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Full-Text Articles in Education

The Effect Of Test-Taker Sex, Audience And Topic On Task Performance In Tape-Mediated Assessment Of Speaking, Tom Lumley, Barry O'Sullivan Oct 2001

The Effect Of Test-Taker Sex, Audience And Topic On Task Performance In Tape-Mediated Assessment Of Speaking, Tom Lumley, Barry O'Sullivan

Dr Tom Lumley

There is growing interest in the effect on candidate performance of characteristics of the interlocutor in tests of speaking. A range of variables associated with the interlocutor may cause systematic variation in linguistic performance, and consequently in scores awarded. This paper hypothesises that there may be effects on performance attributable to an interaction of these variables; in the present study, the task topic, the sex of the person presenting the topic and the sex of the candidate. This investigated in the context of a tape-mediated test of speaking, where no interlocutor is actually present; instead, stimulus material is presented by ...


Rights Of Inequality: Rawlsian Justice, Equal Opportunity, And The Status Of The Family, Justin Schwartz Jan 2001

Rights Of Inequality: Rawlsian Justice, Equal Opportunity, And The Status Of The Family, Justin Schwartz

Justin Schwartz

Is the family subject to principles of justice? In A Theory of Justice, John Rawls includes the (monogamous) family along with the market and the government as among the "basic institutions of society" to which principles of justice apply. Justice, he famously insists, is primary in politics as truth is in science: the only excuse for tolerating injustice is that no lesser injustice is possible. The point of the present paper is that Rawls doesn't actually mean this. When it comes to the family, and in particular its impact on fair equal opportunity (the first part of the the ...


Inquiry Science In Bilingual Classrooms, Elaine Hampton Dec 2000

Inquiry Science In Bilingual Classrooms, Elaine Hampton

Elaine Hampton

No abstract provided.


Experimenting With Uncertainty: Essays In Honour Of Alan Davies Dec 2000

Experimenting With Uncertainty: Essays In Honour Of Alan Davies

Dr Tom Lumley

This festschrift brings together 28 invited papers surveying the state of the art in language testing from a perspective which combines technical and broader applied linguistics insights. The papers cover issues ranging from construct definition to the design and applications of language tests, including their importance as a means of exploring larger issues in language teaching, language learning and language policy. The volume locates work in language testing in a context of social, political and ethical issues at a time when testing is increasingly expected to be publicly accountable


Inside The Digital Divide: An Ethnographic Account Of Diverse And Urban Fifth Graders Writing With Computers, Mary Christianakis Dec 2000

Inside The Digital Divide: An Ethnographic Account Of Diverse And Urban Fifth Graders Writing With Computers, Mary Christianakis

Mary Christianakis

No abstract provided.


Digital Divisions And The Differentially Negotiable Curriculum, Mary Christianakis Dec 2000

Digital Divisions And The Differentially Negotiable Curriculum, Mary Christianakis

Mary Christianakis

No abstract provided.


The Process Of The Assessment Of Writing Performance : The Rater's Perspective, Tom Lumley Dec 2000

The Process Of The Assessment Of Writing Performance : The Rater's Perspective, Tom Lumley

Dr Tom Lumley

This study investigates the process of rating texts written by adult ESL learners. Four experienced raters provided think-aloud protocols describing the rating process for a set of 24 texts. The think-aloud data allowed analysis of the sequence of rating, raters' interpretations of the scoring categories, and difficulties raters faced. The study reveals the complexity of the rating process, whereby raters struggle to resolve a tension between the wordings (or rules) of the rating scale and their complex, initial, intuitive impression of the text. Rating requires training to provide reliable measurement. The study also demonstrates that caution is needed in interpreting ...


The Role Of State Processes In The Production Of ‘Ethnic’ Conflict: The Nation-State Dialectic, Europeanisation And Globalisation, Nicos Trimikliniotis Dec 2000

The Role Of State Processes In The Production Of ‘Ethnic’ Conflict: The Nation-State Dialectic, Europeanisation And Globalisation, Nicos Trimikliniotis

Nicos Trimikliniotis

This paper sets out to theorise the production of ‘ethnic’ and ‘national’ conflict via the complex interrelation between ‘Nation’ and ‘State’, in what is termed as the nation-state dialectic. It considers the production of ‘ethnic conflict’ and the role of nationalism, the state and class politics. It theorises the State as a social relation and as a power structure and then proceeds in linking it to the emergence of the nation-state construct. In theorising ‘the State’, the attempt is to go beyond considering it merely as a juridical-legal apparatus of power in a given territory, but to explore it also ...


Europeanisation And Modernisation: Locating Cyprus In The Southern European Context, Nicos Trimikliniotis Dec 2000

Europeanisation And Modernisation: Locating Cyprus In The Southern European Context, Nicos Trimikliniotis

Nicos Trimikliniotis

The question of ‘modernisation’ of the state in Cyprus has recently received a great deal of attention in Cypriot politics. During the last Parliamentary elections in May 2000, the question of ‘modernisation’ entered the political dictionary of the mainstream parties. All political forces professed to be ‘European’, they pledged commitment to the EU accession process and the debate over ‘modernisation’ was closely linked to the policies of harmonisation with the EU in the light of accession. However, little critical work exists to examine Europeanisation that assesses the specific policies employed, the policy goals and kind of issues the processes entails ...