. Three main results emerge. First, there is a great deal of variability in linguistic capital, defined as standard Mandarin facility, across provinces and ethnic groups covered in the CHES ...


Another Look At What Young Children Should Be Learning, Lentera Kecil Jan 2014

Another Look At What Young Children Should Be Learning, Lentera Kecil

Lentera Kecil

Proses pembelajaran pada siswa sekolah dasar, menengah maupun atas, tentunya berbeda. Perlu diperhatikan faktor usia siswa. Untuk tujuan masa depan, orang tua, guru pasti setuju bahwa anak-anak harus belajar mulai dari usia dini. Akan tetapi apa yang harus dipelajari, saat ini, besok, ataupun seterusnya tentunya harapan untuk belajar agar tercapai keinginan anak, orang tua guru banyak faktor yang mempengaruhinya, tidak segampang perkiraan.


Traveler's Lodestone, Olivia Blessing, Angela Blessing Dec 2013

Traveler's Lodestone, Olivia Blessing, Angela Blessing

Olivia L Blessing

A Universal Translator! The "Traveler's Lodestone" series is a point-to-speak book. It uses picture-based communications to cover the basic things a person would need when conversing in any foreign language. The idea is that when the words aren't at the tip of your tongue, the pictures are at the tip of your finger. Everything from groceries to clothes to hotel amenities to weather, directions, and more is available instantly with this easy to use book. It's quick and universal!


A Multi-Platform Application Suite For Enhancing South Asian Language Pedagogy, Tao Bai, Christopher K. Chung, Konstantin Läufer, Daisy Rockwell, George K. Thiruvathukal Jan 2012

A Multi-Platform Application Suite For Enhancing South Asian Language Pedagogy, Tao Bai, Christopher K. Chung, Konstantin Läufer, Daisy Rockwell, George K. Thiruvathukal

Konstantin Läufer

This interdisciplinary project explores the potential for handheld/wireless (H/W) technology in the context of language education within and beyond the classroom. Specifically, we have designed and implemented a suite of multi-platform (desktop/laptop, handheld, and browser) applications to enhance the teaching of South Asian languages such as Hindi-Urdu. Such languages are very difficult to learn, let alone write, and H/W devices (with their handwriting/drawing capabilities) can play a significant role in overcoming the learning curve. The initial application suite includes a character/word tracer, a word splitter/joiner, a smart flashcard with audio, contextual augmented stories ...


A Multi-Platform Application Suite For Enhancing South Asian Language Pedagogy, Tao Bai, Christopher K. Chung, Konstantin Läufer, Daisy Rockwell, George K. Thiruvathukal Nov 2011

A Multi-Platform Application Suite For Enhancing South Asian Language Pedagogy, Tao Bai, Christopher K. Chung, Konstantin Läufer, Daisy Rockwell, George K. Thiruvathukal

George K. Thiruvathukal

This interdisciplinary project explores the potential for handheld/wireless (H/W) technology in the context of language education within and beyond the classroom. Specifically, we have designed and implemented a suite of multi-platform (desktop/laptop, handheld, and browser) applications to enhance the teaching of South Asian languages such as Hindi-Urdu. Such languages are very difficult to learn, let alone write, and H/W devices (with their handwriting/drawing capabilities) can play a significant role in overcoming the learning curve. The initial application suite includes a character/word tracer, a word splitter/joiner, a smart flashcard with audio, contextual augmented stories ...


The Evaluation Of A Mixed Methodological Model To Improve The Productive And Receptive Skills In Spanish As A Fl/Sl: An Experimental Study, Kerwin A. Livingstone Mar 2011

The Evaluation Of A Mixed Methodological Model To Improve The Productive And Receptive Skills In Spanish As A Fl/Sl: An Experimental Study, Kerwin A. Livingstone

Kerwin A. Livingstone

This present article seeks to provide a mixed methodological model for the development and implementation of a Teaching Module for Spanish as a Foreign Language in the face to face environment. The primary objective is to portray how methodological principles from different language teaching approaches - in this case, task based language teaching and cooperative learning - can be combined effectively in designing activities for face to face contexts. In this regard, empirical evidence is analysed in order to determine the effectiveness of the mixed methodology in the teaching-learning of Spanish as a Foreign Language in the said settings, in a study ...


Calo Of A Chicano From "Carlos-Malo, Califas", Refugio I. Rochin Dec 2010

Calo Of A Chicano From "Carlos-Malo, Califas", Refugio I. Rochin

Refugio I. Rochin

Caló is the language used in Chicano neighborhoods; a source of identity and intimacy among English Language Learners with Spanish roots. Caló shapes character and lives of many who cross-communicate within the US and abroad. This is a story of my life with Caló - as a global consultant and academic with experiences in several different communities and countries, from the 1960s to 2012.


Governance And The Revitalisation Of The Guaraní Language In Paraguay, Robert Andrew Nickson Jan 2009

Governance And The Revitalisation Of The Guaraní Language In Paraguay, Robert Andrew Nickson

Robert Andrew Nickson

This article takes a governance perspective to examine the contemporary revitalization of Guaraní, a “repressed” language that is spoken by a majority of the population in Paraguay. A historical overview highlights the striking endurance of the language in spite of two centuries of official subjugation. The article traces the positive impact of political democratization since 1989 on the revitalization of Guaraní by examining four interrelated areas that are closely linked to the governance agenda: the education system, the media, the political system, and popular culture. However, the absence of a comprehensive language policy continues to limit progress in improving governance ...


The Effect Of Test-Taker Gender, Audience And Topic On Task Performance In Tape-Mediated Assessment Of Speaking., Tom Lumley, Barry O'Sullivan Dec 2004

The Effect Of Test-Taker Gender, Audience And Topic On Task Performance In Tape-Mediated Assessment Of Speaking., Tom Lumley, Barry O'Sullivan

Dr Tom Lumley

Performance in tests of spoken language can be influenced by a wide range of features of both task and participants. This article hypothesises that there may be effects on performance attributable to an interaction of variables such as the task topic, the gender of the person presenting the topic and the gender of the candidate. In contrast to previous studies, which have examined speaking tests involving face-to-face interaction, this study considered the issue in a tape-mediated test delivered in a language laboratory, with no interlocutor present, but where stimulus material is presented by one or more speakers, one of whom ...


Increasing English-Language-Learners’ Speaking Opportunities, Chamkaur Gill Dec 2004

Increasing English-Language-Learners’ Speaking Opportunities, Chamkaur Gill

Chamkaur Gill

No abstract provided.


Tekstuele Elemente In Omvattend-Verklarende Woordeboeke : 'N Vergelyking Tussen Die Wat En Die Wnt, Michele Van Der Merwe Dec 2003

Tekstuele Elemente In Omvattend-Verklarende Woordeboeke : 'N Vergelyking Tussen Die Wat En Die Wnt, Michele Van Der Merwe

Michele Van Der Merwe

Textual elements in comprehensive explanatory dictionaries : a comparison between the WAT and the WNT In this article a comparison is made between Afrikaans and Dutch Lexicography with the focus on comprehensive dictionaries. The research forms part of the increasing cooperation that exists at present between Afrikaans and Dutch Lexicography. Therefore the Woordeboek van die Afrikaanse Taal (WAT) is compared to the Woordenboek der Nederlandsche Taal (WNT). A typological classification of a comprehensive explanatory dictionary will be made. In the comparison between the WAT and the WNT the structure of the dictionary as well as the articles in the dictionary will ...


The Process Of The Assessment Of Writing Performance : The Rater's Perspective, Tom Lumley Dec 2000

The Process Of The Assessment Of Writing Performance : The Rater's Perspective, Tom Lumley

Dr Tom Lumley

This study investigates the process of rating texts written by adult ESL learners. Four experienced raters provided think-aloud protocols describing the rating process for a set of 24 texts. The think-aloud data allowed analysis of the sequence of rating, raters' interpretations of the scoring categories, and difficulties raters faced. The study reveals the complexity of the rating process, whereby raters struggle to resolve a tension between the wordings (or rules) of the rating scale and their complex, initial, intuitive impression of the text. Rating requires training to provide reliable measurement. The study also demonstrates that caution is needed in interpreting ...


Woordeboeke Gee Leerproses Woema, Michele Van Der Merwe Jan 2000

Woordeboeke Gee Leerproses Woema, Michele Van Der Merwe

Michele Van Der Merwe

No abstract provided.


Linguistic And Cultural Norms In Language Testing : A Case Study, Annie Brown, Tom Lumley Dec 1997

Linguistic And Cultural Norms In Language Testing : A Case Study, Annie Brown, Tom Lumley

Dr Tom Lumley

Users of English in Asia may not have the same need to aspire to a ' standard' form of English. It may be more appropriate for them to develop a communicative competence employing the sociolinguistic and cultural norms of the region. Taking such an approach in the development of tests of English proficiency involves rethinking basic assumptions. This paper considers these issues in the context of a test of English proficiency developed for use with English teachers in Indonesia


Specific-Purpose Language Performance Tests : Task And Interaction, Tom Lumley, Annie Brown Dec 1995

Specific-Purpose Language Performance Tests : Task And Interaction, Tom Lumley, Annie Brown

Dr Tom Lumley

Oral performance tests designed to assess candidates' ability to function in a particular professional role typically involve role plays which simulate aspects of professional interaction between a candidate, in his/her professional role, and an interlocutor, in the role of client or consumer of the professional services. This paper reports on an investigation into the role which expert professional informants can play in providing post hoc content validation of tasks used in this kind of occupation-specific test, focusing on both the content of the tasks and the behaviour of the interlocutors. The study draws on data from the oral interaction ...


'N Evaluering Van Die Verklarende Handwoordeboek Van Die Afrikaanse Taal As Standaard Verklarende Woordeboek, Michele Van Der Merwe Nov 1994

'N Evaluering Van Die Verklarende Handwoordeboek Van Die Afrikaanse Taal As Standaard Verklarende Woordeboek, Michele Van Der Merwe

Michele Van Der Merwe

Critical evaluation of the Verklarende Handwoordeboek van die Afrikaanse Taal. Argues that the treatment of multilexical items in the HAT is not satisfactory at present. Offers suggestions to remedy the situation.