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Full-Text Articles in Education

Ifixit With The Library: Partnering For Open Pedagogy In Technical Writing, Forrest Johnson, Michaela Willi Hooper Mar 2019

Ifixit With The Library: Partnering For Open Pedagogy In Technical Writing, Forrest Johnson, Michaela Willi Hooper

OLA Quarterly

This article describes how a technical writing instructor adopted an open textbook from the Dozuki repair company and an accompanying open pedagogy project through iFixit, for which students wrote openly-licensed repair articles. His work was supported and amplified by the Linn-Benton Community College’s Textbook Affordability Steering Committee and the library. Open pedagogy provides many opportunities for instructor-librarian collaboration. In this case, the library was able to provide information literacy support on intellectual property to the class and help the instructor promote the project across campus and beyond.


Volume 24 Issue 3 Introduction, Jacquelyn Ray Mar 2019

Volume 24 Issue 3 Introduction, Jacquelyn Ray

OLA Quarterly

As always, Oregon Librarians are on the cutting edge of identifying our patrons’ crucial needs and creatively finding ways to remedy these needs. Providing our communities access to otherwise unobtainable resources that support growth and learning has always been among our shared goals as librarians. We know that by providing these resources, we are enhancing inclusive community engagement and providing a crucial contribution for both individuals and society as a whole.

A pressing issue at hand that speaks to both individuals and our society is access to higher education. Oregon’s college students are facing increasing barriers to accessing a ...


Extending Open Textbook Network Workshop And Reviews To Include All Oer And Library Materials, Jennifer Lantrip, Amy Hofer, Carol Mcgeehon Mar 2019

Extending Open Textbook Network Workshop And Reviews To Include All Oer And Library Materials, Jennifer Lantrip, Amy Hofer, Carol Mcgeehon

OLA Quarterly

The cost of higher education is a barrier for many students, keeping them from attaining their goals. While textbooks and course materials are just a small part of the total cost of attendance, this is the area where faculty can have a direct impact in lowering costs. By choosing openly licensed course materials, faculty can not only help students save money but also have complete control over customizing their curriculum. This article describes a workshop model that offers stipends for faculty to review open educational resources (OER), which increases the likelihood that they will go on to adopt OER in ...


Getting Up To Speed On Oer: Advice From A Newbie, Amy Stanforth Mar 2019

Getting Up To Speed On Oer: Advice From A Newbie, Amy Stanforth

OLA Quarterly

Open Educational Resources (OER) programs are growing and institutions are looking for leaders to steer these programs successfully. This article will give advice to folks who are tasked with starting an OER program or joining an established program in its growth stage. It will discuss where to find OER research for those who don’t know much about it, such as LibGuides, pertinent journals, and OER repositories. Then, it will move onto building campus partnerships and finding like-minded people in your institution that can champion the cause and help grow the program as well as provide institutional support. Next, it ...


Let Us Get You Into College: Community College Librarians, Barnes & Noble, And Oer, Colleen Sanders Mar 2019

Let Us Get You Into College: Community College Librarians, Barnes & Noble, And Oer, Colleen Sanders

OLA Quarterly

Clackamas Community College (CCC) became the first Oregon community college to contract with Barnes & Noble Education (BNED) for bookstore services in July 2018. The college-run bookstore’s contribution to the general fund was shrinking with each budget cycle, whereas BNED guaranteed a minimum annual commission of $200,000. This article describes the steps CCC librarians took to influence the contract after discovering objectionable language including, but not limited to, faculty use of Open Educational Resources (OER) and linking to OER in the learning management system (LMS). The librarians' advocacy has shed light on the need to ask fundamental questions about the purpose of a college bookstore, especially at a community college with an equity- and access-driven mission. Is a bookstore a core student service or a profit-generating enterprise?

After a deep read of BNED’s service proposal and sample contract, librarians identified campus partners, raised specific questions at meetings, met with administration, and sought guidance from the OER community to inform an advocacy strategy. Beyond the contract, this exploratory process uncovered a long list of questions worth asking, as well as details about BNED’s OER products and services. BNED offers OER-based products on a proprietary courseware platform that comes at a cost to students. In the absence of a faculty-driven OER program, BNED is now the primary OER mouthpiece and infrastructure on campus. What might that mean for the future of OER at an institution? This article intends to support colleagues who find themselves in a similar situation; a likely scenario, given that the contract includes language indicating other Oregon colleges may re-use it without a request for proposals.


Open Educational Resources: Opportunities, Challenges, Impact! Mar 2019

Open Educational Resources: Opportunities, Challenges, Impact!

OLA Quarterly

As always, Oregon Librarians are on the cutting edge of identifying our patrons’ crucial needs and creatively finding ways to remedy these needs. Providing our communities access to otherwise unobtainable resources that support growth and learning has always been among our shared goals as librarians. We know that by providing these resources, we are enhancing inclusive community engagement and providing a crucial contribution for both individuals and society as a whole.

A pressing issue at hand that speaks to both individuals and our society is access to higher education. Oregon’s college students are facing increasing barriers to accessing a ...


Sciences And Technology Open Resources: A Collaborative Effort Between Libraries And Faculty, Adelaide Clark, Dawn Lowe-Wincentsen Mar 2019

Sciences And Technology Open Resources: A Collaborative Effort Between Libraries And Faculty, Adelaide Clark, Dawn Lowe-Wincentsen

OLA Quarterly

Open Oregon Educational Resources (2018) researched the changes open educational resources have had on textbook affordability in community colleges in Oregon between 2015 and 2017. One comparison in the report is the number of hours a student working minimum wage would need to work to afford course materials. In 2017, at a two-year college that was 176 hours of work. While similar data is not yet available for Oregon four-year universities, one may assume it is near to double or more, topping 300 hours of work.

Open access is in relation to the license type of a text or material ...


Using Literacy Quadrants In Preparing Teachers Of Writing: Reflective Tools For Identity, Agency, And Dialogue, Elsie Lindy Olan, Kia Jane Richmond Mar 2019

Using Literacy Quadrants In Preparing Teachers Of Writing: Reflective Tools For Identity, Agency, And Dialogue, Elsie Lindy Olan, Kia Jane Richmond

Teaching/Writing: The Journal of Writing Teacher Education

The researchers of this hermeneutic phenomenological study applied Colaizzi’s (1978) method to analyze and interpret English Language Arts (ELA) teacher candidates’ (TC) learning experiences with literacy quadrants and narratives while attending secondary writing instruction methods courses in diverse institutional settings. Qualitative strategies of data collection included inquiry-driven activities such as drawing and written reflections to literacy quadrants, as well as oral responses to open-ended questions. TCs, moving from knowledge to action, were reflexive about their literacy and learning experiences and the application of knowledge and practices when preparing to teach English to all students. Analysis of TCs’ narratives showed ...


Writing Conference Purpose And How It Positions Primary-Grade Children As Authoritative Agents Or Passive Observers, Lisa K. Hawkins Mar 2019

Writing Conference Purpose And How It Positions Primary-Grade Children As Authoritative Agents Or Passive Observers, Lisa K. Hawkins

Reading Horizons: A Journal of Literacy and Language Arts

A common practice in today’s primary-grade classrooms, teacher-student writing conferences are considered a vital component of instruction by accomplished writing teachers and advocates of process writing. Moreover, what teachers say and how they say it shapes those opportunities for student learning that are possible in classrooms. As such, building an understanding of the talk that ensues during primary-grade writing conferences, those purposes that such talk serves overall, and the significance of its pedagogical appropriateness is essential. Findings from a multiple-case study of conference enactment in both a kindergarten and a first-grade classroom illuminate the varying degrees of authoritative and ...


Techniques And Methods Change, Methodology Remains The Same: Web Technology Use As Cosmetic Change In Cfl Classrooms, Justin Olmanson, Xianquan Liu, Nannan Wang, Christopher Heselton Feb 2019

Techniques And Methods Change, Methodology Remains The Same: Web Technology Use As Cosmetic Change In Cfl Classrooms, Justin Olmanson, Xianquan Liu, Nannan Wang, Christopher Heselton

Chinese Language Teaching Methodology and Technology

Technology has been a staple in the language classroom for more than fifty years. From audio cassettes, to video tapes, to multimedia CD-ROMs, to static and interactive web technologies, language teachers have taken the time to learn these tools and integrate them into the classroom experience. Each new technology, each new app, creates an opportunity to alter the experience of teaching and learning—often supporting increased authentic interactions with the Chinese language. This potential however can go unrealized when the ways the technologies are used align with more traditional grammar and vocabulary-focused teaching methodologies and promote efficiency over communication. In ...


Five Instructional Practices To Optimize Peer Feedback Activities Among Adult Learners, Regina C. Rodriguez, Laurie A. Sharp Dec 2018

Five Instructional Practices To Optimize Peer Feedback Activities Among Adult Learners, Regina C. Rodriguez, Laurie A. Sharp

Journal on Empowering Teaching Excellence

There is a significant need for adult learners to improve their writing proficiency within a variety of contexts. Thus, postsecondary instructors require effective research-based teaching strategies to support adult learners hone their writing skills. While studies on peer feedback abound, little has been done to date to consider ways in which postsecondary instructors design quality peer feedback activities within their courses. The purpose of this article was to describe five instructional practices to optimize peer feedback activities among adult learners.


Hpl Cares: Leading By Taking Action, Courtney Gill Nov 2018

Hpl Cares: Leading By Taking Action, Courtney Gill

OLA Quarterly

Like many Oregon cities, Hillsboro is changing at a fast pace. Rapid growth has created many challenges for the City’s most vulnerable community members. Two top challenges include housing instability and food insecurity. While the library serves as a vital community hub, the Hillsboro Public Library (HPL) continuously seeks to make a greater impact. The Hillsboro Public Library Leadership Team (LLT) approved the formation of the staff-led HPL Cares team. HPL Cares consists of six big-hearted library staff members who took the idea of a library-sponsored community service group and developed a community-focused inspiration team.

The HPL Cares team ...


Lots Of Ways To Be A Leader Nov 2018

Lots Of Ways To Be A Leader

OLA Quarterly

In this issue, you’ll find more stories of librarians who, by leading from their individual strengths, have made their libraries, communities, and the Oregon library community better places to be. Jane Corry and Elaine Hirsch kick off this issue with a discussion of the planning and coordination that went into the first LIOLA, and how their own strengths—as defined by the Gallup StrengthsFinder assessment around which the LIOLA curriculum was based—influenced and guided that process. Hillsboro’s Courtney Gill writes about how a collaborative, compassion-driven leadership model, combined with strategic outreach partnerships, produced the HPL Cares series ...


Building The Ladder: Developing Leadership Skills Without The Title, Melissa Little Nov 2018

Building The Ladder: Developing Leadership Skills Without The Title, Melissa Little

OLA Quarterly

The leap to library leadership can be difficult if you have no experience in supervision. While larger library systems may have a deep structure that allows employees to start on step one of the ladder and progress one rung at a time to that director position, most of us in Oregon work for smaller libraries where there are few or no successive steps between circulation clerk and director. In these types of organizations, how does someone gain the experience necessary to make one a viable candidate for the job? Because of the diversity of functions from library to library and ...


Volume 24 Issue 2 Introduction, Jane Scheppke Nov 2018

Volume 24 Issue 2 Introduction, Jane Scheppke

OLA Quarterly

Lots of Ways to Be a Leader Or: I Am a Library Leader, and So Can You!

People tend to have a fixed mindset about who “librarians” are and how library staff should act, represent their profession, and lead. When I say “people,” I am envisioning every public official, captain of industry and Lyft driver who has ever asked me how many people I shush in a day, and then I am envisioning a rain of cartoon anvils. To be fair, I’m also thinking of a younger version of myself, picking out the dowdiest clothes in my wardrobe for ...


Liola: The Long And Winding Road, Jane Corry, Elaine G. Hirsch Nov 2018

Liola: The Long And Winding Road, Jane Corry, Elaine G. Hirsch

OLA Quarterly

This article features a conversation between Jane Corry and Elaine Hirsch about the history and goals of the inaugural Leadership Institute of the Oregon Library Association (LIOLA). Here is an excerpt:

Elaine: In 2014, OLA’s president Penny Hummel created a Leadership Task Force to research options to provide the association’s membership with leadership training opportunities. This is when Jane and I first started working together on leadership initiatives. After breaking ties with Pacific Northwest Library Association (PNLA) in 2010, it became more challenging for OLA members to attend the PNLA Leadership Institute. I was among the Oregon applicants ...


Followership, Or Leading Up In Libraries In Brief, Dawn Lowe-Wincentsen Nov 2018

Followership, Or Leading Up In Libraries In Brief, Dawn Lowe-Wincentsen

OLA Quarterly

In the 2008 text, The Art of Followership, Chaleff, Riggio, and Lippman-Blumen lay out five traits of effective followers: courage to assume responsibility, courage to serve, courage to challenge, courage to participate, and courage to take moral action. In his 2015 text, Followership: What It Takes to Lead, James Schindler lists four attributes that successful followership is built on: belief in the mission, willingness to work toward the good of the whole, loyalty, and unity of focus. Authenticity also plays a part in both leadership and followership. As a follower, being authentic can help a person be intentional and help ...


Stepping Up: Applying Situational Leadership Concepts To Public Library Work With Teens, Mark Richardson Nov 2018

Stepping Up: Applying Situational Leadership Concepts To Public Library Work With Teens, Mark Richardson

OLA Quarterly

Working with teens is fun, nerve-wracking, and never dull. After building and growing a thriving teen council at our library for nearly ten years, I’ve spent some time thinking about what I want teens to get out of their experience at the library. One of the big things that they need and want is to develop leadership skills. Every application for college or scholarships seems to ask how they are demonstrating leadership, so I decided several years ago that I would build in opportunities for them to develop these skills on the council. This has taken the form of ...


Overcoming Isolation As A Form Of Leadership, Julie Gaida Nov 2018

Overcoming Isolation As A Form Of Leadership, Julie Gaida

OLA Quarterly

Working in the technical services department of a small academic library is a bit of an isolation double-whammy: not only are you more removed from the patrons you serve than are your public-facing counterparts, you may also be a department of one and solely responsible for discharging a highly specialized set of duties. This has been the case for me since 2015 when I moved to Oregon after accepting the position of Acquisitions Specialist at Pacific University, a small, private, liberal arts college in Forest Grove. I am primarily responsible for tracking the library’s resource funds; overseeing the ordering ...


Latinx Children’S Push And Pull Of Spanish Literacy And Translanguaging, Kathy M. Bussert-Webb Dr., Hannah M. Masso Ms., Karin A. Lewis Dr. Nov 2018

Latinx Children’S Push And Pull Of Spanish Literacy And Translanguaging, Kathy M. Bussert-Webb Dr., Hannah M. Masso Ms., Karin A. Lewis Dr.

The Qualitative Report

We explored 19 Latinx children’s literacies in Spanish and translanguaging by asking, “What are Latinx children’s experiences and beliefs regarding Spanish and translanguaging reading and writing? How do tutorial staff and teacher candidates (TCs) help the youth to resist hegemonic and bracketing practices of English-only?” This study took place in a South Texas tutorial agency, where children voluntarily attended for after-school homework help. Data sources consisted of questionnaires, interviews, focus groups, hobby essays, and newsletter articles. Most children reported negative school-related language experiences and expressed dislike and unease regarding Spanish and translanguaging reading and writing, although they lived ...


Audio Feedback: Student And Teaching Assistant Perspectives On An Alternative Mode Of Feedback For Written Assignments, Fiona Rawle, Mindy Thuna, Ting Zhao, Michael Kaler Sep 2018

Audio Feedback: Student And Teaching Assistant Perspectives On An Alternative Mode Of Feedback For Written Assignments, Fiona Rawle, Mindy Thuna, Ting Zhao, Michael Kaler

The Canadian Journal for the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning

Competence in written scientific communication is an important learning outcome of undergraduate science degrees. Writing helps students learn, encourages them to think creatively and critically about their learning, and trains them in communicating their insights as disciplinary experts. However, challenges exist in incorporating writing assignments into large undergraduate science classes, including lack of student engagement and difficulty in providing effective and personalized formative feedback to large numbers of students. Engagement and feedback are especially important for developing writing skills, which require active, reflective, critical attention on the learner’s part: it would be very useful if one mechanism could enhance ...


“Is Sarah A Bully Or A Friend?”: Examining Students’ Text-Based Written Expressions Of Bullying, Elizabeth M. Hughes, Sandra Quiñones Sep 2018

“Is Sarah A Bully Or A Friend?”: Examining Students’ Text-Based Written Expressions Of Bullying, Elizabeth M. Hughes, Sandra Quiñones

Middle Grades Review

Bullying has been recognized as a complex phenomenon with potential for serious negative outcomes. Activities that address complex social situations of bullying, such as reading and writing to a pen pal about fictional literature, provide space for students to think and share about personal issues that they encounter and how characters deal with similar issues in productive ways. For this research, we used a critical literacy lens to explore bullying within the context of language, power and context. This research shares qualitative analysis of letters students wrote to adult pen pals after reading a fictional book with a plot addressing ...


The Writer's Workbook Intervention: Promoting Writing Achievement, Cassandra O'Sullivan Sachar Sep 2018

The Writer's Workbook Intervention: Promoting Writing Achievement, Cassandra O'Sullivan Sachar

Journal of Research Initiatives

Research demonstrates that American high school students are not writing with proficiency, and teachers are not providing adequate writing instruction. This study examined the effectiveness of a writing intervention on achievement using pre- and post-intervention data. The instructional intervention combined self-regulated strategy development, peer and teacher feedback, reflection, and flexible writing practice to strengthen persuasive and argumentative writing in high school students. 95 ninth- and tenth-grade Delaware public school students in higher and lower-level classes participated in the instructional intervention, and twenty-five students’ writings were scored before and after the intervention to assess growth. Pre/post mean ratings of writing ...


Speakup: The Power Of Writing And Turning Toward Trouble With Young People, James E. Fredricksen, Amanda Micheletty, Nicholas Darlinton Aug 2018

Speakup: The Power Of Writing And Turning Toward Trouble With Young People, James E. Fredricksen, Amanda Micheletty, Nicholas Darlinton

Language Arts Journal of Michigan

When a group of rural teens meet regularly out-of-school to write for social change in their communities, they inquire into those recent moments when they did or did not choose to speak up. This article describes some of the conceptual tools and practical classroom implications for three teachers who participate with SpeakUP. In particular, this piece argues that when young people turn toward trouble together, specifically when they do or do not decide to speak up, they can identify their assumptions and expectations, notice how power is working in both visible and invisible ways, and consider multiple possibilities for future ...


Supplementing Traditional Documentation With Oral History: Capturing Institutional Knowledge At Oregon State University Libraries, Rachael Davis Jul 2018

Supplementing Traditional Documentation With Oral History: Capturing Institutional Knowledge At Oregon State University Libraries, Rachael Davis

OLA Quarterly

Over the summer of 2017, I had the unique pleasure of documenting the workflow of a retiring serials technician who had been at Oregon State University’s (OSU) Valley Library in Corvallis for nearly 37 years. During her tenure, she took part in no fewer than seven online database system transitions and created a one-of-a-kind serials check-in workflow for each new system with her magic red binder. She once told me that, with that binder, she could navigate any new system because the basics of serials were always the same; it was just a matter of learning the new language ...


Continuously Adapting: The Bonneville Power Administration Library, Kaye Silver Jul 2018

Continuously Adapting: The Bonneville Power Administration Library, Kaye Silver

OLA Quarterly

During my 2009 interview for a librarian position at the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA), the panel members laughingly admitted that the BPA Library needed “a facelift.” I could see what they meant—the space, crowded with stacks, did not contain a seating area and lacked a “modern technology” feel. Instead, the team had focused its energy on something very important: preserving BPA’s history.

A bit of background about BPA and its library: the U.S. Government built Bonneville and Grand Coulee Dams in the 1930s and 1940s as part of the New Deal. Power from these massive projects strengthened ...


The Jackson County Genealogy Library: Over A Half-Century Of Helping People Find Their Roots, Cara Davis-Jacobson, Anne Billeter Jul 2018

The Jackson County Genealogy Library: Over A Half-Century Of Helping People Find Their Roots, Cara Davis-Jacobson, Anne Billeter

OLA Quarterly

When the first few folks who gathered together in Southern Oregon’s Rogue Valley to share their interest in genealogy and family research wrapped up their meetings back in the late 1960s, their “president,” Ora Strom, tucked their shared reference books under her bed for storage. Little did that small group know that they would come to embody the proverb, “From humble beginnings come great things.” Indeed, from those modest actions arose two significant and related Southern Oregon entities: The Rogue Valley Genealogical Society (RVGS) (www.rvgsociety.org) and the Jackson County Genealogy Library (JCGL) (www.rvgslibrary.org), which is ...


The Specialness Of Special Libraries Jul 2018

The Specialness Of Special Libraries

OLA Quarterly

This issue covers "The Specialness of Special Libraries," with a focus on the special libraries found in the state of Oregon. According to the Occupational Outlook Handbook, “(s)pecial librarians work in settings other than school or public libraries … Law firms, hospitals, businesses, museums, government agencies, and many other groups have their own libraries that use special librarians” (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2018, para. 10). According to the American Library Association, there are approximately 6,966 special libraries or information centers (“special libraries include Corporate, Medical, Law, Religious, etc.”) in the United States (American Library Association, 2015, para. 5).


Volume 24 Issue 1 Introduction, Sue Ludington Jul 2018

Volume 24 Issue 1 Introduction, Sue Ludington

OLA Quarterly

When I entered graduate school at the University of Washington (UW) in 2000, I knew I wanted to be a public librarian. However, with an undergraduate minor in art and a pervasive interest in museums, I remained secretly fascinated by special libraries. I mean, how cool would it be to work at the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Library & Archives (http://library.rockhall.com/home) or the Margaret Herrick Library of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (http://www.oscars.org/library)?

According to the Occupational Outlook Handbook, “(s)pecial librarians work in settings other than school ...


Hospital Librarians: Training The Next Generation Of Doctors, Heather J. Martin Jul 2018

Hospital Librarians: Training The Next Generation Of Doctors, Heather J. Martin

OLA Quarterly

Hospital librarians address a wide array of information needs. They help nurses figure out how to take care of patients, help physicians with difficult cases, help families get reliable health information, and sometimes the information they provide even helps save a life. They also play an important role in training the next generation of doctors. At one hospital in Oregon, Providence St. Joseph Health System Library Services has integrated traditional library instruction directly into the curriculum of the Internal Medicine Residency Program.

Providence St. Joseph Health (PSJH) System Library Services has a staff of 16 librarians and library paraprofessionals dedicated ...